2006 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 北文考研真诚为您服务 2006 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Use of English
www.sinoexam.cn
1
Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) The homeless make up a growing percentage of America’s population. __1__ homelessness has reached such proportions that local governments can’t possibly __2__. To help homeless people __3__ independence, the federal government must support job training programs, __4__ the minimum wage, and fund more low-cost housing. __5__ everyone agrees on the number of Americans who are homeless. Estimates __6__ anywhere from 600,000 to 3 million. __7__ the figure may vary, analysts do agree on another matter: that the number of the homeless is __8__. One of the federal government’s studies __9__ that the number of the homeless will reach nearly 19 million by the end of this decade. Finding ways to __10__ this growing homeless population has become increasingly difficult. __11__ when homeless individuals manage to find a __12__ that will give them three meals a day and a place to sleep at night, a good number still spend the bulk of each day __13__ the street. Part of the problem is that many homeless adults are addicted to alcohol or drugs. And a significant number of the homeless have serious mental disorders. Many others, __14__ not addicted or mentally ill, simply lack the everyday __15__ skills need to turn their lives __16__. Boston Globe reporter Chris Reidy notes that the situation will improve only when there are __17__ programs that address the many needs of the homeless. __18__ Edward Zlotkowski, director of community service at Bentley College in Massachusetts, __19__ it, “There has to be __20__ of programs. What’s needed is a package deal.”
  1. [A] Indeed [B] Likewise [C] Therefore [D] Furthermore
  2. [A] stand [B] cope [C] approve [D] retain
  3. [A] in [B] for [C] with [D] toward
  4. [A] raise [B] add [C] take [D] keep
  5. [A] generally [B] almost [C] hardly [D] not
  6. [A] cover [B] change
2006 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 北文考研真诚为您服务 [C] range [D] differ [A] Now that [B] Although [C] Provided [D] Except that [A] inflating [B] expanding [C] increasing [D] extending [A] predicts [B] displays [C] proves [D] discovers [A] assist [B] track [C] sustain [D] dismiss [A] Hence [B] But [C] Even [D] Only [A] lodging [B] shelter [C] dwelling [D] house [A] searching [B] strolling [C] crowding [D] wandering [A] when [B] once [C] while [D] whereas [A] life [B] existence [C] survival [D] maintenance [A] around [B] over [C] on [D] up [A] complex [B] comprehensive
www.sinoexam.cn
2

  7.

  8.

  9.

  10.

  11.

  12.

  13.

  14.

  15.

  16.

  17.
2006 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 北文考研真诚为您服务 [C] complementary [D] compensating
  18. [A] So [B] Since [C] As [D] Thus
  19. [A] puts [B] interprets [C] assumes [D] makes
  20. [A] supervision [B] manipulation [C] regulation [D] coordination Section II Reading Comprehension
www.sinoexam.cn
3
Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing [A], [B], [C], or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points) Text 1 In spite of “endless talk of difference,” American society is an amazing machine for homogenizing people. There is “the democratizing uniformity of dress and discourse, and the casualness and absence of deference” characteristic of popular culture. People are absorbed into “a culture of consumption” launched by the 19th-century department stores that offered “vast arrays of goods in an elegant atmosphere. Instead of intimate shops catering to a knowledgeable elite,” these were stores “anyone could enter, regardless of class or background. This turned shopping into a public and democratic act.” The mass media, advertising and sports are other forces for homogenization. Immigrants are quickly fitting into this common culture, which may not be altogether elevating but is hardly poisonous. Writing for the National Immigration Forum, Gregory Rodriguez reports that today’s immigration is neither at unprecedented levels nor resistant to assimilation. In 1998 immigrants were
  9.8 percent of population; in 1900,
  13.6 percent. In the 10 years prior to 1990,
  3.1 immigrants arrived for every 1,000 residents; in the 10 years prior to 1890,
  9.2 for every 1,0
  00. Now, consider three indices of assimilation -- language, home ownership and intermarriage. The 1990 Census revealed that “a majority of immigrants from each of the fifteen most common countries of origin spoke English ‘well’ or ‘very well’ after ten years of residence.” The children of immigrants tend to be bilingual and proficient in English. “By the third generation, the original language is lost in the majority of immigrant families.” Hence the description of America as a “graveyard” for languages. By 1996 foreign-born immigrants who had arrived before 1970 had a home ownership rate of
  75.6 percent, higher than the
  69.8 percent rate among native-born Americans. Foreign-born Asians and Hispanics “have higher rates of intermarriage than do U.S.-born whites and blacks.” By the third generation, one third of Hispanic women are married to non-Hispanics, and 41 percent of Asian-American women are married to non-Asians. Rodriguez notes that children in remote villages around the world are fans of superstars like Arnold Schwarzenegger and Garth Brooks, yet “some Americans fear that immigrants living within the United
2006 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 北文考研真诚为您服务
www.sinoexam.cn
4
States remain somehow immune to the nation’s assimilative power.” Are there divisive issues and pockets of seething anger in America? Indeed. It is big enough to have a bit of everything. But particularly when viewed against America’s turbulent past, today’s social indices hardly suggest a dark and deteriorating social environment.
  21. The word “homogenizing” (Line 2, Paragraph
  1) most probably means . [A] identifying [B] associating [C] assimilating [D] monopolizing
  22. According to the author, the department stores of the 19th century . [A] played a role in the spread of popular culture [B] became intimate shops for common consumers [C] satisfied the needs of a knowledgeable elite [D] owed its emergence to the culture of consumption
  23. The text suggests that immigrants now in the U.S. . [A] are resistant to homogenization [B] exert a great influence on American culture [C] are hardly a threat to the common culture [D] constitute the majority of the population
  24. Why are Arnold Schwarzenegger and Garth Brooks mentioned in Paragraph 5? [A] To prove their popularity around the world. [B] To reveal the public’s fear of immigrants. [C] To give examples of successful immigrants. [D] To show the powerful influence of American culture.
  25. In the author’s opinion, the absorption of immigrants into American society is . [A] rewarding [B] successful [C] fruitless [D] harmful Text 2 Stratford-on-Avon, as we all know, has only one industry -- William Shakespeare -- but there are two distinctly separate and increasingly hostile branches. There is the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC), which presents superb productions of the plays at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre on the Avon. And there are the townsfolk who largely live off the tourists who come, not to see the plays, but to look at Anne Hathaway’s Cottage, Shakespeare’s birthplace and the other sights. The worthy residents of Stratford doubt that the theatre adds a penny to their revenue. They frankly dislike the RSC’s actors, them with their long hair and beards and sandals and noisiness. It’s all deliciously ironic when you consider that Shakespeare, who earns their living, was himself an actor (with a beard) and did his share of noise-making. The tourist streams are not entirely separate. The sightseers who come by bus -- and often take in Warwick Castle and Blenheim Palace on the side -- don’t usually see the plays, and some of them are even surprised to find a theatre in Stratford. However, the playgoers do manage a little sight-seeing along with their playgoing. It is the playgoers, the RSC contends, who bring in much of the town’s revenue because they spend the night (some of them four or five nights) pouring cash into the hotels and
2006 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 北文考研真诚为您服务
www.sinoexam.cn
5
restaurants. The sightseers can take in everything and get out of town by nightfall. The townsfolk don’t see it this way and local council does not contribute directly to the subsidy of the Royal Shakespeare Company. Stratford cries poor traditionally. Nevertheless every hotel in town seems to be adding a new wing or cocktail lounge. Hilton is building its own hotel there, which you may be sure will be decorated with Hamlet Hamburger Bars, the Lear Lounge, the Banquo Banqueting Room, and so forth, and will be very expensive. Anyway, the townsfolk can’t understand why the Royal Shakespeare Company needs a subsidy. (The theatre has broken attendance records for three years in a row. Last year its 1,431 seats were 94 percent occupied all year long and this year they’ll do better.) The reason, of course, is that costs have rocketed and ticket prices have stayed low. It would be a shame to raise prices too much because it would drive away the young people who are Stratford’s most attractive clientele. They come entirely for the plays, not the sights. They all seem to look alike (though they come from all over) -- lean, pointed, dedicated faces, wearing jeans and sandals, eating their buns and bedding down for the night on the flagstones outside the theatre to buy the 20 seats and 80 standing-room tickets held for the sleepers and sold to them when the box office opens at 10:30 a.m.
  26. From the first two paragraphs, we learn that . [A] the townsfolk deny the RSC’s contribution to the town’s revenue [B] the actors of the RSC imitate Shakespeare on and off stage [C] the two branches of the RSC are not on good terms [D] the townsfolk earn little from tourism
  27. It can be inferred from Paragraph 3 that . [A] the sightseers cannot visit the Castle and the Palace separately [B] the playgoers spend more money than the sightseers [C] the sightseers do more shopping than the playgoers [D] the playgoers go to no other places in town than the theater
  28. By saying “Stratford cries poor traditionally” (Line 2-3, Paragraph
  4), the author implies that . [A] Stratford cannot afford the expansion projects [B] Stratford has long been in financial difficulties [C] the town is not really short of money [D] the townsfolk used to be poorly paid
  29. According to the townsfolk, the RSC deserves no subsidy because . [A] ticket prices can be raised to cover the spending [B] the company is financially ill-managed [C] the behavior of the actors is not socially acceptable [D] the theatre attendance is on the rise
  30. From the text we can conclude that the author . [A] is supportive of both sides [B] favors the townsfolk’s view [C] takes a detached attitude [D] is sympathetic to the RSC Text 3 When prehistoric man arrived in new parts of the world, something strange happened to the large
2006 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 北文考研真诚为您服务
www.sinoexam.cn
6
animals. They suddenly became extinct. Smaller species survived. The large, slow-growing animals were easy game, and were quickly hunted to extinction. Now something similar could be happening in the oceans. That the seas are being overfished has been known for years. What researchers such as Ransom Myers and Boris Worm have shown is just how fast things are changing. They have looked at half a century of data from fisheries around the world. Their methods do not attempt to estimate the actual biomass (the amount of living biological matter) of fish species in particular parts of the ocean, but rather changes in that biomass over time. According to their latest paper published in Nature, the biomass of large predators (animals that kill and eat other animals) in a new fishery is reduced on average by 80% within 15 years of the start of exploitation. In some long-fished areas, it has halved again since then. Dr. Worm acknowledges that these figures are conservative. One reason for this is that fishing technology has improved. Today’s vessels can find their prey using satellites and sonar, which were not available 50 years ago. That means a higher proportion of what is in the sea is being caught, so the real difference between present and past is likely to be worse than the one recorded by changes in catch sizes. In the early days, too, longlines would have been more saturated with fish. Some individuals would therefore not have been caught, since no baited hooks would have been available to trap them, leading to an underestimate of fish stocks in the past. Furthermore, in the early days of longline fishing, a lot of fish were lost to sharks after they had been hooked. That is no longer a problem, because there are fewer sharks around now. Dr. Myers and
 

相关内容

2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语

   2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 在同学们的千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》终于与同学们见 面了,万学 "海文根据 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比,对 2011 年考研英语(一)的 考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考试大纲》与去年相比没有任何变化。总体来说, 研究生入学英语考试的主要测评目标仍分为语言知识和语言技能,2011 年的新大纲也保持了这一持续 ...

全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语作文范文

   2009 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语作文 Dear Editors, I, as your faithful reader, am writing this letter to suggest that plastic bags should be restricted in our daily life. However, to my surprise and sadness, I have found that disposable plastic bags are still w ...

2011年考研英语--2010年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

   2011 年考研英语 2010 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points) 1 In 1924 America's National Research Coun ...

1988年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

   1988年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Close Test For each numbered blank in the following passage there are four choices labeled [A], [B], [C], and [D]. Choose the best one and put your choice in the ANSWER SHEET. Read the whole passage before making you ...

2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试

   2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试(一) 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试( 考试大纲 考试性质 英语( 英语(一)考试是为高等学校和科研机构招收硕士研究生而设置的具有选拔性质的全国 统一入学考试科目,其目的是科学、公正、有效地测试考生对英语语言的运用能力, 统一入学考试科目,其目的是科学、公正、有效地测试考生对英语语言的运用能力,评价 的标准时高等学校非英语专业本科毕业生所能达到的及格或及格以上水平, 的标准时高等学校非英语专业本科毕业生所能达到的及格或及格以上水平,以保证 ...

2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

   2009 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points) Research on animal intelligence always makes me wonder just h ...

2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案[真题]【考研英语试题】【有答案】2010年考研英语试题

   Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points) Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise pre ...

全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题答题卡

   [0] [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [0] [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [0] [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] C 46 46 [0][0.5][1][1.5][2] [0][0.5][1][1.5][2] 47 [0][0.5][1][1.5][2] [0][0.5][1][1.5][2] [0][0.5][1][1.5][2] 48 [0] [1] [2] [3 ...

全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(二)考试大纲解析

   全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语 (二)考试大纲 www.examedu.cn www.beiwai.org 2010年英语(二)适用专业 年英语( 年英语 公共管理硕士 工商管理硕士 会计硕士 艺术硕士 体育硕士 工程硕士 兽医硕士 风景园林硕士 农业推广硕士 社会工作硕士 www.examedu.cn 北京外国语大学外研培训中心 考试题型+数量 分值 考试题型 数量+分值 数量 考试 题型 I 英语知识 运用 II 阅读理解 分值 10 50 60分 分 15 25 40分 分 100分 ...

2010年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语大纲

   2010 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语大纲 发布时间:2009-08-25 浏览次数: 5719 2010 年大纲内容与 2009 年大纲基本一致,仅词汇部分的要求有所增加。以下是大纲内 年大纲基本一致,仅词汇部分的要求有所增加。 容要求 考 试 说 明 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试是为高等学校和科研机构招收硕士研究生而设置的。 其中, 英 语实行全国统一考试。 它的评价标准是高等学校非英语专业优秀本科毕业生能达到的及格或 及格以上水平, 以保证被录取者具有一定的英语水平, 有利于各高等学 ...

热门内容

高一英语(外研版必修3-4)完成句子50练

   高一英语( 高一英语(外研版必修 3-4)完成句子 50 练 - ) 根据汉语提示,完成下列句子,注意每空只填一词。 1.希腊的首都雅典被誉为西方文明的发源。 Athens, the capital of Greece, is the birthplace of western civilization. 2.我到达机场时,他们也许刚刚离开家。 When I to the airport, they just left home. 3.我们应当努力工作缩小贫富差距。 We should w ...

浅谈素质教育在初中英语教学中的实施的文献综述

   浅谈素质教育在初中英语教学中的实施 浅谈素质教育在初中英语教学中的实施 摘要:素质教育是“以面向全体学生,全面提高学生的基本素质为根本宗旨,以注重培养受 教育者的态度、能力,促进他们在德智体等方面生动、活泼、主动地发展为基本特征 的教育。素质教育要使学生学会做人、学会求知、学会劳动、学会生活、学会健体 和学会审美,为把他们培养成为有理想、有道德、有文化、有纪律的社会主义公民奠 定基础” 。实施素质教育是迎接二十一世纪挑战,提高国民素质,培养跨世纪人才的 战略举措,是我国国民经济和社会发展对中 ...

英语词汇学要点(自考)

   Chapter 1 Basic concepts of words and vocabulary 1 - The definition of a word comprises the following points: (1) a minimal free form of a language; (2) a sound unity; (3) a unit of meaning; (4) a form that can function alone in a sentence. A word i ...

吸血鬼日记 大学英语 presentation

   Vampire Diaries CAST " Elena Gilbert --Nina Dobrev " Stefan Salvatore --Paul Wesley " Damon Salvatore --Ian Somerhalder " Jeremy Gilbert --Steven R. McQueen preview This is a tale of two brothers, competing for the same woman, fighting for the fat ...

高中英语动词词组整理版

   break break away from break in (adv.) 2 (prep.)2 break into (prep.)2 摆脱, 摆脱, 从…脱离 闯入, 闯入, 闯入 =burst 打断 突然… 突然…起来 into break off break out break through 2 中断; 中断; 折断 爆发(无被动) 爆发(无被动) 突破 (日月)从(云层后)出现 日月) 云层后) vt./vi.2 break up vt./vi.2 把…拆开/打碎,解散; 驱散 ...