一、Vocabulary and Structure (10 points, 1 point each)

  1.It is difficult to the implication between the lines.
A.get to    
B.get with   
C.get at    
D.get down
正确答案:C
答案解析:A 开始,接触 C 找出,发现 D 下来,写下来。

  2.The volleyball match was televised on CCTV.
A.alive    
B.life     
C.live    
D.lively
正确答案:C
答案解析:live可以作副词,意思是:实况转播地。符合句意。

  3.The newspaper will have to close down if it cannot increase its considerably.
A.distribution  
B.contribution 
C.prescription 
D.circulation
正确答案:D
答案解析:circulation:(书报杂志的)销售量,发行额,销路。符合句意。

  4.The central theatre has a seating of more than 3, 000 people.
A.capability  
B.capacity   
C.ability   
D.facility
正确答案:B
答案解析:ability主要指天赋的能力或应用知识的才能,应该是属于那种已经具备并发展较快的能力。如“He has unusual ability in science”。capability与ability不同的是,它不仅能用于人,也可用于物,如Electronic refinements, however, have greatly extended the uses and capabilities of some of the older electrical devices.capacity指容纳或吸收事物的能力,可用于人和物。如“The hall has a seating capacity of 500”。根据句意,本题应该选capacity。

  5.The furniture in her bedroom is quite different from in the living room.
A.that     
B.it      
C.one    
D.which
正确答案:A
答案解析:that在本句中指代the furniture,目的是为了避免重复。which用于引导句子或短语,在此也不能指代the furniture。

  6.Because of the bad weather, the sports meet had to be .
A.shut down  
B.done away  
C.gone off  
D.called off
正确答案:D
答案解析:call off:取消,符合句意。shut down:关闭(工厂);(工厂)停工,关闭。do away常与with搭配,构成do away with。go off:爆炸,(闹铃)响。

  7.Jenny complained that the hospital her too much for the treatment.
A.expended  
B.paid    
C.cost    
D.charged
正确答案:D
答案解析:charge:要价;索价;要人支付;收费。例如:
The fruit seller charged me too much money.
这个水果商要了我很多的钱。

  8.Having decided to rent a flat, we contacting housing agencies in the city.
A.set about   
B.set down  
C.set out   
D.set up
正确答案:A
答案解析:contacting housing agencies:联系房屋中介。根据句意,应该选set about。set about:开始做某事。set down:放下,搁下;记下,记载,写下。set out:出发,开始,后面跟to do sth。set up:建立(事业);成立(组织);为某人提供 必需品或有用的东西。

  9.The book fair has received a positive from readers.
A.result    
B.response  
C.settlement  
D.solution
正确答案:B
答案解析:本题考查词义辨析。response:反映,反响。result:结果,后果。settlement:殖民,移民,定居。solution:解决;解答。根据句意,应该选response。a positive response:良好的反映。

  10.If the operation carefully prepared, it would not have been successful.
A.was not   
B.has not been 
C.had not been 
D.were not
正确答案:C
答案解析:主句是对过去的虚拟,所以根据句意,条件状语从句也应该是对过去的虚拟,所以用had done的形式。句意:如果手术没有经过认真仔细的准备,它就不会成功。
二、Cloze Test (10 points, 1 point each)

  1.The basic principle of radar is illustrated by what happens when one shouts in a cave. The echo of the shouting  (
  1) the walls helps a person determine the size of the cave. With radar, however, the waves are radio waves instead of (
  2) waves. Radio waves travel (
  3) the speed of light, about 300, 000 kilometers in a second. A radar set (
  4) a short burst of radio waves. Then it receives the echoes (
  5) when the waves bounce(反射) off objects. By determining the time it (
  6) for the echoes to return to the radar set, a trained technician (
  7) determine the distance between the radar set and other objects. The word “radar”, (
  8), gets its name from the term “radio detection and ranging.” “Ranging” is the term for detection of the (
  9) between an object and the radar set.
  Besides being of critical importance to pilot, radar is (
  10) for air traffic control, for tracking ships at sea, and for tracking weather systems and storms.
(
  1).A.through
B.for
C.on
D.against
正确答案:D
答案解析:against:逆着,反着,对着。the echo of the shouting against the walls:声音遇到墙产生的回声。
(
  2).A.sound
B.light
C.heat
D.tide
正确答案:A
答案解析:上面一句话提到回声,所以结合上下文的意思,此处应该是sound waves(声波)。
(
  3).A.in
B.at
C.over
D.on
正确答案:B
答案解析:本题考查固定搭配,at a …speed或at the speed of …:以…的速度。
(
  4).A.sends out
B.works out
C.figures out
D.puts out
正确答案:A
答案解析:radar set:雷达装置。send out:发射,放出。work out:算出(总数)。figure out:算出;了解。put out:熄灭;关熄;扑灭。根据句意,应该是send out,答案是A。
(
  5).A.producing
B.produced
C.produce
D.produces
正确答案:B
答案解析:本题选B。produced作后置定语,修饰the echoes,表示被动的关系。
(
  6).A.spends
B.takes
C.kills
D.makes
正确答案:B
答案解析:spend用于表示花费多少时间时,后面不跟不定式。take表示花费多少时间时,后面可以跟不定式。kill与make一般不用于表达花费多少时间的意思。所以本题选B。
(
  7).A.can
B.must
C.ought to
D.has to
正确答案:A
答案解析:can:能够。must:必须。ought to:应该。has to:不得不。根据句意,can最合适。所以答案是A。
(
  8).A.in case
B.in turn
C.in short
D.in fact
正确答案:D
答案解析:in case:以防万一。in turn:adv. 依次, 轮流。in short:简而言之,总而言之。in fact:事实上。结合空格前后的意思,答案D是最贴切的。
(
  9).A.length
B.width
C.distance
D.space
正确答案:C
答案解析:上文也暗示出雷达可以测距离,所以此处用distance最恰当。
(
  10).A.eventual
B.internal
C.external
D.essential
正确答案:D
答案解析:essential:必需的;基本的。eventual:最后的。internal:内在的。external:外在的。比较它们的词义,答案D是最恰当的。
三、Reading Comprehension (30 points, 2 points each)

  1.Among the company was a lawyer, a young man of about twenty-five. On being asked his opinion, he said, “Capital punishment and life imprisonment are equally immoral. If I were to make a choice between them, I would rather choose the latter. Anyway, it’s better to live than not to live at all.”
  A lively discussion followed. A banker, who was then younger and more nervous than the lawyer, suddenly lost his temper and cried out, “It’s a lie. I bet you two millions. You wouldn’t stick in a cell even for five years.”
  “If you mean it,” replied the young lawyer, “I bet I’ll stay there longer; make it fifteen instead of five.”
  “Fifteen! Done! ” cried the banker. “Gentleman, I bet you two millions.”
  “Agreed. Two millions for my freedom, ” said the lawyer.
  So this wild, ridiculous bet came to pass. The banker could not hide his excitement. During supper he said to the lawyer jokingly, “Come to your senses, young man, before it’s too late. Two millions are nothing to me, but you stand to lose three or four of the best years of your life. I say three or four because you’ll never stick it out any longer. Don’t forget that voluntary imprisonment is much harder to put up with than an enforced one. The idea that you have the right to free yourself any moment will poison your life in the cell. I pity you. ”
  And now the banker, pacing from corner to corner, recalled all this and asked himself, “Why did I make this bet? What’s the good? The lawyer lost fifteen years of his life and I threw away two millions. Will it convince people that capital punishment is worse or better than imprisonment for life? No, no! Rubbish! On my part, it was the caprice (心血来潮) of a well-fed millionaire; on the lawyer’s part, it’s the pure greed of gold. ”
(
  1).The lawyer would choose life imprisonment because .
A.he was younger than the banker
B.capital punishment was immoral
C.it was better than capital punishment
D.the banker would give him $2,000, 000
正确答案:D
答案解析:
根据上下文来看,律师宁愿选择终生监禁,无期徒刑,是因为银行家愿意给他$2,000, 0
  00,他想打赢这个赌。
(
  2).The author considers the bet between the lawyer and the banker .
A.interesting          
B.ridiculous
C.capricious          
D.instructive
正确答案:B
答案解析:文章中说到So this wild, ridiculous bet came to pass,这可以看出作者认为这个打赌是荒谬的,可笑的。所以答案是B。
(
  3).The word ‘company’ in the first paragraph refers to .
A.companions         
B.bankers
C.lawyers           
D.prisoners
正确答案:A
答案解析:company有“伴侣;同伴”的意思,所以结合文章的意思,最贴切的选项是A。
(
  4).The banker was extremely excited because .
A.he was too rich to care for the money
B.he was sure of his winning the bet
C.the lawyer would give up in 15 years
D.the lawyer would give up before 5 years
正确答案:B
答案解析:通过倒数第二段的描写可以看出,银行家认为律师输定了。所以他很兴奋,答案是B。
(
  5).In the end, the banker considers his bet with the lawyer .
A.rational           
B.reasonable
C.beneficial          
D.unreasonable
正确答案:D
答案解析:通过文章最后一段银行家的内心活动,可以看出他认为这个打赌并不理智。所以答案是D。

  2.Online learning is also called distance education, which helps students who take classes by computer over the Internet to learn certain courses and earn a degree. And it has become more and more popular with both young people and educational institutions.
  The School of Continuing and Professional Studies of New York University in Manhattan began online classes in 19
  92. Its Virtual School has taught more than 10, 000 students from across the United States and other countries.
  Last year, the school launched NYU Online. It offers NYU’s first online programs for a bachelor’s degree. Programs are offered in three areas: leadership and management, information systems management and social sciences. The classes are highly interactive, where students communicate with each other and their teachers. Some classes require students to log in at the same time so they can attend live lectures by a professor. Students can also ask questions and work together on team projects.
  The cost to attend NYU Online depends on how many classes a student is to take. It costs as much as fifteen thousand dollars a year. NYU offers no financial aid for international students in this program. If you are interested in the program, you can get more details at the website: www.nyu.edu.
  Many other schools, too, offer online education. Students should be especially careful of programs that offer a degree in return for little or no work. These are known as diploma mills, and are illegal in the United States.
  Educational advisers also say that before you enter any program, make sure the work will be recognized in your country. You should also make sure the schools you are considering are officially approved.
(
  1).The third paragraph is mainly about the of the programs of the School.
A.academic goal and system
B.courses and learning mode
C.learning methods and classes
D.courses and requirements
正确答案:B
答案解析:这一段主要讲述的是课程方面的事情。所以答案是B。
(
  2).It can be inferred from the passage that international students in the programs .
A.get full scholarship
B.pay no tuition
C
 

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