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2007 年 10 月自考英语(一)试题 月自考英语(
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  1. To some extent the good service at the hotel the poor food. A. brought out B. came about C. got down to D. made up for
  2. If you in taking this attitude, we'll have to ask you to leave. A. insist B. resist C. persist D. exist
  3. He'll his nervousness once he's on stage. A. get over B. get off C. get out D. get through
  4. At the age of fourteen, Maggie went to a girls' school along with her sister. A. near B. nearby C. close D.neighbor
  5. Miranda happily accepted an invitation to lunch at Rules, her restaurant. A. popular B. preferred C. favored D. favorite
  6. We request that all cell phones for the duration of the performance. A. be turned off B. should turn off C. ought to be turned off D. to be turned off
  7. Who was the first person today? A. spoke to you B. with you spoke C. you spoke to D. spoke with you
  8. A person who talks to is not necessarily mad. A. himself B. oneself C. yourself D. itself
  9. Spanish people usually speak than English people A. quick B. quickly C. more quick D. more quickly
  10. Did you hear Mary said? A. that B. what C. which II. People work, play and share ideas with one another. To live together, they must understand one another. Not only are there many ways for them __11__ others know what they think or want, there are also ways in __12__ they can find out what others think or want. These ways of knowing about others or letting others know your ideas are called communication, __13__ of which is done by language, whether spoken or written. To have
1
D. that what
2007 年 10 月自考英语(一)试题
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communication, there must be people who listen to and understand __14__ language. Besides, there must be people to read and understand written language __15__ there is communication. There are ways of communicating without language, too. A smile is understood everywhere; __16__ is laughing or crying. Pointing to something directs __17__ to the object. __18__ a glance can be used to communicate. Some movements of the __19__ also have special meanings. For example, we nod to say "Yes" and shake our heads to mean "No". Sometimes pictures are used to explain a thought or to __20__a story. At other times, a simple sound or even a color is used to give information. Red, for example, is often a sign of danger.
  11. A. let
  12. A. that
  13. A. many
  14. A. spoken
  15. A. befor
  16. A. as
  17. A. subject
  18. A. However
  19. A. language
  20. A. speak B. to let B. what B. few B. written B. after B. so B. movement B. Even B. eyes B. say C. letting C. which C. a few C. foreign C. as C. either C. attention C. So C. body C. talk D. having let D. how D. most D. native D. for D. neither D. care D. And D. matter D. tell
III Passage One Urban legends are similar to modern folklore (民间传说) consisting of stories often thought to be facts by those spreading them. The term is often used to mean something like a false story, though they are not necessarily unture. Despite the name, a typical urban legend does not necessarily originate (起源于) in an urban setting, because the term is designed to set them apart from traditional folklore in pre-industrial times. As Americans love their automobiles, some of the most familiar urban legends invovle cars. One of the best known is the classic story of two teenagers in a car parked late at night in a quiet lover's corner. The couple is listening to music when the car radio announces the escape of a dangerous murderer. Frightened, the girl demands to be taken home. But when the boy tries to start the car, it won't run. He gets out to look for help. As time goes by and there is no sign of her boyfriend, the girl becomes more and more frightened. Her firght turns to terror when she hears a soft "click, click" noise on the roof of the car. Finally, she is rescued by the police, who tell her not to look back. Naturally, though, she does look back. Her boyfriends's body is hanging upside down from a tree by a rope. As his body moves in the soft wind, his ring rubs-"click,click" _against the roof of the car. But not all urban legends associated with cars are so horrible. "The Playboy's Car" tells of a man who plans to buy a luxury sports car. He sees an advertisement for a nearly new Porsche for $
  29.
  95. He figures the price is a mistake but goes to check it out anyway. A woman at the house assures him that the price is correct and invites him to test drive the Porsche. He drives a few miles and hurries back to the house to close the deal. As the ownership papers are changing hands, he suddenly says, "But why are you selling this car so cheap? " The woman smiles and answers, "My husband left me and moved in with his secretary last week. He asked me to sell his Porsche and send him the money."
  21. Urban legends are so called because they are . A. folktales set in cities B. folklore of industrial times C. loved by people in cities D. made up by people in cities
  22. The two stories in the passage show that . A. urban legends about cars are horrible B. urban legends are usually stories about lovers
2
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C. some popular unban legends have to do with cars D. most urban legends are unbelievable stories about cars
  23. It is implied in the first story that . A. the boyfriend was the escaped murderer B. the boyfriend was murdered by his rival C. the police were in search of the boyfriend D. the escaped murdered killed the boyfriend
  24. The soft noise that frightened the girl came from . A. the tree in the wind above the car B. The rope hanging down from the tree C. the rope rubbing against the roof of the car D. the boyfriend's ring rubbing against the car
  25. In the second urban legends, the husband A. went to live with his secretary B. moved into his secretary's office C. needed the money to hire a new secretary D. planned to set up an office with the money Passage Two The English settlement in Amreica followed two different paths represented by settlements at Jamestown in Virginia and Plymouth in Massachusetts. The first permanent English colonists in America settled at Jamestown in 16
  07. The Virginia Company of london, which organized the settlement, certainly expected profit. The Queen, permitting the settlement, hoped for greater empire, power, and profit. The individuals who sailed to Virginia wanted glory and gold. Thus, the major reason for the settlement of Virginia was to make money. In the beginning , the Virginia Company found that people would not go to America despite glowing descriptions. In 1618, when the Virginia Company began giving fifty acres of land to each individual who came to America, the future of American colonization was finally secured. Later colonies all had to compete with Virginia's freehold system of grants of land. In this sense, land-which meant wealth and status-attracted colonist. In contrast, the first permanent European settlement in New England was founded at Plymouth by the Pilgrims for religious purposes. These settlers, later known as the Pilgrim Fathers, came from Nottinghamshire. They were cruelly treated by the Church of England and in 1606 fled to Holland, where, in Leiden, they found the religious freedom they were looking for. Although they remained there for some eleven years, they realized that their children were growing up to be Dutch rather than English . In the end, they decided, with the backing of London merchants, to leave for the English colonies in North America. After a sixty-five-day journey, the Pilgrims arrived at Provincetown on November 21, 16
  20. They soon discovered Plymouth Harbor on the western side of Cape Cod Bay, and made their historic landing on December
  21. Other groups of settlers followed the example of the Pilgrims: the Catholic settlement of Maryland in 1633, Roger Williams's Rhode Island refuge in 1636, and William Penn's settlement of a Quaker colony in Pennsylvania in 16
  81.
  26. The English settlement at jamestown mainly resulted from the desire for A. glory B. power C. wealth D. fame
  27. The freehold system of grants of land was introduced in . A. 1606 B. 1607 C. 1618 D. 1620
  28. On November 21, 1620 the Pilgrim Fathers arrived at . A. Provincetown B. Plymouth C. Rhode Island D. Massachusetts Bay
  29. The Pilgrim Fathers were originally from. .
3
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A. Plymouth B. London C. Leiden D. Nottinghamshire
  30. The English settlements at jamestown and Plymouth were respectively due to reasons of . A. wealth and religion B. wealth and fame C. politics and religion D. politics and fame Passage Three At the end of the nineteenth century, a rising interest in Native American customs and an increasing desire to understand Native American cultures prompted researchers to begin recording life stories of Native Americans. They had a distinct reason for wanting to hear the stoires: they were after data on language and culture that would add to their own field observations, and they believed that the personal stories, even of a single individual, could increase their understanding of the cultures that they had been observing from without. In addition, many researchers at the, turn of the century believed that Native American manners and customs were rapidly disappearing, and that it was important to preserve for people in the future as much information as could be adequately recorded before the cultures disappeared forever. There were, however, arguments against this method as a way of acquiring accurate information. Franz Boas, for example, described autobiographies as being of limited value, useful chiefly for the study of how memory distorts (歪曲) truth Paul Radin, another scholar, argued that investigators rarely spent enough time with the tribes they were observing, and inevitably derived results too much influenced by their own emotions to be reliable. Even more importantly, as these left stories transformed from the traditional oral form to the written form , much was lost. Editors often decided what elements were significant to the field research on a given tribe. In addition, Native americans themselves recognized that the essence of their lives could not be communicated in English and that events they thought significant were often considered unimportant by their interviewers. Indeed , as mentioning the names of dead relatives broke with Native American tradition, they very act of telling their stories could force Native American narrators to distort their cultures.
  31. In the late 19th century, researchers were mainly interested in . A. protecting Native American tribes B. recording Native American cultures C. changing Native American customs D. learning Native American languages
  32. The researchers studied Native American cultures mainly by means of . A. field observations B. comparisons of cultures C. Native American life stories D. Native American languages
  33. Franz Boas believed that life stories are of limited value because A. memory departs from truth B. field observations are inadequate C. researchers cannot remember everything D. researchers' emotions affect observations
  34. The third paragraph discusses. A. how Native Americans misled researchers B. how editors misread the research of scholars C. how researchers misunderstood Native American life D. how published life stories distort Native American life
  35. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage? A. Two different research methods in cultural study are compared. B. A research method is described and then its limitations discussed.
4
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C. The historical backgrounds of two research methods are described. D. A research method is questioned and then a new method proposed. IV.
  36.
  37.
  38.
  39.
  40.
  41.
  42.
  43.
  44.
  45.
  46.
  47.
  48.
  49.
  50.
  51.
  52.
  53.
  54.
  55.
海湾 n. g _ _ _ 命运 n. f _ _ _ 提醒 v. r _ _ _ _ _ 业余爱好 n. h _ _ _ _ 比,比率 n. r _ _ _ _ 浪费;糟蹋 v. w _ _ _ _ 正式的,正规的 a. f _ _ _ _ _ 哑的,无言的 a. d _ _ _ 独立的 a. i _ _ _ _ _ 巨大的;大量的 a. v _ _ _ 评论,评注 v. n. c _ _ _ _ _ _ 实施;强制 v. e _ _ _ _ _ _ 快速的;敏捷的 a. s _ _ _ _ 戳,刺,挤 n. v. t _ _ _ _ _ 相应地 ad. a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 空白;空白的 n. a. b _ _ _ _ _ 潜在的;潜力 a. n. p _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 忽略;俯瞰 v. o _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 意大利人,意大利语 n. I _ _ _ _ _ _ 无论在哪里 conj. w _ _ _ _ _ _ _
V.
  56. Things started to go (bad) wrong for Eric after he
 

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