2007 年 12 月大学英语四级考试 新题型 试题 月大学英语四级考试(新题型 新题型)试题 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of What electives to choose. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given bellow: What electives to choose
  1. 各大学开设了各种各样的选修课
  2. 学生因为各种原因选择了不同的选修课
  3. 以你自己为例 …… Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet
  1. For questions 1 - 7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. Universities Branch Out As never before in their long history, universities have become instruments of national competition as well as instruments of peace. They are the place of the scientific discoveries that move economies forward, and the primary means of educating the talent required to obtain and maintain competitive advantage. But at the same time, the opening of national borders to the flow of goods, services, information and especially people has made universities a powerful force for global integration, mutual understanding and geopolitical stability. In response to the same forces that have driven the world economy, universities have become more self-consciously global: seeking students from around the world who represent the entire range of cultures and values, sending their own students abroad to prepare them for global careers, offering course of study that address the challenges of an interconnected world and collaborative (合作的) research programs to advance science for the benefit of all humanity. Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across borders. Over the past three decades the number of students leaving home each year to study abroad has grown at an annual rate of
  3.9 percent, from 800,000 in 1975 to
  2.5 million in 20
  04. Most travel from one developed nation to another, but the flow from developing to developed countries is growing rapidly. The reverse flow, from developed to developing countries, is on the rise, too. Today foreign students earn 30 percent of the doctoral degrees awarded in the United States and 38 percent of those in the United Kingdom. And the number crossing borders for undergraduate study is growing as well, to 8 percent of the undergraduates at America's best institutions and 10 percent of all undergraduates in the U.K. In the United States, 20 percent of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born, and in China many newly hired faculty members at the top research universities received their graduate education abroad. Universities are also encouraging students to spend some of their undergraduate years in another country. In Europe, more than 140,000 students participate in the Erasmus program each year, taking courses for credit in one of 2,200 participating institutions across the continent. And in the United States, institutions are helping place students in summer internships (实习) abroad to prepare them for global careers. Yale and Harvard have led the way, offering every undergraduate at least one international study or internship opportunity -- and providing the financial resources to make it possible. Globalization is also reshaping the way research is done. One new trend involves sourcing portions of a research program to another country. Yale professor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Tian Xu directs a research center focused on the genetics of human disease at Shanghai's Fudan University, in collaboration with faculty colleagues from both schools. The Shanghai center has 95 employees and graduate students working in a 4,300-square-meter laboratory facility. Yale faculty, postdoctors and graduate students visit regularly and attend videoconference seminars with scientists from both campuses. The arrangement benefits both countries; Xu's Yale lab is more productive, thanks to the lower costs of conducting research in China, and
Chinese graduate students, postdoctors and faculty get on-the-job training from a world-class scientist and his U. S. team. As a result of its strength in science, the United States has consistently led the world in the commercialization of major new technologies, from the mainframe computer and the integrated circuit of the 1960s to the Internet infrastructure (基础设施) and applications software of the 1990s. The link between university-based science and industrial application is often indirect but sometimes highly visible: Silicon Valley was intentionally created by Stanford University, and Route 128 outside Boston has long housed companies spun off from MIT and Harvard. Around the world, governments have encouraged copying of this model, perhaps most successfully in Cambridge, England, where Microsoft and scores of other leading software and biotechnology companies have set up shop around the university. For all its success, the United States remains deeply hesitant about sustaining the research-university model. Most politicians recognize the link between investment in science and national economic strength, but support for research funding has been unsteady. The budget of the National Institutes of Health doubled between 1998 and 2003, but has risen more slowly than inflation since then. Support for the physical sciences and engineering barely kept pace with inflation during that same period. The attempt to make up lost ground is welcome, but the nation would be better served by steady, predictable increases in science funding at the rate of long-term GDP growth, which is on the order of inflation plus 3 percent per year. American politicians have great difficult recognizing that admitting more foreign students can greatly promote the national interest by increasing international understanding. Adjusted for inflation, public funding for international exchanges and foreign-language study is well below the levels of 40 years ago. In the wake of September 11, changes in the visa process caused a dramatic decline in the number of foreign students seeking admission to U. S. universities, and a corresponding surge in enrollments in Australia, Singapore and the U. K. Objections from American university and business leaders led to improvements in the process and a reversal of the decline, but the United States is still seen by many as unwelcoming to international students. Most Americans recognize that universities contribute to the nation's well-being through their scientific research, but many fear that foreign students threaten American competitiveness by taking their knowledge and skills back home. They fall to grasp that welcoming foreign students to the United States has two important positive effects: first, the very best of them stay in the States and -- like immigrants throughout history -strengthen the nation; and second, foreign students who study in the United States become ambassadors for many of its most cherished (珍视) values when they return home. Or at least they understand them better. In America as elsewhere, few instruments of foreign policy are as effective in promoting peace and stability as welcoming international university students.
  1. From the first paragraph we know that present-day universities have become . A) more popularized than ever before B) in-service training organizations C) a powerful force for global integration D) more and more research-oriented
  2. Over the past decades, the enrollment of overseas students has increased . A) at an annual rate of 8 percent B) at an annual rate of
  3.9 percent C) by 800,000 D) by
  2.5 million
  3. In the United States, how many of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born? A) 38%. B) 10%. C) 30% D) 20%.
  4. How do Yale and Harvard prepare their undergraduates for global careers? A) They give them chances for international study or internship. B) They arrange for them to participate in the Erasmus program. C) They offer them various courses in international politics.
D) They organize a series of seminars on world economy.
  5. An example illustrating the general trend of universities' globalization is . A) Yale's establishing branch campuses throughout the world B) Yale's student exchange program with European institutions C) Yale's helping Chinese universities to launch research projects D) Yale's collaboration with Fudan University on genetic research
  6. What do we learn about Silicon Valley from the passage? A) It is known to be the birthplace of Microsoft Company. B) It was intentionally created by Stanford University. C) It is where the Internet infrastructure was built up. D) It houses many companies spun off from MIT and Harvard.
  7. What is said about the U.S. federal funding for research? A) It has increased by 3 percent. B) It doubled between 1998 and 20
  03. C) It has been unsteady for years. D) It has been more than sufficient.
  8. The dramatic decline in the enrollment of foreign students in the U. S. after September 11 was caused by .
  9. Many Americans fear that American competitiveness may be threatened by foreign students who will .
  10. The policy of welcoming foreign students can benefit the U. S. in that the very best of them will stay and . Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D], and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  11. [A] She used to be in poor health. [C] She was somewhat overweight. [B] She was popular among boys. [D] She didn't do well at high school.
  12. [A] At the airport. [C] In a hooking office. [B] In a restaurant. [D] At the hotel reception.
  13. [A] Teaching her son by herself. [C] Asking the teacher for extra help. [B] Having confidence in her son. [D] Telling her son not to worry.
  14. [A] Have a short break. [C] Continue her work outdoors. [B] Take two weeks off. [D] Go on vacation with the man.
  15. [A] He is taking care of this twin brother. [C] He is worried about Rod's health. [B] He has been feeling ill all week. [D] He has been in perfect condition.
  16. [A] she sold all her furniture before she moved house. [B] She still keeps some old furniture in her new house. [C] She plans to put all her old furniture in the basement. [D] She brought a new set of furniture from Italy last month.
  17. [A] The woman wondered why the man didn't return the book. [B] The woman doesn't seem to know what the book is about.
[C] The woman doesn't find the book useful any more. [D] The woman forgot lending the book to the man.
  18. [A] Most of the man's friends are athletes. [B] Few people share the woman's opinion. [C] The man doesn't look like a sportsman. [D] The woman doubts the man's athletic ability. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  19. [A] She has packed it in one of her bags. [C] She has probably left it in a taxi. [B] She is going to get it at the airport. [D] She is afraid that she has lost it.
  20. [A] It ends in winter. [C] It will last one week. [B] It will cost her a lot. [D] It depends on the weather.
  21. [A] The plane is taking off soon. [C]There might be a traffic jam. [B] The taxi is waiting for them. [D] There is a lot of stuff to pack.
  22. [A] At home. [C] At the airport. [B] In the man's car. [D] By the side of a taxi. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  23. [A] She is thirsty for promotion, [C] She is tired o f her present work. [B] She wants a much higher salary. [D] She wants to save travel expenses.
  24. [A] Translator. [C] Language instructor. [B] Travel agent. [D] Environmental engineer.
  25. [A] Lively personality and inquiring mind. [C] Devotion and work efficiency. [B] Communication skills and team spirit. [D] Education and experience. Section B Directions: In this section you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  26. [A] They care a lot about children. [C] They want to enrich their life experience. [B] They need looking after in their old age. [D] They want children to keep them company.
  27. [A] They are usually adopted from distant places. [B] Their birth information is usually kept secret. [C] Their birth parents often try to conceal their birth information. [D] Their adoptive parents don't want
 

相关内容

2009年12月大学英语四级考试真题及答案

   听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台! 听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台!TingClass.com 2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creating a Green Campus. You should wri ...

2007年12月英语四级考试真题及答案(文档不能完全显示,下载后绝对会有答案)

   本资料由学生范文网(http://www.xsfanwen.com)为您收集整理. 为您收集整理. 本资料由学生范文网 为您收集整理 2007 年 12 月四级考试真题 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上. Part Ⅱ Rading comprehension (Skimming and scanning) (15minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to ...

2007年12月份大学英语四级考试真题(含答案)

   2007 年 12 月大学英语四级考试 新题型 试题 月大学英语四级考试(新题型 新题型)试题 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of What electives to choose. You should write at least 120 words following the out ...

2005年1月大学英语四级考试试题真题及答案

   ★★★★★ 2005 年 1 月大学英语四级考试试题 Part I Section A (20 minutes) Listening Comprehension Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation ...

2006年6月全国大学英语四级考试真题和答案

   ★★★★★ 2006 年 6 月全国大学英语四级考试真题和答案 Part I Writing (30 minute) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minute to write a short essay on the topic of students selecting their lectures. You should write at least 120 words followin ...

2009年6月大学英语四级考试真题及答案下载

   2009 年 6 月英语四级考试真题与答案 月英语四 真题: Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minute to write a short essay on the topic of students selecting their lectures. You should write at least 120 words following the outline give ...

2004年1月大学英语四级考试听力附试题和答案[1]

   2004 年 1 月大学英语四级考试听力附试题和答案 时间:2006-4-29 23:33:53 来源:本站原创 作者:alex 升听力) (5 天 5 夜突破英语听说的秘密|英语听写系统助你提 进入 MP3 下载页面 下载到我的手机 (不能播放请点击此处) 2004 年 1 月大学英语四级考试试题及参考答案 Part I Section A Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Directions: In this section, you will ...

2009年12月大学英语四级听力真题MP3下载(含文本)

   Section A 11. Man: Excuse me, do you have change for a ten-dollar note? I need to pay the parking meter. Woman: I’m sorry. But I think you can get it through the money changer, in the shopping center across the street. Question: What is the man tryi ...

2009年12月大学英语四级听力真题MP3下载(含文本)

   2009年12月大学英语四级听力真题MP3下载(含文本) Source: Onion 2009-12-20 我要投稿 恒星英语学习论坛 Favorite 迅雷音频高速下载 音频下载[点击右键另存为] Section A 11. Man: Excuse me, do you have change for a ten-dollar note? I need to pay the parking meter. Woman: I’m sorry. But I think you can ge ...

2009年6月英语四级考试真题与答案

   Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Software http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only. 可可英语网 2009 年 6 月英语四级考试真题与答案 真题: Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minute to write a short essay on the topic of ...

热门内容

李阳疯狂英语国际音标

   1 李阳疯狂英语国际音标 第一节:前元音 No. 1 关键词:feel 今天你觉得怎么样? A: How are you feeling today? (今天你觉得怎么样?) B: I feel a lot better, thanks for asking. (我感觉好多了。谢谢你的关心。 ) 【发音秘诀】请注意,are, lot, better, thanks 和 ask 都是典型的美国发音。它们 的"发音外号"请查表。 No. 2 关键词:people 关键句: T ...

江西专升本统考英语历年真题(2001-2010)

   江西理工大学论坛 www.jxlg.net 提供专升本交流 2001 年江西省“专升本”英语统一考试试卷 年江西省“专升本” 分钟) (120 分钟) Part Ⅰ Listening comprehension (20 points)(略) )略 Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (30 points) ) Directions: In this section there are four passages. Each of them is followed by ...

四步打造高分英语作文

   四步打造高分英语作文 作文是英语高考的重头戏,每年作文的类型和主题也不尽相同,作文 分数的高低也直接影响着英语成绩的高低,因此英文作文的备考也就成了 每年英语备考的重点之一.下面我就不同的文体来讲解一下如何打造高分 英语作文: 一,各种类型作文的特点 ★图表作文 1.仔细审题,看懂图表的意思,整理要点,决定语言形式; 2.开头直截了当,尽快入题,不要拐弯抹角,拖泥带水; 3.行文一般以 10 个句子为宜.若用少于 8 句话来表达,句子容易表达 不清;若用多于 10 句话来描述,则句子零乱与琐 ...

如何进行英语听力学习学习啊

   学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说: 难死了 难死了”。 学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说:“难死了 。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个: 不得法 不得法。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个:“不得法。” 英 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利? 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置身于 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来会非常流利。 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来 ...

新目标英语七年下Unit_5_教案设计

   Unit 5 I’m watching TV. 教案设计 一、 教案背景 1,面向学生: 2,学科:英语 二、 教学课题 Unit 5 I’m watching TV. 3,课时:1 《新目标 Go for it》BookⅡ 教学目标 1.知识目标: A. 掌握有关新单词:clean, read, on, apartment, TV show B. 熟练运用现在进行时谈论身边正在发生的事情。 2.能力目标:学会用英语谈论自己或他人正在发生的动作或事情。 3.情感目标:A. 培养学生善于观察周 ...