2007 年 4 月北京地区成人本科学位英语真题 卷) 月北京地区成人本科学位英语真题(A
Part I Reading Comprehension (30%) Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage 1 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage: Many a young person tells me he wants to be a writer.(
  76) I always encourage such people, but I also explain that there’s a big difference between “being a writer’ and writing. In most cases these individuals are dreaming of wealth and fame, not the long hour alone at a typewriter. “You’ve got to want to write,” I say to them, “not want to be a writer”. The reality is that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair. For every writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is never rewarded. When I left a 20-year career in the U.S. Coast Guard to become a freelance(自由栏目)writer, I had no prospects at all. What I did have was a friend who found me my room in a New York apartment building. It didn’t even matter that it was cold and had no bathroom. I immediately bought a used manual typewriter and felt like a genuine writer. After a year or so, however, I still hadn’t gotten a break and began to doubt myself. It was so hard to sell a story that I barely made enough to eat. But I knew I wanted to write, I had dreamed about it for years. I wasn’t going to be one of those people who die wondering: What if ? (77 ) I would keep putting my dream to the test even though it meant living with uncertainty and fear of failure. This is the shadowland of hope, and anyone with a dream must learn to live there.

  1. The passage is meant to . A. warn young people of the hardships that a successful writer has to experience B. advise young people to give up their idea of becoming a professional writer C. show young people it’s unrealistic for a writer to pursue wealth and fame D. encourage young people to pursue a writing career
  1、A. 这道题考察考生对文章的整体把握能力。作者在开头便点明写作和成为作家 是不同的,指出很多年轻人的想法是不成熟的。接下来又以亲身经历说明成为作家 的艰辛。
  2. What can be concluded from the passage? A. Genuine writers often find their work interesting and rewarding. B. A writer’s success depends on luck rather than on efforts. C. Famous writers usually live in poverty and isolation. D. The chances for writer to become successful are small
  2、D. 一个作家成功的比率是非常小的。在文章的第二段中提到 For every writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is never rewarded. 虽然有一 些可以得到财富, 但上千的作家的努力却得不到回报。 说明作家成功是非常困难的。
  3. Why did the author begin to doubt himself after the first year of his writing career? A. He wasn’t able to produce a single book. B. He hadn’t seen aching for the better. C. He wasn’t able to have a rest for a whole year. D. He though that he lacked imagination.
  3、B. 作者在从事写作的第一年怀疑自己是应为他没有看到情况比一开始有所好转。
  4. “…people who die wondering: What if ?”(Lin4-5, Para-
  3) refers to “those ”. A. who think too much of the dark side of life B. who regret giving up their career halfway C. who think a lot without making a decision D. who are full of imagination even upon death
  4、C. 因为这些人总去问 what if,说明他们总是犹豫不决,对自己的未来举棋不定,做 不出最终决定。
  5. “Shadowland” in the last sentence refers to .
A. the wonderland on often dreams about B. the bright future that one is looking forward to C. the state of uncertainty before one’s final goal is reached D. a world that exists only in one’s imagination
  5、C. 这道题考察对词汇的理解。Shadowland 是指一种在目标实现前的不确定状态。 核心词汇:in most cases, 在多数情况下;dream of, 梦想;free-lance writer, 自由栏目作 者;apartment building, 公寓楼;keep doing sth., 坚持做某事
Passage 2 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage: Man is a land animal, but he is also closely tied to the sea. Throughout history the sea has served the needs of man. The sea has provided man with food and a convenient way to travel to many parts of the world. Toady, experts believe that nearly two-thirds of the world’s population live within eighty kilometers of the seacoast. (
  78)In the modern technological world the sea offers many resources to help mankind survive. Resources on land are beginning to grow less. The sea, however, still offers hope to supply many of man’s needs in the future. The riches of the sea yet to be developed by man’s technology are impressive. Oil and gas explorations have existed for nearly thirty years. Valuable amounts of minerals such as iron, copper and so on exist on the ocean floor. Besides oil and gas, the sea may offer new sources of energy. For example, warm temperature of the ocean can be used as the steam in a steamship. Sea may also offer a source of energy as electricity for mankind. Technology is enabling man to explore even deeper under the sea. It is obvious that the technology to harvest the sea continues to improve. (
  79) By the 2050, experts believe that the problems to explore the food, minerals and energy resources of the sea will have been largel7y solved.
  6. What is the beat title for the passage? A. Needs of Man. B. Sea Harvest and Food
C. Sea and Sources of Energy
D. Sea Exploring Technology.

  6、D. 这篇文章主要讲的海洋资源的利用。作者一直在强调,技术在海洋资源探测中所起到 的重要作用。并在文章结尾说,随着技术的进步,从海洋中发掘食物、矿物和新能源的问题 将在很大程度上得到解决。
  7. It can be inferred from the passage that . A. man hasn’t completely made use of the riches of the sea B. technology for exploring the sea has been solved C. harvesting rice in the sea will be made possible D. in the near future man can live on the ocean floor
  7、 人类还没有完全利用海洋的丰富资源。 A. 文章的第二段提到, 随着陆地资源的日益枯竭, 海洋还能为人类未来的需求提供资源。 第三段的开头承接说, 海洋可开发的丰富的资源是非 常惊人的。所以选 A。
  8. Why does the author mention a steamship? A. To illustrate that man can make use of sources of energy from the sea. B. To show that a steamship is better than other kinds of ships. C. To argue that man should use steamships. D. To indicate that it is warmer in the ocean than on land.
  8、A. 作者在文章中提到蒸汽船,就是为了说明人类可以利用很多种海洋资源。文章第四段 说,除了石油和天然气,海洋还提供了很多新能源,接着就以蒸汽船为例证明这一点。
  9. According to the author, technology is important because . A. resources on land are running short in ten years B. man can use it to explore the deeper sea C. it is a lot of fun diving into the sea D. ancient people used it to explore the sea
  9、B. 人类可以利用技术开发深海。第三段第一句作者提到,人类利用技术可以开发的海洋 资源是惊人的。其他三项都没有提到。
  10. According to the author, when will the problems to explore the deeper sea largely be solved? A. In the next generation. B. By the end of the 20th century. C. In the near future.
D. By the middle of the 21st century.
  10、D. 21 世纪五十年代。就是 2050 年左右。 .Passage 3 Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage: Today, cigarette smoking is a common habit. About forty-three percent of the adult men and thirty-one percent of the adult women in the United States smoke cigarettes regularly. It is encouraging to see that millions of people have given up smoking. It is a fact that men as a group smoke more than women. Among both men and women the age group with the highest proportion of smokers is 24-
  44. Income, education, and occupation all play a part in determining a person’s smoking habit. City people smoke more than people living on farms. Well-educated men with high incomes are less likely to smoke cigarettes than men with fewer years of schooling and lower incomes. On the other hand, if a well-educated man with a higher income smoked at all, he is likely to smoke more packs of cigarettes per day. The situation is somewhat different for women.(
  80)There are slightly more smokers among women with higher family income and higher education than among the lower income and lower educational groups. These more highly educated women tend to smoke more heavily. Among teenagers the picture is similar. There are fewer teenaged smokers from upper-income, well-educated families, and fewer from families living in farm areas. Children are most likely to start smoking if one or both of their parents smoke.
  11. What do we know from the first paragraph ? A. More and more people take up the habit of smoking. B. There are more smoking women than smoking men in USA. C. It is good news that more people have given up smoking. D. The U.S. has more smoking people than any other country.
  11、C. 很多人戒烟是个好消息。在文章的第一段,作者便提到,看到有数百万的人戒烟是 令人振奋的。所以选 C。
  12.What factors determine a person’s smoking habits ? A. Age, income and education.
B. Age, *** and income. C. Occupation, income and ***. D. Occupation, income and education.
  12、D. 文章第三段的开头,Income, education, and occupation all play a part in determining a person’s smoking habit. 收入、教育和职业都在人们的吸烟习惯中起到决定性的作用。
  13.Which of the following is true according to the passage ? A. City people are less likely to smoke. B. People in rural areas are more likely to smoke. C. Men with higher income tend to smoke. D. Well-educated men with high incomes are generally less likely to smoke.
  13、 高知识、 D. 高收入的男人不太容易吸烟。 文章第三段提到,Well-educated men with high incomes are less likely to smoke cigarettes than men with fewer years of schooling and lower incomes. 文化程度和教育程度越高,吸烟的人越少。所以选 D。
  14.What is the smoking situation for women ? A. The situation is quite the same for women as for men . B. Better-educated women are likely to smoke heavily. C. There are more women smokers with low incomes. D. Women with higher incomes and higher education do not tend to smoke.
  14、B. 文章第四段提到,女性的情况跟男性相反。These more highly educated women tend to smoke more heavily. 教育程度越高,吸烟数量越多。
  15.What can we say about teenaged smokers ? A. The picture about the teenage smokers is similar to that of women smokers. B. The situation among teenagers is quite the same with men. C. High school students are more likely to smoke than college students. D. Farmers’ children tend to smoke more.
  15、 青少年的情况与成年男人相似。 B. 最后一段提到 These more highly educated women tend to smoke more heavily. 那些来自高收入、高知识家庭和乡村家庭的孩子吸烟的人数较少。 Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (30%) Directions: In this part, there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D . Choose the ONE answer that best completes
the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  16. If you go to the movie tonight, so I . A. will B. do C. am D. can

  16、 【答案】A 此题考查的是 So 引导的倒装句,表示“…也是如此”。一般来说 So 后面的 谓语要和前一句话的一致。但在这里,if 引导的从句比较特殊,用一般现在时表示将来, 而 So 后要还原为将来时。
  17. You don’t know about the difficulty I had the work then at all. A. done B. to do C. for doing D. in doing

  17、 【答案】 此题考查的是固定用法 have difficulty (in) doing sth,属于对动名词用法的考察。 B
  18. is well-known, the environment in China is badly in need of improvement. A. It B. That C. As D. What
18 、【答案】C 此题考查的是 as 引导的特殊定语从句。As is well known/ as is known to all/ as we all know:众所周知。
  19. Charles Babbage is generally considered the first computers. A. to invent B. inventing C. to have invented D. having invented

  19、【答案】C 此题考查的是非谓语动词中不定式的用法。Be considered/said/ believed to do 表示: 据认为/据说/据相信做。 。 。 ,而后面的动作若已经发生, 则用完成时表示, 故选 to have invented。
  20. With oil prices keeping , people are hesitating whether to buy a car or not. A. rising B. arising C. raising D. arousing

  20、【答案】A 此题考查的是近义词用法辨析。Rise 为不及物动词,表示升高;arise 也为 不及物动词,表示:出现,发生,意思不符;r
 

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