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全国 2002 年 4 月高等教育自学考试
英语国家概况试题
课程代码:00522
Ⅰ .Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statement or question, four suggested answers marked A,B,C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statement or answers the question. Write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space on the answer sheet. (40 points, 1 point for each)
  1.Britain has, for centuries, been slowly tilting with . A.the North-West slowly rising and the South-East slowly sinking B.the North-East slowly rising and the South-West slowly sinking C.the South-East slowly rising and the South-West slowly sinking D.the South-West slowly rising and the North-East slowly sinking
  2.Which often following statements is not true about British coal mining? A.Brition has used up almost all coal deposits. B.The demand for British coal has declined. C.Petroleum, water power, and electric power replacing coal for many purposes. D.The old British mines are narrow and deep, making it difficult to use machines
  3.For electoral purposes Britain is divided into 659 constituencies, each of which returns to the House of Commons. A.one member C.three members for Britain. A.the English Channel C.St. George's Channel A.the Lord Chancellor C.the Speaker B.the Irish Sea D.the North Sea B.the Prime Minister D.the Parliamentary Commissioner B.two members D.four members

  4.In the 1970s oil was discovered in , but the revenue from oil did not create an economic

  5.In Britain, ministers are appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of .

  6.Thanks to the militant feminist movement of the suffragettes before the First World War, votes were granted to women over the age of in 19
  18. A.18 B.20 C.30 D.35
  7.The objective of the Chartist Movement was democratic rights for all men, and it took its name from “”. A.The Bill of Rights C.The People's Charter B.The Agreement of the People D.The Great Charter

  8.In the 1960s pop music underwent a revolution when became world famous and turned their home town of Liverpool into a place of pilgrimage.
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A.teh Beach Boys C.the Animals A.the Labour Party C.the Liberal Party
B.the Rolling Stone D.the Beatles B.the Conservative Party D.the Social Democratic Party

  9.The Tories were the forerunners of , which still bears this nickname today.

  10.In the United Kingdom, the party which wins the number of seats in the House of Commons becomes the official Opposition. A.largest C.third largest A.a trade union C. apolitical party
th
B.second largest D.fourth largest B.a choir D.a club

  11.In the United Kingdom,police officers are not allowed to join or to go on strike.

  12.Agricltural changes in the late 18 and early 19th centuries in England were so great that they were worthy of the term “”. A.reform C.revolution the United States. A.“Old Man River” C.“Old Father River” A.Alaska and Rhode Island C.Texas and Rhode Island United States is . A.the flow of people to sunbelt area B.the flow of peole from small cities to big cities C.the growth of small towns D.the outflow of city residents from the core cities to the suburbs
  16.The average life expectancy of the Red Indians is . A.higher than the national average B.lower than the national average C.about the same with the national average D.none of the above
  17.The three Puritan traditions are . A.religious tolerance, respect for achievement and respect for learning B.religious dissent aggressiveness and respect for learning C.religious intolerance, respect for achievement and respect for learning D.religious intolerance, aggressiveness, respect for achievement
  18.In 1900, the United States ranked first in the world in the production of . A.coal B.electricity
2
B.evolution D.reformation

  13.The Mississippi, which is sometimes called , has played a vital role in the history of B.“Moon River” D.“Mother of the United States” B.Texas and Maine D.Alaska and Maine

  14.The largest and smallest states of the United States are .

  15.A trend that occurs at the same time with the movement to the South and the Weast of the
C.oil
D.wheat
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  19.During the Second World War, Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill met at . A.Teheran, Yalta and Potsdam B.Teheran and Yalta C.Yalta, Potsdam and Berlin D.Teheran and Potsdam
  20.The New Frontier and War on Poverty were put forward respectively by . A.Eisenhower and Kennedy B.Johnson and Nixon C.Johnson and Kennedy D.Kennedy and Johnson
  21.The origin of the American party system can be traced to . A.the struggle between the Royalists and revolutionaries in the War of Independence B.the constitutional debate between the Federalists and the anti--Federalists C.the struggle between those who upheld slavery and those who opposed slavery D.none of the above
  22.The functions of institutions of higher education in the U.S. are . A.research and teaching B.teaching and degree awarding C.professional training, teaching and public service D.teaching, research and public service
  23.In “Song of Myself”, Whitman writes that . A.woman is not worth mentioning B.woman is not as great as man C.woman as the mother of human beings is the greatest D.none of the above
  24.The theme of Thanksgiving has always been . A.friendship and happiness C.cooperation and rich reward A.the South Pacific Ocean C.the North Sea A.manufacturing industries C.service industries A.teh Dreamland C.the Beginning of the World B.peace and plenty D.love and happiness B.the Atlantic Ocean D.the Arctic B.farming and mining D.forestry and fishing B.the Dreaming D.the Beginning of the Universe

  25.Australia is located between and the Indian Ocean.

  26.Australia, which is one of the world's developed countries, has become rich through .

  27.Australian Aborigines believed in a creative period, usually referred to in English as .

  28.As far as Australian culture is concerned, the history of Australia can be divided into the following phases with the exception of . A.the period of the original culture of Aboriginal people B.the period of the dominant British culture
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C.teh period of Asian culture D.the period of a multicultural society
  29.The Mabo Judgement passed by Australia's High Court in June 1992 overturned the concept of terra nullius, which means . B.“land unknown to everyone” D.“Dreamtime” A.“land belonging to no one” C.“Wonderland”

  30.During the 1990s many Australians called for their nation to become a republic with . A.a president replacing the British monarch as head of state B.a prime minister replacing the governor--general as head of government C.a governor-general replacing the British monarch as head of state D.a president replacing the governor- general as head of government
  31.The longest river in Canada is . A.the Mackenzie C.teh Severn B.the St. Lawrence D.the Yukon

  32.Why were the French troops in Canada defeated by the British during the Seven Years' War? A.Because they were not used to the weather in Cananda. B.Because they did not get support from the local people. C.Because they did not receive the supplies they needed so badly. D.Because the British had larger and better settlements in Canada.
  33.Which of the following is not true about Canada's manufacturing today? A.Manufacturing is the most important economic activity in Canada. B.Transportation equipment ranks as the nation's leading manufactured product. C.Food processing is still important but it is no longer Canada's chief man ufacturing manufacturing.
  34.When was the referendum on Quebec's future status held in Canada? A.19
  94. B.19
  95. C.19
  96. D.1997
  35.Since 1971 the Canadian government has adopted a policy of , recognizing that cultural pluralism within a bilingual framework is the essence of the Canadian identity. A.assimilation C.multiculturalism A.the Liberal Party B.the Progressive Conservative Party C.either the Liberal Party or the Progressive Conservative Party D.both the Liberal Party and the Progressive Conservation Party
  37.What is Ireland called in Irish? A.Irea B.Aire C.Eare
4
industry
D.The production of paper and paper related products is no longer important in Canada's
B.integration D.gender equality

  36.In Canada the federal governments have always been formed by .
D.Eire
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  38.What are Ireland's chief exports? A.Foodstuffs(especially beef), electrical machinery, and chemicals. B.Wool, dairy products and fruit. C.Motor vehicles, electrical machinery and petroleum. D.Coal, mining equipment and textiles.
  39.A fault line runs the length of New Zealand, which means that it often has . A.floods C.earthquakes A.New Zealand has a written constitution. B.New Zealand has a parliamentary government and a constitutional monarchy. C.New Zealand follows the British parliamentary system with some variations. D.New Zealand Parliament has only one chamber. PART TWO Ⅱ.Give a one-sentence answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.(30 points , 3 points for each)
  41. What are the main types of farming in Britain?
  42.How are the state-run television channels BBC1 and BBC2 financed?
  43.What is the aim of the social security system in the United Kingdom?
  44.What kind of economic system does the United States have?
  45.What were the two serious weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
  46.What is the difference between an academic high school and a technical high school?
  47.What are the most common leisure activities in Canada?
  48.What does the outback refer to in Australia?
  49.What are the two types of farming in Ireland?
  50.Why is the population of New Zealand so unevenly distributed? Ⅲ.Explain each of the following terms in English. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet in around 40 words (20 points, 5 points for each)
  51.The Civil List
  52.Operation Overlord
  53.Stagflation
  54.Kiwi Ⅳ.Write between 100?120 words on the following topic in the corresponding space on the ? answer sheet.(10 points)
  55. Give two examples to show the kind of political intolerance in the U.S. after the end of W.W.I. B.volcanic eruptions D.droughts

  40.Which of the following is not true about the political system of New Zealand?
5
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全国 2002 年 4 月高等教育自学考试
英语国家概况试题参考答案
课程代码:00522
Ⅰ .Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully. For each unfinished statement or question, four suggested answers marked A,B,C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statement or answers the question. Write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding brackets on the answer sheet. (40 points, 1 point for each)
  1.A
  2.A
  3.A
  4.D
  5.B
  6.C
  7.C
  8.D
  9.B
  10.B
  11.A
  12.C
  13.A
  14.A
  15.D
  16.B
  17.C
  18.A
  19.B
  20.D
  21.B
  22.D
  23.C
  24.B
  25.A
  26.B
  27.B
  28.C
  29.A
  30.A
  31.A
  32.C
  33.D
  34.B
  35.C
  36.C
  37.D
  38.A
  39.C
  40.C Ⅱ.Give a one-sentence answer to each of the following questions. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet.(30 points , 3 points for each)
  41.They are arable farming, dairy farming, stock farming, mixed farming, hill farming and market gardening.
  42.They are financed from the sale of television licences.
  43.The aim of the social security is to secure a basic standard of living for people in financial need.
  44.The U.S. has a free ? market economy with a dominant private sector.
  45.They were:(a)there was no national executive or law-enforcing branch and (b)Congress had no power to raise taxes.
  46.An academic high school only aims at preparing students for college while a technical school provides students for a variety of occupations and vocations.
  47.They are swimming, tennis, golf and baseball.
  48.In Australia, the areas that are far away from towns and cities are called the outback, especially the desert areas in central Australia.
  49.They are arable farming and stock farming.
  50.Reasons for the uneven distribution are the milder climate in the north, the expansion of North Island industries and the availability of land suitable for specialized farming. Ⅲ.Explain each of the following terms in English. Write your answer in the corresponding space on the answer sheet in around 40 words (20 points, 5 points for each)
  51.The Civil List is an annual grant approved by Parliament. The grant is made to the British Sovereign and members of the royal family. It is used to cover the expense involved in carrying out their public duties.
  52.Operation Overlord was the codename for Ally landing on the south of France. It was launched in May, 19
  44. The decision of launching Operation Overlord was made at the Teheran Conference.
  53.Starting from the mid-1970s, the United States suffered from “stagflation”, that is, the
6
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occurrence of no or little economic
 

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