Grammar
的一种,常用doing doing来表示 动名词是非谓语动词的一种,常用doing来表示 兼有动词和名词的特性 兼有动词和名词的特性 动词
当名词主语,宾语,表语和定语 当名词主语,宾语, 主语 当动词 它可以有时态, 当动词 它可以有时态,语态的变化
一. 动名词做主语的用法 动名词做主语往往表示经常性、习惯性的动作 动名词做主语往往表示经常性、习惯性的动作 经常性
Seeing is believing. 眼见为实 眼见为实.
Helping her is my duty.
Talking in class is not a good manner.
在课堂上聊天是不礼貌的
Working with you is a pleasure.
和你一起工作是一种乐趣。 和你一起工作是一种乐趣。 动名词做主语和不定式做主语一样, 动名词做主语和不定式做主语一样,也可以 作形式主语。 用it作形式主语。如: 作形式主语 It is not a good manner talking in class. It is a pleasure working with you.
不定式做主语往往表示具体的动作, 不定式做主语往往表示具体的动作,特别是 将来的未完成动作。 将来的未完成动作。如: Spitting everywhere is not polite. (指抽象动作, 泛指) 指抽象动作 泛指) 随地吐痰是不礼貌的 To spit here will be punished 指具体的一次动作) (指具体的一次动作) 在这里吐痰要受惩罚。
【考例】 ? What do you think made Mary so upset? ? ? her new bicycle. . (1997上海高考题) 上海高考题) 上海高考题 A. As she lost C. Losing B. Lost D. Because of losing
解析: 解析:losing her new bicycle是句子的 主语, 被省略, 主语,谓语made her so upset被省略,
losing… 在此表示已经发生具体的动作。 在此表示已经发生具体的动作。
二. 动名词作宾语的用法
  1.有些动词或短语动词后常用动名词作宾 . 语。如admit(承认), avoid(避免), (承认) (避免)
consider(考虑), devote … to, enjoy, (考虑) , escape, feel like, finish, forgive, suggest, imagine(想像), mind, practice, (想像), , miss(错过)delay (延误 错过) 延误) 延误
appreciate(感激,欣赏). 感激,欣赏 感激
insist on, keep (on), look forward to, pay attention to, give up, get down to…(开始做), 等等。 开始做) 等等。 开始做
He can’t give up smoking. He got down to studying hard.
【考例】 考例】 I can't imagine that with them.( .(MET 19
  86) .( ) A. do C. being done B. to do D. doing
She looks forward every spring to the flower-lined garden.(1995上海高考题) .( 上海高考题 A. visit C. walk in B. paying a visit D. walking in
解析: 解析:考查短语动词 look forward to 后跟动名词作宾语的用法。 后跟动名词作宾语的用法。

  2. allow, advise, forbid(禁止 permit+ 禁止), 禁止 doing “allow/advise/forbid/permit + / / / 宾语补足语) 之形式。 sth/sb+to do(宾语补足语)”之形式。
如:
We don't allow smoking here. . We don't allow anybody to smoke here. .

  3. 动词need, require, want意为“需要” 意为“需要”
时,后跟动名词的主动式或不定式的被 动式作宾语,意义没有区别。 动式作宾语,意义没有区别。如: The window needs/ / requires/ / wants cleaning. . to be cleaned

  4. 在begin, continue, love, like, hate, prefer, intend, start后用动名词和
用不定式作宾语均可, 用不定式作宾语均可,意义没有多 大区别。 大区别。

  5. 动词forget, go on, mean, regret(遗 遗 憾), remember, stop, try, be used to, can't help后跟动名词和跟不定式区别较
大,须注意。 须注意。
forget, regret(遗憾), remember (遗憾)
后跟动名词,动名词表示已经发生的动作; 后跟动名词,动名词表示已经发生的动作; 后跟不定式表示将要发生的动作。
forget to do sth forget doing sth
忘记去做 忘记做过了/做了 做了忘记了 做了 记得去做某事 记得做过某事 遗憾地去做某事 遗憾做过了某事
remember to do sth remember doing sth
regret to do sth regret doing sth
go on doing go on to do mean doing mean to do stop doing stop to do
继续做原来做的事 接着做另一件事 意味着要做某事 打算做某事 停止做某事 停下来(别的事) 停下来(别的事)开始 做某事
try doing try to do be used to do
试着做某事 努力做某事 被用来做某事 禁不住做某事 不能帮助做某事
be used to doing 习惯于做某事 can't help doing can't help to do
【考例】 ? Let's have a rest. . ? Not now.I don't want to stop . yet.( .(MET 19
  85) .( ) A. study C. for studying B. to study D. studying
解析: 意为“停止学习” 解析:stop studying意为“停止学习”。
? Let me tell you something about the journalists. . ? Don't you remember me the story yesterday?( ?(1999上海高 ?( 上海高 考题) 考题) A. told B. telling C. to tell D. to have told 解析: 解析 remember telling me意为 意为 记得曾经告诉过我” “记得曾经告诉过我”。
Excersice

  1. It took the workmen only two hours to finish my car. A. repairing C. to repair B. repair D. repaired

  2. Have you forgotten $1000 from me last month? Will you please remember it tomorrow? A. borrowing; to bring B. to borrow; bring C. borrowed; bringing D. borrowing; bringing

  3. The classroom wants . A. clean C. to clean for us. A. to wait C. waiting B. wait D. waited B. cleaned D. cleaning

  4. Jack said that he wouldn't mind __

  5. My brother keeps me with my work. A. to help B. help C. helping D. helped
  6. We should often practise English with each other. A. to speak B. spoke C. speak D. speaking

  7. Keep on and you will succeed. A. a try C. tried A. he should go C. his going B. try D. trying B. he go D. him to go

  8. His parents insist on to college.

  9. The story was so funny that we . A. couldn’t help laugh B. can’t but laugh C. couldn’t help laughing D. couldn’t help but to laugh

  10. Though it sounds a bit too dear (昂 昂 贵), it is worth . A. being bought B. buying C. to buy D. buying it
  11. He devoted his life to the atomic theory. A. study B. be studied C. studying D. have studied

  12. We are both looking forward to __ next week. A. going on vocation(休假 休假) 休假 B. go on vocation C. be going on vocation D. have gone on vocation

  13. You must pay attention to the works of Lu Xun. A. read B. reading C. reader D. be read
  14. You should work tonight instead of TV. A. to watch B. you watching C. you watch D. watching

  15. Mike has got used up late at night. (stay up) A. to sit C. to sitting B. X D. sitting

  16. Once the heart stops , death follows at once. A. beating B. to beat C. being beaten D. to be beating
  18. We are now busy for the examination. A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. being prepared

  19. I remembered this person somewhere before. A. seeing C. seen A. having said C. to say B. having been seen D. to see B. to have said D. X

  20. I regret that to her.

  21.Your clothes need . A. washed C. to wash B. to be washed D. being washed

  23. provides us with essential nutrients (营养 while 营养), 营养 provides us with oxygen. A. To eat; breathing B. Eating; to breathe C. Eating; breathing D. Eaten; breathed

  24. He attended the party without. A. invited B. inviting C. having invited D. being invited

  25. On land many objects prevent sound very far. A. to travel B. travel C. from travelling D. to travelling
  27. She returned home only to find the door open and something . A. missed B. to be missing C. missing D. to be missed

  28. Remember__ the newspaper when you have finished it. A. putting back B. put back C. to put back D. be put back
  29. Writing stories and articles__ what I enjoy most. A. is B. are C. was D. were
 

相关内容

2007年浙江省高一英语语法汇总名词性从句课件2 人教版 必修3-4

   在复合句中起名词作用的从 句叫做名词性从句。 主语从句 表语从句 名词性从句 宾语从句 同位语从句 引导名词性从句的关联词 连接代词 who, whom, whose, which, what, whatever 连接副词 how, why, when, where however, wherever 连接词 that, whether, if, because as if /as though(不充当 从句的任何成分) 在名词性从句中一律用陈述句 的语序,即使从句表达的是疑 问含义。 Th ...

高一英语 人教版 必修1 参考教案

   Unit 1 Friendship Teaching goals: *语言知识 语言知识 1. to talk about friends and friendship, and interpersonal relationship 2. to practise expressing attitudes, agreement and disagreement, and certainty 3. to master some sentences about giving advice 4. t ...

高一英语 完形填空12篇(详细解释) 新人教版必修1

   例题精选 [例 1] Mrs. Jones was over eighty, but she still drove her old car like a woman half her age. She loved driving very fast, and was proud of the fact 1 she had never, in her thirty-five years of driving, been punished Then one day she nearly 3 2 ...

高一英语人教版必修4 unit 2 working the land (reading)

   Unit 2 Working the land Enjoy a Poem Farmers weeding at noon, Sweat down the field soon. Who knows food on a tray, Due to their toiling day. A Pioneer for All People Fast - Reading: main idea of each paragraph. Para. 1 2 3 4 Main Idea H i s appeara ...

高一英语新课标必修3-4教材总复习

   本文由春岚yu乐贡献 doc 没有 百度文库财富值请到 www.365xueyuan.com 免费帮下载 百度文库积分资料 嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 高一英语必修 高一英语必修 3-4 册教材总复习 第一章 重点词汇 第一节 动词 A. 通常是不及物动词 1. As the rocket rose slowly into the air we began to feel the pull of the earth ...

高一英语新课标必修3-4教材总复习

   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 高一英语必修 高一英语必修 3-4 册教材总复习 第一章 重点词汇 第一节 动词 A. 通常是不及物动词 1. As the rocket rose slowly into the air we began to feel the pull of the earth (B3U4 天文) In the distance, they could see the misty cloud that rose from the g ...

英语人教版高一英语必修1-4复习题

   让更多的孩子得到更好的教育 Unit 1 Friendship 一、Listening(听) ( A、听力填空题:听下面一段短文,填入所缺的词。短文读两遍。 、听力填空题:听下面一段短文,填入所缺的词。短文读两遍。 Once upon a time, two young men were going through the forest. One said to the other, “We are good 1 We must help each other. If any beast c ...

高一英语必修3 Unit5写作课件4

   Writing Write a report for Li Daiyu or Liu Qian. Sample: Li Daiyu’s report What we saw in Canada My cousin and I traveled across Canada by train from west to east. We saw many things from the train on the way across, and in the cities of Toronto an ...

高一英语人教课标版必修4 书面表达训练

   书面表达 (1) ) 请根据下表简要介绍一下一位杰出女性:美国现任国务卿“赖斯” 。 姓名 成 长 过程 赖斯 出 生 日期 1954 年 11 月 14 日 出 生 地点 亚拉 巴马州 1. 康多莉扎赖斯(Condoleezza Rice)1954 出生 于亚拉巴马州。 2. 三岁开始弹钢琴,四岁参加表演,后获得全国少 年钢琴比赛第一名。 3. 梦想成为钢琴家,但上大学期间,一篇关于国际 关系的演讲敲开了她的另一扇大门。 她开始研究 政治并获得博士学位,26 岁成为斯坦福大学的讲 师。 3 ...

初中英语语法汇总

   1 used to do, be used to doing, be used to do 辨析 6. Didn’t she use to (live) in Germany? C. 翻译句子: 翻译句子: 1.几个月后他就习惯了一个人生活了。 .几个月后他就习惯了一个人生活了。 . 2.我过去一直住在伦敦。 .我过去一直住在伦敦。 . 3.刀是用来切东西的。 .刀是用来切东西的。 . 4.人们曾认为地球是扁的。 .人们曾认为地球是扁的。 . D. 中考链接 ( )1. There a lo ...

热门内容

研究生英语阅读教材PPT提高级 (14)

   Lesson 16 Cat in the Rain CATALOGUE About the Author Language Points Text Reading Translation Reading Comprehension Keys text About the Author Hemingway, Ernest Miller (1899(1899-1961), American novelist and short-story writer, whose shortstyle is ...

速记2999英语单词(PEP)

   妙语速记 3000 英文单词 近形编句速记法速成 3000 常用英语单词 刘伊翰编著 (购买办法:新华发行集团各大书店有售,定价 12 元/本;羊城晚报出版社或作者均可邮购,加 15%邮费) 前 言 中国加入 wto 了!英语作为人们谋生发展的工具越发显得重要起来,甚至有人把文盲的 范畴扩大到不懂外语的人,很多人都希望精通英语以为自己的生存和发展创造优势,然而, 缺乏充足的时间和精力, 缺少真正高效实用的学习方法和辅助工具, 以低效乏味的记忆方式, 面对数以万计的英语词汇和惊人的遗忘速度, ...

八年级英语期中试卷 1

   线 2010-2011 Junior Eight Mid-term ( C. interested, interesting D. interested, interested 完形填空, Ⅳ. 完形填空,每空 1 分。(15 分) (A) ) In the U. S, Mother’s Day is a holiday _26_ the second Sunday _27_ May. It’s a day when children give their _28_ cards, )13. ...

高考英语定语从句考点分析

   定语从句考点分析 考点一、引导词 考点一、 限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句的区别 分类 项目 限制性 定语从句 先行词, 三要素 引导词, 从 做主语的 引导词 句 非限制性 定语从句 先行词, 引导词, 从 句 考点分析 引导词始终是高考必考的焦点。 that, which, who, as which, who , that 不可以引导非限制性定语从句。 as 在限制性定语从句中,引导词作宾语时 可以省略,但其前面被介词修饰时不可 that, whom/who, which 做宾语的 ...