Grammar
的一种,常用doing doing来表示 动名词是非谓语动词的一种,常用doing来表示 兼有动词和名词的特性 兼有动词和名词的特性 动词
当名词主语,宾语,表语和定语 当名词主语,宾语, 主语 当动词 它可以有时态, 当动词 它可以有时态,语态的变化
一. 动名词做主语的用法 动名词做主语往往表示经常性、习惯性的动作 动名词做主语往往表示经常性、习惯性的动作 经常性
Seeing is believing. 眼见为实 眼见为实.
Helping her is my duty.
Talking in class is not a good manner.
在课堂上聊天是不礼貌的
Working with you is a pleasure.
和你一起工作是一种乐趣。 和你一起工作是一种乐趣。 动名词做主语和不定式做主语一样, 动名词做主语和不定式做主语一样,也可以 作形式主语。 用it作形式主语。如: 作形式主语 It is not a good manner talking in class. It is a pleasure working with you.
不定式做主语往往表示具体的动作, 不定式做主语往往表示具体的动作,特别是 将来的未完成动作。 将来的未完成动作。如: Spitting everywhere is not polite. (指抽象动作, 泛指) 指抽象动作 泛指) 随地吐痰是不礼貌的 To spit here will be punished 指具体的一次动作) (指具体的一次动作) 在这里吐痰要受惩罚。
【考例】 ? What do you think made Mary so upset? ? ? her new bicycle. . (1997上海高考题) 上海高考题) 上海高考题 A. As she lost C. Losing B. Lost D. Because of losing
解析: 解析:losing her new bicycle是句子的 主语, 被省略, 主语,谓语made her so upset被省略,
losing… 在此表示已经发生具体的动作。 在此表示已经发生具体的动作。
二. 动名词作宾语的用法
  1.有些动词或短语动词后常用动名词作宾 . 语。如admit(承认), avoid(避免), (承认) (避免)
consider(考虑), devote … to, enjoy, (考虑) , escape, feel like, finish, forgive, suggest, imagine(想像), mind, practice, (想像), , miss(错过)delay (延误 错过) 延误) 延误
appreciate(感激,欣赏). 感激,欣赏 感激
insist on, keep (on), look forward to, pay attention to, give up, get down to…(开始做), 等等。 开始做) 等等。 开始做
He can’t give up smoking. He got down to studying hard.
【考例】 考例】 I can't imagine that with them.( .(MET 19
  86) .( ) A. do C. being done B. to do D. doing
She looks forward every spring to the flower-lined garden.(1995上海高考题) .( 上海高考题 A. visit C. walk in B. paying a visit D. walking in
解析: 解析:考查短语动词 look forward to 后跟动名词作宾语的用法。 后跟动名词作宾语的用法。

  2. allow, advise, forbid(禁止 permit+ 禁止), 禁止 doing “allow/advise/forbid/permit + / / / 宾语补足语) 之形式。 sth/sb+to do(宾语补足语)”之形式。
如:
We don't allow smoking here. . We don't allow anybody to smoke here. .

  3. 动词need, require, want意为“需要” 意为“需要”
时,后跟动名词的主动式或不定式的被 动式作宾语,意义没有区别。 动式作宾语,意义没有区别。如: The window needs/ / requires/ / wants cleaning. . to be cleaned

  4. 在begin, continue, love, like, hate, prefer, intend, start后用动名词和
用不定式作宾语均可, 用不定式作宾语均可,意义没有多 大区别。 大区别。

  5. 动词forget, go on, mean, regret(遗 遗 憾), remember, stop, try, be used to, can't help后跟动名词和跟不定式区别较
大,须注意。 须注意。
forget, regret(遗憾), remember (遗憾)
后跟动名词,动名词表示已经发生的动作; 后跟动名词,动名词表示已经发生的动作; 后跟不定式表示将要发生的动作。
forget to do sth forget doing sth
忘记去做 忘记做过了/做了 做了忘记了 做了 记得去做某事 记得做过某事 遗憾地去做某事 遗憾做过了某事
remember to do sth remember doing sth
regret to do sth regret doing sth
go on doing go on to do mean doing mean to do stop doing stop to do
继续做原来做的事 接着做另一件事 意味着要做某事 打算做某事 停止做某事 停下来(别的事) 停下来(别的事)开始 做某事
try doing try to do be used to do
试着做某事 努力做某事 被用来做某事 禁不住做某事 不能帮助做某事
be used to doing 习惯于做某事 can't help doing can't help to do
【考例】 ? Let's have a rest. . ? Not now.I don't want to stop . yet.( .(MET 19
  85) .( ) A. study C. for studying B. to study D. studying
解析: 意为“停止学习” 解析:stop studying意为“停止学习”。
? Let me tell you something about the journalists. . ? Don't you remember me the story yesterday?( ?(1999上海高 ?( 上海高 考题) 考题) A. told B. telling C. to tell D. to have told 解析: 解析 remember telling me意为 意为 记得曾经告诉过我” “记得曾经告诉过我”。
Excersice

  1. It took the workmen only two hours to finish my car. A. repairing C. to repair B. repair D. repaired

  2. Have you forgotten $1000 from me last month? Will you please remember it tomorrow? A. borrowing; to bring B. to borrow; bring C. borrowed; bringing D. borrowing; bringing

  3. The classroom wants . A. clean C. to clean for us. A. to wait C. waiting B. wait D. waited B. cleaned D. cleaning

  4. Jack said that he wouldn't mind __

  5. My brother keeps me with my work. A. to help B. help C. helping D. helped
  6. We should often practise English with each other. A. to speak B. spoke C. speak D. speaking

  7. Keep on and you will succeed. A. a try C. tried A. he should go C. his going B. try D. trying B. he go D. him to go

  8. His parents insist on to college.

  9. The story was so funny that we . A. couldn’t help laugh B. can’t but laugh C. couldn’t help laughing D. couldn’t help but to laugh

  10. Though it sounds a bit too dear (昂 昂 贵), it is worth . A. being bought B. buying C. to buy D. buying it
  11. He devoted his life to the atomic theory. A. study B. be studied C. studying D. have studied

  12. We are both looking forward to __ next week. A. going on vocation(休假 休假) 休假 B. go on vocation C. be going on vocation D. have gone on vocation

  13. You must pay attention to the works of Lu Xun. A. read B. reading C. reader D. be read
  14. You should work tonight instead of TV. A. to watch B. you watching C. you watch D. watching

  15. Mike has got used up late at night. (stay up) A. to sit C. to sitting B. X D. sitting

  16. Once the heart stops , death follows at once. A. beating B. to beat C. being beaten D. to be beating
  18. We are now busy for the examination. A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. being prepared

  19. I remembered this person somewhere before. A. seeing C. seen A. having said C. to say B. having been seen D. to see B. to have said D. X

  20. I regret that to her.

  21.Your clothes need . A. washed C. to wash B. to be washed D. being washed

  23. provides us with essential nutrients (营养 while 营养), 营养 provides us with oxygen. A. To eat; breathing B. Eating; to breathe C. Eating; breathing D. Eaten; breathed

  24. He attended the party without. A. invited B. inviting C. having invited D. being invited

  25. On land many objects prevent sound very far. A. to travel B. travel C. from travelling D. to travelling
  27. She returned home only to find the door open and something . A. missed B. to be missing C. missing D. to be missed

  28. Remember__ the newspaper when you have finished it. A. putting back B. put back C. to put back D. be put back
  29. Writing stories and articles__ what I enjoy most. A. is B. are C. was D. were
 

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