ecause [D] tolerance [D] surpassed [D] wise [D] in a sense [D] exchanging [D] multiple [D] corporation [D] security [D] rarely [D] short [D] even if [D] something [D] alone [D] on the other hand [D] taking [D] efficiency
2004 年
Passage 11 Many theories concerning the causes of juvenile delinquency (crimes committed by young people) focus either on the
individual or on society as the major contributing influence. Theories 21 on the individual suggest that children engage in criminal behavior 22 they were not sufficiently penalized for previous misdeeds or that they have learned criminal behavior through 23 with others. Theories focusing on the role of society suggest that children commit crimes in 24 to their failure to rise above their socioeconomic status 25 as a rejection of middle-class values. Most theories of juvenile delinquency have focused on children from disadvantaged families, that children from wealthy homes also commit crimes. The latter may commit crimes control. All theories, however, are tentative and are Changes in the social structure may indirectly that 30 28 29 to criticism. juvenile crime rates. For example, changes in the economy 31 make gainful employment 32 lead more youths into criminal behavior. 35 38 was common in the of drugs and alcohol, and 27 26 the fact lack of adequate parental
to fewer job opportunities for youth and rising unemployment 33 36 39
increasingly difficult to obtain. The resulting discontent may in Families have also parents; 37 34 traditional family the growing
changes these years. More families consist of one parent households or two working . This lack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates. Other
, children are likely to have less supervision at home
causes of offensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increased 40
of child abuse and child neglect. All these conditions tend to increase the probability of a child a direct causal relationship has not yet been established. [C] centering [C] until [C] cooperation [C] reference [C] but [C] highlighting [C] for [C] sensitive [C] check [C] come [C] by contrast [C] turn [C] undertaken [C]similar [C] which [C] concept [C] negligible [C] allocation [C] exposure [C] although [D] commenting [D] because [D] consultation [D] response [D] or else [D] discarding [D] with [D] subject [D] reflect [D] amount [D] at length [D] essence [D] experienced [D] simultaneously [D] as [D] heritage [D] incredible [D] availability [D] popularity [D] supposing
committing a criminal act,
  21.[A] acting
  22.[A] before
  23.[A] interactions
  24.[A] return
  25.[A] or
  26.[A] considering
  27.[A] on
  28.[A] immune
  29. [A] affect
  30. [A] point
  31. [A] in general
  32. [A] case
  33. [A] survived
  34. [A] contrarily
  35. [A] than
  36. [A] system
  37. [A] assessable
  38. [A] expense
  39. [A] incidence
  40. [A] provided
[B] relying [B] unless [B] assimilation [B] reply [B] but rather [B] ignoring [B] in [B] resistant [B] reduce [B] lead [B] on average [B] short [B] noticed [B] consequently [B] that [B] structure [B] identifiable [B] restriction [B] awareness [B] since
2001 年大纲样题
During the 1980s, unemployment and underemployment in some countries was as high as 90 per cent. Some countries did not 1 4 highly 6 enough food; basic needs in housing and clothing were not 3 solutions. 2 . Many of these countries looked to the industrial processes of the developed nations nations is highly automated and very workers are needed to 5 7
, problems cannot always be solved by copying the industrialized nations. Industry in the developed . It provides fewer jobs than labor-intensive industrial processes, and and repair the equipment. These workers must be trained, 9 8 of importing industry becomes
many nations do not have the necessary training institutions. Thus, the
higher. Students must be sent abroad to begin training, the students must spend many years abroad, and 13 12
vocational and professional training.
just to
learn English, French, German, or Japanese. The students then do not return home. 14 be shared. The point is: countries 16 18 15 the the costs, because many of these 20 the
All nations agree that science and technology costs are closely. benefits.
  1.[A] generate
  2.[A] answered
  3.[A] for
  4.[A] Moreover
  5.[A] expensive
  6.[A] gifted
  7.[A] keep
  8.[A] since
  9.[A] charge
  10.[A] accept
  11.[A] Frequently
  12.[A] soon
  13.[A] some
  14.[A] might
  15.[A] adopting
  16.[A] to
  17.[A] opaque
  18.[A] tackle
  19.[A] In
  20.[A] except [B] raise [B] met [B] without [B] Therefore [B] mechanical [B] skilled [B] maintain [B] so [B] price [B] gain [B] Incidentally [B] quickly [B] others [B] should [B] conducting [B] at [B] secret [B] learn [B] Through [B] nor 17 19
industrial processes of the developed nations need to look care-fully . Students from these nations should
the problems of the industrialized countries
care, they will take home not the problems of science and technology,
[C] product [C] calculated [C] as [C] Anyway [C] flourishing [C] trained [C] retain [C] and [C] cost [C] receive [C] Deliberately [C] immediately [C] several [C] would [C] receiving [C] on [C] sealed [C] study [C] With [C] or
[D] manufacture [D] remembered [D] about [D] However [D] complicated [D] versatile [D] protect [D] yet [D] value [D] absorb [D] Eventually [D] first [D] few [D] will [D] adjusting [D] about [D] hidden [D] manipulate [D] Under [D] but
2005 年
The human nose is an underrated tool. Humans are often thought to be insensitive smellers compared with animals, (
  1) this is largely because, (
  2) animals, we stand upright. This means that our noses are (
  3) to perceiving those smells which float through the air, (
  4) the majority of smells which stick to surfaces. In fact, (
  5) , we are extremely sensitive to smells, (
  6) we do not generally realize it. Our noses are capable of (
  7) human smells even when these are (
  8) to far below one part in one million. Strangely, some people find that they can smell one type of flower but not another,(
  9) others are sensitive to the smells of both flowers. This may be because some people do not have the genes necessary to generate (
  10) smell receptors in the nose. These receptors are the cells which sense smells and send (
  11) to the brain. However, it has been found that even people insensitive to a certain smell (
  12) can suddenly become sensitive to it when (
  13) to it often enough. The explanation for insensitivity to smell seems to be that the brain finds it (
  14) to keep all smell receptors working all the time but can (
  15) new receptors if necessary. This may (
  16) explain why we are not usually sensitive to our own smells ? we simply do not need to be. We are not (
  17) of the usual smell of our own house, but we (
  18) new smells when we visit someone else's. The brain finds it best to keep smell receptors (
  19) for unfamiliar and emergency signals (
  20) the smell of smoke, which might
indicate the danger of fire.
  1. [A] although [B]as
  2. [A] above [B] unlike
  3. [A] limited [B] committed
  4. [A] catching [B] ignoring
  5. [A] anyway [B] though
  6. [A] even if [B] if only
  7. [A] distinguishing [B] discovering
  8. [A] diluted [B] dissolved
  9. [A] when [B] since
  10. [A] unusual [B] particular
  11. [A] signs [B] stimuli
  12. [A] at first [B]at all
  13. [A] subjected [B] left
  14. [A] ineffective [B] incompetent
  15. [A] introduce [B] summon
  16. [A] still [B]also
  17. [A] sure [B] sick
  18. [A] tolerate [B] repel
  19. [A] available [B] reliable
  20. [A] similar to [B] such as
[C]but [D] while [C] excluding [D] besides [C] dedicated [D] confined [C] missing [D] tracking [C] instead [D] therefore [C] only if [D] as if [C] determining [D] detecting [C] dispersed [D] diffused [C] for [D] whereas [C] unique [D] typical [C]messages [D]impulses [C]at large [D] at times [C] drawn [D] exposed [C] inefficient [D] insufficient [C] trigger [D] create [C] otherwise [D] nevertheless [C] aware [D] tired [C] neglect [D] notice [C] identifiable [D] suitable [C] along with [D] aside from
2006 年真题
The homeless make up a growing percentage of America’s population. __1__ homelessness has reached such proportions that local government can’t possibly __2__. To help homeless people __3__ independence, the federal government must support job training programs, __4__ the minimum wage, and fund more low-cost housing. __5__ everyone agrees on the numbers of Americans who are homeless. Estimates __6__ anywhere from 600,000 to 3 million. __7__ the figure may vary, analysts do agree on another matter: that the number of the homeless is __8__, one of the federal government’s studies __9__ that the number of the homeless will reach nearly 19 million by the end of this decade. Finding ways to __10__ this growing homeless population has become increasingly difficult. __11__ when homeless individuals manage to find a __12__ that will give them three meals a day and a place to sleep at night, a good number still spend the bulk of each day __13__ the street. Part of the problem is that many homeless adults are addicted to alcohol or drugs. And a significant number of the homeless have serious mental disorders. Many others, __14__ not addicted or mentally ill, simply lack the everyday __15__ skills need to turn their lives __16__. Boston Globe reporter Chris Reidy notes that the situation will improve only when there are __17__ programs that address the many needs of the homeless. __18__ Edward Blotkowsk, director of community service at Bentley College in Massachusetts, __19__ it, “There has to be __20__ of programs. What’s need is a package deal.”
  1. [A] Indeed
  2. [A] stand
  3. [A] in
  4. [A] raise
  5. [A] Generally
  6. [A] cover
  7. [A]now that [B] Likewise [B] cope [B] for [B] add [B] Almost [B]change [B]although [C] Therefore [C] approve [C] with [C] take [C] Hardly [C]range [C]provided [D] Furthermore [D] retain [D] toward [D] keep [D] Not [D]differ [D]Except that

  8. [A]inflating
  9. [A]predicts
  10. [A]assist
  11. [A]Hence
  12. [A]lodging
  13. [A]searching
  14. [A]when
  15. [A]life
  16. [A]around
  17. [A]complex
  18. [A]So
  19. [A]puts
  20. [A]supervision
[B]expanding [B]displays [B]track [B]But [B]shelter [B]strolling [B]once [B]existence [B]over [B]comprehensive [B]Since [B]interprets [B]manipulation
[C]increasing [D]extending [C]proves [D]discovers [C]sustain [D]dismiss [C]Even [D]Only [C]dwelling [D]house [C]crowding [D]wandering [C]while [D]whereas [C]survival [D]maintenance [C]on [D]up [C]complementary [D]compensating [C]As [D]Thus [C]assumes [D]makes [C]regulation [D]coordination
  4. ACDAB DCBAD (19
  5. ABDAD DABCD (19
  6. DABAB CDCAD (20
  7. CABAC DBDCD (20



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