本资料由学生范文网(http://www.xsfanwen.com)为您收集整理。 为您收集整理。 本资料由学生范文网 为您收集整理
2008 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题 月大学英语四
Part I Writing (30 minutes) )
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Limiting the Use of Disposable Plastic Bag. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.
  1.一次性塑料袋的使用
  2.使用一次性塑料袋带来的问题
  3.限制一次性塑料袋的意义
Limiting the Use of Disposable Plastic Bag
Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)
(15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet
  1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. For questions 8 -10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
That’s enough, kids
It was a lovely day at the park and Stella Bianchi was enjoying the sunshine with her two children when a young boy, aged about four, approached her two-year-old son and pushed him to the ground. “I’d watched him for a little while and my son was the fourth or fifth child he’d shoved,” she says.” I went over to them, picked up my son, turned to the boy and said, firmly, ’No, we don’t push,” What happened next was unexpected. “The boy’s mother ran toward me from across the park,” Stella says,” I thought she was coming over to apologize, but instead she started shouting at me for disciplining her child, All I did was let him know his behavior was unacceptable. Was I supposed to sit back while her kid did whatever he wanted, hurting other children in the process?” Getting your own children to play nice is difficult enough. Dealing with other people’s children has become a minefield. In my house, jumping on the sofa is not allowed. In my sister’s house it’s encouraged. For her, it’s about kids being kids: “If you can’t do it at three, when can you do it?” Each of these philosophies is valid and, it has to be said, my son loves visiting his aunt’s house. But I find myself saying “no” a lot when her kids are over at mine. That’s OK between sisters but becomes dangerous territory when you’re talking to the children of friends or acquaintances. “Kids aren’t all raised the same,” agrees Professor Naomi White of Monash University.” But there is still an idea that they’re the property of the parent. We see our children as an extension of ourselves, so if you’re saying that my child is behaving inappropriately, then that’s somehow a criticism of me.” In those circumstances, it’s difficult to know whether to approach the child directly or the parent first. There are two schools of thought. “I’d go to the child first,” says Andrew Fuller, author of Tricky Kids. Usually a quiet reminder that ’we don’t do that here’ is enough. Kids nave finely tuned antennae (直觉) for how to behave in different settings.” He points out bringing it up with the parent first may make them feel neglectful, which could cause problems. Of course, approaching the child first can bring its own headaches, too.
1 为您提供英语四六级考试、 学生范文网(http://www.xsfanwen.com)为您提供英语四六级考试、计算机考试、研究生考试、公务员考 为您提供英语四六级考试 计算机考试、研究生考试、 学生范文网 试等真题资料以及入党思想汇报、实习报告、自我鉴定、个人简历、事迹材料、心得体会等常用写作范文。 试等真题资料以及入党思想汇报、实习报告、自我鉴定、个人简历、事迹材料、心得体会等常用写作范文。
本资料由学生范文网(http://www.xsfanwen.com)为您收集整理。 为您收集整理。 本资料由学生范文网 为您收集整理 This is why White recommends that you approach the parents first. Raise your concerns with the parents if they’re there and ask them to deal with it,” she says. Asked how to approach a parent in this situation, psychologist Meredith Fuller answers: “Explain your needs as well as stressing the importance of the friendship. Preface your remarks with something like: ’I know you’ll think I’m silly but in my house I don’t want…’” When it comes to situations where you’re caring for another child, white is straightforward: “common sense must prevail. If things don’t go well, then have a chat.” There’re a couple of new grey areas. Physical punishment, once accepted from any adult, is no longer appropriate. “A new set of considerations has come to the fore as part of the debate about how we handle children.” For Andrew Fuller, the child-centric nature of our society has affected everyone:” The rules are different now from when today’s parents were growing up,” he says, “Adults are scared of saying: ’don’t swear’, or asking a child to stand up on a bus. They’re worried that there will be conflict if they point these things out ? either from older children, or their parents.” He sees it as a loss of the sense of common public good and public courtesy (礼貌), and says that adults suffer form it as much as child. Meredith Fuller agrees: “A code of conduct is hard to create when you’re living in a world in which everyone is exhausted from overwork and lack of sleep, and a world in which nice people are perceived to finish last.” “It’s about what I’m doing and what I need,” Andrew Fuller says. ”the days when a kid came home from school and said, “I got into trouble”. And dad said, ‘you probably deserved it’. Are over. Now the parents are charging up to the school to have a go at teachers.” This jumping to our children’s defense is part of what fuels the “walking on eggshells” feeling that surrounds our dealings with other people’s children. You know that if you remonstrate(劝诫) with the child, you’ re going to have to deal with the parent. It’s admirable to be protective of our kids, but is it good? “Children have to learn to negotiate the world on their own, within reasonable boundaries,” White says. “I suspect that it’s only certain sectors of the population doing the running to the school ?better ?educated parents are probably more likely to be too involved.” White believes our notions of a more child-centered, it’ a way of talking about treating our children like commodities(商品). We’re centered on them but in ways that reflect positively on us. We treat them as objects whose appearance and achievements are something we can be proud of, rather than serve the best interests of the children.” One way over-worked, under-resourced parents show commitment to their children is to leap to their defence. Back at the park, Bianchi’ intervention(干预) on her son’ behalf ended in an undignified exchange of insulting words with the other boy’ mother. As Bianchi approached the park bench where she’d been sitting, other mums came up to her and congratulated her on taking a stand. “Apparently the boy had a longstanding reputation for bad behaviour and his mum for even worse behaviour if he was challenged.” Andrew Fuller doesn’t believe that we should be afraid of dealing with other people’s kids. “look at kids that aren’t your own as a potential minefield,” he says. He recommends that we don’t stay silent over inappropriate behaviour, particularly with regular visitors.
  1. What did Stella Bianchi expect the young boy’s mother to do when she talked to him? A) make an apology B) come over to intervene C) discipline her own boy D) take her own boy away
2 为您提供英语四六级考试、 学生范文网(http://www.xsfanwen.com)为您提供英语四六级考试、计算机考试、研究生考试、公务员考 为您提供英语四六级考试 计算机考试、研究生考试、 学生范文网 试等真题资料以及入党思想汇报、实习报告、自我鉴定、个人简历、事迹材料、心得体会等常用写作范文。 试等真题资料以及入党思想汇报、实习报告、自我鉴定、个人简历、事迹材料、心得体会等常用写作范文。
本资料由学生范文网(http://www.xsfanwen.com)为您收集整理。 为您收集整理。 本资料由学生范文网 为您收集整理
  2. What does the author say about dealing with other people’s children? A) it’s important not to hurt them in any way B) it’s no use trying to stop their wrongdoing C) it’s advisable to treat them as one’s own kids D) it’s possible for one to get into lots of trouble
  3. According to professor Naomi white of Monash university, when one’s kids are criticized, their parents will probably feel A) discouraged B) hurt C) puzzled D) overwhelmed
  4. What should one do when seeing other people’s kids misbehave according to Andrew fuller? A) talk to them directly in a mild way B) complain to their parents politely C) simply leave them alone D) punish them lightly
  5. Due to the child-centric nature of our society, A) parents are worried when their kids swear at them B) people think it improper to criticize kids in public C) people are reluctant to point our kids’ wrongdoings D) many conflicts arise between parents and their kids
  6. In a world where everyone is exhausted from over work and lack of sleep, A) it’s easy for people to become impatient B) it’s difficult to create a code of conduct C) it’s important to be friendly to everybody D) it’s hard for people to admire each other
  7. How did people use to respond when their kids got into trouble at school? A) they’d question the teachers B) they’d charge up to the school C) they’d tell the kids to clam down D) They’d put the blame on their kids
  8. Professor white believes that the notions of a more child-centred society should be
  9. According to professor white, today’s parents treat their children as something they
  10. Andrew fuller suggests that , when kids behave inappropriately, people should not
Part III
Section A
Listening Comprehension
(35 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D], and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
  11. A)Only true friendship can last long. B)Letter writing is going out of style.
3 为您提供英语四六级考试、 学生范文网(http://www.xsfanwen.com)为您提供英语四六级考试、计算机考试、研究生考试、公务员考 为您提供英语四六级考试 计算机考试、研究生考试、 学生范文网 试等真题资料以及入党思想汇报、实习报告、自我鉴定、个人简历、事迹材料、心得体会等常用写作范文。 试等真题资料以及入党思想汇报、实习报告、自我鉴定、个人简历、事迹材料、心得体会等常用写作范文。
本资料由学生范文网(http://www.xsfanwen.com)为您收集整理。 为您收集整理。 本资料由学生范文网 为您收集整理 C)She keeps in regular touch with her classmates. D)She has lost contact with most of her old friends.
  12. A) A painter. C) A porter. B) A mechanic. D) A carpenter.
  13. A) Look for a place near her office. C) Make inquiries elsewhere. B) Find a new job down the street. D) Rent the $600 apartment.
  14. A) He prefers to wear jeans with a larger waist. B) He has been extremely busy recently. C) He has gained some weight lately. D) He enjoyed going shopping with Jane yesterday.
  15. A)The woman possesses a natural for art. B) Women have a better artistic taste than men. C) He isn’t good at abstract thinking. D) He doesn’t like abstract paintings.
  16. A) She couldn’t have left her notebook in the library. B) she may have put her notebook amid the journals. C) she should have made careful notes while doing reading. D) she shouldn’t have read his notes without his knowing it.
  17. A)she wants to get some sleep C) she has a literature class to attend B) she needs time to write a paper D)she is troubled by her sleep problem
  18. A)He is confident he will get the job. B)His chance of getting the job is slim. C)It isn’t easy to find a qualified sales manager. D)The interview didn’t go as well as he expected. Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  19. A)He can manage his time more flexibly. B)He can renew contact with his old friends. C)He can concentrate on his own projects. D)He can learn to do administrative work.
  20. A)Reading its ads in the newspapers. B)Calling its personnel department. C)Contacting its manager. D)Searching its website.
  21. A)To
 

相关内容

2008-12英语四级真题

   本资料由学生范文网(http://www.xsfanwen.com)为您收集整理。 为您收集整理。 本资料由学生范文网 为您收集整理 2008 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题 月大学英语四 Part I Writing (30 minutes) ) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Limiting the Use of Disposable Plast ...

2009.12英语四级真题

   :1. 建设绿色校园很重要来源:考试大 2. 绿色校园不仅指绿色的环境……3. 为了建设绿色 校园,我们应该…… Creating a Green Campus Colleges taking another look at value of merit-based aid Good grades and high tests scores still matter?a lot?to many colleges as they award financial aid. But with lo ...

2009年12月英语四级真题

   2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试试题 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creating a Green Campus. You should write at least 120 words following the outline give ...

2008年12月大学英语四级考试真题

   2008 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题 Part I Writing (30 minutes) ) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Limiting the Use of Disposable Plastic Bag. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given be ...

2008年12月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题试题

   2008 年 12 月大学英语四级真题试题 Part II Reading comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)(15minutes) That's enough, kids It was a lovely day at the park and Stella Bianchi was enjoying the sunshine with her two children when a young boy, aged about four, approac ...

2006年英语四级真题听力n

   Part III Listing Comprehension Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and ...

2008年12月大学英语四级听力

   2008 年 12 月大学英语四级听力 Short Conversations 11. I just received an Email from one of my former classmates. I was surprised, I hadn’ heard M: t from him for ages. W: Well, I’ve been out of touch with most of my old friends, only one or two still drop me ...

2000年1月大学英语四级真题及答案

   2000 年 1 月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题试卷 1 / 20 2000 年 1 月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题试卷 Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about ...

2008年6月大学英语四级听力真题MP3下载

   2008 年 6 月大学英语四级听力真题 MP3 下载 11.M: Today is a bad day for me; I fell off a step and twisted my ankle. W: Don't worry, usually ankle injuries heal quickly if you stop regular activity for a while. Q: What does the woman suggest the man do? 12. W: May ...

2008年12月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题试题

   2008 年 12 月大学英语四级真题试题 本资料由 爱思英语(www.24en.com)收集整理,转载请注明出自 http://www.24en.com 爱思英语(原中国英语学习网)是国内最大的英语资讯、英语学习资源中心。免费提供英语 学习工具,交流英语学习方法,共享英语学习教材,为英语爱好者提供最新最全的英语资讯 与学习资料。 Part I Writing 作文题目: 作文题目:Limiting The Use of Disposable Plastic Bags 1. 一次性塑料袋曾被 ...

热门内容

21世纪大学英语读写教程第三册单词及课后翻译 - Unit 3

   Unit 3 Text A n. 自认失败;自我挫败 sincerely New Words misfortune n. 不幸;灾祸 sincere clear-eyed a. 视力好的;目光炯炯的 fertile vision n. 视力;视觉 arouse awe-inspiring a. 令人敬畏;令人惊叹的 rouse dim vt. 使…暗淡;使…看不清 a. 昏暗的;模糊的 mere * angel n. 天使 * assimilate * preside vi. 负责;主持 d ...

2011年高考英语作文的预测

   2011 年高考英语作文的预测目前也有很多方案,长春工大老师经过对整个年度的时事新闻和相 关资料进行分析, 2011 年高考英语作文题目预测的相关内容也整理了一部分, 把 详细请见 2011 年高考英语作文题目预测: 推荐阅读:2011 年高考语文作文题目预测 2011 年高考英语作文题目预测之一:环境保护 假如你是李华,现任你们学校的学生会主席。你将代表学生会起草一份倡议书,号召全 校同学行动起来,为环保运动做出自己的努力。同时下周六学校将组织同学 在全市进行环保宣 传活动,征召志愿者到校 ...

小学阶段英语语法详解与练习题大全

   小学阶段英语语法详解与练习题大全 可数名词与不可数名词"分家" 一, 可数名词与不可数名词的区别 普通名词所表示的人或事物是可以按个数计算的,这类名词叫可数名词.可 如 数名词分为个体名词(表示某类人或事物中的个体, worker, farmer, desk, factory 等)和集体名词(表示作为一个整体来看的一群人或一些事物,如 people, family 等).如果普通名词所表示的事物是不能按个数来计算的,这类名词就叫不可数 名词.不可数名词分为物质名词(表示无 ...

英语:2011届高考知识复习清单(16)

   英语: 届高考知识复习清单( ) 英语:2011 届高考知识复习清单(16) I. 语法复习: 反意疑问句 01 附加疑问句的主要形式: 肯定的陈述句+否定的附加疑问句 一、反意疑问句的一般情况 1.当陈述部分的主语是:等 everyone, everybody, someone, no one, nobody, somebody 合成代词时,附加疑 问句的主语非正式文体中往往 they 用。 (也可以按语法一致原则用单数。 ) 2.当陈述部分以 one 定代词做主语时,附加疑问句的主 语在 ...

2011年上海市静安,杨浦,宝山区二模英语试卷

   静安,杨浦, 2010 静安,杨浦,宝山区 2010 学年第二学期 高三年级英语学科模拟测试试卷 高三年级英语学科模拟测试试卷 年级英语学科模拟测试 第 I 卷 (共 105 分) Ⅰ. Listening Comprehension Section A Short Conversations 1. A. Stop the bus. 2. 3. 4. 5. C. Cross the street. A. On a farm. C. In a coffee shop. A. Confusing ...