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2008 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(天津卷) 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(天津卷) 英语
第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 例:Stand over there you’ll be able to see it before. A. or B. and C. but D. while 答案是 B。
  1. We’ll have a picnic in the park this Sunday it rains or it’s very cold. A. since B. if C. unless D. until
  2. My brother is really . He often works in his office far into the night. A. open-minded B. hard-working C. self-confident D. warm-hearted
  3. I just can’t stop worrying about the result of the job interview. . There’s nothing you can do now but wait. A. Relax B. Go ahead C. Go for it D. Good luck
  4. their hats into the air, the fans of the winning team let out loud shouts of victory. A. To throw B. Thrown C. Throwing D. Being thrown
  5. To know more about the British Museum, you can use the Internet to go to the library, or . A. neither B. some C. all D. both
  6. She have left school, for her bike is still here. A. can’t B. wouldn’t C. shouldn’t D. needn’t
  7. The meal over, the managers went back to the meeting room to their discussion. A. put away B. take down C. look over D. carry on
  8. It was along the Mississippi River Mark Twain spent much of his childhood. A. how B. which C. that D. where
  9. How much do I owe you for lunch? . It’s nothing. A. You’re welcome B. Forget it C. With pleasure D. That’s right
  10. Many Chinese universities provided scholarships for students financial aid. A. in favour of B. in honour of C. in face of D. in need of
  11. Most air pollution is caused by the burning of like coal, gas and oil. A. fuels B. articles C. goods D. products
  12. The last time we had great fun was we were visiting the Water Park. A. where B. how C. when D. why
  13. Her shoes her dress; they look very well together. A. suit B. fit C. compare D. match
  14. He football regularly for many years when he was young. A. was playing B. played C. has played D. had played
  15. At the railway station, the mother waved goodbye to her daughter until the train was . A. out f sight B. out f reach C. out f order D. out f place 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题
  1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 16-35 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个
第 1 页 共 19 页
上百度,输入 沈阳高分英语家教"查询 输入"沈阳高分英语家教 查询! 请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度 输入 沈阳高分英语家教 查询 选项中,选出最佳选项。 Jenna, a popular girl from Westwood Middle School, had graduated first in her class and was ready for new 16 in high school. 17, high school was different. In the first week, Jenna went to tryouts(选拔赛) for cheerleaders(拉拉队队员). She was competing against very talented girls, and she knew it would be 18 for her to be selected. Two hours later, the 19 read a list of the girls for a second tryout. Her heart 20 as the list ended without her name. Feeling 21, she walked home carrying her schoolbag full of homework. Arriving home, she started with math. She had always been a good math student, but now she was
  22. She moved on to English and history, and was 23 to find that she didn’t have any trouble with those subjects. Feeling better, she decided not to 24 math for the time being. The nest day Jenna went to see Mrs. Biden about being on the school
  25. Mrs. Biden wasn’t as 26 as Jenna. “I’m sorry, but we have enough 27 for the newspaper already. Come back next year and we’ll talk then.” Jenna smiled 28 and left. “Why is high school so 29?” she sighed. Later in 30 class, Jenna devoted herself to figuring out the problems that had given her so much
  31. By the end of class, she understood how to get them right. As she gathered her books, Jenna decided she’d continue to try to 32 at her new school. She wasn’t sure if she’d succeed, but she knew she had to
  33. High school was just as her mom had said: “You will feel like a small fish in a big pond 34 a big fish in a small pond. The challenge is to become the 35 fish you can be.”
  16. A. processes B. decision C. challenges D. exercises
  17. A. Therefore B. However C. Otherwise D. Besides
  18. A. difficult B. easy C. boring D. interesting
  19. A. editor B. boss C. candidate D. judge
  20. A. jumped B. sank C. stopped D. raced
  21. A. strange B. happy C. awful D. lonely
  22. A. struggling B. improving C. working D. complaining
  23. A. ashamed B. disappointed C. shocked D. relieved
  24. A. put up B. prepare for C. worry about D. give up
  25. A. committee B. newspaper C. radio D. team
  26. A. enthusiastic B. artistic C. sympathetic D. realistic
  27. A. speakers B. readers C. cheerleaders D. writers
  28. A. widely B. weakly C. excitedly D. brightly
  29. A. similar B. ordinary C. different D. familiar
  30. A. physics B. history C. English D. math
  31. A. pleasure B. hope C. trouble D. sorrow
  32. A. fit in B. look out C. stay up D. get around
  33. A. swim B. try C. ask D. escape
  34. A. in return for B. in case of C. in terms of D. instead of
  35. A. slimmest B. smallest C. best D. gentlest 第二部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A Sandra Cisneros was born in Chicago in 1954 to a Mexican American family. As the only girl in a family of seven children, she often felt like she had “seven fathers,” because her six
第 2 页 共 19 页
上百度,输入 沈阳高分英语家教"查询 输入"沈阳高分英语家教 查询! 请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度 输入 沈阳高分英语家教 查询 brothers, as well as her father, tried to control her. Feeling shy and unimportant, she retreated(躲避) into books. Despite her love of reading, she did not do well in elementary school because she was too shy to participate. In high school, with the encouragement of one particular teacher, Cisneros improved her grades and worked for the school literary magazine. Her father encouraged her to go to college because her thought it would be a good way for her to find a husband. Cisneros did attend college, but instead of searching for a husband, she found a teacher who helped her join the famous graduate writing program at the University of Iowa. At the university’s Writers’ Workshop, however, she felt lonelya Mexican American from a poor neighborhood among students from wealthy families. The feeling of being so different helped Cisneros find her “Creative voice.” “It was not until this moment when I considered myself truly different that my writing acquired a voice. I knew I was a Mexican woman, but I didn’t think it had anything to do with why I felt so much imbalance in my life, but it had everything to do with it! That’s when I decided I would write about something my classmates couldn’t write about.” Cisneros published her first work, The House on Mango Street, when she was twenty-nine. The book tells about a young Mexican American girl growing up in a Spanish-speaking area in Chicago, much like the neighborhoods in which Cisneros lived as a child. The book won an award in 1985 and has been used in classes from high school through graduate school level. Since then, Cisneros has published several books of poetry, a children’s book, and a short-story collection.
  36. Which of the following is TRUE about Cisneros in her childhood? A. She had seven brothers. B. She felt herself a nobody. C. She was too shy to go to school. D. She did not have any good teachers.
  37. The graduate program gave Cisneros a chance to . A. work for a school magazine B. run away from her family C. make a lot of friends D. develop her writing style
  38. According to Cisneros, what played the decisive role in her success? A. Her early years in college. B. Her training in the Workshop. C. Her feeling of being different. D. Her childhood experience.
  39. What do we learn about The House on Mango Street? A. It is quite popular among students. B. It is the only book ever written by Cisneros. C. It wasn’t success as it was written in Spanish. D. It won an award when Cisneros was twenty-nine. B I love charity(慈善) shops and so do lots of other people in Britain because you find quite a few of them on every high street. The charity shop is a British institution, selling everything from clothes to electric goods, all at very good prices. You can get things you won’t find in the shops anymore. The thing I like best about them is that your money is going to a good cause and not into
第 3 页 共 19 页
上百度,输入 沈阳高分英语家教"查询 输入"沈阳高分英语家教 查询! 请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度 输入 沈阳高分英语家教 查询 the pockets of profit-driven companies, and you are not damaging the planet, but finding a new home for unwanted goods. The first charity shop was opened in 1947 by Oxfam. The famous charity’s appeal to aid postwar Greece had been so successful it had been flooded with donations(捐赠物). They decided to set up a shop to sell some of these donations to raise money for that appeal. Now there are over 7,000 charity shops in the UK. My favourite charity shop in my hometown is the Red Cross shop, where I always find children’s books, all 10 or 20 pence each. Most of the people working in the charity shops are volunteers, although there is often a manager who gets paid. Over 90% of the goods in the charity shops are donated by the public. Every morning you see bags of unwanted items outside the front of shops, although they don’t encourage this, rather ask people to bring things in when the shop is open. The shops have very low running costs: all profits go to charity work. Charity shops raise more than £110 million a year, funding(资助)medical research, overseas aid, supporting sick and poor children, homeless and disabled people, and much more. What better place to spend your money? You get something special for a very good price and a good moral sense. You provide funds to a good cause and tread lightly on the environment.
  40. The author loves the charity shop mainly because of . A. its convenient location B. its great variety of goods C. its spirit of goodwill D. its nice shopping environment
  41. The first charity shop in the UK was set up to . A. sell cheap products B. deal with unwanted things C. raise money for patients D. help a foreign country
  42. Which of the following is TRUE about charity shops? A. The operating costs are very low. B. The staff are usually well paid. C. 90% of the donations are second-hand. D. They are open twenty-four hours a day.
  43. Which of the following may be the best title for the passage? A. What to Buy a Charity Shops. B. Charity Shop: Its Origin & Development. C. Charity Shop: Where You Buy to Donate. D. The Public’s Concern about Charity Shops. C Michael Fish may soon be replaced as a weather forecaster by something truly fishierthe shark(鲨鱼). Research by a British biology student suggests that sharks could be used to predict storms. Lauren Smith, 24, is close to completing her study on shark’s ability to sense pressure. If her studies prove the theory, scientists may be able to monitor the behaviour of sharks to predict bad weather. Miss Smith had previously studied the behaviour of lemon sharks in the Bahamas.
第 4 页 共 19 页
上百度,输入 沈阳高分英语家教"查询 输入"沈阳高分英语家教 查询! 请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度 输入 沈阳高分英语家教 查询 She then used their close relatives, lesser spotted dogfish, for further research at Aberdeen University. Her workthought to be the first of its kind to test the pressure theory resulted from the observation that juvenile blacktip sharks off Florida moved into deeper water ahead of a violent storm in 20
  01. Miss Smith said: “I’ve always been crazy about traveling and diving and this led me to an interest in sharks.” “I was delighted to have been able to research in the area for my degree. I know there’s so much more we need to understand but it certainly opens the way to more research.” It has been discovered that a shark senses pressure using hair cells in its balance system. At the Bimini Shark Lab in the Bahamas, Miss Smith fixed hi-tech sensors to sharks to record pressure and temperature, while also tracking them using GPS (Global Positioning System) technology. In Aberdeen, she was able to study the effects of tidal(潮汐的) and temperature changes on dogfishnone of which were harmed. She also used a special lab which can mimic(模拟) oceanic pressure changes caused by weather fronts. She is due to complete her study and graduate later this year. She says she will be looking for a job which will give her the chance to enrich her experience of shark research.
  44. The passage is most probably taken from . A. a short-story collection B. a popular science magazine C. a research paper D. a personal diary
  45. What do we learn from the first f
 

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