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(A)
BEIJING (Reuters) - Dozens of young Chinese, angry at disruption of the Olympic torch relay in Paris, protested outside a Carrefour branch in east China on Friday, setting fire to a French flag, waving banners and shouting slogans, local media said. There have been small protests at the French retail giant's stores in several Chinese cities, including Beijing, in the past week, but the latest outburst in the eastern coastal city of Qingdao came after state media moved to cool down the nationalistic fervor. Chinese Internet users are calling on consumers to boycott Carrefour, which they accuse of supporting pro-Tibetan independence groups seeking to disrupt this year's Beijing Olympics. The journey of the Olympic torch around the world has been dogged by protests, largely over Chinese rule in Tibet, where a wave of anti-government unrest erupted in March. In Paris, numerous protests and attempts by activists to snatch the torch prompted Chinese security officials to extinguish the torch several times and put in on a bus. Local media photos showed the protesters holding up banners that read "Boycott France, Support the Olympics" and "Oppose Tibet independence, Love the motherland". They waved red Chinese flags and shouted slogans, attracting a big crowd of onlookers. One photo showed a man burning a French flag. Chinese Internet message boards have also featured photos from Hefei, capital city of the eastern province of Anhui, where several "elementary school students" staged a protest with a banner reading "Oppose Carrefour, Shopping is shameful". France has tried to play down calls for a boycott of French goods, saying they were being made by a "very small minority" and Carrefour, which has more than 100 hypermarkets in China, has restated its support for Beijing's hosting of the Olympics. Some Chinese newspapers have also run commentaries against the boycott, saying in the era of globalization it would only hurt Chinese employees and suppliers. Still, an opinion poll in 10 Chinese cities found 66 percent of respondents supported the Carrefour boycott, according to the official Xinhua news agency. Only 7 percent said outright that they would not. Questions:
  1. Why are Chinese Internet users calling on consumers to boycott Carrefour?
  2. What is the result of the opinion poll conducted in 10 Chinese cities?
( B)
Times) Illinois (New York Times) - Asian longhorned beetles, the pests responsible for the destruction of more than 1,500 trees in northeastern Illinois, have been eradicated in Illinois, state and federal officials said Thursday. "The key to success is early pest detection," said Bruce Knight, U.S. Department of Agriculture undersecretary for marketing and regulatory programs. More than four years without a sighting of the black and white beetle must pass for the declaration to be official, authorities said. The last sighting occurred in 2003 in an area around Chicago's Oz Park. Knight commended Barry Albach, a Skokie Park District specialist, for being the first to identify the invader from China by handing him an authentic beetle, embalmed and encased in Lucite. Albach's early detection helped minimize the spread of the species. "Just glad it's all done," Albach said. "I did my job, and everybody else did their jobs." The bug is believed to have arrived in the Ravenswood neighborhood in wood pallets carrying Chinese-made goods to a nearby hardware importer. By the time the bugs were identified in 1998, they had spread to hundreds of trees, and separate infestations later were found in Summit
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and DuPage County. The beetles favor maples, chestnuts and other deciduous hardwoods that are common along city streets. Beetle larvae bore deep into the trunk of the tree and eventually kill it by cutting off the circulatory system. Adults chew their way out and spread another generation. The only sure way to stop the beetle is to cut down and chip infested trees. After the announcement outside Pilgrim Lutheran Church and School, one pupil asked Knight if he was certain all the beetles were gone. Leaning down, Knight told the boy: "We got rid of all of them, every single one of them." But another pest remains. Malcolm Whiteside Jr., deputy commissioner of the city Department of Streets and Sanitation's Bureau of Forestry, warned residents about the destructive emerald ash borer, discovered in 2006 in Kane County. It feeds on ash trees. "As we leave today, let's not forget there's still a tough fight ahead of us," Whiteside said. Complete the following:
  1. According to the passage, where are the longhorned beetles from? A. India B. Vietnam C. Illinois D. China
  2. What does the underlined word"eradicated"mean? A. destroyed completely B. discovered at an earlier time C. imported in large quantities D. reduced gradually
  3. Who was the first to discover the pest? A. Malcolm Whiteside Jr. B. Bruce Knight C. Barry Albach D. The boy
  4. What do the beetles like to eat?.
( C)
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - About 300,000 U.S. troops returning from Iraq and Afghanistan suffer symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder or depression, but about half receive no care, an independent study said on Thursday. The study by the RAND Corp. also estimated that another 320,000 troops have sustained a possible traumatic brain injury during deployment. But researchers could not say how many of those cases were serious or required treatment. Billed as the first large-scale nongovernmental survey of its kind, the study found that stress disorder and depression afflict
  18.5 percent of the more than
  1.5 million U.S. forces who have deployed to the two war zones. The numbers are roughly in line with previous studies. A February assessment by the U.S. Army that showed
  17.9 percent of U.S. troops in Iraq and Afghanistan suffering from acute stress, depression or anxiety in 2007, down from
  19.1 percent in 20
  06. But the 500-page RAND study, based in part on interviews with more than 1,900 soldiers, sailors and Marines, also said that only half of troops suffering debilities receive care. And in half of those cases, the care is only minimally adequate. "There is a major health crisis facing those men and women who have served our nation in Iraq and Afghanistan," said Terri Tanielian, a RAND researcher who helped head the study. "Unless they receive appropriate and effective care for these mental health conditions, there will be long-term consequences for them and for the nation." The study said many service members do not seek treatment because they fear the stigma associated with psychological problems could harm their careers. Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, can result from wartime trauma such as suffering wounds or witnessing others being hurt. Symptoms include irritability or outbursts of anger, sleep difficulties, trouble concentrating, extreme vigilance and an exaggerated startle response. RAND recommended that the Pentagon create a way for service members to receive mental health service confidentially and monitor the quality of care. Army Col. Loree Sutton, director of the U.S. Defense Center of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury, welcomed the study.
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She was concerned at the finding that only about half of those who sought help received "minimally adequate" treatment and said it would spur the military to try harder to recruit more mental health specialists. The Army wants to hire 275 civilian mental health professionals but a tight labor market and difficulties getting civilians into war zones has slowed the effort, officials say. RAND, a private research organization, estimated that stress and depression among returning soldiers cost $
  6.2 billion in the two years following deployment, mainly due to lost productivity, medical costs and a higher risk of suicide. Questions:
  1. Why do a large number of service members refuse to seek treatment?
  2. Facing the severe situation, what will the American military have to do? (D) SEOUL, South Korea ? South Korea agreed on Friday to resume beef imports from the United States, ending a ban begun in 2003 over concerns about mad cow disease. The decision removed a major dispute between the allies, hours before President Bush was to meet South Korea's new president, Lee Myung-bak, in Washington to discuss free trade and North Korea. The deal clears an important obstacle to Congressional support for a wider free trade deal that the Bush administration has struck with South Korea. The agreement also shows how eager Mr. Lee is to mend ties with Washington, even though American beef imports are unpopular among South Korean farmers. Mr. Lee is trying to persuade Parliament to ratify the free trade deal before its term ends in late May, hoping that ratification would give President Bush further leverage to press Congress for its approval. Mr. Lee welcomed the beef deal as "removing a stumbling block for the Korea-U.S. free trade agreement," the news agency Yonhap reported from Washington. South Korea suspended American beef imports in 2003 after an outbreak of mad cow disease, depriving United States exporters of their third-largest market for American beef. Agricultural officials in Seoul said Friday that South Korea would allow American beef imports from cattle younger than 30 months. Younger cows are believed to be less at risk from mad cow disease. Imports will resume in mid-May and expand later to beef from older cattle, it said. In a study sponsored by the Korea Society in New York and the Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center at Stanford University, a group of American scholars warned this week that a failure by the United States to ratify the free trade deal "would damage U.S.-Korea relations." But the free-trade pact faces stiff opposition from the two Democratic presidential candidates: Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton and Senator Barack Obama. Congressional approval of the trade deal, the biggest since the North American Free Trade Agreement went into force in 1994, would be an important part of Mr. Bush's legacy. As for Mr. Lee, the pact ? although it was negotiated by his predecessor, Roh Moo-hyun ? would help him purse his most important election promise, which was to revive South Korea's economy. Experts have estimated the trade deal could increase the countries' two-way $78 billion annual trade by $20 billion. blanks: Fill in the blanks:
  1. South Korea will never allow American beef imports from older cattle, won't it?.
  1. Agricultural officials in Seoul, the reason why South Korea will allow American beef imports from cattle younger than 30 months is that.
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  2. The trade deal is expected to enable the two countries' two-way annual trade to reach billion. (E) KATHMANDU, Nepal (CNN) - Nepal has given its security personnel permission to shoot pro-Tibet demonstrators during China's Olympic flame climb to Mount Everest's summit early next month. "About 25 soldiers and policemen have established camps on the mountain and they have been ordered to use force if necessary to stop any anti-Chinese activities," Mod Raj Dotel, spokesman for the home ministry, said Sunday. "This could mean shooting if necessary." Security personnel will also check mountain climbers for non-essential expedition materials, Dotel added. "If anyone is found with anti-Chinese material their permit will be canceled and returned from the mountain," he said. Chinese climbers plan to take the Olympic flame to the top of the world's highest peak, at 8,848 meters (29,028 feet) as part of the global relay leading up to the August 8 opening of the Summer Olympics in Beijing. Spring is the most popular season for climbing Mount Everest, which straddles the border between Nepal and Tibet, an autonomous region of China. The Nepali government has granted permits to dozens of climbers from 30 expeditions this season. But between May 1 and May 10, climbers are barred from going above 6,400 meters until the torch run is completed. China plans to take the Olympic flame to the summit sometime then. Harsh weather conditions allow only about two opportunities in May for a push to the summit. The Chinese have not allowed any expedition to climb the mountain from the north side, according the Kathmandu representative of the Tibet China Mountaineering Association. Almost every day in the past month, Nepalese police have arrested pro-Tibet protesters from in front of the Chinese Embassy and the United Nations offices. The demonstrators are released later in the evening. Supporters of Tibet denounce the government's stance toward the autonomous region, and many believe China should not have been awarded the ho
 

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