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2008 年 10 月自考英语(一)试题 月自考英语(
这可是我按照图里的一个字一个字打出来的哦。可怜我的肩周炎….但看到更多的人从我
的网站上免费获得所需要的资料,我觉得能够尽我自己的力量,帮助到他人而高兴。也希望 你们多帮我宣传我的网站,让更多的人受益。 源图文件在后头。
一 Vocabulary and structure 1 Our responsibility nvolves the problems of homelessness in the city. A deal with C dealing with B to deal with D in dealing with
2 In terms of electronic devices, it’s easy to buy exactly you need in a big city. A that C what B those D which
3 Several people were unable to the meeting because of the storm. A attend C join B participate D attempt
4 We’ve milk. Could you stop at the store on your way home? A run through C run off B run over D run out of
5 When the engine broke down, the boat’s crew found themselves of the wind. A at the cost C at the rate B at the mercy D at the moment
6 Smith was of murdering his wife, but no evidence was yet provided. A blamed B charged C accused D arrested
7 “What were you doing while all this was ?” the manager demanded angrily. A getting on carrying on B going on C holding on D
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8 The President was among the first to congratulate the scientist his new discovery. A at B in C about D out
9 Police Chief Timothy told reporters that the police officers wounded in the rescue operation were rapidly . A curing B treating C healing D recovering
10 The more the customer complained, and more unpleasant the manager became. A the ruder B more rude C the rudest D the rude
二 Cloze Test According to the American Automobile Association, since 1964 all cars sold in the United States have been equipped with seat belts. Many studies of car accidents have shown that seat belts can save
  11. One study showed that forty perent of those 12 in car accidents could have been saved if they 13 seat belts. Unfortunately, belts are worn only by a 14 percentage of drivers and passengers-about fifteen percent in cities, and only nine percent in small
  15. And seat belts cannot protect people who do not wear them. Advertisements have been printed 16 newspapers and magazines in order to make people become 17 of the importance of using seat belts. But these 18 have not helped much. Some people believe there should be a 19 requiring drivers and passengers to use seat belts. In Australia, 20 thers is such a law, deaths from car accidents have decreased by twenty-four percent since it was enforced. In China, drivers-though not passengers-are required to fasten their seat belts; otherwise they can fined as much as 200 yuan. 11 A money 12 A killing 13 A wore 14 A big B lives B killed C space C to kill D room D to be killed D had worn
B have worn D are wearing B large C small D little
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15 A towns 16 A in 17 A sure 18 A belts 19 A law 20 A which
B areas B on B alert
C countries C over C aware D by
D regions
D known C newspapers D regulation D where D advertisements
B magazines B rule B that
C method C when
III Reading Comprehension Passage One Becket not only traveled light, he also lived light. In all the world he owned just the clothes he stood up in, a full suitcase and a bank account. Arriving anywhere with these possessions, he might just as easily put up for a month or a year as for a single night. For long stays not less than a month, he might take a furnished flat, sometimes even a house. But whatever the case was, he rarely needed anything he did not have with him. Becket had one occasional anxiety; he suspected that he owned more than would fit comfortably into the suitcase. Having no use for choice or variety, he kept just a raincoat, a suit, a pair of shoes, a few shirts and some socks; no more in the clothing line. He bought and read many books and left them wherever he happened to be sitting when he finished them. Becket was a professional traveler, interested and interesting. He was not the type to “do” a country in a week or a city in three days. He liked to get the feel of a place by living in it, reading its newspapers, watching its TV and discussing its affairs. He always tried to make a few friends-if necessary even by stopping a suitable-looking person in the street and talking to him. It worked well in about one case out of ten. Though Becket’s health gave him no cause for alarm, he made a point of seeing a doctor as soon as he arrived anywhere. “A doctor knows a place and its people better than anyone, “ he used to say. Becket was an artist as well. He painted pictures of the places he visited and , when he had gathered enough information, he wrote about them. He sold his works to
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newspapers and magazines. It was an agreeable sort of life for a good social mixer, and as Becket never stayed anywhere for long, he enjoyed the satisfying advantage of paying very little in taxes.
21 What do we know about Becket’s possessions? A B He carried all of them with him. He wanted to have more clothes.
C He left all his belongings at home. D He carried some of them with him.
22 Becket would rent a flat when he . A B C D was to stay over a month could not find suitable hotels was to put up for several nights planned to stay at least for a year
23 When Becket tried to make friends with strangers in the street, . A B C D most people felt very pleased his attempts failed in most cases he preferred good-looking people many people stopped to talk with him
24 Judging from the passage, Becket made a living by . A C traveling B social work D collecting information
painting and writing
25 As far as taxes were concerned, Becket probably. A hated to pay any taxes B enjoyed paying very little C traveled abroad and paid none D felt ashamed of not paying any
Passage Two
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A gray sweater hung limply (无生气地)on Tommy’s empty desk, a reminder of the miserable boy who had just followed his classmates from out third-grade room. Soon Tommy’s parents, who had recently separated, would arrive for a conference on his failing schoolwork and troublesome behaviors. Neither parent knew that I had arranged for the other to come. Tommy, an only child, had always been happy, cooperative and an excellent student. How could I convince his parents that his recent failing grades represented a broken-hearted child’s reaction to the separation and coming divorce of the two he so dearly loved? Tommy’s mother entered and took one of the chairs I had placed near my desk. Soon the father arrived. Good! At least they were concerned enough to be prompt. A look of surprise and impatience passed between them, and then they pointedly ignored each other. As I gave a detailed account of Tommy’s behavior and schoolwork, I prayed for the right words to bring these two together, to help them see what they were doing to their son. But somehow the words wouldn’t come. Then I found a crumpled (揉成一团的)tear-stained sheet stuffed in the back of Tommy’s desk. Silently I smoothed it out and gave it to Tommy’s mother. She read it and then without a word handed it to he husband. He frowned. Then his face softened. He studied the scrawled words for a long time. At last he folded the paper carefully, placed it in his pocket, and reached for his wife’s outstretched hand. She wiped the tears from her eyes and smiled up at him. Tears welled up in my eyes, but neither seemed to notice. He helped her with her coat and they left together. It was the sheet of yellow copy paper covered with the painful outburst of a small boy’s troubled heart that helped me. On both sides of it was single sentence written over and over again:”Dear Mom…Dear Daddy…I love you…I love you…I love you.”
26 The writer of the passage was Tommy’s . A parent B teacher
5
C classmate
D schoolmaster
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27 The writer believed that in the past Tommy had been . A B C D a careless and impossible son a flexible and cooperative child a cheerful and outstanding student a disrespectful and aggressive boy
28 In the writer’s opinion, the gray sweater hanging limply on the desk is a sign of Tommy’s . A B C D low spirits failing schoolwork inactive personality troublesome behaviors
29 Before Tommy’s parents arrived, the writer . A B C D knew they would soon reunite was sure that they would come decided to show them the tear-stained paper had found out the cause of Tommy’s misery
30 The writer regarded the changes in Tommy’s school performance as the result of his parents’ . A divorce B separation C neglectfulness D soft-heartedness
Passage Three The modern age is an age of electricity. People are so used to electric lights, radios, televisions and telephones that it is hard to imagine what lift would be like without them. When there is a power failure, people grope about in the dark, cars hesitate in the streets because there are no traffic lights to guide them and food spoils in silent refrigerators.
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Yet, people began to understand how electricity works only a little more than two centuries ago. Nature has apparently been experimenting in this field for millions of years. Scientists are discovering that the living world may hold many interesting secrets of electricity that could benefit humanity. All living cells send out tiny pulses of electricity. As the heart beats, it sends out electric pulses. They form an electrocardiogram (心电图) which a doctor can sstudy , to determine how well the heart is working. The brain , too, sends out brain waves of electricity, which can be recorded in electroencephalogram(脑电图). The electric currents produced by most living cells are extremely small-often so small that sensitive instruments are needed to record them. But in some animals, certain muscle cells have become so specialized in producing electricity that they do not work as muscle cells any more. When large numbers of these cells are linked together, the effects can be astonishing. The electric eel-a long thin fish with slippery skin-can produce amazingly strong electricity. It can send an electric current as high as eight hundred volts through the water in which it lives. As many as four-fifths of all the cells in the electric eel’s body are capable of producing electricity, and the strength of the shock depends on the length of its body.
31 The phrase “grope about” (line 3, para.
  1) could be replaced by . A feel about B move about C walk away D run away
32 When talking about power failures, the author mentions problems related to . A radios and televisions B cars and telephones C radios and telephones D refrigerators and traffic lights 33 The author mentions electric eels .
A to warn the reader to stay away from them B to describe a new source of electrical power C as an example of electrically charged dangerous animals
7
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D as an example of animals capable of producing electricity 34 Electric pulses of the eel are produced by its . A skin B heart C brain D cells
35 The strength of the eel’s electric shock has to do with . A the eel’s age B the eel’s weight C how long the eel is D the water it lives in
PART TWO IV Word Spelling
  36. 肺 n. l_ _ _ 37 批准,造成 n. a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 38 使混乱,混淆 v. c _ _ _ _ _ _ 39 而且,此外 adv. M _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 40 全体人员 n. s _ _ _ _ 41 面部的 adj. f _ _ _ _ _ 42 全部地;完全地 adv. e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 43 破坏;毁灭 v. d _ _ _ _ _ _ 44 播送,发送 v. t _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 45 占领;使从事 v. o _ _ _ _ _ 46 对比,对照 n.v. c
47 像,形象,图像 n. i _ _ _ _ 48 相互作用 v. i _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 49 成年人;成年的 n. adj. a _ _ _ _ 50 明显的,显著的 adj. m _ _ _ _ _
51 业余爱好 n. h _ _ _ _ 52 方针;政策 n. p _ _ _ _ _ 53 现今,现在 adv. n _ _ _ _ _ _ _
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54 躲避处;遮蔽 n.v. s _ _ _ _ _ _ 55 习惯;风俗 n. c _ _ _ _ _
V Word Form
  56. At that time the aircraft was flying at a (high) of 10,000 meters.
  57. Children have a natural (curious about the world around them. 58 It is difficult to teach history to five-year-old children in a (meaning) way. 59 Shadows began to (length) as the sun sank in the west. 60 The interest is paid _
 

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