北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一 北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试(B) 地区成人本科学士学位英语统 20
  08.
  11.22 . .
Part I Reading Comprehension (30%) Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage 1 Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage: Not all memories are sweet. Some people spend all their lives trying to forget bad experiences. Violence and traffic accidents can leave people with terrible physical and emotional scars. Often they relive these experiences in nightmares(恶梦) (
  76)Now Americal researchers think they are close to developing a pill, which will help people forget bad memories. The pill is designed to be taken immediately after a frightening experience. They hope it might reduce, or possibly erase(抹去) the effect of painful memories. In November, experts tested a drug on people in the US and France. The drug stops the body releasing chemicals that fix memories in the brain. (
  77)So far the research has suggested that only the emotional effects of memories may be reduced, not that the memories are erased. The research has caused a great deal of argument. Some think it is a bad idea, while others support in. Supporters say it could lead to pills that prevent or treat soldiers troubling memories after war. They say that there are many people who suffer from terrible memories. “Some memories can ruin people’s lives. They come back to you when you don’t want to have them in a daydream or nightmare they usually come with very painful emotions,” said Roger Pitman, a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. “this could relieve a lot of that suffering.” But those who are against the research say that it is very dangerous to change memories because memories give us our identity(特质). They also help us all avoid the mistakes of the past. “All of us can think of bad events in our lives that were horrible at the time but make us who we are, I’m not sure we want to wipe those memories out, ” said Rebecca Dresser, a medical ethicist.
  1. The passage is mainly about. A. a new medical invention B. a new research on memories C. a way of erasing painful memories D. an argument about the research on the pill
  2. The drug tested on people can. A. cause the brain to fix memories
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B. stop people remembering their experiences C. prevent body producing certain chemicals D. wipe out the emotional effects of memories
  3. We can infer from the passage that. A. people doubt the effects of the pills. B. the pill will stop people’s and experiences. C. taking the pill will do harm to people’s health D. the pill has probable been produced in America
  4. Which of the following does Rebecca Dresser agree with? A. Some memories can ruin people’s lives B. people want to get rid of bad memories. C. Experiencing bad events makes us different from others. D. The pill will reduce people’s suffering from bad memories.
  5. The word “scars” in Paragraph one is close in meaning to . A. good stories B. pains C. experiences D. memories Passage 2 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage: On-the-job smoking is a hot issue for both smokers and non-smokers, and many managers now see smoking as a productivity(生产力)problem. Although some people question whether smoking really affects one’s productivity, it has, in fact been proven that a smoker costs a company more than a non-smoker. According to professor William Weis, a smoking employee costs his or her employer about $5,700 more a year than a never-smoker. These costs include medical care, lost earnings and insurance. And absence due to smoking breaks is one of the productivity problems, yet it accounts for a great deal of employer costs. (
  78)When the issue of smoking at the workplace is discussed, perhaps the most important problem is the health risk that smoking causes to both smokers and never-smokers. It has long been proven that smoking is linked to lung cancer. Now many healty experts warn that passive smoking can cause lung cancer and other illnesses in healthy never-smokers. Passive smoking can be defined as exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke in enclosed areas. Anyone who has been with smokers indeed knows that their smoke can cause eye irritation(刺激) ,coughing, headaches and throat soreness. While eye irritation may seem a small thing to some smokers, it nevertheless is a problem that occurs every workday in offices and break-rooms and can lead to greater health problems. Employees who do not smoke should not be subjected(遭受)to the risks of passive smoking and need to be able to work in a safe environment. Surgeon General Koop states that the right of the smoker stops at the point where his or her smoking increases the disease risk of those occupying the same environment.
  6. All the following cases are on-the-job smoking except that . A. an employer smokes while working in the office B. A taxi driver smokes while driving the car C. A worker smokes while working in the workshop
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D. a worker smokes while reading in the train
  7. According to the passage, on-the-job smoking affects an employee’s performance in the office in that. A. he can’t concentrate on what he is doing while smoking B. he often goes away from his desk to smoke in the break-room C. he often asks for sick leave as a result of too much smoking D. he takes a rest from time to time because of eye irritation
  8. Many managers do not seem to be in favor of on-the-job smoking mainly because it. A. reduces productivity of the company to a certain degree B. does harm to the health of never-smokers of the company C. affects the relationship between smokers and non-smokers D. makes the break-rooms more crowded and more polluted
  9. Passive smoking means. A. never-smokers take up the habit of smoking unwillingly B. never-smokers have to put up with the active smokers C. never-smokers share an enclosed area with smokers D. never-smokers share an enclosed area with smokers
  10. In the second part of the passage, the author suggests banning(禁止)on-the-job smoking so as to. A. cut down costs of medical care and insurance B. Create a healthy and safe working environment C. prevent eye irritation from becoming a big health problem D. improve the smoking employees’ work efficiency Passage 3 Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage: Scientists in India have invented a new way to produce electricity. Their invention does not get its power from oil, coal or other fuels, it produces electricity with the power of animals. India has about eighty million bullocks. They do all kinds of jobs. They work in the fields. They pull vehicles through the streets. They carry water containers.(
  79)Indian energy officials have been seeking ways to use less imported oil to provide energy. Scientists at the National Institute for Industrial Engineering in Bombay(孟买)wondered whether the millions of bullocks could help. Many villages in India lack electricity, but they have many bullocks. And often the animails are not working. One job done by bullocks is to pump water out of the well. The animals do this by walking around and around in a circle. As they walk, they turn a heavy stick that makes the pump move. This simple technology is centuries old. Scientists thought that the same technology could be used to produce electricity. Bullocks walk in a circle only two or three times a minute. This is much too slow to produce electricity, but it can create enough power to turn a series of gears(齿轮). A large gear sits next to a smaller gear. As the large gear turns it causes the smaller gear to turn. That gear turns an even smaller one. Each gear moves faster because it is a little smaller. The smallest gear may turn extremely fast. (77
  80)clocks operate with
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gears. So do cars and so does the device invented by he Indian scientists to produce electricity. According to the officials in the United Nations, the idea is being tested at several places in India. The device is easy to operate and repair. And it can be moved easily. It costs about three hundred and seven dollars now to make such a device, but production of large numbers of them could cut the cost of each to about two hundred dollars.
  11. who first thought of using bullocks to provide energy? A. Indian energy officials. B. Scientists in India C. Officials in the United Nations D. Researchers in Europe
  12. which kind of job that the bullocks do is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. Pulling vehicles. B. Plowing fields C. Pumping water out of wells D. Carrying food baskets.
  13. why are bullocks used to provide energy in India? A. Because bullocks have long been used by Indian people B. Because bullocks walk slowly and are easy to control. C. Because there are few non-working bullocks in India D. Because there is not enough oil in India.
  14. in the sentence “This simple technology is centuries old” in Paragraph One, “This simple technology” refers to . A. using bullocks to produce energy B. using pumps to draw water out C. having bullocks walk around to make the pump move D. connecting gears of different sizes to produce electricity
  15. Which of the following is true about the device mentioned in the passage? A. It has a large gear and a smaller gear. B. It’s easy to use, but difficult to move C. It’s quite cheap. D. It’s still being tested.
Part II Vocabulary and Structure(30%) Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  16. For the sake of her daughter’s health, she decided to move to a warm. A. weather B. temperature C. season D. climate
  17. Be careful when you cross this very busy street. If not. You may get by a car. A. run out B. run over C. run away D. run after
  18. some famous scientists have the qualities of being both careful and careless. A. Strangely enough B. Enough strangely C. Strange enough D. Enough strange
  19. Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple. But it remains
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whether they will enjoy it. A. to see B. to be seen C. Seeing D. seen
  20. ?You seem to show interest in cooking. -- What? I’m getting tired of it. A. On the contrary B. To the contrary C. On the other hand D. To the other hand
  21. These wild flowers are so special that I would do I can to save them. A. whatever B. that C. which D. whichever
  22. Time will whether I made the right choice or not. A. see B. say C. tell D. know
  23. Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carrage the girl and took her away, into the woods. A. Seizing; disappeared B. seized; disappeared C. seizing; disappearing D. seized; disappearing
  24. It suddenly me how we could improve the situation. A. occurred B. teared C. shook D. struck
  25. Was it because he was ill he asked for leave? A. so B. when C. why D. that
  26. John likes Chinese food. But he eating with chopsticks. A. is used to B. used to C. isn’t used to D. didn’t used to
  27. Fujian Province lies the east of China and Taiwan is the east of Fujian. A. in; in B. to; in C. to; to D. in; to
  28. For John this was the beginning of a new life, he thought he would never see. A. what B. that C. one D. it
  29. We stayed for the night at the foot of the mountain and to climb it the next morning. A. set about B. set off C. set up D. set out
  30. We should do as much as we can our country better and more beautiful. A. make B. to make C. makes D. making
  31. “to put off something” means “to” A. look for it B. put it in place C. postpone it D. cancel it
  32. , he’ll make a first-class tennis player. A. Giving time B. To give Time C. Given time B. Being given time
  33. ? Did you see her off the day before yesterday? --No, but I wish I . A. were B. did C. had D. would
  34. Some divers always drive carelessly. There is some danger while they are driving. A. painful B. potential C. probable D. primary
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  35. You have stayed at home for two days. It’s time you for a walk. A. go out B. went out C. will go out D. would go out
  36. Can you the three mistakes in this paragraph? A. turn out B. bring out C. call out D. pick out
  37. This is much to the one I bought last week. A. worse B. lower C. inferior D. equal
  38. their country has plenty of oil, ours has none. A. While B. Where C. When D. Unless
  39. There at the door stood a girl about the same height . A. as me B. as mine C. with mine D. with me
  40. Don’t be too about things you are not supposed to know. A. strange B. amusing C. curious D. conscious
  41. He’s got himself into a dangerous situation he is likely to lose control over the plane. A. where B. which C. while D. why
  42. In order to change attitudes employing women. The government is bringing in new laws
 

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