2008 年 12 月大学英语四级真题词汇 第一部分 阅读词汇分类 Group 1 词义 unexpected ['?nik'spektid] adj.有利的, 有益的 apologize [?'p?l?d?aiz] v. 道歉;认错,赔不是[(+to/for)] 引申:n. apology push [pu?] v. 推;推动,推进; 逼迫;催促,促使 territory ['terit?ri] n. 领土,版图;领地; (行动,知识等的)领域,范围 引申:adj. territorial acquaintance [?'kweint?ns]n. (与人)相识;了解; 相识的人,熟人 练习
  1. I thought she was coming over to .
  2. A young boy, aged about four, approached her two-year-old son and him to the ground.
  3. That’s OK between sisters but becomes dangerous when you’re talking to the children of friends or .
  4. What happened next was . Group 2 词义 property ['pr?p?ti] n. 财产,资产;所有物;特性,性能,属性 appropriate [?'pr?upri?t] adj. 适当的,恰当的,相称的 circumstance ['s?:k?mst?ns] n. 复数表示:情况,环境;情势; 境况;境遇;经济状况 recommend [,rek?'mend] v.推荐,介绍;建议,劝告 引申:n. recommendation concern [k?n's?:n] n.关心的事;担心,挂念 v. 使关心,使担心;涉及,关系到 引申:be concerned about 关心,担心 练习
  1. This is why White that you approach the parents first. as far as ... is concerned 就......而言
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  2. Raise your with the parents if they’re there and ask them to deal with it
  3. Physical punishment, once accepted from any adult, is no longer .
  4. But there is still an idea that they’re the of the parent.
  5. In those , it’s difficult to know whether to approach the child directly or the parent first. Group 3 词义 affect [?'fekt] vt. 影响;对...发生作用; 使感动,使震动 challenge ['t??lind?] v./n. 挑战,质疑,异议 reflect [ri'flekt] vt.反映,反射,思考,反省 diminish [di'mini?] v. 减少,减小,缩减 negotiate [ni'g?u?i,eit] v. 谈判,协商,洽谈 练习
  1. White believes our notions of a more child-centered society should be .
  2. Children have to learn to the world on their own, within reasonable boundaries.
  3. We’re centered on them but in ways that positively on us
  4. The amount of time children get from parents has .
  5. For Andrew Fuller, the child-centric nature of our society has everyone. Group 4 词义 abundant [?'b? nd?nt] adj.大量的,充足的;丰富的,富裕的 derive [di'raiv] vt.取得,得到 vi. 起源,由来
引申:一般搭配 from 用做:derive from diversity [dai'v?:siti] n.差异,不同,多样性 引申:adj. diverse 不同的,多种多样的 例:John and his brother have diverse interests. personnel [,p?:s?'nel] n.人员,员工;人事部门 establish [i'st?bli? v.建立,创办,确立,证实 ] 练习
  1. They are presented with a of human experiences and come to respect other ways of
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thought and living.
  2. Please contact the director for benefit information.
  3. While their own relationships and responses to life , the readers often find that the characters in their stories are going through similar adjustments.
  4. Books provide material for readers’ imagination to grow.
  5. She great pleasure from her stamp collection. This English word from French. Group 5 词义 survivor [s?'vaiv?] n.幸存者,生还者 likely ['laikli] adj.可能的,适当的,合要求的 引申:通常会用 be likely to do sth. 可能做某事 particularly [p?'tikjul?li] adv. 特别的 delay [di'lei] n./v. 延迟,延误,耽搁
detection [di'tek? n. 发现,发觉;侦查;探知;检测;检验;探测 ?n] 引申:v. detect 练习
  1. Men take more risks than woman and are more to drink and smoke.
  2. If you are a male and you are reading this ,congratulations: you are a .
  3. This is so for the over-40s,when diseases tend to strike.
  4. Earlier and treatment may not have cured him, but it would have prolonged this life.
  5. Two months ago Gullotta saw a 50-year-old ma who had doing anything about his smoker’s cough for a year. Group 6 词义 inevitably [in'evit?bli] adv. 不可避免地;必然地 prevention [pri'ven? n. 预防,防止;阻止,妨碍 ?n] adj. inevitable v. prevent n. detective 侦探 adj. detective 侦探的,侦查的
ultimate ['? ltimit] adj. 最后的,最终的 n. 最终的事物,终极,结局;极限;顶点 complain [k?m'plein] v. 抱怨,发牢骚; 控诉,投诉 n. complaint entertain [,ent?'tein] v. 使欢乐,使娱乐; 招待,款待 n. entretainment
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练习
  1. Storytelling hurts retailers and consumers.
  2. Shoppers seldom to the manager or owner of a retail store
  3. Besides, the cost is far greater: it is called premature death.
  4. is cheaper in the long run than having to treat the diseases.
  5. Regular check-ups for men would place strain on the public purse. Group 7 词义 replacement [ri'pleism?nt] n. 代替,取代;更换;接替; 代替者;代替物 negative ['neg?tiv] adj. 否定的;否认的; 反面的;消极的; disastrous [di'z?:str?s] adj. 灾害的;灾难性的,悲惨的 encounter [in'kaunt?] v. 遭遇(敌人);遇到(困难,危险等); 意外地遇见(朋友等) eliminate [i'limineit] v. 排除,消除,消灭; (比赛中)淘汰 练习
  1. This guidance the need for customers to circle the parking lot endlessly.
  2. Shoppers who purchased clothing the most problems.
  3. The resulting “snowball effect” can be to retailers.
  4. A store will lose up to three more due to reviews.
  5. The store loses the customer, but the shopper must also find a . Group 8 词义 diplomatic [,dipl?'m?tik] adj. 外交的;外交人员的; 有外交手腕的;说话办事得体的;圆滑的 responsive [ri'sp? nsiv] adj. 回答的;应答的;响应的;反应的; 易感动的;敏感的;易受影响的 sponsor ['sp? ns?] n. 发起者;主办者;倡议者; (广播、电视节目的)赞助者 v. 发起;主办;倡议; 资助,赞助 access ['?kses] n. 接近,进入;接近的机会,进入的权利;使用; 通道,入口,门路 lack [l?k] v.缺少,没有,不足 n. 欠缺;不足;没有; 缺少的东西;需要的东西 练习
  1. Most importantly, salespeople should be and polite with angry customers.
  2. Retailers who’re and friendly are more likely to smooth over issues than those who
4
aren’t so friendly.
  3. This is especially true among children from families and communities that have the resources needed to organize and sports programs
  4. Make sure that there is easy to participation opportunities.
  5. They often the resources needed to pay for participation fees and equipment. Group 9 词义 maintain [mein'tein] v. 维持;保持;使继续; 维修,保养; 坚持;主张;断言; 供养,抚养;负担,支持 produce [pr?'dju:s] v. 生产,出产;制造;创作; 引起,产生;招致 influence ['influ?ns] vt. 影响,感化;左右 n. 影响,作用 relieve [ri'li:v] v. 缓和,减轻;解除 n. relief
contribute [k?n'tribju:t] v. 捐(款);捐献,捐助; 贡献,提供; 投(稿) 注:一般搭配介词 to 练习
  1. Their communities do not have resources to build and sports fields and facilities.
  2. It caused them to think about how they might control the experiences of children to responsible and productive adults.
  3. You could the kinds of adults that those children would become.
  4. Retailers can the headaches by redesigning store layouts.
  5. What most to smoothing over issues with customers?
第二部分: 第二部分: 听力词汇分类 部分 Group 1 词义 available [?'veil?bl] adj. 可用的,在手边的;可利用的; 可得到的,可买到的 vacant ['veik?nt] adj. (职位)空缺的; 空着的,未被占用的 acquire [?'kwai?] v. 取得,获得;学到,养成 candidate ['k?ndidit] n. 候选人;候补者; 求职应征者; 应试者 trial ['trai?l] n. 试用;试验; 审问,审判; 尝试,努力 练习
5

  1. Excuse me, do you have any apartments for under 500 dollars a month?
  2. The only one I have is 600 dollars.
  3. I guess it’s something I haven’t a taste for yet.
  4. There were about 20 competing for the sales manager’s job.
  5. Well, it’s a at the moment. Group 2 词义 access ['?kses] n. 接近,进入;接近的机会,进入的权利;使用; 通道,入口,门路 specialized ['spe? ?laizd] adj. 专门的;专科的; 专业的;专业化的 contact ['k? nt?kt] n. 接触,触碰; 交往;联系,联络; 熟人,门路 v. 与...接触;与...联系 flexibility [,fleks?'biliti] n. 易曲性;适应性,灵活性;弹性 afford [?'f? v. 买得起;有足够的...(去做...), 担负的起 :d] 练习
  1. How can we to buy a farm?
  2. The company gets , too. Once the job’s over, that’s it. I’m not on their books any more.
  3. Well, I still have all my old at work, so I know who to contact to get something done.
  4. Administrative work and more work, the sort of thing I can do.
  5. Instead of hiring temporary stuff, the company advertises posts on its website that retired employees like myself can . Group 3 词义 imitation [,imi'tei? n.模仿 ?n] mechanism ['mek?niz?m] n. 机械装置;机械作用;机构;结构;办法,途径;机制 infinite ['infinit] adj. 无限的;无边的;极大的 combine [k?m'bain] v. 使结合,联合 audience ['? :di?ns] n. 听众,观众 练习
6

  1. Each speech is different because she tailors her remarks to each .
  2. They also words to make meaningful sentences in ways that are unique.
  3. Considering these facts, the possibilities for breakdowns in communication seem in number.
  4. There is a universal language that makes it possible for us, as infants, to learn any language in the world.
  5. For a long time, people thought that we learned a language only by and association. Group 4 词义 vary ['v? vt./vi.使不同,多样化 ?ri] 引申:adj. various n. variety
comprehend [,k? mpri'hend] v. 理解,了解,领会; 包括,包含 引申: adj. comprehensive 广博,广泛的; 全面的,综合的; 有理解力的 curiosity [,kju?ri'? siti] n. 好奇心; 好奇,求知欲 extreme [k?m'pein] adj. 极端的;极度的;偏激的 n. 极端,末端; 极端的事物;极端的行为 explosion [iks'pl?u? n. 爆发;爆炸; 扩张,剧增;剧变 ?n] 练习
  1. On the subject of space walks, for example, audiences in their interests and how much complexity they can .
  2. What is driving this crime ?
  3. To scientists, she might provide technical details on such topics as the design of spacesuits that protects spacemen from the deadly temperature of space.
  4. To a high school audience, she might satisfy a that often arises in her pre-speech interviews with students who obviously have seen many science fiction movies.
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