2008 北京市中考英语
一.听力(26 分)略 二.单选(共 18 分,每小题 1 分) ( )
  15. I am going skating. Would you like to go with . A. me B. I C. my D. mine ( )
  16. Peter usually gets up early the morning. A. on B. in C. at D. of ( )
  17. Lucy and Lily sisters. They study at the same school. A. be B. am C. is D. are ( )
  18. It’s a nice house it hasn’t got a garden. A. and B. or C. but D. so ( )
  19. you speak Japanese? No, I can’t. A. Can B. Must C. May D. Should ( )
  20. I am hungry. I want to eat. A. anything B. something C. everything D. nothing ( )
  21. did you buy for your mom for Mother’s Day? Some flowers. A. How B. Where C. When D. What ( )
  22. I think real cards are than e-cards. A. nice B. nicer C. nicest D. the nicest ( )
  23. My brother is ill in hospital. I am sorry that. A. hear B. hearing C. heard D. to hear ( )
  24. Don’t turn on the TV. Grandma now. A. is sleeping B. will sleep C. slept D. sleeps ( )
  25. We were in Qingdao last week and great fun there. A. will have B. have had C. had D. have ( )
  26. Linda, when shall we take a walk? After I finish the dishes. A. wash B. washed C. to wash D. washing ( )
  27. Hello! Can I speak to Alice? Sorry. She isn’t here right now. she to the shop. A. goes B. will go C. has gone D. was going ( )
  28. Betty likes very much. She draws pictures every day. A. art B. music C. sport D. science ( )
  29. He’ll send us a message as soon as he in Sichuan. A. is arriving B. will arrive C. arrived D. arrives ( )
  30. Who’s the little baby in the photo, Susan? It’s me. This photo ten years ago. A. takes B. is taken C. took D. was taken ( )
  31. Do you know for Shanghai last night? At 9:
  00. A. what time he leaves B. what time does he leave C. what time he left D. what time did he leave ( )
  32. Shall we go to the sea animal show tomorrow? . A. Thank you. B. Good idea. C. It doesn’t matter. D. It’s very king of you. 三.完形填空(共 12 分,每小题 1 分) Gilbert joined the Science Club last summer. One day he was handed a piece of paper, a block of(一堆) them all to “dad”. However, Gilbert’s mom wood and four wheels(轮子); he was told to go home and 33 knew that his dad wasn’t good at making things and decided that she would read the 34 and let Gilbert do
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the work. A few days later the block of wood was turning into a car that Gilbert 35 named “Blue there, Gilbert found Lightning”. Then he and his mother went to a car race together. But when they 36 that his car was the only one that had not been made by a “father-son” partnership(合作). The race began. One by one the cars were knocked out until it 37 to the final(决赛) between Gilbert and Jimmy. Just before the race, Gilbert asked 38 they could stop for a minute so that he could make a wish. After a long minute, Gilbert said that he was 39 . People cheered as the race began. Jimmy stood with his father and watched their car racing down the road of his car as it rushed over the finishing line less than a second while Gilbert was surprised at the great 40 41 Jimmy’s. Gilbert jumped up and down with 42 . Soon the club manager came over and asked him, “So, Gilbert, your wish was to 43 , right?” “Oh no, sir,” he replied. “I just wished that I wouldn’t cry if I lost.” adults with unexpected ideas. When Gilbert first saw the other cars, he Children sometimes 44 didn’t cry out, “Not fair! Other children had their fathers’ help!” Gilbert didn’t wish for victory in the race; instead, he wished for courage(勇气). ( )
  33. A. send B. return C. lend D. give ( )
  34. A. instructions B. passage C. message D. explanations ( )
  35. A. easily B. carefully C. proudly D. kindly ( )
  36. A. lived B. got C. met D. passed ( )
  37. A. ran B. moved C. came D. rushed ( )
  38. A. whether B. why C. when D. where ( ) 39 A. sure B. ready C. tired D. sorry ( )
  40. A. effort B. energy C. speed D. value ( )
  41. A. past B. over C. after D. before ( )
  42. A. excitement B. enjoyment C. agreement D. achievement ( )
  43. A. change B. break C. leave D. win ( )
  44. A. satisfy B. surprise C. please D. encourage 四.阅读理解(共 22 分,每小题 2 分) A. What does the sign say?
  3. Do not cross here Use subway
  4. FIRE! DANGER TO TREES Don’t smoke here.
  7. Tents one night £
  10.00?one or two people £
  15.00?family size ( ( PRIVATE FISHING Keep to footpath away from water
  5. Slow down! Children Crossing
  6. No horses or bikes Walkers only
  9. NO SWIMMING When the red flag is flying University park Opening hours: Apr?Sep 6:30am?9:30pm Oct?Mar 8:30am?4:30pm

  8. SHEEP Please close gate. Keep your dog on a lead
  45. What time does the university park open in March? A. At 6:00 am. B. At 6:30 am. C. At 8:00 am. )
  46. Which sign tells you not to smoke?
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D. At 8:30 am.
B. At the school library. D. In the computer room. B. Do you want to live a happier, less stressful(有压力的) life? Try laughing for no reason at all. That’s how thousands of people start their day at Laughter Clubs around the world??and many doctors now think that having a good laugh might be one of the best ways to stay healthy. The first Laughter Club was started in Mumbai, India, in 1995 by Dr Madan Kataria. “Young children laugh about 300 times a day. Adults laugh between 7 and 15 times a day,” says Dr Kataria. “Everyone’s naturally good at laughing??its’ the universal language. We want people to feel happy with their lives.” There are now more than 500 Laughter Clubs in India and over 1,300 worldwide. Many doctors are also interested in the effects(效果) of laughter on our health. According to a 5-year study at the UCLA School of Medicine in California, with laughing there is less stress in the body. Laughter improves our health against illness by about 40%. So, what happens at a Laughter Club? I went along to my nearest club in South London to find out. I was quite nervous at the beginning of the class, to be honest??I wasn’t interested in laughing with a group of strangers(陌生人), and I was worried about looking stupid. Our laughter teacher told us to clap(拍手) our hands and say “ho ho ho, ha ha ha,” while looking at each other. However, our bodies can’t tell the difference between fake(假的) laughter and real laughter, so they still produce the same healthy effects. Surprisingly, it works! After ten minutes everybody in the room was laughing for real??and some people just couldn’t stop! At the end of the class I was surprised by how relaxed and comfortable I felt. So if you’re under stress, then start laughing. You might be very pleased with the results! ( )
  48. In which country was the first Laughter Club started? A. Britain B. America C. Australia D. India ( )
  49. How did the writer feel at the beginning of the class? A. Surprised B. Pleased C. Nervous D. Stressful ( )
  50. When did the people in the club begin to laugh for real? A. After a few minutes. B. After a few hours. C. After a few seconds. D. After a few days. ( )
  51. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Fake laughter and real laughter are both good for health. B. 40% of the people in Laughter Clubs are good friends. C. Adults laugh more often than children in a day. D. Laughing is the best way to prevent illness. C. Each year Ben is glad when school is closed on Martin Luther King Jr. Day. Ben knows that this day honors(纪念) an important man, but Ben does not feel concerned(与…有关) to him. However, the small-world theory(理论) connects Ben to Dr. King. Ben’s mom (
  0) has a close friend, Amy(
  1). Amy’s uncle, Mark(
  2), once met and spoke to John Carter(
  3), the son of President Jimmy Carter(
  4). Jimmy Carter knew Dr. King(
  5). In this way, Ben is only “five people away” from Martin Luther King Jr. The small-world theory says that everyone in the world is connected(联系) through a short chain(链条) of people they know. Another name of this chain is degrees of separation. Each degree(等级) is a step that separates a person from someone he or she does not know. There are zero degrees of separation between a person and the people he or she knows directly(直接地). This means that there are zero degrees between Ben and his mom. There is one degree of separation when just one person separates someone from a person he or she does not know. Ben knows his mom, but he hasn’t her close friend Amy. Therefore, Ben is one degree away from Amy. As the chain
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A. Sign 2 B. Sign 4 )
  47. Where can you see Sign 9? A. On the playground. C. Near the swimming pool.
C. Sign 6
D. Sign 8
continues, Amy’s uncle, Mark, is two degrees. John Carter is three degrees and his father is four degrees. Dr. King is five degrees away from Ben. The theory says that there are no more than six degrees of separation between any two people in the world. The small-world theory has a lot to do with math. The theory assumes(假定) each person knows 100 people. Each one of those 100 people knows 50 different people. Each of those 50 people knows another 50 people and so on. When someone continues the calculation(计算) to six degree, it is like this: 100×50×50×50×50× 50=
  31.25×109 . This number is greater than 31 billion (a billon is a thousand million). There are over 6 billion people in the world. There numbers show it is possible that six degrees of separation could include everyone in the world. Does the small-world theory work? No one has ever proved it. Maybe the theory just invites people to think a little more about their places in the world. ( )
  52. Ben is two degrees away from . A. Jimmy Carter B. John Carter C. Amy D. Mark ( )
  53. What is the meaning of “degrees of separation” in Paragraph 2? A. The chain to connect people. B. The relations(关系) between people. C. The steps of knowing strangers(陌生人). D. The separation between strangers. ( )
  54. What is the small-world theory mainly about? A. How far Ben is away from Dr. King. B. How many people one can get to know. C. How people are connected in the world. D. How the degrees of separation are set up. ( )
  55. We can learn from the article that . A. the small-world theory works B. more research is needed to prove the theory C. six degrees are needed to know the strangers D. the writer’s purpose is to help people find out their places
五.选词填空(共 7 分,每小题 1 分) family, too, do, five, and, farmer, like ( At an English corner ) A: Hello! I’m Peter. B: Hello! I’m Liu Dong. Nice to meet you. A: Nice to meet you, 56 . B: I’m from China. Where’re you from? A: I’m from America. How many people are there in you 57 . B: There are 58 . They are my grandpa, grandma, father, mother and I. A: What do you parents 59 ? B: My father’s a teacher 60 my mother works in a bookstore. A: Does you father 61 his job? B: Sure. He likes teaching very much. What about your parents? A: Both of them are 62 . They have a big farm. 六.完成句子(共 10 分,每小题 2 分)

  63. The post office is a bit far from here. take a bus. 邮局有些远,你最好坐车去。
  64. tell him the good news a little earlier? 为什么不早点儿把这个好消息告诉他呢?
  65. Wang Fang hasn’t come yet. her? 王芳还没有来,她怎么了?
  66. Many doctors and nurses are have their meals. 很多医生和护士太忙了,顾不上吃饭。
  67. The soldiers have kept working for 18 hours so . 战士们已经连续工作了 18 个小时,有必要让他们停下来休息。
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七.阅读与表达(共 10 分,每小题 2 分) The Amazon rainforest is home to millions of different kinds of animals, plants, and birds. Most of the world’s fresh water is here and the forest plants clean the Earth’s air every day. Chico was born near the Amazon town, Brazil, in 1944 and started working when he was very young. Like the rest of his family, the boy got the money by taking a little rubber from the trees in the forest. (The trees are not hurt when the rubber is taken.) The forest and its people lived together comfortably and peacefully. But some people think too much about themselves and never think about the future. In 1980, the forest was burned to build roads, houses and factories. Chico was angry; he wanted to save the forest! He talked to the government workers, but they didn’t listen to him. They were still clearing the rainforests to make quick easy money. “Many voices are stronger than one,” he thought, so Chico held group meetings. He discovered that hundreds of people agreed with him. His hope grew. More people came together to try to stop the work of the forest clearers. Large areas of the forest were saved. Later he traveled to many other countries for international help. People soon became very much interested in this brave Brazilian. In the next few years Chico



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