本文由练好英语闯天下贡献     doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机 查看。     文章分类--社会:生活百态。 文章分类 社会:生活百态。830 词。 社会     2008 年大学英语四级巅峰阅读培训 第 年大学英语四级巅峰阅读培训(第 三讲 ) 三讲     文章分类--社会:生活百态。 文章分类 社会:生活百态。830 词。 社会     听说过吗?躺在床上能和外教一对一练英语口语!适合职场中的你! 听说过吗 ?躺在床上能和外教一对一练英语口语!适合职场中的你! 免费体验史上最牛英语口 语学习, 免费体验史上最牛英语口语学习,太平洋英语 www.pacificenglish.cn     OGAMA,Japan,this mountain village on the West Coast, withere(枯萎) to  eight aging residents, concluded recently that it could no longer go on.  So, after months of anguish, the villagers settled on a drastic solution;: selling all of Ogama to an industrial waste company from Tokyo, which will  trun it into a landfill.     With the proceeds, the villagers plan to pack up everything, includin g their family graves, and move in the next few years to yet uncertain des tinations, most likely becoming the first community in Japan to cease to e xist voluntarily.     “I’m sure we’re the first ones to have made such a proposal,”, sa id Kazuo Miyasaka,64,thevillage leader.”It’s because there’s no future  for us here, zero.”     On a hill overlooking a field of overgrown bushes, surrounded by the  sounds of a running stream and a bush warbler (鸣鸟), Miyasaka pointed bel ow with his right index finger. “I never imagined it would come to this,” he said. “I mean,those all used to be rice fields.”     Ogama’s decision, though extreme, points to a larger problem beettin g Japan,which has one of the world’s fastest-graying societies and whose  population began declinlng last year for the first time. As rural Japan be comes increasingly depopulated, many villages and hamlets (小村) like Ogam a, along with their traditions and histories, risk vanishing.     文章分类--社会:生活百态。 文章分类 社会:生活百态。830 词。 社会     2008 年大学英语四级巅峰阅读培训 第 年大学英语四级巅峰阅读培训(第 三讲 ) 三讲     Japan is dotted with so many such communities that academics have coi ned a term “villages that have reached their limits” to describe those w ith populations that are more than half elderly. Out of 140 villages in Mo nzen, the municipality that includes Ogama, 40 percent have fewer than 10  households, inhabited mostly by ghe elderly.     Rural Japan has never recovered from its long recession, unlike urban  areas. Many of its commercial main streets have been reduced to what the  Japanese call “shuttered streets,” and few rural areas have found econom ic alternatives to the huge public works projects that the long-governing  Liberal Democratic Party kept doling out.     During his five years in office, Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi has  reduced public works spending that yielded money and jobs to local constr uction companies.     Koizumi cut subsidies and tax redistribution to local governments, in stead giving them the power to collect taxes directly But rural officials  argue that with a decreasing population and few businesses, there are few  taxes to collect.     In keeping with a nationwide movement to combine financially squeezed page 1
 municipalities, Monzen merged with nearby Wajima City in February. In 200 0, revenue from the national government to the two municipalities totaled  ¥ 114 million, accounting for 50 percent of their overall revenue; in 2005 , money from the capital fell to ¥ 90 million, or 44 percent of revenue.     文章分类--社会:生活百态。 文章分类 社会:生活百态。830 词。 社会     2008 年大学英语四级巅峰阅读培训 第 年大学英语四级巅峰阅读培训(第 三讲 ) 三讲     Fumiaki Kaji, mayor of the merged municipality, said recent changes a mounted to a “ simple logic of telling the countryside that it should die .”     Ogama lies in a valley in a mountain facing the sea, reached by a sin gle-lane road that winds its way through a deep green forest where foxes a nd raccoon dogs are spotted regularly. The road ends here.     Bunzo Mizushiri, 81 ,a historian in Wajima, said Ogama (whose name me ans “Big Pot”) was the place where monks cleansed themselves before goin g up Takatusme, a sacred mountain.     After World War Ⅱ ,there were about 30 households here, each with e ight or nine people. Today , three couples live in one corner of the villa ge, and two women live alone in another corner. A small hill rises in the  center, atop which stands a Shinto(日本的神道教) shrine whose gate was par tly felled by an earthquake years ago.     Small streams flow from the surrounding mountains, keeping the ground  here moist and covered with patches of moss. The expanding forest has beg un reclaiming once cultivated land, hiding the ruins of abandoned housed,  and blocking the sunlight.     “Our house is still standing, thankfully,” said Harue Miyasaka,the  village leader’s wife and
 

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