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2008 年全国高考上海卷英语科试题及答案
第I卷 (105 分) I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A. you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to (he question you have heard. l. A. This afternoon. B. Tomorrow. C. Next week. D. Next month.
  2. A. She doesn't play tennis well. B. She likes other sports as well. C. She is an enthusiastic tennis player. D. She is a professional athlete.
  3. A. At a paint store. B. At an oil market C. At a science museum. D. At a gallery.
  4.A.Work in the yard. B. Buy some wood. C. Go to the bookstore. D. Take a walk.
  5. A. A taxi driver. B. A passenger. C. A car cleaner. D. A mechanic.
  6. A. Call a repairman. B. Get out the paper stuck C. Turn to her colleague for help. D. Restart the machine
  7. A. There are not enough gardens. B. Parking areas are full before 10:
  00. C. Parking areas are closed after 10:
  00. D. All classes begin at 10:
  8. A. The presentation will begin at noon. B. She'll present her work to the man. C. She'd like to invite the man for lunch. D. She suggests working on the presentation at 12:
  9. A. The dormitory hours. B. The problem with the rules. C. The door number of the dormitory. D. The time to open the dormitory.
  10. A. The chairs didn't need to be painted. B. He doesn't like the color of the chairs. C. The park could have avoided the problem. D. The woman should have been more careful. Section B Directions: In Section B. you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions II through 13 are based on the following passage
  11. A. Worried. B. Surprised. C. Satisfied. D. Uninterested.
  12. A. It spoiled Juana's reputation. B. It copied her ideas without permission. C. It bought Juana's dishwashers. D. It wanted to share the dishwasher market.
  13. A. A successful business case. B. Juana's waterless laundry. C. A case against a global company. D. The worldwide dishwasher market. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following instructions.
  14. A. footprints. B. Food. C. Living insects. D. Orange seeds.
  15. A. Don't touch animals under any circumstances. 欢迎广大教师踊跃来稿,稿酬丰厚。www.ks5u.com 1
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B. Don't take away any natural objects from the park. C. Don't leave litter in the park or throw any off the boat. D. Don't transport animals from one island to another.
  16. A. To protect the guide's interest. B. To improve the unique environment. C. To ensure a trouble-free visit. D. To get rid of illegal behaviours. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will bear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Customs Form Destination: Contents in detail: Value: Type of mail: Weight: __17__ __18__ $__19__ __20__
  1.5 pounds
Your item must not contain any dangerous articles prohibited by postal regulations. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 arc based on the following conversation. What is the man's oral report on? What kind of people are called refugees? How many refugees are there worldwide? What does the man think of Ms. Ogata? An 21 woman. Those who About 23 22 . to escape war or other problems.
She is successful both in __24__.
Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B. C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.
  25. The two sportsmen congratulated each otherwinning the match by shaking hands. A. with B. on C. in D. to
  26. ? Do you want tea or coffee? ?. I really don't mind. A. None B. Neither C. Either D. All
  27. In my view, London's not as expensive in price as Tokyo but Tokyo isin traffic. A. the most organized B. more organized C. so organized as D. as organized as
  28. ? Do you know if Terry will go camping this weekend? ?Terry? Never! Shetents and fresh air! A. has hated B. hated C. will hate D. bates
  29. According to the air traffic rules, youswitch off your mobile phone before bearding. A. may B. can C. would D. should
  30. My sister, an inexperienced rider, was found sitting on the bicycleto balance it. A. having tried B. trying C. to try D. tried
  31. ? Are you ready for Spain? ? Yes. 1 want the girls to experience thatthey are young. 欢迎广大教师踊跃来稿,稿酬丰厚。www.ks5u.com 2
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A. while B. until C. if D. before
  32. In recent years many football clubsas business to make a profit. A. have run B. have been run C had been run D. will run
  33. If there's a lot of work. I'm happy to just keep on until it is finished. A. to do B. to be doing C. done D. doing
  34. As his best friend. I can make accurate guesses abouthe will do or think. A. what B. which C. whom D. that
  35. Something as simple assome cold water may clear your mind and relieve pressure. A. to drink B. drinking C to be drinking D. drunk
  36. It has been provedeating vegetables in childhood helps to protect you against serious illnesses in later life. A. if B. because C. when D. that
  37. Ideallyfor Broadway theatres and Firth Avenue, the AVw York Park hotel is n favounte with many guests. A. locating B. being located C. having been located D. located
  38. We went through a periodcommunications were very difficult in the rural areas. A. wtach B.whose C. in which D. with which
  39. So much of interestthat most visitors simply run out of time before seeing it all. A. offers Beijing B. Beijing offers C. does Beijing offer D. Beijing does offer
  40.well prepared you are, you still need a lot of luck in mountain climbing. A. However B. Whatever C. No matter D. Although Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using ihe words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. honoured F. granted B. set G. route C. historic H. briefly D. secretly I. restoration E. citizen J. leading
Frederick Douglass was an escaped slave in the movement that fought to end slavery in the United Stales. He became a 41 voce in the yean before the Civil War. A few weeks ago, the National Park Service (NPS) _42_ Douglass's birth and Black History Month with the reopening of his home at Cedar Hill, a _43 site in Washington. D.C. The two-story house, which contains many of Douglass's personal possessions, had undergone a three-year _44 _. (Thanks to the NTS website, however, you don't have to live in the nation's capital to visit it. Take a tour online.) He was born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey to a slave mother and a white father he never knew. Douglass grew up to become the first black _45 to bold a government office ? as US minister and consul general (总领事) to Haiti. As a youth, be never went to school. Educating slaves was illegal in the South, so be _46 taught himself to read and write. At 21 years old, he escaped from his slave owner to Massachusetts and changed his last name to Douglass, to hide his identity. In the 1850s, Douglass was involved with the Underground Railroad, the system _47 up by antislavery groups to bring runaway slaves to the North and Canada. His home in Rochester, N.Y.
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was near the Canadian border. It became an important station on the _48 , housing as many as 11 runaway slaves at a time. He died in 18
  95. In his lifetime, Douglass witnessed the end of slavery in 1865 and the adoption of the 15th Amendment to the US Constitution (美 国 宪法 修 正案 ), which _49 African-Americans the right to vote. III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. People think children should play sports. Sports are fun, and playing with others. However, playing sports can have __50 effects on children. It may produce feelings of poor self-respect or aggressive behavior in some children. According to research on kids and sports, 40,000,000 kids play sports in the US. Of these, 18,000,000 say they have been __51 at or called names while playing sports. This leaves many children with a bad __52 of sports. They think sports are just too aggressive. Many researchers believe adults, especially parents and coaches, are the main _53 of too much aggression ill children's sports. They believe children _54 _ aggressive adult behavior. This behavior is then further strengthened through both positive and negative feedback. Parents and coaches are powerful teachers because children usually look up to them. Often these adults behave aggressively themselves, sending children the message that__55 is everything. Many parents go to children's sporting events and shout __56 _ at other players or cheer when their child behaves __57__. As well, children arc even taught that hurting other players is _ 58 or are pushed to continue playing even when they are injured _59 , the media makes violence seem exciting. Children watch adult sports games and see violent behavior replayed over and over on television. As a society, we really need to 60 this problem and do something about it. Parents and coaches _61 should act as better examples for children. They also need to teach children better__62 . They should not just cheer when children win or act aggressively. They should teach children to __63 _ , themselves whether they win or not. Besides, children should not be allowed to continue to play when they are injured. If adults allow children to play when injured, this gives the message that __64 is not as important as winning.
  50. A. restrictive B. negative C. active D. instructive
  51. A. knocked B. glanced C. smiled D. shouted
  52. A. impression B. concept C. taste D. expectation
  53. A. resource B. cause C. course D. consequence
  54. A. question B. understand C. copy D. neglect
  55. A. winning B. practising C. fun D. sport
  56. A. praises B. orders C. remarks D. insults
  57. A. proudly B. ambitiously C. aggressively D. bravely
  58. A. acceptable B. impolite C. possible D. accessible
  59. A. By contrast B. In addition C. As a result D.Afterall
  60. A. look up to B. face up to C. make up for D. come up with
  61. A. in particular B. in all C. in return D. in advance
  62. A. techniques B. means C. values D. directions
  63. A. respect B. relax C. forgive D. enjoy 欢迎广大教师踊跃来稿,稿酬丰厚。www.ks5u.com 4
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  64. A. body B. fame C. health D. spirit Section B Directions: Read the following four passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) ASK LASKAS YOU’VE GOT QUESTIONS. SHE'S GOT ANSWERS My children go to a primary school where they are not Q allowed to play football in the playground for fear that a child might be hurt. Besides, now the school says there must be no homework because the local secondary school can't keep up with the amount of homework given in the primary school. Can the school do this? Puzzled Dad It can't if enough parents do something about it. It is not just A schools. We live in a society which wishes to get rid of risk. However, schools should have a little common sense and courage. Children need risk if they arc to grow up self-sufficient and confident. They need homework, too, if they are to fulfill their academic potential. Complain, loudly. I have a beautiful teenage daughter who spends an hour making up her face in front of the Q mirror every day. I tell her to go easy. She just gets mad or bursts into tears. How can I make her understand she's beautiful the way she is. Plain Mom You can't. Your daughter is at the age when she's trying to look beautiful, trying on new A masks. And if her friends all dress up as she docs, you're in for an extra hard time. Support her and tell her she's beautiful ? even if she looks ridiculous for now. Then invite her to join you for a day at a spa (健康美容中心). Let her try various looks until she's comfortable in her own skin.
  65. Why are the children not allowed to play football in the playground? A. The school is afraid that children might be injured. B. The school is not sensible and confident. C. The childr



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