高考英语词法复习题 第1章
一.概念: 概念:
  1) 语法形式上要一致,即单复数形式与谓语要一致.
  2) 意义上要一致,即主语意义上的单复数要与谓语的单复数形式一致.
  3) 就近原则,即谓语动词的单复形式取决于最靠近它的词语, 一般来说,不可数名词用动词单数,可数名词复数用动词复数.例如: There is much water in the thermos. 但当不可数名词前有表示数量的复数名词时,谓语动词用复数形式.例如: Ten thousand tons of coal were produced last year.

  1.并列结构作主语时谓语用复数,例如: 并列结构作主语时谓语用复数 Reading and writing are very important. 读写很重要. 注意:当主语由 and 连结时,如果它表示一个单一的概念,即指同一人或同一物时, 谓语动词用单数,and 此时连接的两个词前只有一个冠词.例如: The iron and steel industry is very important to our life. 钢铁工业对我们 的生活有重要意义. 典型例题 The League secretary and monitor asked to make a speech at the meeting. A. is B. was C. are D. were 答案 B. 注: 先从时态上考虑.这是过去发生的事情应用过去时,先排除 A.,C. 本题易误选 D,因为 The League secretary and monitor 好象是两个人,但仔细辨别, monitor 前没有 the,在英语中,当一人兼数职时只在第一个职务前加定冠词.后面的职 务用 and 相连.这样本题主语为一个人,所以应选 B.
  2. 主谓一致中的靠近原则
  1)当 there be 句型的主语是一系列事物时,谓语应与最邻近的主语保持一致.例如: There is a pen, a knife and several books on the desk. 桌上有一支笔,一把小 刀和几本书. There are twenty boy-students and twenty-three girl-students in the class.班 上有二十个男孩,二十三个女孩.
  2)当 either… or… 与 neither… nor,连接两个主语时,谓语动词与最邻近的主语保 持一致.如果句子是由 here, there 引导,而主语又不止一个时,谓语通常也和最邻近的 主语一致.例如: Either you or she is to go. 不是你去,就是她去. Here is a pen, a few envelops and some paper for you. 给你笔,信封和纸.
当主语有 with, together with, like, except, but, no less than, as well as 等词 组成的短语时,谓语动词与前面的主语部分一致.例如: The teacher together with some students is visiting the factory. 教师和一 些学生在参观工厂. He as well as I wants to go boating.他和我想去划船.
  4. 谓语需用单数的情况 谓语需用单数的情况
  1)代词 each 以及由 every, some, no, any 等构成的复合代词作主语时,或主语中含 有 each, every 时, 谓语需用单数.例如: Each of us has a tape-recorder. 我们每人都有录音机. There is something wrong with my watch. 我的表坏了.
  2)当主语是一本书或一条格言时,谓语动词常用单数.例如: The Arabian Night is a book known to lovers of English. 《天方夜谭》是英 语爱好者熟悉的一本书.
  3)表示金钱,时间,价格或度量衡的复合名词作主语时,通常把这些名词看作一个整 体,谓语一般用单数.例如: Three weeks was allowed for making the necessary preparations. 用三个星期 来做准备. Ten yuan is enough. 十元够了.
  1)代词 what, which, who, none, some, any, more, most, all 等词的单复数由其指 代的词的单复数决定.例如: All is right. 一切顺利. All are present. 人都到齐了.
  2)集体名词作主语时,谓语的数要根据主语的意思来决定.如 family, audience, crew, crowd, class, company, committee 等词后,谓语动词用复数形式时强调这个集体中的 各个成员,用单数时强调该集体的整体.例如: His family isn't very large. 他家成员不多. His family are music lovers. 他家个个都是音乐爱好者. 但集合名词 people, police, cattle, poultry 等在任何情况下都用复数形式.例 如: Are there any police around? 附近有警察吗?
  3)有些名词,如 variety, number, population, proportion, majority 等有时看作单 数,有时看作复数.例如: A number of +名词复数+复数动词. The number of +名词复数+单数动词. A number of books have lent out. The majority of the students like English.
  1)用 half of, most of, none of, heaps of, lots of, plenty of 等引起主语时,谓
语动词通常与 of 后面的名词/代词保持一致.例如: Most of his money is spent on books. 他大部分的钱花在书上了. Most of the students are taking an active part in sports. 大部分学生积极 参与体育运动.
  2)用 a portion of, a series of, a pile of, a panel of 等引起主语时,谓语动词通 常用单数.例如: A series of accidents has been reported. 媒体报道了一连串的事 故. A pile of lots was set beside the hearth. 炉边有一堆木柴.
  3)如 many a 或 more than one 所修饰的短语作主语时,谓语动词多用单数形式.但由 more than… of 作主语时,动词应与其后的名词或代词保持一致.例如: Many a person has read the novel. 许多人读过这本书. More than 60 percent of the students are from the city.百分之六十多的学生 来自这个城市.
( )
  1. The number of people invited fifty, but a number of them absent for different reasons. B. was, was D. were, were were A. were, was C. was, (
  2. E-mail, as well as telephones, an important part in daily A. is playing C. are playing B. have played D. play covered with trees and
  3. of the land in that district grass. A. Two fifth, is C. Two fifths, is
B. Two fifth, are D. Two fifths, are B. seems D. are seemed a driving license. B. have D. are having' next-door neighbours. C. were C. has been C. was
  4. Ten minutes a long time for one who waits. A. seem C. seemed
  5. Eric is the only one of the boys who A. has C. is having
( ( (
  6. Joy and Sorrow A. is A. are )
  8. When A. is
B. are B. is B. are
D. be unbelievable. D. have been D. were
  7. In my opinion, some of the news
the United Nations founded?
  9. Every possible means A. has tried C. was tried
. B. has been tried D. were tried nothing to do with me. C. has C. have been It's a pity. B. except Tom and Jack have D. but I have B. is admitted D. is admitting D. have D. is
( ( (
  10. What she says and does A. was )
  11. There A. are )
  12. Nobody A. but Tom and Jack have C. but my friends has B. were B. must seen the film.
a dictionary and several books on the desk.
  13. No teacher and no student . A. are admitted C. are admitting
( (
  14. All but one here just now. A. is A. is not decided C. has not decided B. was C. has been B. are not decided D. have not decided D. were )
  15. When and where to build the new factory yet.
  16. The writer and singer here. A. is B. are C. were D. do ( )
  17. As I have a meeting at four, ten minutes all that I can spare to talk with you. A. are B. was C. is D. were ( )
  18. In those days John with his classmates kept busy preparing for the exam. A. is B. are C. was D. were ( )
  19. ?? your clothes? ??No, mine hanging over there. A. Is it, is B. Are these, are C. Is it, are D. Are these, is ( )
  20. The Smith's family, which rather a large one, very fond of their old houses. A. were, were B. was, was C. were, was D. was, were ( )
  21. What the teacher and the students want to say that either of the countries beautiful. A. are, are B. is, is
C. are, is D. is, are ( )
  22. He is the only one of the students who a winner of scholarship for three years. A. is B. are C. have been D. has been ( )
  23. of my brothers are reporters. Covering events, meetings, or sports meetings their duty. A. Each, are B. Both, is C. Neither, are D. None, is ( )
  24. ?? What do you think of the of the coat? ?? It's rather high. You can buy a cheaper one in that shop. A. value B. cost C. price D. use ( )
  25. ?? Are the two answers correct? ?? No, correct. A. no one is B. both are not C. neither is D. either is not ( )
  26. The wind, together with rain and fog, making sailing difficult. A. have been B. was C. / D/ are

  2. A
  3. C
  4. B
  5. A
  6. B
  11. D
  12. C
  13. B
  14. D
  15. A
  16. A
  17. C B
  22. D
  23. B
  24. C
  25. C
  26. B

  7. B
  18. C

  8. C
  19. B

  9. B
  10. C
  20. D
概念: 一. 概念:
时态是英语谓语动词的一种形式,表示动作发生的时间和所处的状态.英语中的时态是 通过动词形式本身的变化来实现的.英语有 16 种时态,但中学阶段较常用的有十种:一 般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时,过去将来时,现在进行时,过去进行时,将来进行时, 过去完成时,英在完成时和现在完成进行时.

  1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频腮度的时间状语连用.时间状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday.例如: I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 每天早上我七点离开家.
  2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实.例如: The earth moves around the sun. 地球绕太阳转动. Shanghai lies in the east of China. 上海位于中国东部.
  3) 表示格言或警句.例如: Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败.
注意:此用法如果出现在宾语从句中,即使主句是过去时,从句谓语也要用一般现 在时. 例:Columbus proved that the earth is round. 哥伦布证实了地球是圆的.
  4) 现在时刻的状态,能力,性格,个性.例如: I don't want so much. 我不要那么多. Ann writes good English but does not speak well. 安英语写得不错,讲的可不 行. 比较:Now I put the sugar in the cup. 把糖放入杯子. I am doing my homework now. 我正在做功课. 第一句用一般现在时, 用于操作演示或指导说明的示范性动作, 表示言行的瞬间动作. 第二句中的 now 是进行时的标志,表示正在进行的动作的客观状况,所以后句用一般 现在时.
  2. 一般过去时的用法
  1) 在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态. 例如: 时间状语有: yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1982 等.例如: Where did you go just now? 刚才你上哪儿去了?
  2)表示在过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作.例如: When I was a child, I often played football in the street. 我是个孩子的时 候,常在马路上踢足球. Whenever the Browns went during their visit, they were given a warm welcome. 那时,布朗一家无论什么时候去,都受到热烈欢迎.
  3)句型:It is time for sb. to do sth "到……时间了" "该……了".例如: It is time for you to go to bed. 你该睡觉了. It is time that sb. did sth. "时间已迟了" "早该……了" ,例如 It is time you went to bed. 你早该睡觉了. would (had) rather sb. did sth. 表示'宁愿某人做某事'.例如:I'd rather you came tomorrow.还是明天来吧.
  4) wish, wonder, think, hope 等用过去时,作试探性的询问,请求,建议等,而一般 过去时表示的动作或状态都已成为过去,现已不复存在.例如:I thought you might have some. 我以为你想要一些. 比较:Christine was an invalid all her life.(含义:她已不在人间. ) Christine has been an invalid all her life.(含义:她现在还活着) Mrs. Darby lived in Kentucky for seven years. (含义:达比太太已不再 住在肯塔基州. ) Mrs. Darby has lived in Kentucky for seven years. (含义:现在还住在 肯塔基州,有可能指刚离去) 注意: 用过去时表示现在,表示委婉语气.
  1)动词 want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等.例如: Did you want anything else? 您还要些什么吗?
I wondered if you could help me. 能不能帮我一下.
  2)情态动词 could, would.例如: Could you lend me your bike? 你的自行车,能借用一些吗?
  1) shall 用于第一人称,常被 will 所代替.will 在陈述句中用于各人称,在征求 意见时常用于第二人称.例如: Which paragraph shall I read first? 我先读哪一段呢? Will you be at home at seven this evening? 今晚七点回家好吗?
  2) be going to +不定式,表示将来. a. 主语的意图,即将做某事.例如:What are you going to do tomorrow? 明天 打算作什么呢? b. 计划,安排要发生的事.例如:The play is going to be produced next month. 这出戏下月开播. c. 有迹象要发生的事.例如:Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm. 看那乌云,快要下雨了.
  3) be +不定式表将来,按计划或正式安排将发生的事.例如: We are to discuss the report next Saturday.我们下星期六讨论这份报告.
  4) be about to +不定式,意为马上做某事.例如: He is about to leave for Beijing. 他马上要去北京. 注意:be about to do 不能与 tomorrow, next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连 用.
  4. 一般现在时表将来
  1)下列动词 come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin, return 的



   学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说: 难死了 难死了”。 学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说:“难死了 。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个: 不得法 不得法。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个:“不得法。” 英 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利? 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置身于 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来会非常流利。 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来 ...


   第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. ξ 19.15 案是 B。 1. What is the weather like? B.It’s cloudy. C.It’s sunny. B. ξ 9.15 C. ...


   2008 年高考试题??英语听力(全国卷 1)录音稿 第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. £19.15 答案是 B。 B. £9.15 C. £9.18 1. W ...


   关于做好我市 2008 年普通高考英语口语 计算机辅助考试考务工作的通知 各英语口语考点,有关高中学校: 为做好我市 2008 年普通高考英语口语计算机辅助考试的 各项考务工作, 确保英语口语考试顺利进行, 现就有关事项通 知如下: 一、英语口语考场安排 今年我市报考普通高考英语口语考试的考生人数为 4882 人, 较去年 3951 人增加 931 人, 增长 19.07%。 根据报考情况, 我市英语口语考试将安排在 3 月 22 日-23 日进行,考点设在 中山纪念中学,市一中高中部,市华 ...


   2004 年江苏卷 假如你是李晓华,住在江城.你的加拿大笔友 Bob 来信谈到了他所居住的城市,并希 望了解你家乡江城的情况.请你用英语写一封回信.回信须包括下表中的内容. 自然情况 成就 ③新建了不少工厂,住房,道路等. ④水,空气污染 存在问题 ⑤交通拥挤 对江城发展的看法 ⑥(内容由考生自己拟定) ①位于长江边,风景优美,适合居住 ②经济发展迅速 注意:1.回信中不能使用"江城"以外的地名. 2.词数 100 左右.信的开头与结尾已为你写好,不计入词数. 参考词汇: ...


   2004 年天津卷 假设你班将举行一次英语班会,主题为“中学生应该如何使用家长给的零花钱”。请你根据 提示写一篇发言稿。 使用方式 存入银行 购买书籍 其他 注意: 1. 词数:100 左右;2. 参考词汇:零花钱?pocket money Dear friends , 好处 养成节约的习惯 获取知识 培养兴趣(音乐、体育、集邮等) 范文: 范文: Dear friends, with the developing of our living standard, we get more an ...


   2004 年全国卷Ⅰ 全国卷Ⅰ 假设你是李华,你在报上看到北京电视台今年七月将举办外国人“学中文, 唱中文歌”才艺 大赛。你的美国朋友 Peter 正在北京一所大学学中文,你觉得他应去试一试。请按以下要点给 他写信告知此事,并表示可以提供帮助。 比赛时间:7 月 18 日 报名时间:截止到 6 月 30 日 报名地点:北京电视台 注意: 1.词数:100 左右 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯 3.参考词汇:才艺大赛?talent show Dear Peter, Yours, Li Hua ...


   2004 年辽宁卷 下面 4 幅图片描述的是星期天上午在中山公园里发生的一件事。请根据图片所提供的信 息用英语为你校的“英语园地”写一篇短文。 注意:①短文须包括所有图片的主要内容。短文的内容要连贯、完整; ②短文单词数:100 左右(已给句子中的单词不计入总词数) ; ③参考词汇:货摊 stand (n.) ; 抢夺 snatch (v.) ; 逮捕 arrest (v.) One Sunday morning, there were some people in Zhongshan Pa ...


   2008 年上海英语高考作文范文 高考英语开放性作文的典范 ??1999?2008 年上海高考英语作文及范例 1999 年上海高考作文及范例 一些学生认为学英语很重要;一些学生则认为不必学英语;我认为……(观点、理由) Some students think it is very important to master English. They believe “A foreign language is a weapon in the struggle of life”. Others ...


   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 2009 年高考英语听力材料(2009.3.14) 第一节 1. W: Thanks for lunch. It was delicious. Next time it's on me. M: Don't be silly. W: I'm serious. M: All right. Next time you treat. 2. M: What's the chemistry hom ...



   2011年小升初英语综合模拟试卷 年小升初英语综合模拟试卷 一、找出划线部分读音与众不同的单词。(10分) ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )1. A. big )2. A. work )3. A. sorry )4. A. yesterday )5. A. hear )6. A. map )7. A. three )8. A. food )9. A. not )10.A. names B. six B. wall B. brother B. family B. pear B. st ...

小笨霖英语笔记本五十四 动物英语下

   小笨霖英??{F?本五十四 R瘴镉??下 ~|上一集的R瘴镉??之後, 小笨霖欲w不能, 再度推出R瘴镉??下. 把一些日常生活用??中和R瘴镉?艿牟糠菁右允占?? 如此一方面可以增加本文的趣味性, 也可以^k助各位?a? 1. Bull market or bear market 多?-市X4??是空?-市X4 ?句?q\有投????W的朋友一定不陌生. 所?的多?-市X4, 就是指股市是?U於o2R庵?? ?fB候持有股票的的人 (多?-, 或z1多方) 便OTQ*R? 故z1多?- ...


   1. According to a recent survey ,four-million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking. 依照最近的一项调查,每年有 4,000,000 人死于与吸烟相关的疾病。 2.The latest surveys show that Quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework. 最近的调查显示相当多的孩子对家 ...


   (定语从句解题指导) 定语从句解题指导) 一、单项选择 " 1. At the university town he lived he continued to make music at home with his friends. " A. when B. which " C. what D. where 本题考查定语从句关系词的选用。先行词the 本题考查定语从句关系词的选用。先行词the 代回定语从句, university town 代回定语从句,我们发现 句子才完整, 它的前面 ...


   如何记忆英语单词 1,背单词的五大诀窍 最重要的一点,就是:...如果想比别人成功,就一定要走捷径。 不要期盼自己比别人幸运,也不要指望自己比别人更聪明或者更勤奋。从智力上说,从机遇 上说,自己和别人都是差不了多少的,想超过和自己差不多的人,就一定要走捷径,捷径, 捷径! 背单词捷径的第一条,就是:一定要每次都大量地背。 因为自己不比别人聪明,所以背完单词,别人忘掉五分之一,自己决不会比别人忘得少。然 而,别人每天背十个单词,自己却可以背一百个,忘掉五分之一,还剩八十个,是别人最聪 明状态下 ...