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2008 年高考英语试卷(福建卷)
第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共 115 分) 听力( 第一部分 听力(略) 英语知识运用(共两节, 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 小题; 单项填空 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)
例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child be or she wants. A. however 答案是 B。
  21. ?How do you find your new classmates? ? Most of them are kind, but is so good to me as Bruce. A. none B. no one C. every one D. some one B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever
答案是 A。考查代词的用法。 根据 but 一词确定应该从 A、 中挑选。有一定范围的用 none, B 相当于 none of my new classmates。no one 不必有这种范围。
  22. in the queue for half an hour, the old man suddenly realized he had left the cheque in the car. A. Waiting B. To wait C. Having waited D. To have waited
答案是 C。考查非谓语动词的用法。根据 the old man 与 wait 之间的关系,应该选择-ing 形 式, 再根据句意得知他是先"wait " 后才"realize"。 所以先发生的动作应该选完成式的 Having waited。
  23. A great man shows his greatness the way he treats little man. A. under B. with C. on D. by
答案是 D。考查介词的用法。“借助某种方法和手段”常用“by ”; 而"with" 强调使用工具,常 与 with this method 搭配。
  24. It is usually warm in my hometown in March, but it be rather cold sometimes. A. must B. can C. should D. would
答案是 B。考查情态动词的用法。从 but,sometimes 来推测,句子应选择能表示“可能”的情 态动词 can。
  25. So far this year we a fall in house prices by between 5 and 10 percent. A. saw B. see C. had seen D. have seen
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答案是 D。考查动词时态的用法。So far“迄今为止”,So far this year 迄止到今年应该与现在 完成时连用。
  26. In spite of repeated wrongs done to him, he looks to people greeting him. A. friendly B. lively C. worried D. cold
答案是 A。考查在语境中辨析形容词的用法。根据 In spite of repeated wrongs,后面应选择 对人“友好的, 友善的”的 friendly 。 lively“活泼的, 愉快的”, worried“为难的, 焦虑的”。 cold“冷 淡的,不热情的”。
  27. is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. A. It B. What C. As D. Which
答案是 B。考查名词性从句的用法。根据句子分析, 第二个 is 前面的 is known to us all 为主语从句,句中缺少主语,根据句意分析,应该选择能充当成分的 What。
  28. Nancy enjoyed herself so much she visited her friends in Sydney last year. A. that B. which C. when D. where
答案是 C。考查状语从句的用法。句中表示当 Nancy 在悉尼拜访朋友的时候,应选时间状语 从句的 when,如果用 so... much 的结果状语从句,句意就不通。
  29. a moment and I will go to your rescue. A. Go on B. Hold on C. Move to D. Carry on
答案是 B。 考查动词短语辨析。 on“继续下去, 进行”。 Go Hold on“稍等, 不挂断”, Move to“移 到”, Carry on“继续开展, 坚持”,go /come to sb.'s rescue “进行援救, 营救某人”。
  30. ? Who should be responsible for the accident? ? The boss, not the workers. They just carried out the order . A. as told B. as are told C. as telling D. as they told
答案是 A。考查省略、被动的用法。They just carried out the order as they were told。
  31. By nine o’clock, all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma, appeared a rare rainbow soon. A. of which B. on which C. from which D. above which
答案是 D。 考查非限制性定语从句中介词的搭配。 一道罕见的彩虹出现在 Mount Qomolangma 的上方。appeared a rare rainbow 为倒装形式。
  32. What’s the of having a public open space where you can’t eat, drink or even simply hang out for a while?
英语学习网 http://www.ewstudy.com A. sense B. matter C. case
专业辅导中高考英语学习 D. opinion
答案是 A。考查名词辨析。sense“感觉,思考,意义”。matter“事件, 问题, 原因”。case “事, 案例,容器”。opinion“意见, 看法, 主张”。What’s the sense of…?“有什么意义”
  33. ? Can those at the back of the classroom hear me? A. seat B. sit C. seated D. sat
答案是 C。考查非谓语动词中过去分词作后置定语的用法。省略了…those who are seated…
  34. You have no idea how she finished the relay race her foot wounded so much. A. for B. when C. with D. while
答案是 C。考查 with 的复合结构用法。with+名词+形容词,with 的复合结构在句中做状语, 表示谓语动作发生的伴随情况、时间、原因、方式等。
  35. ? Would you like to join us in the game? ?, for I have something important to attend to. A. I will B. I’d love to C. I won’t D. I’m afraid not
答案是 D。考查交际用语的用法。从答句 I have something important to attend to 来看,只有 D 项符合语境。 小题; 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题
  1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The position of children in American family and society is no longer what is used to be. The ordinary family in colonial(殖民时期的) North America was mainly concerned with survival and beyond that, its own economic prosperity. Thus, children were valued in terms of their productivity(生产能力), and they played the role of producer quite early. Until they fulfilled this role, their position in the family was one of subordination(附属). With the development of the society, the position of children in the family and in the society became more important. In the complex and technological society that the United States has become, each member must fulfill a number of personal and occupational roles and be in contact with many other member. Therefore, viewing children as necessary members of society means that they are regarded more as people in their own right than as those of subordination. This acceptance of children as equal participants in the family is reflected in various laws protecting the rights of children and in the social and public welfare programs.
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This new view of children and the frequent contact between the members of society has also resulted in an increasing interest in child-raising techniques. People today spend much time seeking the proper way to raise children. Nowadays, the socialization of the child in the United States is a two-way transaction(事务) between parent and child rather than a one-way, parent-to-child training program . As a consequence, socializing children and living with them over a long period of time is for parents a mixture of pleasure, satisfaction, and problems.
  36. A. poor
  37. A. except
  38. A. supported
  39. A. Until
  40. A. movement
  41. A. that
  42. A. parent
  43. A. purposes
  44. A. Besides
  45. A. admired
  46. A. willing
  47. A. enjoying
  48. A. view
  49. A. led in
  50. A. seeking
  51. A. nurse
  52. A. one-sided
  53. A. more than
  54. A. manner
  55. A. talking 答案是
  36. B 从 survival 一词来看,此处应该指任何一个“普通的”家庭。
  37. C 当时 North America 他们主要关心的是生存, 然后是 its own economic prosperity。 except B. ordinary B. for B. received B. After B. achievement B. where B. member B. promises B. However B. regarded B. equal B. preventing B. faith B. brought in B. making B. praise B. many-sided B. rather than B. method B. living C. happy C. beyond C. encouraged C. Although C. development C. when C. family C. roles C. Instead C. made C. similar C. considering C. world C. resulted in C. fighting C. understand C. round-way C. better than C. program C. playing D. wealthy D. through D. valued D. When D. requirement D. what D. relative D. tasks D. Therefore D. respected D. common D. protecting D. study D. taken in D. working D. raise D. two-way D. less than D. guide D. discussing
英语学习网 http://www.ewstudy.com “除...之外”,着重于“排除在外”,

  38. D in terms of 是“根据, 按照”的意思。孩子们是根据他们的生产能力“估价, 评价”。
  39. A their position in the family was one of subordination 的前提是 they fulfilled this role。
  40. C With the development of the society 随着社会的发展,
  41. A that 引出定语从句 the United States has become 缺少宾语。
  42. B 从后文中 be in contact with many other member 看,应该是 each member。
  43. C role“任务,职责,角色”;purpose“目的, 意图”; promise“许诺, 约定”; task“工 作,任务”。每个人必须履行应该是一些个人和职业的“职责,角色”
  44. D Therefore“因此, 所以”;Besides‘除...之外”;However“然而”;Instead“代替”。 根据句子的意思应该选 D
  45. B regard as“把...认作”,
  46. B 从 they are regarded more as people in their own right than as those of subordination 来看, 孩子应该作为平等的参与者。
  47. D 法律应该是“保护”孩子权利的。
  48. A 根据上文 viewing children as necessary members of society 得知。
  49. C result in“导致”;lead in“引导入内”;bring in“生产, 介绍引进”;take in“接受, 理 解, 欺骗”。新的观点应该是导致后面的结果。
  50. A;
  51. D 孩子地位的变化导致 an increasing interest in child-raising techniques,所以今天 的人们才会化大量的时间去寻求养育孩子的适当方式。
  52. D 从后文 a one-way 得知。
  53. B rather than“而不是”;more than“多于”;better than“优于”;less than“小于”。
  54. C parent-to-child 应该是培训计划。
  55. B with them over a long period of time 应该是 living 小题; 第三部分 阅读理解 (共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A After the Summer Olympics are over, when all the athletics have gone home
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and the television audience has switched off, another group of athletics and fans will arrive at the host city, and another competition will begin. These are the Paralympics, the games for athletes with a disability. But in Beijing in 2008, for the first time, one of the greatest Paralympics will not be taking part. She is a British athlete by the name of Tanni Grey-Thormpson. Born with spine hifida (脊椎 裂) which left her paralysed from the waist down. Tanni used a wheelchair from the age of
  7. at first, she was not keen on sport, apart from horse-riding, which gave her a sense of freedom. But in her teens, she started taking sports more seriously. She tried swimming, basketball and tennis. Eventually she found athletics, and never looked back. Indeed, Tanni’s athletic career took off. In 1984, when she was 15, she pulled off a surprise victory in the 100metres at the Junior National Wheelchair Games. In 1988, Tanni went to her first Paralympic Games in Seoul. She won bronze in the 400 metres. Even greater success followed at the 1992 Barcelona. Paralympics. Tanni won gold in the 100, 200, 400 and 800 metres relay, setting two world records in the process. In the same year she achieved she first of her six London Wheelchair Marathon victories. Tanni’s enduring success had been part motivation(动机), part preparation, “The training I do that enables me to be a good sprinter(短跑运动员) enables me to be good at a marathon too. I train 50 weeks of the year and that keeps me prepared for whatever distance I want to race…. I am still competing at a very high lever, but as I get older things get harder and I want to retire before I fall apart.” Indeed Tanni retired finally after the Visa Paralympic World Cup in 20
  07. Her wish is to coach young athletes for Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. In spite of ups and downs, she never take her fate lying down. In her splendid life, she has won an amazing eleven gold medals, four silvers and one bronze in series of Paralympics- a top lever athletic career covering two decades. She has won the London Wheelchair Marathon six times, more than any other competitor, and she has set over thirty world records. What advice does she have for young athletes? “Work hard at your studies, and then train, train and train again.”
  56. Which of the following sports did Tanni like before thirteen? A. Basketball B. Swimming. C. Tennis. D. Horse-riding.
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  57. When did Tanni win her first Olympic gold medal? A. In 19
  84. B. In 19
  88. C. In 19
D. In 20

  58. The underlined word “that” in the 5th paragraph refers to . A. fifty weeks’ training C.



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   生活中的常用词 常常有人问我:英语单词怎么学才能学好啊?每天背了那么多单词可还是什么也没记住,一开口就不知该 说什么了! 其实,我想告诉所有喜爱或是正在学习英语的朋友们,英语不是一门学科,要想学好它必须把学习过程还 原到学习语言的本质上去。语言最大的用途是什么呢?当然是人与人之间的交流。你每天捧着课本一遍遍 死记硬背单词为什么效率那么低?因为你学过之后真正使用它的机会是多么的微乎其微啊。 我的建议是,掌握单词先从你表达你身边的事物和事情开始。想一想,你与外国朋友交谈或是参加英语角 时,有没有 ...