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2008 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试


本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。第一卷 1 至 14 页。第 二卷 15-18 页。考试结束,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
第 Ⅰ卷
注意事项。 注意事项。
  1.答题前,考生在答题卡上务必用直径
  0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔将自己的姓名、准 考证号填写清楚, 并贴好条形码。 请认真核准条形码上的准考证号、 姓名和科目。
  2.每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,
在试题卷上作答无效。 用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案示号,在试题卷上作答无效。
第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 l 分,满分 l5 分)
..........
从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 例:We??last night, but we went to the concert instead A must have studied B might study
C should have studied D would study 答案是 c。 21??Have you finished reading Jane Eyre? 一 N
  0,I( )my homework all day yesterday. A was doing C had done B would do D do
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  22. I tried phoning her office, but I couldn’t ( ). A. get along C. get to B. get on D. get through
23 I'll spend half of my holiday practicing English and( )half learning drawing A another C other’s B the other D other
24 As a child, Jack studied in a village school,( )is named after his grandfather. A which C what B where D.that
25 Mary made coffee( )her guests were finishing their meal A so that C while B although D as if
26 I have seldom seen my mother( )pleased with my progress as she is now A so C.too B very D rather
27 Mrs.White showed her students some old maps( )from the library. A to borrow B to be borrowed
C borrowed D borrowing 28 When you are home,give a call to let me know you( )safely. A are arriving B have arrived
C had arrived D will arrive
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29 Just be patient .You( )expect the world to change so soon A can’t C may not B needn’t D will not
30 The little boy won’t go to sleep( )his mother tells him a story. A or C but B.unless D whether
31 一 Everybody is going to climb the mountain. Can I go too, mum? ?( ) Wait till you are old enough, dear. A will you? C I hope so. B Why not? D.I’m afraid not.

  32. Charles was alone at home, with ( )looking after him. A. someone B. anyone C. not one D. no one
33 We haven’t discussed yet( )we are going to place our new furniture A. that C what B .which D where
34 With Father’s Day around the corner, I have taken some money out of the bank( ) presents for my dad。 A buy B.to buy
C buying D to have bought
  35. It’s high time you had your hair cut ; it’s getting ( ). A. too much long B. much too long
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C. long too much
D. too long much
第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题,每题
  1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)出可以填入空白的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
After the birth of my second child ,I got a job at a restaurant. Having worked with an experienced 36 for a few days, I was 37 to wait tables on my own. All went 38 that first week. When Saturday night came, I was luckily 39 the tables not far from the kitchen. 40 , I still felt it a little hard to carry the heavy trays (托盘). was full of people, I moved slowly, 42 every Before I knew it, the 41 step I remember how 43 I was when I saw the tray stand net the tables, it look different from the one I was 44 on, It had nice handles(手柄),which made it 45 to move around. I was pleased with everything and began to 46 I was a natural at this job. Then, an old man came to me and said, “Excuse me, dear, my wife and I loved __47 you work. It seems your tray stand has been very 48 to you, but we are getting ready to 49 now, and my wife needs her 50 back.” 51 did not get across. “What was he talking about!” Then I got it. I had set my trays on his wife’s orthopedic walker (助步器). I stood frozen as ice, but my face was 52 . I wanted to get into a hole and 53 . Since then, I have learned from many mistakes such as the one I just learned to be more 55 and not to be too sure of myself.
  36. A. manager
  37. A. promised
  38. A. well
  39. A. left
  40. A. Therefore
  41. A. kitchen B. assistant B. invited B. quickly B. given B. However B. street C. cook C. allowed C. safely C. brought C. Otherwise C. restaurant 54 , I have At first his
D. waitress D. advised D. wrong D. shown D. Finally D. table
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  42. A. minding
  43. A. angry
  44. A. fixed
  45. A. slower
  46. A. believe
  47. A. letting
  48. A. useful
  49. A. rest
  50. A. bag
  51. A. idea
  52. A. cold
  53. A. lie
  54. A. repeated
  55. A. careful
B. changing B. calm B. trained B. lighter B. agree B. making B. familiar B. order B. walker B. praise B. full of joy B. hide B. discovered B. patient
C. taking C. sad C. loaded C. quieter C. regret C. watching C. unusual C. eat C. tray C. message C. pale C. defend C. corrected C. honest
D. saving D. happy D. waited D. easier D. pretend D. having D. interesting D. leave D. coat D. need D. on fire D. stay D. described D. practical
阅读理解( 小题: 第二部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Last week my youngest son and I visited my father at his new home in T Tucson , Arizona. He moved there a ten years ago, and I was eager to see his new place and meet his friends. My earliest memories of my father are of a tall, handsome, successful man devoted to his work and family but uncomfortable with his children. As a child I loved him. He seemed
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unhappy with me unless I got straight A’s and unhappy with my boyfriends if their fathers were not as “successful” as he was. Whenever I went out with him on weekends, I used to struggle to think up things to say, feeling on guard. On the first day of my visit, we went out with one of my father’s friends for lunch at an outdoor café. We walked along that afternoon, did some shopping, ate something at the street table, and laughed over my son’s funny facial expressions Gone was my father’s critical(挑剔的)air and strict rules. Who was this person I knew as my father, who seemed so friendly and interesting to be around? What had held him back before? The next day my dad pulled out his childhood pictures and told me quite a few stories about his own childhood, Although our times together became easier over the years, I never felt closet to him at that moment. After so many years, I am at last seeing another side of my father, and in so doing, I’m delighted with my new friend. My dad in his new home in Arizona is back to mc from where he was.
  56. Why did the author feel bitter about her father as a young adult? A. He was silent most of the time. B. He was too proud of himself. C. He did not love his children. D. He expected too much of her.
  57. When the author went out with her father on weekend, she would feel A. nervous B. sorry C. tired D. safe .

  58. What does the author think of her father after her visit to Tucson? A. More critical. C. Gentle and friendly. B. More talkative D. Strict and hard-working. .

  59. The underlined words “my new friend” in the last paragraph refer to A. the author’s son B. the author’s father D. the café owner
C. the friend of the author’s father
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B More than 10 years ago, it was difficult to buy a tasty pineapple (菠萝). The fruits that made it to the UK were green on the outside and, more often than not, hard with an unpleasant taste within. Then in 1966, the Del Monte Gold pineapple produced in Hawaii first hit our shelves. The new type of pineapple looked more yellowy-gold than green. It was slightly softer on the outside and had a lot of juice inside. But the most important thing about this new type of pineapple was that it was twice as sweet as the hit-and-miss pineapples we had known. In no time, the Del Monte Gold took the market by storm, rapidly becoming the world’s best-selling pineapple variety, and delivering natural levels of sweetness in the mouth, up until then only found in tinned pineapple. In nutrition (营养) it was all good news too. This nice tasting pineapple contained four times more vitamin C(维生素 C) than the old green variety. Nutritionists said that it was not only full of vitamins, but also good against some diseases. People were understandably eager to be able to buy this wonderful fruit. The new type of pineapple was selling fast, and the Del Monte Gold pineapple rapidly became a fixture in the shopping basket of the healthy eater. Seeing the growing market for its winning pineapple, Del Monte tried to keep market to itself. But other fruit companies argued successfully that Del Monte turned to law for help, but failed. Those companies argued successfully that Del Monte’s attempts to keep the golden pineapple for itself were just a way to knock them out the market.
  60. We learn from the text that the new type at pineapple is . A. preen outside and sweet inside B. good-looking outside and soft inside C. yellowy-gold outside and hard inside D. a little soft outside and sweet inside
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  61. Why was the new type of pineapple selling well? A. It was rich in nutrition and tasted nice. B. It was less sweet and good for health. C. It was developed by Del Monte. D. It was used as medicine.
  62. The underlined word “fixture” in Paragraph 3 probably refers to something . A. that people enjoy eating C. that is difficult to get B. that is always present D. that people use as a gift

  63. We learn from the last paragraph that Del Monte . A. slowed other companies to develop pineapples B. succeeded in keeping the pineapple for itself C. tried hard to control the pineapple market D. planned to help the other companies C It is often necessary to release a fish, that is , set it free after catching, because it is too small, or you just don’t want to take it home to eat. In some cases, releasing fish is a good measure that will help keep fish variety and build their population size. The Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (DGIF) encourages fishermen who practice catch-and-release fishing to use a few simple skills when doing so. The advice provided below will help make sure that the fish you release will survive (存活) to bite again another day. ?When catching a fish, play it quickly and keep the fish in the water as much as possible. Don’t’ use a net in landing the fish and release it quickly to prevent it from dying.
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?Hold the fish gently. Do not put your fingers in its eyes. Don’t wipe the scales (鱼鳞) off the fish because it might cause it to develop a disease and reduce its chance of survival. ?Remove your hook (鱼钩) quickly. If the hook is too deep or hooked in the stomach, cut the line and leave the hook in. The hook left inside will cause no serious problem to the fish. ?Take good care of the fish by moving it gently in water . Release the fish when it begins to struggle and is able to swim. ?Do not hold fish in a bucket or some other containers and later decide to release it. If you are going to release a fish, do so right away. With a little care and by following the suggestions given above, you can give the released fish a better chance of survival.
  64. People sometimes set a fish free after catching it because they A. don’t want it to die C. don’t want to have it as food B. hope it will grow quickly D. want to practice their fishing skills

  65. Which of the following will probably make a fish ill? A. Taking the hook off it. C. Touching its eyes B. Removing its scales. D. Holding it in your hand.

  66. A proper way to release a fish is to . A .move it in water till it can swim C. keep it in a bucket for some time
  67. What is the purpose of the test? A. To show how to enjoy fishing. C. To encourage people to set fish free. B. To persuade people to fish less often. D. To give advice on how to release fish. B. ta
 

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