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2008 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 (全国卷 I) 英语
第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分 30 分)
第一节 (共 5 小题,每小题
  1.5 分,满分
  7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟时间来回答有关小题和阅读 下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. £
  19.15 答案是 B。 B. £
  9.15 C. £
  9.18

  1. What is the weather like? A. It’s raining. B. It’s cloudy.

  2. Who will go to China next month? A. Lucy. B. Alice. C. Richard.

  3. What are the speakers talking about? A. The man’s sister.
  4. Where will the speakers meet? A. In Room 3
  40. B. In Room 3
  14. C. In Room 2
  23. B. A film. C. An actor.

  5. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. In a restaurant. B. In an office. C. At home.
第二节
(共 15 小题;每小题
  1.5 分,满分
  22.5 分)
听下面 5 段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后面有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各小题, 每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
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听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 8 题。
  6. Why did the woman go to New York? A. To spend some time with the baby. B. To look after her sister. C. To find a new job.
  7. How old was the baby when the woman left New York? A. Two months. B. Five months. C. Seven months.

  8. What did the woman like doing most with the baby? A. Holding him. B. Playing with him. C. Feeding him.
听第 7 段材料,回答第 9 至 11 题。
  9. What are the speakers talking about? A. A way to improve air quality. C. A suggestion for city planning.
  10. What does the man suggest? A. Limiting the use of cars. B. Encouraging people to walk. B. A problem with traffic rules.
C. Warning drivers of air pollution.
  11. What does the woman think about the man’s idea? A. It’s interesting. B. It’s worth trying. C. It’s impractical.
听第 8 段材料,回答第 12 至 14 小题。
  12. How long will the man probably stay in New Zealand? A. One week. C. Three weeks.
  13. What advice does the woman give to the man? A. Go to New Zealand after Christmas. B. Book his flight as soon as possible. C. Save more money for his trip.
  14. What can we learn about flights to New Zealand at Christmas time?
2
B. Two weeks.
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A. They require early booking. B. They can be twice as expensive. C. They are on special offer.
听第 9 段材料,回答第 15 至 17 题。
  15. Why did Jane call Mike? A. To ask him to meet her. B. To tell him about Tom. C. To borrow his car.
  16. Where will Jane be in about one hour? A. At Mike’s place. C. At a garage.
  17. What can we infer from the conversation? A Jane has just learned to drive. B. Jane’s car is in bad condition. C. Mike will go to the airport. B. At the airport.
听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。
  18. What did the speaker ask the students to do the week before? A. Write a short story. B. Prepare for the lesson.
C. Learn more about the writer.
  19. Why does the speaker ask the questions? A. To check the students’ understanding of the story. B. To draw the students’ attention to reading skills. C. To let the students discuss father-son relationships.
  20. What will the students do in 10 minutes? A. Ask more questions. C. Give their answers. B. Discuss in groups. 【C】
3
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第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 例:We last night, but we went to the concert instead. A. must have studied C. should have studied 答案是 C。 B. might study D. would study

  21.?Would you like to join me for a quick lunch before class? ? , but I promised Nancy to go out with her. A. I’d like to B. I like it. C. I don’t D. I will

  22.?What fruit is in season now? ?Pears and apples, . A. I know B. I think C. I see D. I feel

  23. The performance nearly three hours, but few people left the theatre early. A. covered B. reached C. played D. lasted

  24. Let’s learn to use the problem we are facing a stepping-stone to future success. A. to B. for C. as D. by

  25. The lawyer seldom wears anything other than a suit the season. A. whatever B. wherever C. whenever D. however

  26. I like getting up very early in summer. The morning air is so good . A. to be breathed B. to breathe C. breathing D. being breathed

  27. ? Have you known Dr. Jackson for a long time? ?Yes, since she the Chinese Society. A. has joined B. joins C. had joined D. joined

  28. You’re driving too fast. Can you drive ? A. more slowly a bit C. a bit more slowly B. slowly a bit more D. slowly more bit
4
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  29. The wet weather will continue tomorrow when a cold front to arrive. A. is expected B. is expecting C. expects D. will be expected

  30. ?Which of the two computer games did you prefer? ?Actually I didn’t like . A. both of them C. none of them B. either of them D. neither of them

  31. ?Have you got any idea for the summer vacation? ?I don’t mind where we get there’s sun, sea and beach. A. as if B. as long as C. now that D. in order that

  32. The weather was cold that I didn’t like to leave my room. A. really B. such C. too D. so

  33. The English spoken in the United States is only slightly different from spoken in England. A. which B. what C. that D. the one

  34. After studying in a medical college for five years, Jane her job as a doctor in the countryside. A. set out B. took over C. took up D. set up

  35. ?Sorry, I made a mistake again. ? . Practice more and you’ll succeed. A. Never mind B. Certainly not C. Not at all D. Don’t mention it
第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题,每题
  1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,撑握其大意,然后从 36?55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 After the birth of my second child, I got a job at a restaurant. Having worked with an experienced 36 for a few days, I was 37 to wait tables on my own. All went 38 that
first week. When Saturday night came, I was luckily 39 40 , I still felt a little hard to carry the heavy trays (托盘)。 Before I knew it, the 41
the tables not far from the kitchen.
was full of people. I moved slowly,
5
42
every step. I remember
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how 43 44 I was when I saw the tray stand near the tables, it looked different from the one I was 45 to move around. I was pleased with
on. It had nice handles (手柄),which made it 46
everything and began to
I was a natural at this job. you 49
Then, an old man came to me and said, “Excuse me, dear, my wife and I loved __47 work. It seems your tray stand has been very 48 now, and my wife needs her 50 At first his 51 back.” to you, but we are getting ready to
did not get across. “What was he talking about!” Then I got it. I had set my 52 .I
trays on his wife’s orthopedic walker (助步器). I stood frozen as ice, but my face was wanted to get into a hole and 53 . 54
Since then, I have learned from many mistakes such as the one I just to be more 55 and not to be too sure of myself.
, I have learned

  36. A. manager
  37. A. promised
  38. A. well
  39. A. left
  40. A. Therefore
  41. A. kitchen
  42. A. minding
  43. A. angry
  44. A. fixed
  45. A. slower
  46. A. believe
  47. A. letting
  48. A. useful
  49. A. rest
  50. A. bag
  51. A. idea
  52. A. cold
B. assistant B. invited B. quickly B. given B. However B. street B. changing B. calm B. trained B. lighter B. agree B. making B. familiar B. order B. walker B. praise B. full of joy
C. cook C. allowed C. safely C. brought C. Otherwise C. restaurant C. taking C. sad C. loaded C. quieter C. regret C. watching C. unusual C. eat C. tray C. message C. pale
6
D. waitress D. advised D. wrong D. shown D. Finally D. table D. saving D. happy D. waited D. easier D. pretend D. having D. interesting D. leave D. coat D. need D. on fire
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  53. A. lie
  54. A. repeated
  55. A. careful B. hide B. discovered B. patient C. defend C. corrected C. honest D. stay D. described D. practical
第三部分
阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Last week my youngest son and I visited my father at his new home in Tucson, Arizona. He moved there a few years ago, and I was eager to see his new place and meet his friends. My earliest memories of my father are a tall, handsome, successful man devoted to his work and his family, but uncomfortable with his children. As a child I loved him. He seemed unhappy with me unless I got straight A’s and unhappy with my boyfriends if their fathers were not as “successful” as he was. Whenever I went out with him on weekends, I used to struggle to think up things to say, feeling on guard. On the first day of my visit, we went out with one of my father’s friends for lunch at an outdoor café. We talked along that afternoon, did some shopping, ate on the street table, and laughed over my son’s funny facial expressions. Gone was my father’s critical (挑剔的) air and strict rules. Who was this person I knew as my father, who seemed so friendly and interesting to be around? What had held him back before? The next day dad pulled out his childhood pictures and told me quite a few stories about his own childhood. Although our times together became easier over the years, I never felt closer to him at that moment. After so many years, I’m at last seeing another side of my father. And in so doing, I’m delighted with my new friend. My dad, in his new home in Arizona, is back to me from where he was.
  56. Why did the author feel bitter about her father as a young adult? A. He was silent most of the time. B. He was too proud of himself. C. He did not love his children.
7
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D. He expected too much of her.
  57. When the author went out with her father on weekend, she would feel A. nervous B. sorry C. tired D. safe .

  58. What does the author think of her father after her visit to Tucson? A. More critical. C. Gentle and friendly. B. More talkative D. Strict and hard-working. .

  59. The underlined words “my new friend” in the last paragraph refer to A. the author’s son B. the author’s father D. the café owner
C. the friend of the author’s father
B More than 10 years ago, it was difficult to buy a tasty pineapple (菠萝). The fruits that made it to the UK were green on the outside and, more often than not, hard with an unpleasant taste within. Then in 1966, the Del Monte Gold pineapple produced in Hawaii first hit our shelves. The new type of pineapple looked more yellowy-gold than green. It was slightly softer on the outside and had a lot of juice inside. But the most important thing about this new type of pineapple was that it was twice as sweet as the hit-and-miss pineapples we had known. In no time, the Del Monte Gold took the market by storm, rapidly becoming the world’s best-selling pineapple variety, and delivering natural levels of sweetness in the mouth, up until then only found in tinned pineapple. In nutrition (营养) it was all good news too. This nice tasting pineapple contained four times more vitamin C(维生素 C) than the old green variety. Nutritionists said that it was not only full of vitamins, but also good against some diseases. People were understandably eager to be able to buy this wonderful fruit. The new type of pineapple was selling fast, and the Del Monte Gold pineapple rapidly became a fixture in the shopping basket of the healthy eater. Seeing the growing market for its winning pineapple, Del Monte tried to keep market to itself. But other fruit companies argued successfully that Del Monte turned to law for help, but failed. Those companies argued successfully that Del Monte’s attempts to keep the golden pineapple for itself were just a way to knock them out the market.
8
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  60. We learn fro
 

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