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年普通高等学校招生统一考试(陕西卷) 2008 年普通高等学校招生统一考试(陕西卷)
英语
一、 英语知识运用(共三大题,满分 50 分) (一) 语音知识(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的 选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。
  1. passenger A. sugar B. organize C. strange D. together
  2. chemistry A. stomach B. achieve C. check D. machine
  3. club A. pollution B. struggle C. useful D. bury
  4. majority A. baggage B. attract C. Canadian D. magazine
  5. area A. theatre B. breathe C. break D. heaven (二)语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该选项涂黑。
  6. The moment I got home, I found I my jacket on the playground. A. had left B. left C. have left D. was leaving
  7. Not until the motorbike looked almost new repairing and cleaning it. A. he stopped B. did he stop C. stopped he D. he did stop
  8. Tomorrow is Tom’s birthday. Have you got any idea the party is to be held? A. what B. which C. that D. where
  9. ?What sort of house do you want to have? Something big? be big--that’s not important. --Well, it A. mustn’t B. needn’t C. can’t D. won’t
  10. I ate sandwich while I was waiting for 20:08 train. A. the, a B. the, the C. a, the D. a, a
  11. The message is very important, so it is supposed as soon as possible. A. to be sent B. to send C. being sent D. sending
  12. He doesn’t have furniture in his room --just an old desk. A. any B. many C. some D. much
  13. The man pulled out a gold watch, were made of small diamonds. A. the hands of whom B. whom the hands of C. which the hands of D. the hands of which

  14. around the Water Cube, we were then taken to see the Bird’s Nest for the 2008 Olympic Games. A. Having shown B. To be shown C. Having been shown D. To show
  15. ?Did you go to the show last night? ?Yeah. Every boy and girl in the area invited A. were B. have been C. has been D. was
  16. Ten years ago the population of our village was that of theirs. A. as twice large as B. twice as large as C. twice as much as D. as twice much as
  17. Though we don’t know what discussed, yet we can feel the topic . A. had changed B. will change C. was changed D. has been changed
  18. ?The floor is dirty. Can anyone clean it? ? I do it all the time. A. Don’t mention it. B. Why you? C. Not sure D. Not me again.
  19. Elizabeth has already achieved success her wildest dreams. A. at B. beyond C. within D. upon
  20. It’s going to rain. Xiao Feng, Will you please help me the clothes on the line? A. get off B. get back C. get in D. get on (三)完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题
  1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下在短文,从短文后各题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出适合填入对应空白处的最 佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A woman id her sixties lived alone in her little cottage with a pear tree at her door. She spent all her time taking care of the tree. But the children nearby drover her 21 by making fun of her. They would climb her tree and then run away with pears, 22 “Aunty Misery” at her. One evening, a passer by asked to 23 for the night. Seeing that he had an 24 Face, she let him in and gave him a nice 25 . The next morning the stranger, actually a sorcerer (巫师), thanked her by granting (允准) her 26 that anyone who climbed up her tree 27 not be able to come back down until she 28 it. When the children came back to steal her 29 , she had them stuck on the tree. They had to beg her long 30 she gave the tree permission to let 31 go. Aunty Misery was free from the at last. 32 One day another man 33 her door. This one did not look trustworthy to her, 34 she asked who he was . “I am Death, I’ve come to take you 35 me.” said he. Thinking fast Aunty Misery said, “Fine, but I’d like to 36 some pears from my dear tree to remember the 37 it brought to me in this life. But I am too 38 to climb high to get the best fruit. Will you be so 39 as to do it for me?” With a deep sigh, Mr. Death climbed up the tree 40 and was immediately stuck to it. No matter how much he warned or begged, Aunty Misery would not allow the tree to let Death go.
  21. A. hopeless B. painful C. dull D. crazy
  22. A. calling B. shouting C. announcing D. whispering

  23.
  24.
  25.
  26.
  27.
  28.
  29.
  30.
  31.
  32.
  33.
  34.
  35.
  36.
  37.
  38.
  39.
  40.
A. stay B. live C. hide D. lie A. interesting B. honest C. anxious D. angry A. gift B. kiss C. treat D. smile A. suggestion B. demand C. permission D. wish A. could B. should C. might D. must A. permitted B. promised C. answered D. declared A. branch B. food C. tree D. fruit A. after B. while C. since D. before A. it B. them C. him D. her A. trick B. question C. trouble D. difficulty A. stepped into B. left for C. stopped at D. walked around A. so B. but C. although D. because A. with B. off C. upon D. for A. choose B. pick C. shake D. hit A. honor B. pleasure C. hope D. excitement A. light B. short C. old D. thin A. proud B. kind C. fine D. smart A. disappointedly B. cheerfully C. unwillingly D. eagerly
二、阅读理解(共 25 小题,阅读部分每小题 2 分,补全对话每小题 1 分,满分 45 分) (一)阅读下列五篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项 并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A They say there are three ways to experience the Grand Canyon; on foot, on mules(骡子) or by air. We chose the first. Up early; my husband and I and our three children couldn’t wait to get started. We decided to walk along a lovely path named Bright Angel Trail. As we set out, I was shocked at how narrow the path was. And I couldn’t help noticing that the other tourists weren’t like us. They had heavy backpacks, water bottles, and hats. But as usual we were dressed, As the sun rose higher, Arizona’s famous heat seemed to roast(烘烤) us. There was no shade and our legs were aching. We decided to go back, with the girl on my back and the boys far behind. By the time we finally got back, our legs were like jelly. The next day, after we’d had a long rest and a good breakfast, we were ready for another view of the Canyon ? by air. After our last walk, this would be the easiest thing in the world. We called to each other excitedly as the plane took off and circled around the Canyon. But the smiles on our faces disappeared as the pilot tossed(翻转) the plane around, pretending he was going to hit the ground. I shouted, “STOP, TAKE US BACK!” When we finally arrived back on land, once again our legs were like jelly. We hardly spoke as we drove back. As I said, there are three ways to view the Grand Canyon. We never tried the mules, but personally I’d suggest a fourth: buy yourself a good magazine like National Geographic. That way, you can see the Canyon, without fear or tiredness.
  41. Which of the following is true according to the second paragraph? A. They made a careful preparation before the trip B. They children were more joyful than their parents. C. Bright Angel Trail was not as lovely as they expected.
D. The summer heat prevented them from enjoying the view.
  42. The underlined expression “Our legs were like jelly” probably means A. we were weak B. we were unhappy C. we were dissatisfied D. we were disappointed
  43. Which of the following best describes their Canyon trip by air? A. It proved to be frightening. B. It was more comfortable C. It turned out to be exciting D. It made each of them tired. .
  44. We can infer from the passage that A. experiencing the Canyon on mules would be the best way B. one needs to dress less when visiting the Grand Canyon. C. the writer was not serious when she made the suggestion. D. the whole family narrowly escaped from the air accident.
.
B Photographs are everywhere. They decorate (装饰) the walls of homes and are used in stores for sales of different goods. The news is filled with pictures of fires, floods, and special events. Photos record the beauties of nature. They can also bring things close that are far away. Through photos, people can see wild animals, cities in foreign lands, and even the stars in outer space. Photos also tell stories. Reporting the news through photos is called photojournalism. At times photojournalists tell their stories through a single picture. At other times, they use a group of pictures to tell a story. Each picture is like a chapter in a book, which can do more than record the facts. It can also be a strong force for social change. Jacob Riis was among the first photojournalists. He took pictures of parts of New York City where the poor lived. Riis believed that poverty(贫穷) caused crime, and he used photos to help him prove his point. A few years later, the photos of small children working in factories by Lewis Hine shocked the public. Hine’s pictures helped bring about laws to protect such children. Hundreds of pictures may have to be taken in order to get one or two really good photos. It takes science to have the photo come out clearly and art to make a photo that has a good design and expresses feeling. Photojournalists make an actual record of what they see. A photo, however, can be both a work of art and an actual record. It can record an important event as a beautiful or exciting picture. As historical and artistic documents(文献) ,photos can become more important over time. Today photojournalists still have their pictures appear in newspapers and magazines. They also publish(发表) them in books and on the Internet. .
  45. The underlined word “They” in the first paragraph refers to A. beauties B. photos C. goods D. events
  46. The photos of the small children by Hine show us that photos . A. are also works of art B. are popular ways of reporting news C. often shock the public D. can serve as a force for social change
  47. What can we learn from the passage? A. News with pictures is encouraging. B. Photos help people improve C. News photos mean history in a sense. D. People prefer reading news with pictures. .
  48. The text is mainly about
A. telling the story through picture C. publishing historical papers
B. decorating the walls of homes D. expressing feeling through pictures
C This was no ordinary class. The students who came together were all science or engineering professors at Cornell University. They had interrupted their research to accept an invitation to take part in an unusual experiment: “an interesting week of poetry.” This class was part of a study to answer the questions: Why is science difficult for many nonscience students? What can teachers learn about teaching if they take a class that is not in their field? The students in the poetry class listened to lectures and took notes. They had reading tasks and had to write three short papers. All students noticed one thing ? the importance of spoken words. In science and engineering classes, the instructors put tables and drawings on the blackboard. But in this poetry class, the instructors just talked. They didn’t write anything on the board. The scientists and engineers noticed one similarity between science and poetry. In both subjects, students need to find layers (层次) of meaning . Some layers are simple, clean, and on the surface; other layers are deeper and more difficult. This search for different levels of meaning doesn’t happen much in undergraduate(本科) science classes, but it is important later, in graduate school. And it is always important in humanities(人文科学). Both the poetry instructors and their students learned something about teaching from this experience. One poetry instructor, for example, now sees the importance of using informative as he teaches. Most of the scientists agreed on several points. First, humanities classes might help science students to see patterns and decide which information is important. Second, the poetry class was fun. One engineer decided, “We need to change the way we teach engineering to make to make it an enjoyable experience for students.” But perhaps the most important result of the experience was this; All of the professors began to think about how they teach and how they cam teach better.
  49. What do we know about this unusual class? A. The teachers did lots of writing on the board B. The teacher were invited to attend several lectures. C. The student were professors from a university D. The students were studying science and humanities.
  50. The experiment was designed to find out A. how to teach the students in the science class B. whether poetry is difficult for science students C. what to be taught in the humanities class D. why many humanities students find science hard.
  51. Finding levels of meaning is . A. important for graduate students in humanities B. difficult for graduate students in humanities C. common for undergraduate students in science D. easy for undergraduate students in science.
  52. What did the science professors learn after the experiment? A. They should change the way they teach B. A poem could be explained in clear definitions.
C. A poetry class could be more informative. D. Their teaching was an enjoyable experience. D Runners in a relay(接力) race pass a stick in on
 

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