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年中石油职称英语水平考试 2008 年中石油职称英语水平考试
试卷类型:24 试卷类型: 答卷注意事项

  1、请各位考生拿到试卷以后首先检查试卷类型(在本页右上角)是否和自己的 准考证号末两位一致,如不一致请立即要求监考教师更换,否则将影响成绩。
  2、本次考试包括试卷一和试卷二,考试时间为 9:00-11:
  00。试卷一为客观选择 题,在标准答题卡上用 2B 铅笔将所选答案划出。试卷二为翻译题,将译文写 在答题纸上,填上单位、姓名、准考证号、考场号、考点,以备核对总分。
  3、试卷一为标准化考试,所有答案必须在标准化答题卡上划出,若答在试卷上 不予评分,后果自负。
  4、在填写被准话答题卡时应注意:
  1)在填写“姓名、单位、准考证号”等栏目时,应用钢笔或圆珠笔。在填涂 准考证号时,一律用 2B 铅笔划横线。注意准考证号不要漏涂或涂错,否则客 观题部分将无成绩,责任由考生自负。
  2)试卷一答题时一律用 2B 铅笔,若用钢笔或圆珠笔答题均无效,请按答题 卡上“正确填涂”的示范划横线,横线长度和宽度以方框为准,若划“√、 ○、/、\”等符号均为无效。
  3)答题卡四角应保持平整,不应折角或皱卷,以免影响阅卷机工作。
  4)如需更改答案时,应先用橡皮擦净后,再划线答题。
  5、试卷二为翻译试题,请根据参加考试的级别选择一段翻译。一律用钢笔或圆 珠笔答在答题纸上。字迹应尽量工整,用字规范,以免影响阅卷。
  6、考场内考生只允许带 2B 铅笔、橡皮、尺子、钢笔或圆珠笔,其他词典、书本、 资料和电子词典、BP 机、手机、掌上电脑等工具一律不准带入场内。
  7、遵守考场纪律,不得有交头接耳、左顾右盼、抄带纸条等作弊行为,一经发 现,立即清除出场,并由人事部门严肃处理。
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英语水平考试
试卷类型:24
试 卷 一 I. Vocabulary
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
  1. Being able to save and accumulate A. considerate
  2. Wonderful A. appearance
  3. The whole county A. breaks in to Use Your Eyes”. A. escape B. establish C. estate D. elapse
  5. The statement that oil originated in the sea is chief oilfield of the world. A. confined in-store . B. decisive B. fountain B. worthed B. go along with B. bargain B. brought in B. removed from B. complaint
1
wealth is not automatic. C. conscious C. phenomena C. breaks off D. careful D. philosophy D. breaks out
B. considerable B. experience B. breaks into
of nature are all around us. with little red hearts on Valentine’s Day. a compulsory course in “How

  4. If I were the president of a university I should
by a glance at a map showing the D. confirmed
B. confessed
C. conformed

  6. Almost 70 percent of all non-food purchases in supermarkets are generated by A. decided A. fundamental A. worthy A. go into A. dispute A. brought about A. resulted from
  13. I often A. complain C. decide C. formation C. worth C. go back on C. consult C. brought up ? D. fell from D. conceive C. came from C. compile D. decisions D. friction over $6,0
  00. D. worthwhile D. go through D. discuss D. brought out

  7. I believe that truth and justice are
to an enduring social order.

  8. Some of these “upside down” airmail stamps are now
  9. The early pioneers had to
  10. Remember that customers don't
  11. Difficulties and hardships have
many hardships to settle on the new land. about prices in that city. the best qualities of the young geologist.

  12. Do you know where the pictures on money about how quickly time flies.
英语水平考试
试卷类型:24

  14. I'm dictionaries.
with computer programs that correct spelling through the use of built-in B. familiar C. known D. friendly
A. common non-smoking males. A. rate A. get rid of A. made for A. applied A. revolve
  20. Few people who A. run down

  15. Male cigarette smokers have a higher death B. price B. give away B. made out B. appreciated B. grasp B. check in
from heart disease than C. speed C. do away with C. made up for C. approved D. degree D. put away D. mad use of . D. appealed . D. tackle D. check out

  16. With winter here you can
  17. The good service at the hotel
these skirts till you need them again next summer. the poor food to some extent.

  18. Those gifts of rare books that were given to us were deeply

  19. Inflation is the first problem that the new government will have to C. seize C. drop out of high school will be rich.
II. Grammatical Structure
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
  21. The young receptionist doesn't permit A. smoking B. to smoke in the exhibition center. C. smoke D. to have smoked the Chinese people

  22. I wish to thank you for the incomparable hospitality for are justly famous throughout the world. A. what A. Russias A. what B. whom B. Russian B. which C. that work in this refinery. C. Russians C. it
D. which D Russia was eaten. by water D. that

  23. More than two thousands

  24. The ancient Egyptians believed all illnesses were related to
  25. If all the continents and mountains were bulldozed fiat, the earth more than 12,000 feet deep. A. could have been covered C. is covered health hazard.
2
B. might had been covered D. would be covered to determine whether smoking is a

  26. Since 1939, numerous scientific studies
英语水平考试
试卷类型:24
A. have been conducted B. are conducted C. is conducted D. being conducted
  27. All the money , we started looking for work. A. has been spent B. have been spent C. being spent D. having been spent
  28. One main branch of sea science, , holds enormous unanswered questions. A. physical oceanography B. is physical oceanography C. called physical oceanography D. what is physical oceanography crowd is awaiting the arrival of the famed statesman.
  29. An A. excite B. excitedly C. excited D. exciting
  30. There a lot of on the roads yesterday. A. were...traffic B. was...traffic C. were...traffics D. was...traffics
  31. China and America are separated by . A. Pacific Ocean B. a Pacific Ocean C. the Pacific Ocean D. Pacific Oceans
  32. to completely cut off its oil supply, it would badly damage its own economy. A. If Iran was B. Was Iran C. If Iran is D. Were Iran
  33. in 1943 the harmful smog made its appearance in Los Angeles. A. Only...that B. It was...then C. That it was...when D. It was...that
  34. The population of Beijing is three times that of Qingdao. A. so large as B. as large to C. as large as D. as larger than
  35. He his office for there was no one to answer the phone. A. must have left B. must leave C. may have left D. can have left
  36. Jane's family couldn't agree on where to spend vacation. A. his B. her C. its D. their
  37. I will leave him a note he will know where we are. A. so that B. that C. in order D. in case
  38. The teacher thinks that Tom for the accident and instead we should try to comfort him. A. doesn't blame B. is to blame C. isn't to blame D. isn't blamed
  39. When I pulled into her driveway, she A. is waiting B. was waiting by the door with her coat on. C. waits D. waited D. to be returned

  40. The clerk asked Robey later in the day. B. to return C. return A. returning
3
英语水平考试
试卷类型:24
III. Reading Comprehension Section A
Directions: There are 5 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by4 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet. Questions 41 to 44 are based on the following passage: One of the most interesting paradoxes in America today is that Harvard University, the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, is now engaged in a serious debate about what a university should be, and whether it is measuring up. Like the Roman Catholic Church and other ancient institutions, it is asking?still in private rather than in public?whether its past assumptions about faculty, authority, admissions, courses of study, are really relevant to the problems of the 1990's. Should Harvard?or any other university?be an intellectual sanctuary, apart from the political and social revolution of the age, or should it be a laboratory for experimentation with these political and social revolutions; or even an engine of the revolution? This is what is being discussed privately in the big clapboard houses of faculty members around the Harvard Yard. The issue was defined by Waiter Lippmann, a distinguished Harvard graduate, several years ago. “If the universities are to do their work," he said, "they must be independent and they must be disinterested...They are places to which men can turn for judgments which are unbiased by partisanship and special interest. Obviously, the moment the universities fall under political control, or under the control of private interests, or the moment they themselves take a hand in politics and the leadership of government, their value as independent and disinterested sources of judgment is impaired...” This is part of the argument that is going on at Harvard today. Another part is the argument of the militant and even many moderate students: that a university is the keeper of our ideals and morals, and should not be “disinterested” but activist in bringing the nation's ideals and actions together. Harvard's men of today seem more troubled and less sure about personal, political and academic purpose than they did at the beginning. They are not even clear about how they should debate and resolve their problems, but they are struggling with
4
英语水平考试
试卷类型:24
them privately, and how they come out is bound to influence American universities and political life in the 1990's.
  41. The issues in the debate on Harvard's goals are whether the universities should remain independent of our society and its problems, and whether they should A. overcome the widespread drug dependency B. take an active part in solving society's ills C. fight militarism D. support our old and established institutions
  42. The word “paradox” in paragraph 1 is A. an abnormal condition B. a parenthetical expression C. a difficult puzzle D. a self-contradiction
  43. The word “sanctuary” in paragraph 3 is A. a temple or nunnery of middle age B. a certain place you can hide in and avoid mishaps C. a holy place dedicated to a certain god D. an academy for intelligent people
  44. In the author's judgment, the ferment going on at Harvard A. will soon be over, because times are bound to change B. is of interest mostly to Harvard men and their friends C. will influence future life in America D. is a sad symbol of our general bewilderment Questions 45 to 48 are based on the following passage: Scientists now believe that many, if not all, living things are born with some type of hidden clock. These clocks are sometimes set by the number of hours of light or darkness in a day, by the rhythm of the tides or by the seasons. One of the most remarkable of nature's living clocks belongs to the fiddler crab, that familiar beach-dweller with tile overgrown claw. Biologists have long known that the crab's shell is darkest during the day, grows pale in late afternoon, then begins to darken again at daybreak. This daytime darkening is valuable for protection against enemies and sunlight, and for many years it was thought to be a simple response by the crab to the sun--just as if we were to get a tan during the day and lose it at night. But when an enterprising scientist placed a fiddler crab in darkness, be was amazed to find that the color of the crab's shell kept ticking off the time with the same accuracy. Yet another startling fact was revealed: the crab's shell reached the darkest color about 50 minutes later each day. There was a second clock inside the crab, for the
5
.
.
.
.
英语水平考试
试卷类型:24
tides also occur 50 minutes later from day to day. Moreover, even when the crabs were taken from the beach and put back in the dark, they continued their tidal rhythm. More research disclosed that a crab from Cape Cod, Massachusetts, reached its darkest color four hours earlier than the one taken from a beach on a neighboring island. The tides on the nearby island were found to be exactly four hours later than the Cape Cod tides. Ants don't carry calendars around with them any more than fiddler crabs possess real wrist watches. But ants show amazing accuracy as to the day of the year. Each year, an ant nest sends out winged, young queens on mating flights. Hundreds of them may fly out of a single nest in the soil. Last summer, at the crest of my mountain, I watched an ant city prepare to send forth its young queens. At the precise moment that they took wing, a colony of the same species that my wife was watching near the bottom of the mountain, also sent
 

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