[A] $190,0
  00. [B] $330,0
  00. [C] $500,0
  00. [D] $1,000,0
  16. What should one do before paying monthly bills, if he wants to accumulate wealth? [A] Invest into a mutual fund. [B] Use the discount tickets. [C] Quit his eating-out habit. [D] Use only paper bills and save coins. Questions 17-20 are based on an interview with Herbert A. Glieberman, a domestic-relations lawyer. You now have 20 seconds to read Questions 17-
  17. Which word best describes the lawyer's prediction of the change in divorce rate? [A] Fall [B] Rise [C] V-shape [D] Zigzag
  18. What do people nowadays desire to do concerning their marriage? [A] To embrace changes of thought. [B] To adapt to the disintegrated family life. [C] To return to the practice in the '60s and '70s. [D] To create stability in their lives.
  19. Why did some people choose not to divorce 20 years ago? [A] They feared the complicated procedures. [B] They wanted to go against the trend. [C] They were afraid of losing face. [D] they were willing to stay together.
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  20. Years ago a divorced man in a company would have . [A] been shifted around the country. [B] had difficulty being promoted. [C] enjoyed a happier life. [D] tasted little bitterness of disgrace. You now have 5 minutes to transfer all your answers from your test booklet to ANSWER SHEET
  1. THIS IS THE END OF SECTION I DO NOT READ OR WORK ON THE NEXT SECTION UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO CONTINUE 全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题 (二) National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS Candidates (20
  02) 考生注意事项
  3. 考生必须严格遵守各项考场规则,得到监考人员指令后方可开始答题. 全国硕士研究生入学考试英语分为试题 (一) ,试题 (二) . 本试题为试题 (二),共 11 页(
  5~15 页),含有英语知识运用,阅读理解,写作三个部分. 英语知识运用,阅读理解 A 节的答案必须用 2B 铅笔按要求直接填涂在答题卡 1 上,如 要改动,必须用橡皮擦干净.阅读理解 B 节和写作部分必须用蓝 (黑) 圆珠笔在答题卡 2 上答题,注意字迹清楚. 考试结束后,考生应将答题卡 1,答题卡 2 一并装入原试卷袋中,将试题 (一),试题 (二) 交给监考人员. Section II Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20th century and the diffusion of printing in the 15th and 16th centuries. Yet much had happened __21__. As was discussed before, it was not __22__ the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant preelectronic __23__, following in the wake of the pamphlet and the book and in the __24__ of the periodical. It was during the same time that the communications revolution __25__ up, beginning Editer:Z.Nok 更多资料下载请到 www.joyen.net 论坛 bbs.joyen.net

with transport, the railway, and leading __26__ through the telegraph, the telephone, radio, and motion pictures __27__ the 20th-century world of the motor car and the air plane. Not everyone sees that process in __28__. It is important to do so. It is generally recognized, __29__, that the introduction of the computer in the early 20th century, __30__ by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s, radically changed the process, __31__ its impact on the media was not immediately __32__. As time went by, computers became smaller and more powerful, and they became "personal" too, as well as __33__, with display becoming sharper and storage __34__ increasing. They were thought of, like people, __35__ generations, with the distance between generations much __36__. It was within the computer age that the term "information society" began to be widely used to describe the __37__ within which we now live. The communications revolution has __38__ both work and leisure and how we think and feel both about place and time, but there have been __39__ views about its economic, political, social and cultural implications. "Benefits" have been weighed __40__ "harmful" outcomes. And generalizations have proved difficult.
  21. [A] between [B] before [C] since [D] later
  22. [A] after [B] by [C] during [D] until
  23. [A] means [B] method [C] medium [D] measure
  24. [A] process [B] company [C] light [D] form
  25. [A] gathered Editer:Z.Nok 更多资料下载请到 www.joyen.net 论坛 bbs.joyen.net
[B] speeded [C] worked [D] picked
  26. [A] on [B] out [C] over [D] off
  27. [A] of [B] for [C] beyond [D] into
  28. [A] concept [B] dimension [C] effect [D] perspective
  29. [A] indeed [B] hence [C] however [D] therefore
  30. [A] brought [B] followed [C] stimulated [D] characterized
  31. [A] unless [B] since [C] lest Editer:Z.Nok 更多资料下载请到 www.joyen.net 论坛 bbs.joyen.net
[D] although
  32. [A] apparent [B] desirable [C] negative [D] plausible
  33. [A] institutional [B] universal [C] fundamental [D] instrumental
  34. [A] ability [B] capability [C] capacity [D] faculty
  35. [A] by means of [B] in terms of [C] with regard to [D] in line with
  36. [A] deeper [B] fewer [C] nearer [D] smaller
  37. [A] context [B] range [C] scope [D] territory
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  38. [A] regarded [B] impressed [C] influenced [D] effected
  39. [A] competitive [B] controversial [C] distracting [D] irrational
  40. [A] above [B] upon [C] against [D] with Section III Reading Comprehension Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D] Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points) Text 1 If you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile, you must know how to identify shared experiences and problems. Your humor must be relevant to the audience and should help to show them that you are one of them or that you understand their situation and are in sympathy with their point of view. Depending on whom you are addressing, the problems will be different. If you are talking to a group of managers, you may refer to the disorganized methods of their secretaries; alternatively if you are addressing secretaries, you may want to comment on their disorganized bosses. Here is an example, which I heard at a nurses' convention, of a story which works well because the audience all shared the same view of doctors. A man arrives in heaven and is being shown around by St. Peter. He sees wonderful accommodations, beautiful gardens, sunny weather, and so on. Everyone is very peaceful, polite and friendly until, waiting in a line for lunch, the new arrival is suddenly pushed aside by a man in a white coat, who rushes to the head of the line, grabs his food and stomps over to a table by himself. "Who is that?" the new arrival asked St. Peter. "Oh, Editer:Z.Nok 更多资料下载请到 www.joyen.net 论坛 bbs.joyen.net
that's God," came the reply, "but sometimes he thinks he's a doctor." If you are part of the group which you are addressing, you will be in a position to know the experiences and problems which are common to all of you and it'll be appropriate for you to make a passing remark about the inedible canteen food or the chairman's notorious bad taste in ties. With other audiences you mustn't attempt to cut in with humor as they will resent an outsider making disparaging remarks about their canteen or their chairman. You will be on safer ground if you stick to scapegoats like the Post Office or the telephone system. If you feel awkward being humorous, you must practice so that it becomes more natural. Include a few casual and apparently off-the-cuff remarks which you can deliver in a relaxed and unforced manner. Often it's the delivery which causes the audience to smile, so speak slowly and remember that a raised eyebrow or an unbelieving look may help to show that you are making a light-hearted remark. Look for the humor. It often comes from the unexpected. A twist on a familiar quote "If at first you don't succeed, give up" or a play on words or on a situation. Search for exaggeration and understatements. Look at your talk and pick out a few words or sentences which you can turn about and inject with humor.
  41. To make your humor work, you should . [A] take advantage of different kinds of audience [B] make fun of the disorganized people [C] address different problems to different people [D] show sympathy for your listeners
  42. The joke about doctors implies that, in the eyes of nurses, they are . [A] impolite to new arrivals [B] very conscious of their godlike role [C] entitled to some privileges [D] very busy even during lunch hours
  43. It can be inferred from the text that public services . [A] have benefited many people [B] are the focus of public attention [C] are an inappropriate subject for humor [D] have often been the laughing stock
  44. To achieve the desired result, humorous stories should be delivered . Editer:Z.Nok 更多资料下载请到 www.joyen.net 论坛 bbs.joyen.net
[A] in well-worded language [B] as awkwardly as possible [C] in exaggerated statements [D] as casually as possible
  45. The best title for the text may be . [A] Use Humor Effectively [B] Various Kinds of Humor [C] Add Humor to Speech [D] Different Humor Strategies Text 2 Since the dawn of human ingenuity, people have devised ever more cunning tools to cope with work that is dangerous, boring, burdensome, or just plain nasty. That compulsion has resulted in robotics -- the science of conferring various human capabilities on machines. And if scientists have yet to create the mechanical version of science fiction, they have begun to come close. As a result, the modern world is increasingly populated by intelligent gizmos whose presence we barely notice but whose universal existence has removed much human labor. Our factories hum to the rhythm of robot assembly arms. Our banking is done at automated teller terminals that thank us with mechanical politeness for the transaction. Our subway trains are controlled by tireless robotdrivers. And thanks to the continual miniaturization of electronics and micro-mechanics, there are already robot systems that can perform some kinds of brain and bone surgery with submillimeter accuracy -- far greater precision than highly skilled physicians can achieve with their hands alone. But if robots are to reach the next stage of laborsaving utility, they will have to operate with less human supervision and be able to make at least a few decisions for themselves -- goals that pose a real challenge. "While we know how to tell a robot to handle a specific error," says Dave Lavery, manager of a robotics program at NASA, "we can't yet give a robot enough 'common sense' to reliably interact with a dynamic world." Indeed the quest for true artificial intelligence has produced very mixed results. Despite a spell of initial optimism in the 1960s and 1970s when it appeared that transistor circuits and microprocessors might be able to copy the action of the human brain by the year 2010, researchers lately have begun to extend that forecast by decades if not centuries. What they found, in attempting to model thought, is that the human brain's roughly one hundred billion nerve cells are much more talented -- and human perception far more complicated -than previously imagined. They have built robots that can recognize the error of a machine panel by a fraction of a millimeter in a controlled factory environment. But the human mind can glimpse a rapidly changing scene and immediately disregard the 98 percent that is irrelevant, instantaneously focusing on the monkey at the side of a winding forest road or the single suspicious face in a big crowd. The most advanced computer systems on Earth can't approach that kind of ability, and Editer:Z.Nok 更多资料下载请到 www.joyen.net 论坛 bbs.joyen.net
neuroscientists still don't know quite how we do it.
  46. Human ingenuity was initially demonstrated in . [A] the use of machines to produce science fiction [B] the wide use of machines in manufacturing industry [C] the invention of tools for difficult and dangerous work [D] the elite's cunning tackling of dangerous and boring work
  47. The word "gizmos" (line 1, paragraph
  2) most probably means . [A] programs [B] experts [C] devices [D] creatures
  48. According to the text, what is beyond man's ability now is to design a robot that can . [A] fulfill delicate tasks like performing brain surgery [B] interact with human beings verbally [C] have a little common sense [D] respond independently to a changing world
  49. Besides reducing human labor, robots can also . [A] make a few decisions for themselves [B] deal with some errors with human intervention [C] improve factory environments [D] cultivate human creativity
  50. The author uses the example of a monkey to argue that robots are . [A] expected to copy human brain in internal structure [B] able to perceive abnormalities immediately [C] far less able than human brain in focusing on relevant information [D] best used in a controlled environment
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Text 3 Could the bad old days of economic decl



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