2009-2010 学年第一学期 A 班学位英语期末考试试题 班学位英语期末考试试
PartⅠ Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Ⅰ
Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what war said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once: After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you maxi read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is, the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Example: You will hear: You will read: A) At the office. B) In the waiting room. C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This conversation is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) "At the office" is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
  1. A) They went a long way to attend the party. B) They didn't think much of the food and drinks. C) They knew none of the other guests at the party. D) They enjoyed the party better than the other guests.
  2. A) To the bookstore. B) To the dentist's. C) To the market. D) To the post office.

  3. A) Dr. Andrews has been promoted for his thoroughness. B) She disagrees with Dr. Andrews on many occasions. C) Dr. Andrews used to keep his patients waiting. D) She dislikes Dr. Andrews as much as the new physician.
  4. A) Tom is usually talkative. B) Tom has a very bad temper. C) Tom has dozens of things to attend to. D) Tom is disliked by his colleagues.

  5. A) To pickup the woman from the library. B) To make a copy of the schedule for his friend. C) To find out more about the topic for the seminar. D) To get the seminar schedule for the woman.
  6. A) The woman has to get the textbooks in other ways. B) The woman has sold her used textbooks to the bookstore. C) The man is going to buy his textbooks from a bookstore. D) The man doesn't want to sell his textbooks to the woman.

  7. A) Attend a conference. B) Give a speech. C) Meet his lawyer. D) Make a business trip.
  8. A) Jessie always says what she thinks. B) Jessie seems to have a lot on her mind. C) Jessie is wrong to find fault with her boss. D) Jessie should know the marketing director better.
  9. A) Heien is talkative. B) Helen is active. C) Helen is sociable. D) Helen is quiet.
  10. A) Jimmy will regret marrying a Frenchwoman. B) Jimmy is not serious in making decisions. C) Jimmy is rich enough to buy a big house. D) Jimmy's words are often not reliable. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  11. A) It can be used by farmers to protect large buildings. B) It was brought to the northern USA by Asian farmers. C) It has done more harm than good in the southern USA. D) It was introduced into the USA to kill harmful weeds.
  12. A) People will have to rely on kudzu for a living. B) They will soon be overgrown with kudzu. C) They will become too hard to plough. D) People will find it hard to protect the soil.
  13. A) The farmers there have brought it under control. B) The factories there have found a good use for it. C) The climate there is unfavorable to its growth. D) The soil there is not so suitable for the plant.
Passage Two Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  14. A) A business corporation. B) The universe as a whole. C) A society of legal professionals. D) An association of teachers and scholars.
  15. A) Its largest expansion took place during that period. B) Its role in society went through a dramatic change. C) Small universities combined to form bigger ones. D) Provincial colleges were taken over by larger universities.
  16. A) Private donations. B) Government funding. C) Grants from corporations. D) Fees paid by students. Passage Three Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  17. A) He was wounded in the Spanish civil war. B) He was interested in the study of wild animals. C) He started the organization Heifer International. D) He sold his cows to many countries in the world.
  18. A) To help starving families to become self-supporting. B) To make plans for the development of poor communities. C) To teach people how to use new skills to raise animals. D) To distribute food to the poor around the world.
  19. A) They should help other families the way they have been helped. B) They should offer all baby animals to their poor neighbors. C) They should submit a report of their needs and goals. D) They should provide food for the local communities.
  20. A) It has improved animal breeding skills all over the world. B) It has helped relieve hunger in some developing countries. C) It has promoted international exchange of farming technology. D) It has bridged the gap between the rich and the poor in America.
Part II
Reading Comprehension
Passage One Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage: A nine-year-old schoolgirl single-handedly cooks up a science-fair experiment that ends up debunking(揭穿..的真相)a widely practiced medical treatment. Emily Rosa’s target was a . practice known as therapeutic(治疗)touch (TT for short), whose advocates manipulate patients’ “energy field” to make them feel better and even, say some, to cure them of various ills. Yet Emily’s test shows that these energy fields can’t be detected, even by trained TT practitioners(行 医者). Obviously mindful of the publicity value of the situation, Journal editor George Lundberg appeared on TV to declare, “Age doesn’t matter. It’s good science that matters, and this is good science.” Emily’s mother Linda Rosa, a registered nurse, has been campaigning against TT for nearly a decade. Linda first thought about TT in the late ‘80s, when she learned it was on the approved list for continuing nursing education in Colorado. Its 100,000 trained practitioners (48,000 in the U.S.) don’t even touch their patients. Instead, they waved their hands a few inches from the patient’s body, pushing energy fields around until they’re in “balance.” TT advocates say these manipulations can help heal wounds, relieve pain and reduce fever. The claims are taken seriously enough that TT therapists are frequently hired by leading hospitals, at up to $70 an hour, the smooth patients’ energy, sometimes during surgery. Yet Rosa could not find any evidence that it works. To provide such proof, TT therapists would have to sit down for independent testing?something they haven’t been eager to do, even though James Randi has offered more than $1 million to anyone who can demonstrate the existence of a human energy field. (He’s had one taker so far. She failed.) A skeptic might conclude that TT practitioners are afraid to lay their beliefs on the line. But who could turn down an innocent fourth-grader? Says Emily: “I think they didn’t take me very seriously because I’m a kid.” The experiment was straightforward: 21 TT therapists stuck their hands, palms up, through a screen. Emily held her own hand over one of theirs?left or right?and the practitioners had to say which hand it was. When the results were recorded, they’d done no better than they would have by simply guessing. if there was an energy field, they couldn’t feel it.
  16. Which of the following is evidence that TT is widely practiced? A) TT has been in existence for decades. B) Many patients were cured by therapeutic touch. C) TT therapists are often employed by leading hospitals. D) More than 100,000 people are undergoing TT treatment.
  17. Very few TT practitioners responded to the $1 million offer because . A) they didn’t take the offer seriously B) they didn’t want to risk their career C) they were unwilling to reveal their secret D) they thought it was not in line with their practice

  18. The purpose of Emily Rosa’s experiment was . A) to see why TT could work the way it did B) to find out how TT cured patient’s illness C) to test whether she could sense the human energy field D) to test whether a human energy field really existed
  19. Why did some TT practitioners agree to be the subjects of Emily’s experiment? A) It involved nothing more than mere guessing. B) They thought it was going to be a lot of fun. C) It was more straightforward than other experiments. D) They sensed no harm in a little girl’s experiment.
  20. What can we learn from the passage? A) Some widely accepted beliefs can be deceiving. B) Solid evidence weighs more than pure theories. C) Little children can be as clever as trained TT practitioners. D) The principle of TT is too profound to understand. Passage Two Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage. As machines go, the car is not terribly noisy, nor terribly polluting, nor terribly dangerous; and on all those dimensions it has become better as the century has grown older. The main problem is its prevalence, and the social costs that ensue from the use by everyone of something that would be fairly harmless if, say, only the rich were to use it. It is a price we pay for equality. Before becoming too gloomy, it is worth recalling why the car has been arguably the most successful and popular product of the whole of the past 100 years ?and remains so. The story begins with the environmental improvement it brought in the 1900s. In New York city in 1900, according to the Car Culture. A 1975 book by J. Flink, a historian, horses deposited
  2.5 millioo pounds of manure(粪)and 60,000 gallons of urine (尿) every day. Every year, the city authorities had to remove an average of 15,000 dead horses from the streets, It made cars smell of roses. Cars were also wonderfully flexible. The main earlier solution to horse pollution and traffic jams was the electric trolley bus (电车). But that required fixed overhead wires, and rails and platforms, which were expensive, ugly, and inflexible, The car could go from any A to any B, and allowed towns to develop in all directions with low-density housing, rather than just being concentrated along the trolley or rail lines. Rural areas benefited too, for they became less remote. However, since pollution became a concern in the 1950s, experts have predicted?wrongly?that the car boom was about to end. In his book Mr. Flink argued that by 1973 the American market had become saturated, at one car for every
  2.25 people, and so had the markets of Japan and Western Europe (because of land shortages). Environmental worries and diminishing oil reserves would prohibit mass car use anywhere else. He was wrong, Between 1970 and 1990, whereas America’s population grew by 23%, the aumber of cars on its roads grew by 60%, There is now one car for every
  1.7 people there, one for every
  2.1 in Japan, one for every
  5.3 in Britain. Around 550 million cars are already on the roads, not to mention all the trucks and mocorcyeles, and about 50 million new ones are made each year
worldwide. Will it go on? Undoubtedly, because people want it to.
  26. As is given in the first paragraph, the reason why the car has become a problem is that . A) poor people can’t afford it B) it is too expensive to maintain C) too many people are using it D) it causes too many road accidents
  27. According to the passage, the car started to gain popularity because . A) it didn’t break down as easily as a horse B) it had a comparatively pleasant odor C) it caused less pollution than horses D) it brightened up the gloomy streets
  28. What impact did the use of cars have on society? A) People were compelled to leave downtown areas. B) People were able to live in less crowded suburban areas. C) Business along trolley and rail lines slackened. D) City streets were free of ugly overhead wires.
  29. Mr.Flink argued in his book that cars would not be widely used in other countries because . A) the once booming car market has become saturated B) traffic jams in those countries are getting more and more serious C) expensive motorways are not available in less developed countries D) people worry about pollution and the diminishing oil resources
  30. What’s wrong with Mr.Flink’s prediction? A) The use of automobiles has kept increasing worldwide. B) New generations of cars are virtually pollution free. C) The population of America has not increased as fast. D) People’s environmental concerns are constantly increasing.

  1. Can the Computer Learn from Experience Computers have been taught to play not only checkers, but also championship chess, which is a fairly accurate yardstick for measuring the computer’ s progress in the ability to learn from experience. Because the game requires logical reasoning, chess would seem to be perfectly suited to the computer .all a programmer has to do is give the computer a program evaluating the consequences of every possible response to every possible move, and the co
 

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