2009 年高考英语第二轮语法专题复习总汇
一,冠词 The Article 知识要点: 知识要点: 冠词是一种虚词,放在名词的前面,帮助说明名词的含义.冠词分不定冠词(The Indefinite Article) 和定冠词(The definite Article)两种.a (an) 是不定冠词,a 用在辅音之前:如 a book, a man; an 用在元音 之前,如:an old man, an hour, an interesting book 等.the 是定冠词. 一,不定冠词的用法 1, 指人或事物的某一种类 (泛指)这是不定冠词 a (an)的基本用法. She is a girl. I am a teacher. Please . 如: pass me an apple. 2,指某人或某物,但不具体说明何人或何物.如:He borrowed a story-book from the library. A Li is looking for you. 一位姓李的同志正在找你. 3,表示数量,有"一"的意思,但数的概念没有 one 强烈.如: I have a mouth, a nose and two eyes. 4,用于某些固定词组中.如: a bit, a few, a little, a lot of, a piece of, a cup of, a glass of, a pile of, a pair of, have a good time, for a while, for a long time 等. 5,用在抽象名词前,表具体的介绍??a + 抽象名词,起具体化的作用.如: This little girl is a joy to her parents. 这女孩对她父母来说是一个乐趣. It is a pleasure to talk with you. 跟您交谈真是一件愉快的事情. It is an honour to me to attend the meeting. 参加这个会,对我来说是一种荣誉. 二,定冠词的用法: 定冠词的用法: 1,特指某(些)人或某(些)事物.这是定冠词 the 的基本用法.如: Beijing is the capital of China. The pen on the desk is mine. 2,指谈话双方都知道的人或事物.如: Where is the teacher? Open the window, please. 3,指上文提过的人或事物(第二次出现) .如: There was a chair by the window. On the chair sat a young woman with a baby in her arms. The baby was thin. 4,用在世界上独一无二的事物前.如: the earth, the moon, the sun. 5,用在序数词和形容词最高级前. (副词最高级前的定冠词可省略)如: He is always the first to come to school. Bob is the tallest in his class. 6,用在某些专有名词前(由普通名词构成的专用名词) .如: the Great Wall, the Summer Palace, the Science Museum, the Children's Palace, the Party 等. 7,用在一些习惯用语中.如: on the day, in the morning (afternoon, evening), the day after tomorrow, the day before yesterday, the next year, by the way 等. 8,用在江河湖海,山脉前.如: the Yellow River, the Pacific Ocean, the Alps, the Himalayas 9,用在报刊,杂志前.如: the People's Daily, the Evening Paper, the Times 泰晤士报. 10,表示某一家人要加定冠词.如:
1
The Browns are at home to receive visitors today. 布朗一家今天要接待客人. 11,用在形容词前,表某一类人.如: the poor, the wounded, the living, the dead, the rich, the sick 等. 12,定冠词可以表示一事物内部的某处.如: The driver always sits in the front of the bus(car). 零冠词(即不用冠词) 三,零冠词(即不用冠词) : 1,专用名词和不可数名词前.如: China, America, Grade One, Class Two, milk, oil, water, paper, science 等. 2,名词前已有作定语用的 this, that, my, your, some, any 等代词.如: Go down this street. 3,复数名词表示一类人或事物时.如: We are students. I like reading stories. 4,节日,日期,月份,季节前.如: Teachers' Day, Children's Day, National Day, in summer, in July 等. Today is New Year's Day. It is Sunday. March 8 is Women's Day. 5,在称呼语或表示头衔的名词前,尤其作表语,宾补时.如: What's the matter, Granny? We elected him monitor. 6,在某些习惯用语中的名词前.如: at noon, at night, at first, at last, at most, at least, by bus(train, air, sea), in bed, in time, in front of, go to school, go to bed, go to college, on foot, at table, in ink, in pencil 等. 7,在三餐饭和球类运动前.如: She goes to school after breakfast every morning. We are going to play football. We usually have lunch at school. 8,科目前不加.如: We learn Chinese, maths, English and some other subjects. 专项训练】 【专项训练】 : air. 1, We can't live without A.an B.× C.the D.some 2,??Have you seen pen? I left it here this morning. ??Is it black one? I think I saw it somewhere. A.a; the B.the; the C.the; a D.a; a 3,I've been waiting for him for hour and half. A.×; × B.the; a C.a; the D.an; a 4,What fine weather we have today! A.a B.× C.some D.an 5,Have you ever seen as tall as this one? A.a tree B.such tree C.an tree D.tree school at age of six. 6,Children usually go to A.×; the B.a; an C.the; × D.the; the Himalayas is highest mountain in world. 7, A.×; the;× B.The; the; the C.A; a; a D.×;×;×
2
8,They each have __book. Li Hua's is about writer. Wang Lin's is on science. A.a; a; × B.the; ×; the C.×; the; × D.a; the; a 9, Physics is science of matter and energy. A.The; × B.×; × C.×; the D.A; a sun rises in east and sets in west. 10, A.A; an; a B.The;×;× C.The; the; the D.A; the; a 11,Many people agree that__knowledge of English is a must in international trade today. A.a;× B.the; an C.the; the D.×; the 12, __Mr Jones called while you were out (neither of us knows this man). He was in bad temper. A.×;a B.A;× C.The; the D.A; a dinner then. It was delicous one. 13,They were at A.a; the B.×;× C.×;a D.a; a 14,what kind of car do you want to buy? A.× B.the C.a D.an music. 15,Alice is fond of playing piano while Henry is interested in listening to A.×; the B.×;× C.the; × D.the; the 16,Beyond stars, the astronaut saw nothing but space. A.the; × B.×; the C.×;× D.the; the telephone in 18
  76. 17,Alexander Graham Bell invented A.× B.a C.the D.one 18,??Where's Jack? ??I think he's still in bed, but he might just be in bathroom. A.×;× B.the; the C.the; × D.×; the 19,Many people are still in habit of writing silly things in public places. A.the; the B.×;× C.the; × D.×; the 20,??I'd like information about the management of your hotel, please. ??Well, you could have word with the manager. He might be helpful. A.some; a B.an; some C.some; some D.an; a 答案】 【答案】 : 1,B air 是不可数名词. 2, 此题为 97 年高考题. D 根据句意, 第一空是泛指, 第一次出现; 第二空仍是泛指, 且表数量 "-" . 3,D 元音前用 an. 4,B weather 是不可数名词. 5,A 此题为 85 年高考题.泛指. 6,A go to school 是固定短语. 7,B 山脉,形容词最高级及世界上的唯一的名词前加定冠词. 8,A 第一,二空泛指,第三空,science 是不可数名词. 9,C 第一空,科目前不加冠词;第二空特指,有定语. 10,C 11,A 第一空,a + 不可数名词表具体的介绍;第二空,trade 不可数. 12,D 第一空是指有一位琼斯先生在您不在的时候来访. (括号里说明,我们俩都不认识这个人,因 此不是特指. )第二空是固定短语,情绪不好. 13,C 第一空 at dinner 正在吃饭,固定短语. 14,A 泛指 15,C 此题是 89 年高考题:乐器前加定冠词;music 是不可数名词. 16,A 此题是 90 年高考题:stars 前应加定冠词;space 不可数.
3
17,C 18,D 19,C 20,A
此题是 91 年高考题:发明应是特指. 此题是 92 年高考题.in bed 是固定短语,不加冠词. 此题是 93 年高考题.第一空后有定语,固是特指.第二空, public places,公共场所,泛指. 此题是 95 年高考题.information 是不可数名词;have a word with sb.是固定短语. 二,名词 Nouns
知识要点: 知识要点: 名词的种类: 一,名词的种类: 1,专有名词:
  1)China, Japan, Beijing, London, Tom, Jack(不加冠词)
  2)the Great Wall, the Yellow River, the People's Republic of China, the United States 等. (由普通名词构 成的专有名词,要加定冠词. ) 2,普通名词:
  1)不可数名词
物质名词: water , rice , oil , paper … 抽象名词: health , trouble , work , pleasure , honor …
注意: 注意: 不可数名词前一般不加冠词,尤不加不定冠词:若加 a(an)则使之具体化了. 如:have a wonderful time. 不可数名词作主语,谓语动词用第三人称单数形式. 不可数名词一般无复数形式.部分物质名词在表不同类别时,可用复数形 式. 如:fishes, newspapers, waters, snows…… | | | | 各种各样的鱼 各种报纸 河湖,海水 积雪 有些抽象名词也常用复数,变为可数的具体的事物.如:times 时代,works 著作,difficulties 困难 在表数量时,常用"of"词组来表示.如: a glass of milk, a cup of tea, two pieces of paper….
  2)可数名词: 可数名词除用复数形式表一类之外,一般都要加冠词:A birdcaufly. The frog is a kind of hibernating animal. Vegetables sold at this shop are usually fresh. 有复数形式: a)规则变化??加"s"或"es" (与初中同,略) b)不规则变化??child (children), foot (feet), tooth (teeth), man (men), woman (women), mouse (mice), goose (geese), Englishman (Englishmen), phenomenon(phenomena)… 注意:c)单,复数同形:sheep, deer, Chinese, Japanese, fish(同一种鱼)…….如, 注意 a sheep, two sheep d)只用复数形式: thanks, trousers, goods, clothes, socks, shoes,… e)形复实单:physics, politics, maths, news, plastics(塑料) ,means. f)形单实复:people (人民,人们) ,the police, cattle 等 g)集合名词如:family, public, group, class 等.当作为整体时,为单数;当作 为整体中的各个成员时,为复数.如: My family is a big one. My family are music lovers. h)复合名词变复数时,a)只把复合名词中的主体各词变为复数形式.如: sister(s)-in-law 嫂子,弟妹;step-son (s)继子;editor (s) -in-chief 总编辑.
4
b)如没有主体名词则在最后一个词的后面加"s" .如:grown-up(s)成年人,go-between(s) 中间人 c)woman, man 作定语时,要与被修饰的名词的数一致.如:a man servant?men servants, a woman doctor?women doctors 名词的所有格: 二,名词的所有格: 1,表有生命的东西(人或动物)的名词所有格,一般在名词后加"'s" .如:Mike's bag, Children's Day, my brother's room, women's rights… 注意: .如:Teachers' Day, the workers' 注意:
  1)名词复数的词尾是-s 或-es,它的所有格只在词后加"s" rest-home(工人疗养院) ,the students' reading-room
  2)复合名词的所有格,在后面的词后加"'s" .如:her son-in-law's photo(她女婿的照片) ; anybody else's book(其他任何人的书)
  3)如果一样东西为两人或两人以上共有,则在最后的一个名词后面加"'s" ; 如果不是共有,则每个词后都要加"'s" .如:Jane and Helen's room. 珍妮和海伦的房间(共有). Bill's and Tom's radios. 比尔的收音机和汤姆的 收音机(不共有)
  4)表地点(店铺,某人的家等)的名词所有格后面,一般省去它所修饰的名词.如: the tailor's (裁缝铺) the doctor's (诊所) Mr Brown's (布朗先生的家)
  5)有些表时间,距离,国家,城镇的无生命的名词,也可加"'s"表所有格. 如:half an hour's walk (半小时的路程) China's agriculture (中国的农业) 2,表示无生命的东西的名词一般与 of 构成词组,表示所有格.如:the cover of the book 3,表示有生命的东西的名词也可以用 of,特别是名词较长,有较多的定语时.如: the story of Dr Norman Bethune Do you know the name of the boy standing at the gate? 4, "of 词组+所有格"的用法: 在表示所属物的名词前有冠词, 数词, 不定代词或指示代词 (如: two, some, a few, this, that, these, those a, 等)时,常用"of 词组+所有格"的形式来表示所有关系.如: a friend of my father's 我父亲的一位朋友. some inventions of Edison's 爱迪生的一些发明 those exercise-books of the students' 学生们的那些练习本. 专项训练】 【专项训练】 : in the hospital. 1,There are only twelve A.woman doctors B.women doctors C.women doctor D.woman doctor 2,Mr Smith has two , both of whom are teachers in a school. A.brothers-in-law B.brother-in-laws C.brothers-in-laws D.brothers-in law 3,??How many does a cow have? ??Four. A.stomaches B.stomach C.stomachs D.stomachies 4,Some visited our school last Wednesday. A.German B.Germen C.Germans D.Germens 5,The of the building are covered with lots of . A.roofs; leaves B.rooves; leafs C.roof; leaf D.roofs; leafs missing. 6,When the farmer returned home he found three A.sheeps B.sheepes C.sheep D.sheepies 7,That was a fifty engine.
5
A.horse power B.horses power C.horse powers D.horses powers 8,My father often gives me . A.many advice B.much advice C.a lot of advices D.a few advice while she was washing up. 9,Mary broke a A.tea cup B.a cup of tea C.tea's cup D.cup tea 10,Can you give us some about the writer? A.informations B.information C.piece of informations D.pieces information 11,I had a cup of and two pieces of this morning. A.teas; bread B.teas; breads C.tea; breads D.tea; bread 12,As is known to us all, travels much faster than . A.lights; sounds B.light; sound C.sound; light D.sounds; lights 13,She told him of all her and . A.hope; fear B.hopes; fear C.hopes; fears D.hope; fears did a lot of to the crops. 14,The rising A.water; harm B.water; harms C.waters; harm D.waters; harms 15,??How far away is it from here to your school? ??It's about . A.half an hour's drive B.half hours drives C.half an hour drives D.half an hour drive . 16,The shirt isn't mine. It's A.Mrs Smith B.Mrs' Smith C.Mrs Smiths' D.Mrs Smith's 17,Miss Johnson is a friend of . A.Mary's mother B.Mary's mothers' C.Mary mother's D.Mary's mother's 18,Last week I
 

相关内容

2009高考英语听力

   第一节 1-5 小题 1. Who is paying the lunch now? A. They share the bill B. The woman C. The man 2. Who are the two speakers? A. Workers B. Students C. Teachers 3. What will the speakers do over the weekend? A. Go camping B. Stay at home C. Climb the moun ...

2009高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练?阅读理解(十五)(附详解)

   七彩教育网 http://www.7caiedu.cn 本资料来源于《七彩教育网》http://www.7caiedu.cn 2009 高考英语复习课堂限时强化训练??阅读理解(十五) (1) ) We now think of chocolate as sweet, but once it was bitter. We think of it as a candy, but once it was a medicine. Today, chocolate can be a hot drin ...

2009高考英语讲座27

   2009高考英语讲座 2009高考英语讲座(27) 高考英语讲座(27) 汉译英 1 测试目标: 测试目标: 运用英语词汇、 运用英语词汇、句型和语法知 识把中文的句子译成语法结构正确、 识把中文的句子译成语法结构正确、 符合英语表达习惯、通顺的句子, 符合英语表达习惯、通顺的句子, 考查学生词汇、 考查学生词汇、英语语法等知识的 综合运用能力。 综合运用能力。 汉译英复习要点: 汉译英复习要点: 1. 英语语法基础知识 词法 句法 2. 常用词汇和惯用词组; 常用词汇和惯用词组; 3. 惯 ...

2008年高考试题??英语听力(天津卷)学习啊

   学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说: 难死了 难死了”。 学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说:“难死了 。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个: 不得法 不得法。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个:“不得法。” 英 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利? 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置身于 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来会非常流利。 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来 ...

2009商务英语专业毕业论文参考题目汇总

   2009 年商务英语毕业论文题目 年商务英语毕业论文题目(备选) 2009 年商务英语毕业论文题目(备选) 最牛英语口语培训模式:躺在家里练口语,全程外教一对一,三个月畅谈无阻! 最牛英语口语培训模式:躺在家里练口语,全程外教一对一,三个月畅谈无阻! 太平洋英语,免费体验全部外教一对一课程 体验全部外教一对一课程: 太平洋英语,免费体验全部外教一对一课程:http://www.pacificenglish.cn 1. 论文化因素对英汉翻译的影响 2. 商务英语的特点及翻译技巧 3. 商务函电 ...

2009高考备考必读:英语阅读题实战夺分技巧 - 高考 - 中国教育在线...

   本文由hao334059960贡献 2009高考备考必读:英语阅读题实战夺分技巧 - 高考 - 中国教育在线中国教育在线 中国教育网 加入收藏 设为首页 通行证 密码 登录 注册 帮助 搜索 首页| 高考| 考研| 在职| 自考| 成考| 外语| 资格考试| IT | 公务员| 留学| 教师招聘| 校园招聘| 生涯规划| 校园| 社区| 海外名校| 书店| 中小学| 北京 广东 上海 山东 江苏 四川 浙江 河南 辽宁 陕西 湖北 湖南 福建 重庆 安徽 河北 山西 广西 ...

2007年高考英语听力(安徽卷)

   2007 年高考试题??英语听力(安徽卷)录音稿 第一部分:听力 共两节 共两节。 第一部分:听力(共两节。满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例: ...

2007年高考英语听力(北京卷)

   2007 年高考试题??英语听力(北京卷) 第一部分:听力理解(共两节,30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话.每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项.听完每段对话后,你将有 10 秒中的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题,每段对话 你将听一遍. 例:What is the man going to read? A. A newspaper. B. A magazine. C. A book. 答案是 A 1 ...

2008年高考英语听力(全国卷Ⅰ)

   2008 年高考试题??英语听力(全国卷 1)录音稿 第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. £19.15 答案是 B。 B. £9.15 C. £9.18 1. W ...

2007年高考英语听力(湖南卷)

   2007 年高考试题??英语听力(湖南卷)录音稿 第一节( 小题, 第一节(共 5 小题,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话 仅读一遍。 1.When will the two speakers leaveif they get cheaper tickets?’ A.On Tuesday. B.On Thursday C.On Fri ...

热门内容

计算机专业英语大全

   计算机专业英语大全 作者:佚名 计算机专业英语整理 中英文术语对照 absence 缺席 access 访问存取通路进入 achieve 实现完成 acquire 获得 adjacency list method 邻接表表示法 adjacency matrix method 邻接矩阵表示法 algorithm 算法 allocate 留下分配 analog 推论 append 添加 archive 档案归档 array 数组 assign 分配 assume 假设 assurance 确信信 ...

服装类英语词汇

   服装类英语词汇 acryl 压克力 anorak, duffle coat 带兜帽的夹克,带风帽的粗呢大衣 apron 围裙 bathing costume, swimsuit, bathing suit 游泳衣 bathing trunks 游泳裤 bathrobe 浴衣 belt 裤带 beret 贝蕾帽 bikini 比基尼泳衣 blouse 紧身女衫 boot 靴子 bow tie 蝶形领带 bowler hat 圆顶硬礼帽 braces 裤子背带 (美作:suspenders) b ...

英语单词专业四级词汇表

       本文由obirzhnvdj贡献     pdf文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机 查看。     本文由english_word贡献     doc文档可能在WAP端浏 览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机 查看。     www .english-word.cn     英语单词     英语单词专业四级 词汇表     abdomen n. 腹,腹部 abolish vt. 废止 ,废除(法律,制度,习俗等) aborigin ...

2008年12月大学英语四级考试真题与答案

   2008 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题 月大学英语四 Part I Writing (30 minutes) ) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Limiting the Use of Disposable Plastic Bag. You should write at least 150 words following the outline g ...

最实用的日常英语

   英美国家的“厕所”文化 这样一则笑话:一个外宾想上厕所,便对翻译说:“I wonder if I can go somewhere?”(我可以方便一下吗?)而翻译却把somewhere误解为“某处”,因而回答道“Yes, you can go anywhere in China.”(行,中国你哪儿都可以去。)外宾不禁愕然。可见,如不了解英语中“厕所”的一些表达法是会误事的。   1.Public lavatory意为“公厕”,在公共场所,厕所门上都标有Gent’s(男厕),或Ladies’(女 ...