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2009 广东高考英语完形填空专题复习
一、完形填空考查综合运用语言的能力: 完形填空考查综合运用语言的能力:
  1)词语辨析能力
  2)语法结构分析能力
  3)语篇理解能力
  4)逻辑推理能力
  5)文化背景透析能力
  6)作者意图剖析能力
  7)生活常识综合运用能力 二、历年考点分析: 历年考点分析
  1. 根据上下文语境来确定最佳选项。近年来的完形填空试题在选项的设置上越来越淡化 语法结构,重在文意的干扰,即把具体的语言知识溶进具体的语言情景中去,考查考生通过 上下文的前后提示或暗示,对整体文意进行把握的能力。这种考查方式所占的比例较大,且 难度也大,若单纯从句子或个别段落来分析,或许所给的四个答案在语法和结构上都是正确 的,若放在全局,则不一定正确。因此,快速浏览全文,领悟文章主旨,通过上下文的语境 来选择答案是解决这类题的关键。 例如: But Ella Fant, who was filed with at 2 ? They’re all out of (
  1)A. sadness (
  2)A. them (
  3)A. sight 3 1 , shouted at the top of her voice, “Look
except my John? Isn’t he the best?” C. surprise C. that C. mind D. regret D. him D. step
B. happiness B. those B. order
分析:考虑上下文的语境,第一个空的后边既然是“声嘶力竭的喊叫”就不能是 A、D 项, 特别是通过最后一句 Isn’t he the best?推知母亲此时的感觉是“幸福”的。 所以 1 题的答案选 B。 2 题的答案选 A. them 是因为其后用了 they’re。3 题通过全篇语境知道此时描述的游行队伍里 一个人的步伐与其他人的不同,答案应与“步伐”有关,所以答案选 D. step。
  2. 根据生活常识及文化背景知识进行逻辑推理。NMET 完形填空往往以自身的内容提供 完整的语篇信息,其间交织渗透着各类相关的文化背景知识和生活常识,考查考生灵活运用 该方面知识的能力。解决这类题目,考生不仅要有广博的知识、丰富的生活经历,还要能够
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驾驭全文,不仅理解文章的表层意义,而且要弄清文章的深层意义。当对语言的把握不很准 确时,可充分利用社会文化知识和生活常识来帮助判断。 例如: (NMET19
  98) Every morning she would give him breakfast papers to 2 . B. at B. read C. in C. keep D. by D. sign 1 bed and bring him the

  1. A. to
  2. A. check
分析:1 题的答案是 C,bed 的前面应当用介词 in。至于 2 题,就要用到相应的文化背景 知识:外国人有早上读报的习惯,句中 papers 即报纸(newspapers)。这是理解文章细节的关 键。有了这些文化背景知识,便可迅速推断出最佳选项 B. read。因为生活中过分溺爱孩子的 母亲,让儿子“在床上”吃早饭,“读”早报是很自然的事情,这也正与文章的主旨相吻合。
  3. 根据词语的习惯用法和固定搭配来选择答案词的固定搭配,特别是动词的搭配在完形 填空题中出现的比例也是比较大的,多数题目涉及到动词的用法和各种搭配关系,这是由动 词在句子中的重要性决定的。动词在搭配关系上与名词、介词、副词的用法紧密相关。 解决 这类题目要求考生多读、多记,对所学习语或固定搭配牢固掌握,并能灵活运用。 例如: The other day I was sitting in a small restaurant 1 a quiet drink and a talk with a few friends when it suddenly 2 me that almost everyone in the restaurant was smoking. It wasn’t long 3 the whole room was filled with smoke.
  1. A. have
  2. A. seemed
  3. A. ago B. had B. struck B. after C. having C. sank C. before D. have had D. showed D. now
分析:解题 1 选 C,是因为它这里是表伴随。解题 2 选 B 是因为 struck 的意思有 “使…… 想到”,其它几个意思不符,搭配也不合理。解题 3 选 C,it wasn’t long before 是一个固定搭配 的句型。
  4. 根据词汇的意义及用法辨析词义从而确定答案。完形填空题的考查虽然越来越淡化语 法,但对语言点的考查依然存在,不过主要体现在词汇搭配和语义辨析两个方面。要做好这 种题目,必须尽量将词语辨析与情节推理和逻辑推理结合起来,从词汇意义入手,抓住情节 线索解决问题。 例如:Dad taught me a lot about life, especially its hard times. I remembered one of his 1 , one night when I was ready to quit (退出) a political campaign (运动)I was losing, and wrote about it in my diary.
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Tired, feeling the months of 2
  1. A. classes
  2. A. struggle B. advice
, I went up to my study to make some notes. D. talks D. defence
C. lessons
B. working C. battle
分析:class(课,班级,阶级)advice(忠告,建议,不可数名词)lesson(课程,教训) talk(谈话,讲演),根据短文中提供的信息,应该是作者准备退出一场失败了的政治活动时, 父亲“教训”了他一顿,所以 1 题的答案是 C. lessons。2 题的选项 B. working(工作,劳动), D. defence(防卫,辩护)明显不合乎逻辑,A. struggle 意为“斗争,战争”,C. battle 是指大型战 役中的小规模“战斗”。作者在这次政治活动中经历了数月的艰辛, 为争取某种权利而进行了艰 苦的“斗争”,根据文章的情节线索我们可以确定最佳选项是 A。这两个题的解决都借助了词义 的辨析,同时也离不开对短文情节发展的把握。 三、考点剖析与解题策略 (一)语法 This autumn was the wettest since records began in the U.K. Floods large parts of the country. A. covered B. covered by (二)语法 + 常识 More and more factories pump CO2 into the air , and atmosphere across the world . A. burns B. hot C. warm D. heats up C. covered with D. rushed away
(三)四个答案对比 In Australia folds have covered an area the of the whole of the Britain . A. width B. large C. length D. size
(四)翻译: ◆The village of Yaluma __1__ in the mountains of Chipas , a province of Southern Mexico, __2__ people are many Indians.
  1. A. lies
  2. A. Their B. place B. It’s C. lays D. soon C. Its D. Its’
★Rock stars’ admirers (崇拜者)who love rock music 1 about billion dollars a year for records. They pay 150 million to 2 rock stars in person (亲自).
  1. A. take
  2. A. meet
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B. cost
C. waste C. call
D. spend D. see
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B. interview
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(五)连接词 ★They are some of the poorest people in a poverty stricken country. now they have an extra source of income (收入). A. But B. And C. However D. Therefore
★Rock stars’ admirers (崇拜者)who love rock music spend about billion dollars a year for records. MR. In 1956, Mclean , __1__ wrote and sang “American Pie” , __2__ he earns an additional two cents on every single __3__ of the song.
  1. A. who
  2. A. and
  3. A. copy B, he B. but C. that C. so D. as D. yet D. performance
B. record C. singing
★Many rock stars __1__ like Grace slick and Jefferson. Those performers return from a tour, pay their bells, and buy new toys. __2__ when they need money again , they do another tour. They save __3__ money and live from hand to mouth.
  1. A. play
  2. A. But
  3. A. no B. live B. Then B. much C. perform C. And C. some D. behave D. So D. plenty
★English people seem very quiet reserved (缄默的), usually. A. though B. and C. even D. but
★It was just getting dark; there was a touch of fog and I was on a lonely stretch of road. I was going along cheerfully. A. But B. And C. Otherwise D. Yet
One evening Jackie was on his way home from the railway station. When he turned round a 1 he heard footsteps behind him and he thought 2 was coming near. He began to walk __
  3. The footsteps became faster, too. He slowed down. The footsteps also __4__ down.
  1. A. corner
  2. A. no one
  3. A. slowly
  4. A. put B. park B. someone C. street D. way
C. anyone D. everyone D. faster D. turned
B. more slowly C. fast B. slowed C. became
(六)词组与翻译
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★In 1990 , leader of all big nations met in Japan and agreed to reduce __1__ CD2 they put into the atmosphere. Ten years __2__, in Nov. 2000, they met again in Holland to assess ( 评估 ) the situation and decided what to do next.
  1. A. many
  2. A. after B. a number of B. late C. the amount of D. a good many C. later D. soon
★……. But I was going along cheerfully, thinking about the dinner I would eat when I to Salisbury. A. reached B. arrived C. got D. led
(七)比较四个答案, 翻译文章 Projects (工程)__1__ this go over under the name of “ Carbon Trading”. The basic __2__ is that governments and companies can buy the __3__ to pump CO2 into the air by investing ( 投资 ) in green _4__ that6 takes it out again.
  1. A. as
  2. A. fact
  3. A. forests
  4. A. projects (八)前提示 ★Young people are spending unbelievable sums of money to listen to rock music. At least fifty stars have incomes between two million and six million dollars per year. A. film B. rock C. jazz D. movie B. like B. meanings B. projects B. plants C. the same as C. idea C. right C. materials D. except D. things D. debt D. trees
★Neil Young who performs __1__ torn blue jeans, sometimes sings to an audience of 10,000,each of whom has paid five dollars for a ticket. __2__ paying expenses, Young leaves with about $18,000 in his blue __3__ at the end of an evening.
  1. A. in
  2. A. Before
  3. A. shirt B. with B. Beside B. trousers C. for C. After C. coat D. on D. Except D. jeans
(九)抓住主要信息词(本文的主体核心) ,比较四个答案,最后排除不可能的选项. “It doesn’t 1,” said one of the older music millionaires, who made a million dollars a year when he was popular , in the 1950s. “performers aren’t worth this kind of money. In fact, _2__is.”
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  1. A. make efforts
  2. A. everybody
B. make progress B. nobody
C. make sense C. somebody
D. make money D. anybody
(十)形容词的选择(并列连词的作用)
  1. ★If we make a noise on the bus they look and uncomfortable . A. untouched B. worried C. moved D. excited

  2. ★Hellen was an old teacher with a warm smile and eyes. A. bursting B. freezing C. friendly D. lively
(十一)后暗示 In this __1__, professors always take every opportunity to push textbooks aside and expose students to real 2__.
  1. A. classroom
  2. A. facts B. means B. lessons C. university C. adventures D. hall D. experiences
He was sure that he was being followed. He tried to hide, _1_ the steps followed him. He didn’t know _2_ to save himself
  1. A. Still
  2. A. when 【模拟试题】 (一) My father often works very hard. And he has 1 to see a film. Here I’ll tell you him. One afternoon, when he finished his work and 3 go home, he found a film ticket under the 4 on his desk. He thought he 5 to have not much work to do that day and wonderful to pass the 7 he said 9 to us and left. , he came back about half an hour later, I 11 him what was the matter. He at the cinema. So he came back home and 8 6 was quite 2 about B. Sometimes C. Often B. where C. why D. Seldom D. how
finished his supper. Then
But to our 10
smiled and told us about 12
funny thing that had happened at the cinema. came to my father’s and said that the seat looked at it carefully. It was 17 her ticket.
When my father was sitting in his seat, a 13
was 14 . My father was surprised. He took out the ticket 15
Row17, 16 . And then he looked at the seat. It was the same. So he asked her She took out the ticket at once and the seat shown in it was Row 17, Seat
  3.
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18 “The 19
? What’s the matter with all this? While they were wondering suddenly the woman said, of the tickets are different.” So they looked at the ticket more carefully. After a while, 20 , I made a mistake. My ticket is for the film a month ago. Take this seat,
my father said, “Oh,
please.” With these words, he left the cinema.
  1. A. little money
  2. A. a funny story
  3. A. was to
  4. A. box
  5. A. happened
  6. A. it
  7. A. morning
  8. A. early
  9. A. hello
  10. A. disappointment
  11. A. asked
  12. A. a
  13. A. man
  14. A. hers
  15. A. and
  16. A. Seat1
  17. A. it bring
  18. A. Why
  19. A. designs
  20. A. I’m sad B. much money B. a good story B. was about to B. book B. liked B. this B. afternoon B. quietly B. good-bye B. joy B. explained B. one B. woman B. his B. but B. Seat2 B. to get B. How B. colors B. I’m sorry C. little time C. an old story C. had to C. glass C. pretended C. that C. day C. quickly C. good evening C. sorrow C. told C. some C. doctor C. t
 

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