高考资源网(ks5u.com)
您身边的高考专家
2009 广东高考英语完形填空专题复习
一、完形填空考查综合运用语言的能力: 完形填空考查综合运用语言的能力:
  1)词语辨析能力
  2)语法结构分析能力
  3)语篇理解能力
  4)逻辑推理能力
  5)文化背景透析能力
  6)作者意图剖析能力
  7)生活常识综合运用能力 二、历年考点分析: 历年考点分析
  1. 根据上下文语境来确定最佳选项。近年来的完形填空试题在选项的设置上越来越淡化 语法结构,重在文意的干扰,即把具体的语言知识溶进具体的语言情景中去,考查考生通过 上下文的前后提示或暗示,对整体文意进行把握的能力。这种考查方式所占的比例较大,且 难度也大,若单纯从句子或个别段落来分析,或许所给的四个答案在语法和结构上都是正确 的,若放在全局,则不一定正确。因此,快速浏览全文,领悟文章主旨,通过上下文的语境 来选择答案是解决这类题的关键。 例如: But Ella Fant, who was filed with at 2 ? They’re all out of (
  1)A. sadness (
  2)A. them (
  3)A. sight 3 1 , shouted at the top of her voice, “Look
except my John? Isn’t he the best?” C. surprise C. that C. mind D. regret D. him D. step
B. happiness B. those B. order
分析:考虑上下文的语境,第一个空的后边既然是“声嘶力竭的喊叫”就不能是 A、D 项, 特别是通过最后一句 Isn’t he the best?推知母亲此时的感觉是“幸福”的。 所以 1 题的答案选 B。 2 题的答案选 A. them 是因为其后用了 they’re。3 题通过全篇语境知道此时描述的游行队伍里 一个人的步伐与其他人的不同,答案应与“步伐”有关,所以答案选 D. step。
  2. 根据生活常识及文化背景知识进行逻辑推理。NMET 完形填空往往以自身的内容提供 完整的语篇信息,其间交织渗透着各类相关的文化背景知识和生活常识,考查考生灵活运用 该方面知识的能力。解决这类题目,考生不仅要有广博的知识、丰富的生活经历,还要能够
www.ks5u.com
-1-
版权所有@高考资源网
高考资源网(ks5u.com)
您身边的高考专家
驾驭全文,不仅理解文章的表层意义,而且要弄清文章的深层意义。当对语言的把握不很准 确时,可充分利用社会文化知识和生活常识来帮助判断。 例如: (NMET19
  98) Every morning she would give him breakfast papers to 2 . B. at B. read C. in C. keep D. by D. sign 1 bed and bring him the

  1. A. to
  2. A. check
分析:1 题的答案是 C,bed 的前面应当用介词 in。至于 2 题,就要用到相应的文化背景 知识:外国人有早上读报的习惯,句中 papers 即报纸(newspapers)。这是理解文章细节的关 键。有了这些文化背景知识,便可迅速推断出最佳选项 B. read。因为生活中过分溺爱孩子的 母亲,让儿子“在床上”吃早饭,“读”早报是很自然的事情,这也正与文章的主旨相吻合。
  3. 根据词语的习惯用法和固定搭配来选择答案词的固定搭配,特别是动词的搭配在完形 填空题中出现的比例也是比较大的,多数题目涉及到动词的用法和各种搭配关系,这是由动 词在句子中的重要性决定的。动词在搭配关系上与名词、介词、副词的用法紧密相关。 解决 这类题目要求考生多读、多记,对所学习语或固定搭配牢固掌握,并能灵活运用。 例如: The other day I was sitting in a small restaurant 1 a quiet drink and a talk with a few friends when it suddenly 2 me that almost everyone in the restaurant was smoking. It wasn’t long 3 the whole room was filled with smoke.
  1. A. have
  2. A. seemed
  3. A. ago B. had B. struck B. after C. having C. sank C. before D. have had D. showed D. now
分析:解题 1 选 C,是因为它这里是表伴随。解题 2 选 B 是因为 struck 的意思有 “使…… 想到”,其它几个意思不符,搭配也不合理。解题 3 选 C,it wasn’t long before 是一个固定搭配 的句型。
  4. 根据词汇的意义及用法辨析词义从而确定答案。完形填空题的考查虽然越来越淡化语 法,但对语言点的考查依然存在,不过主要体现在词汇搭配和语义辨析两个方面。要做好这 种题目,必须尽量将词语辨析与情节推理和逻辑推理结合起来,从词汇意义入手,抓住情节 线索解决问题。 例如:Dad taught me a lot about life, especially its hard times. I remembered one of his 1 , one night when I was ready to quit (退出) a political campaign (运动)I was losing, and wrote about it in my diary.
www.ks5u.com -2版权所有@高考资源网
高考资源网(ks5u.com)
您身边的高考专家
Tired, feeling the months of 2
  1. A. classes
  2. A. struggle B. advice
, I went up to my study to make some notes. D. talks D. defence
C. lessons
B. working C. battle
分析:class(课,班级,阶级)advice(忠告,建议,不可数名词)lesson(课程,教训) talk(谈话,讲演),根据短文中提供的信息,应该是作者准备退出一场失败了的政治活动时, 父亲“教训”了他一顿,所以 1 题的答案是 C. lessons。2 题的选项 B. working(工作,劳动), D. defence(防卫,辩护)明显不合乎逻辑,A. struggle 意为“斗争,战争”,C. battle 是指大型战 役中的小规模“战斗”。作者在这次政治活动中经历了数月的艰辛, 为争取某种权利而进行了艰 苦的“斗争”,根据文章的情节线索我们可以确定最佳选项是 A。这两个题的解决都借助了词义 的辨析,同时也离不开对短文情节发展的把握。 三、考点剖析与解题策略 (一)语法 This autumn was the wettest since records began in the U.K. Floods large parts of the country. A. covered B. covered by (二)语法 + 常识 More and more factories pump CO2 into the air , and atmosphere across the world . A. burns B. hot C. warm D. heats up C. covered with D. rushed away
(三)四个答案对比 In Australia folds have covered an area the of the whole of the Britain . A. width B. large C. length D. size
(四)翻译: ◆The village of Yaluma __1__ in the mountains of Chipas , a province of Southern Mexico, __2__ people are many Indians.
  1. A. lies
  2. A. Their B. place B. It’s C. lays D. soon C. Its D. Its’
★Rock stars’ admirers (崇拜者)who love rock music 1 about billion dollars a year for records. They pay 150 million to 2 rock stars in person (亲自).
  1. A. take
  2. A. meet
www.ks5u.com
B. cost
C. waste C. call
D. spend D. see
-3版权所有@高考资源网
B. interview
高考资源网(ks5u.com)
您身边的高考专家
(五)连接词 ★They are some of the poorest people in a poverty stricken country. now they have an extra source of income (收入). A. But B. And C. However D. Therefore
★Rock stars’ admirers (崇拜者)who love rock music spend about billion dollars a year for records. MR. In 1956, Mclean , __1__ wrote and sang “American Pie” , __2__ he earns an additional two cents on every single __3__ of the song.
  1. A. who
  2. A. and
  3. A. copy B, he B. but C. that C. so D. as D. yet D. performance
B. record C. singing
★Many rock stars __1__ like Grace slick and Jefferson. Those performers return from a tour, pay their bells, and buy new toys. __2__ when they need money again , they do another tour. They save __3__ money and live from hand to mouth.
  1. A. play
  2. A. But
  3. A. no B. live B. Then B. much C. perform C. And C. some D. behave D. So D. plenty
★English people seem very quiet reserved (缄默的), usually. A. though B. and C. even D. but
★It was just getting dark; there was a touch of fog and I was on a lonely stretch of road. I was going along cheerfully. A. But B. And C. Otherwise D. Yet
One evening Jackie was on his way home from the railway station. When he turned round a 1 he heard footsteps behind him and he thought 2 was coming near. He began to walk __
  3. The footsteps became faster, too. He slowed down. The footsteps also __4__ down.
  1. A. corner
  2. A. no one
  3. A. slowly
  4. A. put B. park B. someone C. street D. way
C. anyone D. everyone D. faster D. turned
B. more slowly C. fast B. slowed C. became
(六)词组与翻译
www.ks5u.com
-4-
版权所有@高考资源网
高考资源网(ks5u.com)
您身边的高考专家
★In 1990 , leader of all big nations met in Japan and agreed to reduce __1__ CD2 they put into the atmosphere. Ten years __2__, in Nov. 2000, they met again in Holland to assess ( 评估 ) the situation and decided what to do next.
  1. A. many
  2. A. after B. a number of B. late C. the amount of D. a good many C. later D. soon
★……. But I was going along cheerfully, thinking about the dinner I would eat when I to Salisbury. A. reached B. arrived C. got D. led
(七)比较四个答案, 翻译文章 Projects (工程)__1__ this go over under the name of “ Carbon Trading”. The basic __2__ is that governments and companies can buy the __3__ to pump CO2 into the air by investing ( 投资 ) in green _4__ that6 takes it out again.
  1. A. as
  2. A. fact
  3. A. forests
  4. A. projects (八)前提示 ★Young people are spending unbelievable sums of money to listen to rock music. At least fifty stars have incomes between two million and six million dollars per year. A. film B. rock C. jazz D. movie B. like B. meanings B. projects B. plants C. the same as C. idea C. right C. materials D. except D. things D. debt D. trees
★Neil Young who performs __1__ torn blue jeans, sometimes sings to an audience of 10,000,each of whom has paid five dollars for a ticket. __2__ paying expenses, Young leaves with about $18,000 in his blue __3__ at the end of an evening.
  1. A. in
  2. A. Before
  3. A. shirt B. with B. Beside B. trousers C. for C. After C. coat D. on D. Except D. jeans
(九)抓住主要信息词(本文的主体核心) ,比较四个答案,最后排除不可能的选项. “It doesn’t 1,” said one of the older music millionaires, who made a million dollars a year when he was popular , in the 1950s. “performers aren’t worth this kind of money. In fact, _2__is.”
www.ks5u.com -5版权所有@高考资源网
高考资源网(ks5u.com)
您身边的高考专家

  1. A. make efforts
  2. A. everybody
B. make progress B. nobody
C. make sense C. somebody
D. make money D. anybody
(十)形容词的选择(并列连词的作用)
  1. ★If we make a noise on the bus they look and uncomfortable . A. untouched B. worried C. moved D. excited

  2. ★Hellen was an old teacher with a warm smile and eyes. A. bursting B. freezing C. friendly D. lively
(十一)后暗示 In this __1__, professors always take every opportunity to push textbooks aside and expose students to real 2__.
  1. A. classroom
  2. A. facts B. means B. lessons C. university C. adventures D. hall D. experiences
He was sure that he was being followed. He tried to hide, _1_ the steps followed him. He didn’t know _2_ to save himself
  1. A. Still
  2. A. when 【模拟试题】 (一) My father often works very hard. And he has 1 to see a film. Here I’ll tell you him. One afternoon, when he finished his work and 3 go home, he found a film ticket under the 4 on his desk. He thought he 5 to have not much work to do that day and wonderful to pass the 7 he said 9 to us and left. , he came back about half an hour later, I 11 him what was the matter. He at the cinema. So he came back home and 8 6 was quite 2 about B. Sometimes C. Often B. where C. why D. Seldom D. how
finished his supper. Then
But to our 10
smiled and told us about 12
funny thing that had happened at the cinema. came to my father’s and said that the seat looked at it carefully. It was 17 her ticket.
When my father was sitting in his seat, a 13
was 14 . My father was surprised. He took out the ticket 15
Row17, 16 . And then he looked at the seat. It was the same. So he asked her She took out the ticket at once and the seat shown in it was Row 17, Seat
  3.
www.ks5u.com -6-
版权所有@高考资源网
高考资源网(ks5u.com)
您身边的高考专家
18 “The 19
? What’s the matter with all this? While they were wondering suddenly the woman said, of the tickets are different.” So they looked at the ticket more carefully. After a while, 20 , I made a mistake. My ticket is for the film a month ago. Take this seat,
my father said, “Oh,
please.” With these words, he left the cinema.
  1. A. little money
  2. A. a funny story
  3. A. was to
  4. A. box
  5. A. happened
  6. A. it
  7. A. morning
  8. A. early
  9. A. hello
  10. A. disappointment
  11. A. asked
  12. A. a
  13. A. man
  14. A. hers
  15. A. and
  16. A. Seat1
  17. A. it bring
  18. A. Why
  19. A. designs
  20. A. I’m sad B. much money B. a good story B. was about to B. book B. liked B. this B. afternoon B. quietly B. good-bye B. joy B. explained B. one B. woman B. his B. but B. Seat2 B. to get B. How B. colors B. I’m sorry C. little time C. an old story C. had to C. glass C. pretended C. that C. day C. quickly C. good evening C. sorrow C. told C. some C. doctor C. t
 

相关内容

初二英语阅读理解与完形填空专题复习

   中学学科网学海泛舟系列资料 WWW.ZXXK.COM 上中学学科网, 下精品学科资料 专题??阅读理解与完形填空 专题??阅读理解与完形填空 ?? [学习过程] 一. 阅读理解 阅读理解:在中考中占的比重很大。阅读理解能力属于语言的领会技能。包括对书面 语言的识别、理解、推理、判断和快速记忆等几个方面。不仅仅涉及到语音、语法、词汇 这些语言因素、还涉及到非语言因素,即:阅读者对所学语言国家的社会和文化背景知识 的掌握、对所读材料内容的熟悉、个人经历、生活常识、逻辑知识和语言修养等各方面。 阅 ...

2011届高考英语二轮专题复习课件(湖南专用):完形填空-专题一记叙文

   专题 一 │记叙文 专题一 记叙文 专题 一 │专题导读 专题导读 记叙文是高考完形填空的主要体裁。 记叙文是高考完形填空的主要体裁。其主要特点是以 记叙为主,辅以各种综合表达方法,包括描写、说明、议 记叙为主,辅以各种综合表达方法,包括描写、说明、 论和抒情等。 论和抒情等。通过对人和事的描写表达作者的思想感情和 中心思想。记叙的要素包括时间、地点、人物、 中心思想。记叙的要素包括时间、地点、人物、事件的起 经过和结果,即我们常说的五个w(who what,when, w(who, 因、经 ...

中考英语完形填空专练

   中考英语完形填空专练 1 Christmas is for giving and sharing, for getting together with family and friends. But mostly it’s for love. I had not believed this until a student, who was . . called Mark, gave me a wonderful gift one Christmas. . Mark was an 11-yea ...

高二英语完形填空专练

   登陆下载更多资料 www.lzcyy.net 量子场女生英语 8 高二英语完形填空专练 一 I arrived in the classroom, ready to share my knowledge and experience with 75 students who would be my English Literature class. Having taught in the US for 37 on 17 years, I had no 36 about my ability ...

高二英语完形填空专练

   8 高二英语完形填空专练 一 I arrived in the classroom, ready to share my knowledge and experience with 75 students who would be my English Literature class. Having taught in the US for 37 on 17 years, I had no 36 about my ability to hold their attention and to ...

中考英语完形填空专项训练

   中考英语完形填空专项训练 (1) ) C. Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage (选择最恰当的单词或词语完 选择最恰当的单词或词语完 成短文): 成短文 (14 分) My work keeps me in Hong Kong most of the year, but I try to get away for a month in summer, usually in July. Now as you prob ...

中考英语完形填空专项练习

   中考完形填空自测练习题 1 Tom grows the nicest vegetables and fruits and the most beautiful flowers in the village. Plants grow in Tom's garden all through the __1__ and they are much __2__. Tom cuts some flowers for his sitting room table, eats some fruits an ...

高考英语第热点专题复习??完形填空

   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 高考英语第热点专题复习??完形填空 一,完型填空考情动态分析 完形填空题的创始人威尔逊泰勒(Wilson Taylor)说: “完形填空并不直接涉及特定的意思。它只是反复地从两 种语言模式的相似之处取样:一种是写的人表达自己的思想的语言模式,另一种是反映读的人根据自己的理解做出的 ...

八年级英语暑假专题:如何做好英语完形填空题

   教学案^^^www.jiaoxuean.com 与您一起分享最优质的学案! 一. 教学内容: 8B 暑假专题如何做好英语完形填空题 二. 教学目标: 如何做好英语完形填空题 完形填空是英语考试的必考题目,它全面检测学生词汇、句型、语法、惯用语及语感等 各方面的综合运用,但是学生往往在这一题型上拉大分数差距。如何解这一种题型呢? 语法和词汇在英语学习中好比砖瓦在建造房屋中的作用,是基础性的. 没有这样的基础, 听说读写都是空谈. 完形填空中直接或间接地考查语法词汇知识的题目占了大部分. 所以 ...

2010中考英语完形填空专项练习(无答案)3

   2010 中考英语完形填空专项练习(无答案)3 Mr Brown quarrelled with his wife. He was very 1 her, and she was 2 very angry with her husband, for 3 days they didn't 4 each other at all. One evening Mr Brown was very tired when he came back from his office. 5, he said n ...

热门内容

2012考研英语核心词汇 吴耀武

   第一部分 考研英语核心词汇 严格按照吴耀武老师课堂指导,采用情景刺激完成首次记忆,然后按规定当天晚上睡觉前和第二天早 严格按照吴耀武老师课堂指导,采用情景刺激完成首次记忆,然后按规定当天晚上睡觉前和第二天早 按规定 把学习的单词复习一遍(谨记跳跃式复习! ) 上把学习的单词复习一遍(谨记跳跃式复习!!,然后再分别过 3 天、7 天、15 天、30 天、60 天各复习一 ! 坚持下来,到考前一周看最后一遍时,你会觉得大部分单词都已经很熟悉了。另外, 遍,坚持下来,到考前一周看最后一遍时,你会觉 ...

英语小常识200句

   1. It's up to you.(由你决定。) 2. I envy [羡慕]you.(我羡慕你。) 3. How can I get in touch with you? 4. Where can I wash my hands? (请问洗手间在哪里?) 5. What's the weather like today?(今天天气如何?) 6. Where are you headed [朝…方向行进]? (你要到哪里去?) 7. I wasn't born yesterday.(我又不是 ...

大学英语二级听力训练题库part 3

   1( c15) Section C(3%) Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to ...

高中英语阅读理解题型分析及应对策略

   高中英语阅读理解题型分析及应对策略 To Vina 阅读理解是读者利用自己的语言知识和背景知识 语言知识和背景知识对读物所进行的一种积极的思维过 语言知识和背景知识 程。阅读理解题能集中、全面地检测考生从阅读中获取与加工信息的能力,客观地反映考 生对阅读材料理解的准确性与透彻性。阅读理解能力,即对信息的理解、筛选、加工的能 力。阅读理解题一直都是高考英语考查的重中之重并且题目分值占总分比重最大(高达约 27%)。因此,能否做好阅读理解直接关系到英语成绩的高低。本文从阅读理解的题型为 切入点, ...

英语毕业论文参考文献

   外国文学 剑桥文学指南丛书(英文版),上海外语教育出版社,1999?2000(包括莎士比亚研究、英国诗歌研究、18世纪英国小说、英国浪漫主义文学、现代主义研究、哈代、奥斯丁、詹姆斯、福克纳、海明威、艾略特、康拉德、乔伊斯、奥尼尔、王尔德、萧伯纳、梭罗、惠特曼、马克 吐温、庞德、伍尔夫等英美小说家、诗人和文学流派研究著作共30种) 戴维 洛奇 小说的艺术 北京:作家出版社,1998 高奋 西方现代主义文学源与流 宁波:宁波出版社,2000 侯维瑞 现代英国小说史 上海:上海外语教育出版社,198 ...