你身边的高考专家
THE SOLAR SYSTEM Can you name each planet correctly using the letters given in the table below?
A. 地球 Earth B. 木星 Jupiter C. 火星 Mars D. 水星 Mercury E. 海王星 Neptune
Pluto F. 冥王星 G. 土星 Saturn H. 天王星 Uranus I. 金星 Venus
Mercury Sun Venus Earth Saturn Neptune Pluto Mars Jupiter Uranus
Sun
Earth Moon
Satellites
卫星
根据读音、性和词义写出下列单词。 一、单词拼写 根据读音、性和词义写出下列单词。
  1.[ )] n. 天文学 astronomer 家 atmosphere
  2.[ ] n.大气层 大气层 violent
  3.[ ]adj.猛烈的 猛烈的 explode
  4.[ ]vt.&vi.使爆发 使爆发 system
  5.[ ] n. 系统 harmful
  6.[ ?l] ? adj. 有害的 development
  7.[ ]n. 发展 global
  8. __ [ ] adj.全球性的 全球性的 depend
  9.[d ] vi.依靠 依靠 exist
  10.[ ] vi.存在 存在

  11.[ presence
  12.[ disappointed 望的 gradually
  13.[ gravity
  14.[ lessen
  15.[ mass
  16.[ cheer
  17. [t method
  18. [ generally
  19.[ exhaust
  20. [i
] n.出席 出席 ] adj.失 失 ] adv.逐渐地 逐渐地 ] n.重力 重力 ] vt.减少 减少 ] n.质量 质量 ]vt.&vi.使高兴 使高兴 ]n.方法 方法 ] adv.一般地 一般地 ]vt.耗尽 耗尽 ?
根据句子的结构和意义, 二、单词运用 根据句子的结构和意义,在空格处填 入一个适当的单词, 入一个适当的单词,或者用括号中所给词的适当形式填 空。
  1. As a young man he didn’t know he was to win world fame later on. (win)
  2. Most parents don’t allow their children to smoke because it does harm to health. (smoke )
  3. That he sent me a gift made me happy .
  4. What he sent me made me happy . Pluto is no longer
  5. It is a surprise that considered a planet in our solar system.

  6. A great dust cloud formed in the sky blocking out the sunlight. ( block)
  7. The universe began with a “Big Bang” that threw matter in all directions.
  8. As for me, whether you can pass the exam on whether you will work harder than will depend before . is the members of
  9. Zhang Ming as well as I the foot team .both of us are of playing football.
  10. The rain prevent us from playing out for picnic this afternoon.
用括号中所给词的适当形式填空。 三、词语派生 用括号中所给词的适当形式填空。
  1. She energized him with her belief and her competence. (energy)
  2. With the development of the society. We live a better life than before .(develop)
  3. Smoking is no doubt harmful to your health. (harm)
  4. we are going to hold a party on Saturday evening. we shall be very glad to have your presentation.(present)
  5. Though he is an orphan, he leads a happy existence . (exist)

  6. Women and kids are often hurt in family violence . (violent)
  7. Although they are twins, they are very unlike (like). disappointed
  8. The news us. When we heard the disappointing news, we felt . (disappoint) disappointed
  9. Though he failed in the exam, the teacher’s words were a great to him. (encourage) encouragement
  10. Do you know the who is talking to Li physicist Mei, who studied in our school. (physics)0
将下列词组或短语译成中文或英语。 四、词组互译 将下列词组或短语译成中文或英语。 now that 既然
  1. 既然 cool down 冷却
  2. 冷却 depend on 依靠
  3. 依靠 欢呼
  4. 欢呼 cheer up die out 灭绝
  5. 灭绝 爆发
  6. 爆发 break out 轮流
  7. 轮流 in one’s turn 及时
  8. 及时 in time
结果
  9. as a result of
  10. get the hang of 掌握; 掌握;熟悉
  11. prevent …from… 阻止; 阻止;制止
  12. block out 挡住
  13. in all directions 各方向
  14. give birth to 产生; 产生;分娩 迟早
  15. sooner or later 摔倒
  16. fall over
五、词组运用 根据句子提供的语境, 词组填空 根据句子提供的语境,从第四大题中选一 个适当的词组并用其适用的形式填空。 个适当的词组并用其适用的形式填空。
  1. He got to school though it rained in time. heavily. as
  2. He was unable to go to work a result of his fall from the horse.
  3. you are a student, you should Now that study hard as the parents and teachers wish.
根据汉语意思, 翻译填空 根据汉语意思,从上述短语中选一个适当 的词组完成句子。 的词组完成句子。
  4. 她想存点钱买房,因此不想那么早生小孩 。 她想存点钱买房, She wants to save some money for apartment. So she has no plan to give birth to a child so soon.
  5. 你能解释他们为什么吵起来了?你知道他们俩原是 你能解释他们为什么吵起来了? 好朋友呀。 好朋友呀。 broke out Can you explain the reason why the quarrel between them .You should know they were close friends.
  6. 如果人类不注意保护环境,很多物种就会灭绝。 如果人类不注意保护环境,很多物种就会灭绝。 If Man don't pay attention to protect the environment .Most species will die out
从上述短语中选择适当的短语翻译下列句子。 句子翻译 从上述短语中选择适当的短语翻译下列句子。
  7. 那男孩摔到了,摔破了头。 那男孩摔到了,摔破了头。 The boy fell over, striking his head.
  8. 掌握学习方法对每个学生都重要。 掌握学习方法对每个学生都重要。 Getting a hang of the way to study is important to every student.
  9. 我是否去旅游要视天气而定。 我是否去旅游要视天气而定。 Whether I will go to travel will depend on the weather.
  10. 从各方而来的人们欢歌起舞。 从各方而来的人们欢歌起舞。 People in all directions got together, sing and dancing.
Language points for Reading I Language points for Reading II

  1. It exploded loudly with fire and rock, which were in time to produce the water vapour,…. in time sooner or later; eventually 迟早;最后 time: I’ll see him in time. 总有一天我会遇见他。 总有一天我会遇见他。 in time (for sth/to do sth): not late 及时;不迟 She will be back in time to prepare dinner. 她来得及回来准备晚饭。 她来得及回来准备晚饭。
in/out of time: in/not in the correct time 合/不合节 不合节 拍 The audience clapped in time to the music. 观众合着音乐的节拍拍手。 观众合着音乐的节拍拍手。 (sth) be to (do): (something) will definitely happen, or it must happen 不可避免要发生或必须发生。 不可避免要发生或必须发生。 e.g.They said goodbye, little knowing that they were never to meet again. She is to be honoured for this great work. Mr. Clark said to his daughter, “You are to be home by 10 o’clock at the latest.” o’ latest.”
Nobody knew that it was going to be different from other planets going round the sun. (sb/sth) be different from: not like someone or something else in one or more ways 不同。 与……不同。 不同 City life is quite different form country life. 都市生活与乡村生活是非常不同的。 都市生活与乡村生活是非常不同的。 注意:( )强调different时用 时用very, much, 注意 (
  1)强调 时用 quite, entirely, totally等词。 等词。 等词 (
  2)有时,美语口语中用 )有时,美语口语中用than,英语 英语 口语中用to来代替 来代替from。 口语中用 来代替 。
going round the sun为现在分词短语,做定语, 为现在分词短语, 为现在分词短语 做定语, 表示一般的动作。例如: 表示一般的动作。例如: Men breaking the law will be punished. Men who break the law will be punished. 现在分词短语作定语,也可表示进行的动作。 现在分词短语作定语,也可表示进行的动作。 例如: 例如: Can you see the girl dancing with your boyfriend? Can you see the girl who is dancing with her boyfriend? 你能看到与男友跳舞的那个姑娘吗? 你能看到与男友跳舞的那个姑娘吗?

  3.This encouraged the development of early shellfish and all sorts of fish. 这为早期贝类及其他各种鱼类的发育进一步创 造了条件。 造了条件。 名词后缀-ment加在动词之后表示: 加在动词之后表示: 名词后缀 加在动词之后表示
  1. 行 为 , 例 如 : argument, development, treatment。 。 betterment,

  2. 结 果 , 例 如 : arrangement, settlement, statement.
  3. 工具,例如:instrument, pavement. 工具,例如:

  4. It allowed the earth do dissolve harmful gases, which had become part of the earth’s atmosphere, into the oceans and seas. allow vt. 允许、许可、容许 允许、许可、 allow+n./pron./doing allow sb. to do be allowed to do
My father doesn’t allow smoking at home. In fact he doesn’t allow us to smoke anywhere at any time. 父亲不允许在家里吸烟。实际上, 父亲不允许在家里吸烟。实际上,他不允 许我们在任何地方任何时候吸烟。 许我们在任何地方任何时候吸烟。 Are we allowed to use the computer? 我们可以用电脑么? 我们可以用电脑么?

  5.This encouraged the development of early shellfish and all sorts of fish. encourage 鼓舞;促进;怂恿。后接名词、代 鼓舞;促进;怂恿。后接名词、 也可接不定式作宾语补足语。 词,也可接不定式作宾语补足语。如: High prices for corn and wheat will encourage farming. 玉米和小麦的高价将促进农业的发展。 玉米和小麦的高价将促进农业的发展。 My success encouraged me to continue. 我的成功鼓励我继续干下去。 我的成功鼓励我继续干下去。 He encouraged me to learn dancing. 他鼓励我去学跳舞。 他鼓励我去学跳舞。

  7. spread的用法 的用法 消息等)传开,流传。 (
  1)vi. (消息等)传开,流传。如: ) The news spread through the school very quickly. The fire spread from the factory to the house nearby.

  2)vt. “使伸展,延伸,张开”,常与out ) 使伸展,延伸,张开” 常与 使伸展 连用。 连用。如: I spread a new cloth on the table. 我在餐桌上铺上一条新桌布。 我在餐桌上铺上一条新桌布。 He spread out his arms to welcome us. 他张开手臂欢迎我们。 他张开手臂欢迎我们。

  6. Whether life will continue on the earth for millions of years to come will depend on whether this problem can be solved. for millions of years to come中不定式 come作定 中不定式to 中不定式 作定 与前面的名词之间有逻辑上的主谓关系: 语,与前面的名词之间有逻辑上的主谓关系: She is the last person to do such a thing. 她是最不像会做这种事的人。 她是最不像会做这种事的人。 (sth) depend on (sth else): something might only happen or be true if the circumstances are right for it 取决于。 取决于。 Our success depends on whether everyone works hard or not. 我们的成败取决于是否每个人都努力工作。 我们的成败取决于是否每个人都努力工作。
cheer up : 欢呼,喝彩,感到高兴, 欢呼,喝彩,感到高兴, 使高兴。 使高兴。
当看到球队的到来,人群欢呼起来。 当看到球队的到来,人群欢呼起来。
The crowd cheered up when they saw the team arrive. 他带她去听音乐会来使她高兴。 他带她去听音乐会来使她高兴。 to the concert He took her to cheer her up .
watch …do/doing :观看,注视 观看, 观看 我们看着太阳正在树后面落下。 我们看着太阳正在树后面落下。 watched the sun setting We behind the trees. 每一天当他们看到植物生长, 每一天当他们看到植物生长,他们的心里都 充满了希望。 充满了希望。 watched the plant grow Every day as they , their hearts filled with hope.
now that :既然,由于 既然, 既然 既然每个人都到了,我们就可以开始会议。 既然每个人都到了,我们就可以开始会议。 Now that everybody is here we can , begin the meeting. 由于你是一个大男孩,你就必须行为表现 由于你是一个大男孩 你就必须行为表现 得更好. 得更好 Now that you are a big boy , you must behave better.
We watched amazed as fire broke out on the outside of the spaceship as the ea
 

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