你身边的高考专家
根据所给的词性和词义写出下列单词。 一、单词拼写 根据所给的词性和词义写出下列单词。
  1.[ ] n. 皮肤;外壳 皮肤; . skin
  2. [ ] adj.残酷的;令人痛 残酷的; . cruel 残酷的 苦的 bottom
  3. [ ] n.& adj. 底部;底部 底部; . astonish 的 mouthful
  4. [ ] vt. 使惊讶 . entertain
  5. [ ] n. 一口;满 一口; . particularly 口 homeless
  6. [ ] vt. 使欢乐; 使欢乐; . fortune 款待 boil
  7. [ ] adv. 特 . ? 别地
  8. [ ] adj. 无家可归的 . ?
遍及; 遍及;始终
  12. [ . throughout 吉利的 fortunate
  13. [ . swing
  14. [ . failure
  15. [ . snowstorm
  16. [ . direct 径直的 outstanding
  17. [ . worn-out 显著的 vast
  18. [ . sense 穿旧的; 穿旧的;
  19. [ .
  20. [ .
t] adj. 幸运的; 幸运的; ] vt.& vi. 摇摆;旋转 摇摆; ] n. 失败;失败者 失败; ] n. 暴风雪 ? ] n. & adj. 导演; 导演; ] adj. 杰出的; 杰出的; ] adj. 磨破的; 磨破的; ] adj. 巨大的;辽阔的 巨大的; ]n. 感性; 理性 感性;
根据句子的结构和意思,在空格处填入 二、单词运用 根据句子的结构和意思 在空格处填入 一个恰当的单词或者用括号中所给词的适当形式填空。 一个恰当的单词或者用括号中所给词的适当形式填空。
  1.Today the Chinese teacher began the class with an . slide amusing show .
  2.I kept a diary at times when there was something . particular to keep down.
  3.The class were cheered up by her . outstanding performance.
  4.We like to stay with him, for he’s a man with a . pretty of humour. sense chewing
  5.The woman sat there, (chew) a piece . of gum.

  6.He will never forget that experience of . cruel his.
  7.She it to me so as not to be heard by . whispered others.
  8.It will do you good to have plenty of . boiled (boil) water every day.
  9.We really had pity on the poor girl . homeless and took her to our house.
  10.Cold-blooded animal will sleep the . throughout winter without eating anything.
用括号中所给词的适当形式填空。 三、词语派生 用括号中所给词的适当形式填空。
  1. As a result of their impatience , that plan ended in . (fail). failure
  2. (fortune), we two were selected for . fortunately the Olympic torture bearers in Guangdong.
  3.Besides the point, the accident happened for some . other (direct) reasons. indirect entertaining
  4.You are expected to spend an . (entertain) evening in this place of public (entertain). entertainment
  5.The government is trying to stop the strike in a . non-violent (violent) way.

  6.I wondered all the time why mother had never . thrown away those clothes already (wear) worn out.
  7.I’m so full I can’t have another . mouthful (mouth). enjoy
  8.She (joy) playing the piano every . day, for it is a great (enjoy) to her. enjoy sensible
  9.He was (sense) of the trouble he . had caused.
  10.Mobil phones may not work so well in . mountainous (mountain) areas.

  1.对……满足 意) . ……满足(意 满足 be content with
  2.在整个亚洲 . throughout Asia
  3.战胜困难 . overcome difficulties
  4.挑出;辩别出 .挑出; pick out
  5.一条丧家狗 . a homeless dog
  6.撞上;撞见 .撞上;撞见 knock into
  7.突出的成就 outstanding achievements .突出的成就
  8.幽默感 . sense of humour

  9.badly off .
穷的; 穷的 缺少的

  10.in particular . 特别; 特别 尤其是
  11.cut off . 切断; 切断 断绝
  12.star in . 主演
  13.in search of . 寻找; 寻求 寻找
  14.be born in poverty . 出身贫寒
  15.be set in . ……为背景 以……为背景
  16.go camping . 野营
五、词组运用 根据句子提供的语境,从第四大题中选一个 词组填空 根据句子提供的语境 从第四大题中选一个 适当的词组并用其适用的形式填空。 适当的词组并用其适用的形式填空。
  1.She can’tbe so popular at all; I don’t even know . t stared in what movies she has . going camping
  2.Before , you must get . everything needed ready.
  3.To be honest, I enjoy reading the stories and novels . written by the big man . in particular
根据汉语意思, 翻译填空 根据汉语意思 从上述短语中选一个适当的 词组完成句子。 词组完成句子。
  4.完成这样巨大的工程 我们常要克服某些艰难困苦。 .完成这样巨大的工程, 我们常要克服某些艰难困苦。 In doing so great a project, we had to at times. overcome some difficulties
  5.在人潮的广场上,我好容易才发现他。 .在人潮的广场上,我好容易才发现他。 In the crowed square , I had a hard time picking him . up
  6.这部电影是以二十世纪 年代美国黑人的社会状 .这部电影是以二十世纪60年代美国黑人的社会状 况为背景写的。 况为背景写的。 The film the social conditions of the was set in black of America in the1960s.
从上述短语中选一个适当的短语翻译下列句子。 句子翻译 从上述短语中选一个适当的短语翻译下列句子。
  7.浏览刚完成的那本书 她自感满意。 .浏览刚完成的那本书, 她自感满意。 She read through her newly-finished book and was content with herself.
  8.他四周看,在找什么。 .他四周看,在找什么。 He looked around in search of something.
  9.顾着思考问题,他差点撞上路边的停车。 .顾着思考问题,他差点撞上路边的停车。 Lost in thought, he nearly knocked into a car parked aside.
  10.据说这部电影当时有一部分由于某种原因被剪切了。 .据说这部电影当时有一部分由于某种原因被剪切了。 It is said that one part of the film had to be cut off for some reason.
Language points for Reading I Language points for Reading II

  1. find it… to do
发现做(某事 很 发现做 某事)很…… 某事
他发现向父母解释自己的困境是很难的。 他发现向父母解释自己的困境是很难的。 it hard to He found explain his difficulties to his parents. 她发现学好英语是很重要的。 她发现学好英语是很重要的。 She found it very important to learn English well.

  2. content adj. 满足的,满意的; 满足的,满意的; vt. 使满足。 使满足。 be content with sth /sb be content to do sth 你对你的工作满意吗? 你对你的工作满意吗?
Are you content with your work?
她带在家里照顾孩子,感到非常满足 她带在家里照顾孩子 感到非常满足. 感到非常满足
She is quite content to stay at home looking after her children. content n. 所含之物 内容 所含之物;内容

  3. worse off 穷的,缺少的;境况更差。 穷的,缺少的;境况更差。 我去她家一看,发现她的生活状况比我的更差。 我去她家一看,发现她的生活状况比我的更差。 I went to her home and found her living condition was? off ?than? ___ ?__?___. ?__? mine worse? ? 我们不应该因为穷而叫苦连天许多人的家境更 我们不应该因为穷而叫苦连天 许多人的家境更 糟。 We shouldn’t complain about being poor --many families are much worse off.
原形: 原形 badly off : in a poor position, esp. financially 潦倒;穷困 潦倒; 反义词: 反义词:well off 他们贫困得根本谈不上度假。 他们贫困得根本谈不上度假。 They are too badly off to have a holiday. 实际上现在大多数人都比五年前要富裕。 实际上现在大多数人都比五年前要富裕。
better off than In fact most people are they were five yeas ago.

  4. astonish vt. 使惊异;使大为吃惊。 使惊异;使大为吃惊。 astonish sb. 使某人惊奇 这个消息令大家惊讶。 这个消息令大家惊讶。 The news astonished everybody. be astonished+ at (by) /to do/that… 被(因)……惊吓 因 惊吓 我被那些巨大的声响吓了一条。 我被那些巨大的声响吓了一条。 I was astonished at/to hear the loud sound. 他出现在宴会上,使我们感到惊讶。 他出现在宴会上,使我们感到惊讶。 We were astonished that he appeared at the party.

  5.inspire sth. in sb. (=inspire sb. with sth.) 使某人产生某种感情,激发某人的某种感情。 使某人产生某种感情,激发某人的某种感情。 那位父亲激发了儿子的信心。 那位父亲激发了儿子的信心。 The father inspired confidence in his son. 他经常引起我们的厌恶。 他经常引起我们的厌恶。 He inspires dislike in us. [问题探究]We were inspired by his inspiring speech?这句话如何翻译? 这句话如何翻译? 这句话如何翻译 他那令人鼓舞的演讲令我们受到鼓舞。 他那令人鼓舞的演讲令我们受到鼓舞。
inspire sb. to sth./to do sth. 激励某人做某事。 激励某人做某事。 老师激励我们更加努力。 老师激励我们更加努力。 The teacher inspired us to work harder. The teacher inspired us to great efforts.

  6. worn-out adj. 不能再穿 用)的,穿旧的;筋疲力尽。 不能再穿(用 的 穿旧的;筋疲力尽。 他常穿一件破烂不堪的大衣。 他常穿一件破烂不堪的大衣。 He often wears a worn-out coat.

  7.be set in
为背景。 以……为背景。 为背景
这个戏剧的背景是伦敦。 这个戏剧的背景是伦敦。 The play is set in London. 那本小说以18世纪的巴黎为背景。 那本小说以18世纪的巴黎为背景。 世纪的巴黎为背景 The novel is set in 18th century Paris.

  8. fortunate adj. 幸运的,吉利的。 幸运的,吉利的。 be fortunate in doing 在……方面幸运 她很幸运嫁了一个好丈夫。 她很幸运嫁了一个好丈夫。 She is fortunate in having a good husband. be fortunate to do sth. 幸运的能做某事 我很幸运有健康的身体。 我很幸运有健康的身体。 I’m fortunate to have good health. It is fortunate that… ……是幸运的 说来幸运,他被恰好驶过的船救起。 说来幸运,他被恰好驶过的船救起。 It was fortunate that he was saved by the passing boat.

  9. be caught in 遇上,被绊住,受阻。 遇上,被绊住,受阻。 我们遇到了交通堵塞,开会来晚了。 我们遇到了交通堵塞,开会来晚了。 We were caught in a heavy traffic jam and arrived late for the meeting.

  10. try vt. & vi. 尝试,试行;设法;审 尝试,试行;设法; 案件); 理(案件 ; 案件 尽力做某事 try to do sth. try doing sth. 尝试着做某事 他试着用酒精擦拭那污渣。 他试着用酒精擦拭那污渣。 He tried cleaning the spot with alcohol. 我要设法学会西班牙语。 我要设法学会西班牙语。 I’ll try to learn Spanish.

  11. mouthful n. 一口 -ful是一个后缀,加在名词之后,表示“充满的”。例如: 是一个后缀, 是一个后缀 加在名词之后,表示“充满的” 例如: 他喝了一口苦药,扮了个鬼脸。 他喝了一口苦药,扮了个鬼脸。 He took a mouthful of the bitter medicine and made a face.
a handful of an armful of a basketful of a bucketful of
一把 一抱 一篮 一桶

  12. outstanding adj. 突出的;杰出的。例如: 突出的;杰出的。例如: 显著的例子 an outstanding example 杰出人物 an outstanding person

  13. wave goodbye to somebody 向某人挥手告别
我挥手向他告别。 我挥手向他告别。 I waved goodbye to him.
我们向老师问好。 我们向老师问好。 We waved a greeting to the teacher.
耳语;私语;密谈。例如: whisper v. 耳语;私语;密谈。例如:
whisper sth. whisper to sb. whisper sth. to sb. whisper to sb. that… whisper that… It is whispered that
 

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