快乐 英语
2009 年考研英语
2009 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试 英语试题
Section I
Directions:
Use of English
Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Research on animal intelligence always makes me wonder just how smart humans are. 1 the fruit-fly experiments described in Carl Zimmer’s piece in the Science Times on Tuesday. Fruit flies who were taught to be smarter than the average fruit fly 2 to live shorter lives. This suggests that 3 bulbs burn longer, that there is an 4 in not being too terrifically bright. Intelligence, it 5 out, is a high-priced option. It takes more upkeep, burns more fuel and is the starting line because it depends on learning ? a gradual 7 ? instead of instinct. slow 6 Plenty of other species are able to learn, and one of the things they’ve apparently learned is when to 8 . Is there an adaptive value to 9 intelligence? That’s the question behind this new research. I at all the species we’ve left in the dust I.Q.-wise, it like it. Instead of casting a wistful glance 10 implicitly asks what the real 11 of our own intelligence might be. This is 12 the mind of every animal I’ve ever met. Research on animal intelligence also makes me wonder what experiments animals would 13 on humans if they had the chance. Every cat with an owner, 14 , is running a small-scale study in the operant conditioning. we believe that 15 animals ran the labs, they would test us to 16 limits of our patience, our faithfulness, our memory for terrain. They would try to decide what intelligence in humans is really 17 , not merely how much of it there is. 18 , they would hope to study a 19 question: Are humans actually aware of the world they live in? 20 the results are inconclusive.
  1. [A] Suppose
  2. [A] tended
  3. [A] thinner
  4. [A] tendency
  5. [A] insists on
  6. [A] off
  7. [A] incredible
  8. [A] fight
  9. [A] invisible
  10. [A] upward
  11. [A] features
  12. [A] outside
  13. [A] deliver
  14. [A] by chance
  15. [A] if Editer: z.nok www.joyen.net [B] Consider [B] feared [B] stabler [B] advantage [B] sums up [B] behind [B] spontaneous [B] doubt [B] limited [B] forward [B] influences [B] on [B] carry [B] in contrast [B] unless
论坛 bbs.joyen.net
[C] Observe [C] happened [C] lighter [C] inclination [C] turns out [C] over [C]inevitable [C] stop [C] indefinite [C] afterward [C] results [C] by [C] perform [C] as usual [C] as
[D] Imagine [D] threatened [D] dimmer [D] priority [D] puts forward [D] along [D] gradual [D] think [D] different [D] backward [D] costs [D] across [D] apply [D] for instance [D] lest
更多资料下载请到
快乐 英语
2009 年考研英语

  16. [A] moderate
  17. [A] at
  18. [A] Above all
  19. [A] fundamental
  20. [A] By accident
[B] overcome [C] determine [B] for [C] after [B] After all [C] However [B] comprehensive [C] equivalent [B] In time [C] So far Section II
[D] reach [D] with [D] Otherwise [D] hostile [D] Better still
Reading Comprehension
Part A
Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points)
Text1 Habits are a funny thing. We reach for them mindlessly, setting our brains on auto-pilot and relaxing into the unconscious comfort of familiar routine. “Not choice, but habit rules the unreflecting herd,” William Wordsworth said in the 19th century. In the ever-changing 21st century, even the word “habit” carries a negative connotation. So it seems antithetical to talk about habits in the same context as creativity and innovation. But brain researchers have discovered that when we consciously develop new habits, we create parallel synaptic paths, and even entirely new brain cells, that can jump our trains of thought onto new, innovative tracks. But don’t bother trying to kill off old habits; once those ruts of procedure are worn into the hippocampus, they’re there to stay. Instead, the new habits we deliberately ingrain into ourselves create parallel pathways that can bypass those old roads. “The first thing needed for innovation is a fascination with wonder,” says Dawna Markova, author of “The Open Mind” and an executive change consultant for Professional Thinking Partners. “But we are taught instead to ‘decide,’ just as our president calls himself ‘the Decider.’ ” She adds, however, that “to decide is to kill off all possibilities but one. A good innovational thinker is always exploring the many other possibilities.” All of us work through problems in ways of which we’re unaware, she says. Researchers in the late 1960 covered that humans are born with the capacity to approach challenges in four primary ways: analytically, procedurally, relationally (or collaboratively) and innovatively. At puberty, however, the brain shuts down half of that capacity, preserving only those modes of thought that have seemed most valuable during the first decade or so of life. The current emphasis on standardized testing highlights analysis and procedure, meaning that few of us inherently use our innovative and collaborative modes of thought. “This breaks the major rule in the American belief system ? that anyone can do anything,” explains M. J. Ryan, author of the 2006 book “This Year I Will...” and Ms. Markova’s business partner. “That’s a lie that we have perpetuated, and it fosters commonness. Knowing what you’re good at and doing even more of it creates excellence.” This is where developing new habits comes in.
  21. The view of Wordsworth habit is claimed by being A. casual B. familiar C. mechanical D. changeable.
  22. The researchers have discovered that the formation of habit can be Editer: z.nok www.joyen.net
更多资料下载请到 论坛 bbs.joyen.net
快乐 英语
2009 年考研英语
A. predicted B. regulated C. traced D. guided
  23.” ruts”(in line one, paragraph
  3) has closest meaning to A. tracks B. series C. characteristics D. connections
  24. Ms. Markova’s comments suggest that the practice of standard testing A, prevents new habits form being formed B, no longer emphasizes commonness C, maintains the inherent American thinking model D, complies with the American belief system
  25. Ryan most probably agree that A. ideas are born of a relaxing mind B. innovativeness could be taught C. decisiveness derives from fantastic ideas D. curiosity activates creative minds Text 2
?
It is a wise father that knows his own child, but today a man can boost his paternal (fatherly) wisdom ? or at least confirm that he’s the kid’s dad. All he needs to do is shell our $30 for paternity testing kit (PTK) at his local drugstore ? and another $120 to get the results. More than 60,000 people have purchased the PTKs since they first become available without prescriptions last years, according to Doug Fog, chief operating officer of Identigene, which makes the over-the-counter kits. More than two dozen companies sell DNA tests Directly to the public , ranging in price from a few hundred dollars to more than $25
  00. Among the most popular : paternity and kinship testing , which adopted children can use to find their biological relatives and latest rage a many passionate genealogists-and supports businesses that offer to search for a family’s geographic roots . Most tests require collecting cells by webbing saliva in the mouth and sending it to the company for testing. All tests require a potential candidate with whom to compare DNA. But some observers are skeptical, “There is a kind of false precision being hawked by people claiming they are doing ancestry testing,” says Trey Duster, a New York University sociologist. He notes that each individual has many ancestors-numbering in the hundreds just a few centuries back. Yet most ancestry testing only considers a single lineage, either the Y chromosome inherited through men in a father’s line or mitochondrial DNA, which a passed down only from mothers. This DNA can reveal genetic information about only one or two ancestors, even though, for example, just three generations back people also have six other great-grandparents or, four generations back, 14 other great-great-grandparents. Critics also argue that commercial genetic testing is only as good as the reference collections to which a sample is compared. Databases used by some companies don’t rely on data collected systematically but rather lump together information from different research projects. This means that a DNA database may differ depending on the company that processes the results. In addition, the computer programs a company uses to estimate relationships may be patented and not subject to peer review or outside evaluation.

  26.In paragraphs 1 and 2 , the text shows PTK’s .
[A]easy availability [B]flexibility in pricing [C] successful promotion Editer: z.nok www.joyen.net
更多资料下载请到 论坛 bbs.joyen.net
快乐 英语
2009 年考研英语
[D] popularity with households
  27. PTK is used to . [A]locate one’s birth place [B]promote genetic research [C] identify parent-child kinship [D] choose children for adoption
  28. Skeptical observers believe that ancestry testing fails to. [A]trace distant ancestors [B] rebuild reliable bloodlines [C] fully use genetic information [D] achieve the claimed accuracy
  29. In the last paragraph ,a problem commercial genetic testing faces is . [A]disorganized data collection [B] overlapping database building
  30. An appropriate title for the text is most likely to be. [A]Fors and Againsts of DNA testing [B] DNA testing and It’s problems [C]DNA testing outside the lab [D] lies behind DNA testing
Text 3 The relationship between formal education and economic growth in poor countries is widely misunderstood by economists and politicians alike progress in both area is undoubtedly necessary for the social, political and intellectual development of these and all other societies; however, the conventional view that education should be one of the very highest priorities for promoting rapid economic development in poor countries is wrong. We are fortunate that is it, because new educational systems there and putting enough people through them to improve economic performance would require two or three generations. The findings of a research institution have consistently shown that workers in all countries can be trained on the job to achieve radical higher productivity and, as a result, radically higher standards of living. Ironically, the first evidence for this idea appeared in the United States. Not long ago, with the country entering a recessing and Japan at its pre-bubble peak. The U.S. workforce was derided as poorly educated and one of primary cause of the poor U.S. economic performance. Japan was, and remains, the global leader in automotive-assembly productivity. Yet the research revealed that the U.S. factories of Honda Nissan, and Toyota achieved about 95 percent of the productivity of their Japanese countere pants a result of the training that U.S. workers received on the job. More recently, while examing housing construction, the researchers discovered that illiterate, nonEnglish- speaking Mexican workers in Houston, Texas, consistently met best-practice labor productivity standards despite the complexity of the building industry’s work. What is the real relationship between education and economic development? We have to suspect that continuing economic growth promotes the development of education even when governments don’t force it. After all, that’s how education got started. When our ancestors were hunters and gatherers 10,000 years ago, they didn’t have time to wonder much about anything besides finding food. Only when humanity began to get its food in a more productive way was there time for other things. Editer: z.nok www.joyen.net
更多资料下载请到 论坛 bbs.joyen.net
快乐 英语
2009 年考研英语
As education improved, humanity’s productivity potential, they could in turn afford more education. This increasingly high level of education is probably a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for the complex political systems required by advanced economic performance. Thus poor countries might not be able to escape their poverty traps without political changes that may be possible only with broader formal education. A lack of formal education, however, doesn’t constrain the ability of the developing world’s workforce to substantially improve productivity for the forested future. On the contrary, constraints on improving productivity explain why education isn’t developing more quickly there than it is.

  31. The author holds in paragraph 1 that the important of education in poor countries .
[A] is subject groundless doubts [B] has fallen victim of bias [C] is conventional downgraded [D] has been overestimated
  32. It is stated in paragraph 1 that construction of a new education system . [A]challenges economists and politicians [B]takes efforts of generations [C] demands priority from the government [D] requires sufficient labor force
  33.A major difference between the Japanese and U.S workforces is that . [A] the Japanese workforce is better disciplined [B] the Japanese workforce is more productive [C]the U.S workforce has a better education [D] ]the U.S workforce is mor
 

相关内容

英语学习_2009年5月CATTI二级笔译实务真题及答案_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 2009 年 5 月二级笔译实务真题 E-C Translation Compulsory Translation There was, last week, a glimmer of hope in the world food crisis. Expecting a bumper harvest, Ukraine relaxed restrictions on exports. Overnight, global ...

2009年12月英语四级真题及答案1111

   本题由学生范文网为您收集整理自网上, 本题由学生范文网为您收集整理自网上,请记住我们的网站 www.xsfanwen.com 2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creati ...

02-08年考研英语二历年真题及答案

   2002 Directions:Translate the following passage into Chinese and put your translation on the ANSWER SHEET. Since 1981,farmers in Holland have been encouraged to adopt“green”farming techniques that were thought to benefit plant and bird life.Farmers ...

2004年6月大学英语四级真题及答案

   ★★★★★ 2004 年 6 月大学英语四级真题 B 卷 2004 年 6 月大学英语四级试卷 Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversa tion, a question will be asked about what was said. ...

2000年1月大学英语四级真题及答案

   2000 年 1 月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题试卷 1 / 20 2000 年 1 月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题试卷 Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about ...

09年12月英语四级真题及答案

   2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意: 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creating a Green Campus. You should write at least 120 words following the outli ...

英语四级历年真题及答案(04-09年)

   26. A) There were no planets without moons. B) There was no air or water on Jupiter. C) Life was not possible in outer space. D) The mystery of life could not be resolved. 27. A) It has a number of active volcanoes. B) It has an atmosphere like the ...

考研英语阅读理解模拟试题及答案(二)

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 考研英语阅读理解模拟试题及答案(二) Passage 6 We can make mistakes at any age. Some mistakes we make are about money. But most mistakes are about people. Did Jerry really care when I broke up with Helen? When I got that great job, di ...

2010年6月英语四级A卷真题及答案

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 2010 年 6 月英语四级真题 月英语四级真题?A 卷完整答案(题目在后) 卷完整答案(题目在后) 答案: 答案: 四级作文: 四级作文: 1、如今不少学生在英语学习中不重视拼写 2、出现这个现象的原因是 3、为了改变这种状况,我认为 Due Attention Should Be Given to Spelling(上海昂立教育 阿古琳娜) 阿古琳娜) ( Nowadays fewer and fewer students ...

2010年6月英语四级B卷真题及答案

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 2010 年 6 月英语四级真题 月英语四级真题?B 卷完整答案(题目在后) 卷完整答案(题目在后) 答案: 答案: 作文范文: Due Attention Should Be Given To Spelling Correct spelling is a basic skill in English study. However, nowadays many students do not pay much attention ...

热门内容

英语学习_《单词背上瘾》连载1~25_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 【转】 《单词背上瘾》连载 1 词汇记忆的基本原则: 1.绝对不能用一种方法来记. 2.记单词一定要做笔记,一定要亲自动手做笔记. 3.每天的笔记,至少认真看三遍. 4.通过看电影来刺激大脑皮层,不断回忆. 今天主要讲解四种方法: 1.联想法(优点:有趣,印象深刻. 缺点:不太全面,难以普及) 2.词根词辍 3.象形词串烧法. 4.故事法. 一.联想法(谐音法) curse: n.(诅咒) 谐音"克死&qu ...

仁爱英语七年级上册Unit4topic3知识点总结

   月 日 仁爱版英语七上教案 TEL 88194555 Unit4Topic 3 What time is it ? 一. 核 心 词 汇 zoo, panda monkey lion tiger elephant past quarter half show clever animal next get way wrong meat 二. 常用词组 go to the zoo go with sb It’s time to …. go home next time get up have b ...

英语情感教学初探

   第 33 卷 第1期 长 江大学学报( 社会科学版) Jo ur nal of Y ang tze U niversity( So cial Sciences) Vo l 33 No 1 F eb. 2010 2010 年 02 月 英语情感教学初探 汤丽红 ( 常熟市海虞中学, 江苏 常熟 215500 ) 摘 要: 所谓情感教学, 即以情优教。在情感教学应用中应注意尊重和信任学生、 理解学生、 平 等待人等原则, 运用教材创造轻松愉快的环境, 激发和保持学生学习的积极情感, 并以鼓励为主 ...

八年级英语期中试卷doc

   八年级(下)英语期中试卷(2011.4) Class Name Marks (15 I.听力。 15 分) 听力。 ( A)选择与所听到的句子意思一致的选项。(读两遍) ( )1.Peter went to a yesterday. A.fruit shop B.cinema C.factory ( )2.Mr. Zhang is a . A.worker B.doctor C.teacher ( )3.A.My mother never eats fish. B.My mother lik ...

英语常用写作 写作词汇

   1 解决: Solve, deal with, cope with, handle, resolve, address, tackle 2 损害: Damage, hurt, injure, harm, impair, undermine, jeopardize 3 给与:Give, offer, render, impart, provide, supply, afford 4 培养::Develop, cultivate, foster 5 优势:Advantage, merit, vi ...