全国 2009 年 1 月高等教育自学考试
高级英语答案解析 高级英语答案解析
(课程代码:006
  00)
I. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks followed by a list of words and expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your answer sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (
  0.5 point for each. 12 points) 1-6 D O C N V X 【解析】此段摘自 13 课 work 第 2 段.要求考生熟悉课文.①此处要填名词,下面有 6 个名词, 带入句子只有 preventive 意思符合工作之所以被人们渴望, 首先, 它可以预防厌烦. ②固定搭配 comparison with.③固定搭配 associate with,此句可转化为 with associated this advantage of work is namely that……④此句缺状语成分.when 为时间状语的引导句.⑤此处 需动词原形,下面有 5 个动词,带入句子只有 impair 符合句意,义为有些人努力的工作消 耗了他大量的精力很可能是他在他的闲余时间发现更多的乐趣,比那些懒惰的人发现的还 多. 7-
  12. W E U P T F 【解析】此段摘自课文第 6 段.①此处需填副词,下面只有两个副词,ago 符合句意. ②理解句意,她给我一个补偿睡眼的很灵验的办法.remedy 义为补偿.③此处缺逻辑宾语, 在这里又要做 performing 的逻辑主语,所以只能选 herself.④此处需填名词,带入句子,只 有 action 符合句意.⑤理解句意,设想自己干完那些烦琐事的时候,也就瞌睡的,所以选 sleep.⑥画儿是往墙上挂的,所以选 hanging. 13-18 G I B M R L (P
  41) 19-24 Q H A J S K (P1
  67) 【解析】本题主要考查学生对课文的掌握情况.因此,学生需把课本通读两遍,除此之 外还需要辨别词性的能力. II. In this section, there are fifteen sentences taken from the textbooks with a blank in each, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (15 points, 1 point for each) 25-30 E R F W X N (P3,P17,P37,P49,P1
  12) 31-35 B L U D (P141,P7,P25,P55,P
  75) 36-40 H T V (P105,P123,P143,P1
  61) 25-
  30. E R F W X N
  25.【解析】此题可根据后面的介词 to 来分析选项,然后带入句子确定意义.义为:他 认为美国社会为诠释,定义自己感情信念而斗争的地方.
  26.【解析】此处要选一个单数名词,下面有 7 个单数名词.句义为他们要选择一个策 略来解决它,这是年轻人首先必须要做的决定,通常是关系他们一生的最重要的决定.所以 选 strategy.
  27.【解析】此处需填名词,下面有 6 个名词.句义为:我看到过至少有两个孩子由于 被忽视而导致死亡.所以 neglect 符合句义.
  28. 【解析】 此题摘自 Die as you Choose 一课, 以安乐死为话题展开, 那么就会涉及 death,
而且 death 带入句子也符合句义.
  29.【解析】固定搭配 content with.
  30.【解析】此处缺副词,下面只有 1 个副词 behind.
  31. 【解析】此处需填形容词,下面有 3 个形容词,根据句义选择 particular.句义为: 他把手到鞋里,很仔细的发掘他想的那张特殊的纸片.
  32.【解析】此处需-ed 分词.根据句义选择 analyzed.句义为:我以这种方式来分析的 时候,我在公司的地位是最高的,因为我既不嫉妒,也不失望,也没有期望.
  33.【解析】此句摘自 Eveline.句义为,当然,他父亲发现他们(恋爱)的事就禁止她 和他说话.本题需对课本非常熟悉,它是根据上下文来推测的.
  34.【解析】此处需填名词,medical personnel 为医务人员.
  35.【解析】句义为:我想,她不能做自己份内的事,当她穷酸的时候她也就不喜欢做 这些事了.根据句义选 part.
  36.【解析】此处需填动词的过去式,下面只剩 3 个,mussed 是弄乱的意思,符合句义 所以选 mussed.
  37.【解析】此处需填动词的过去式,下面只剩两个,只有 knew 符合句意. "那些人很 了解老顾客的需求. "
  38.【解析】固定搭配 returns to.
  39.【解析】此处需填一个名词复数,只有 disciplines 符合. 本题与上题类似, 考查学生对课文的掌握情况. 但它对词性的掌握有更高的要求. 所以, 考生要注重对词性的把握. Ⅲ. Each of the following sentences is given two choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point for each)
  40. B 【解析】convenience means the quality of being useful, easy or suitable for sb.方便,适宜, 便利 coherence refers to the situation in which all the parts of sth fit together well.连贯性, 条理性 题中说"这些故事没有失去连贯性" ,答案选 B.
  41. A 【解析】exceedingly means extremely; very; very much. successfully: having become popular and /or made a lot of money. 题义为我非常感激他在专业知识方面的帮助.
  42. B 【解析】acquisitive: wanting very much to buy or get new possessions.贪婪 inquisitive: asking too many questions and trying to find out about what other people are doing. etc. 过分打听的 题中所修饰的对象是记者
  43. A 【解析】hypocrisies: behavior in which sb pretends to have moral standards or opinions that they don't actually have.伪善 story 为中性词,意为故事,此外需贬义词.
  44. A 【解析】 题义为女权主义者在全国范围内的活动有效地揭露了, 未经批准的有关政治家, 行政管理者的文化.

  45. A 【解析】flicks: to move or make sth move with sudden quick movements.突然快速移动 e. The snake's tongue flicked out. Pluck: ~sth (out). to pull out hairs with your fingers or with TWEEZERS.
  46. A 【解析】integrity: the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles 诚实正直 activity: a situation in which sth is happening or a lot of things are being done.活动,热闹状 况,活跃 题义为有正义感,所以选 integrity.
  47. B 【解析】personal your own, not belonging to or connected with anyone else.私人的 individual: typical of one particular person or thing in a way that is different from others.与 众不同,独特的 individualistic style 个性化风格
  48. A 【解析】advocate: to support sth publicly.拥护,支持,提倡 advertise: to tell the public about a product or a service in order to encourage people to buy or to use it. 为……做广告 题义为"他们拥护本国文化……"
  49. A 【解析】Sophisticated: clever and complicated in the way that is works or is presented.复杂 巧妙的,先进的,精密的 superficial: not studying or looking at sth thoroughly; seeing only what is obvious.粗略的, 肤 浅的 电脑是先进而精密的机器,所以选 sophisticated.
  50. B 【解析】restless: without real rest or sleep 没有睡眠的 relentless: refusing to give up or be less strict or severe 不放弃的,严格的,无情的 句子中提到要搜寻最凶最残忍的野兽.所以选 relentless.
  51. A 【解析】 题义为没有什么事情能让他高兴的 (像把变的变成直的, 把不平坦的摧毁一样) . 所以选 A.
  52. B 【解析】economical: providing good service or value in relation to the amount of time or money spnt.经济的,实惠的 commercial: connected with the buying and selling of goods and services. 商业的 题义为她放弃绘画,成为一个商业性的艺术家.
  53. B 【解析】disposition: a tendency to behave in a particular way. 倾向,意向 segregation: the act or policy of separatig people of different races. Religions or sexes and treating them differently.隔离开,区别对待(题中主要说的是南方和北方的隔离程度)
  54. B 【解析】gleaming 是本身物体不发光,是由于其它原因而发光的.shinny 是本身就是发 光物体. IV. in this section, there are ten incomplete statements, followed by four choices marked a, B,
C and D. choose the best answer and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 1 point for each)
  55. A 【解析】 定位文中 (
  1)I hate jogging 以及文中 , (
  3)In my case the stick……My carrot…… . carrot and stick 是威逼利诱的意思.也就是说虽然我讨厌慢跑但是我还要坚持跑是因为有威 逼利诱我的事让我不得不跑步.
  56. A 【解析】定位文中(
  2) ,它是从侧面来反映的,重点句是 Bill-paying, it seems, would be about as diverting.这是从作者角度写的,注意 it seems 可反映作者的态度是否定的,从侧面 也就反映了 trotters 是肯定态度.
  57. B 【解析】定位文中(
  3) ,可以看出人们跑步都有他们各自的原因,而由于各种原因汇聚 了他们各自的群体,使得其成为一种潮流,而并不是人们跑步是为了赶潮流.
  58. B 【解析】 定位文中(
  5), everything is economic. "is" 义为"取决于"与"depend on " 意义相近.
  59. D 【解析】定位文中(
  5)最后一句,关键理解 marketeer 是卖者的意思,在卖者的立场上 利益是第一.
  60. D 【解析】 定位文中 (
  6) 再联系全文可知人们现在的闲余时间多了, , 却害怕自己没事干.
  61. C 【解析】定位文中(
  5)"with amusingly ridiculous myopia". , 直接可以看出作者是一种讽刺态度.
  62. C 【解析】定位文中(
  7) ,可直接找出答案.
  63.C 【解析】定位文中(
  9) ,重点句 I suspect that what motivates us even more than a fear of death is a fear of dearth. 就是说人们更害怕缺乏,失去.
  64. C 【解析】定位文中(
  9) ,重点可 we recycle soda bottles……??in the almost superstitious hope that……可知作者不相信人们可以挽救我们生存的地球. V. There is one underlined part in each of the following sentences, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is closest in meaning to the underlined part and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each)
  65. C 【解析】划线部分为 conducive(使容易发生的),helpful: useful and able to improve a particular situation(有用的,有益的)
  66. A 【解析】cranky (脾气古怪的)与 bad-tempered 相近
  67. C 【解析】划线部分为 leading nowhere,此句可转化为"to dodge a realization that his life is leading nowhere" .
  68. B
【解析】此句的大意为有谁会怀疑,看到许多中老年人由于要健身而折磨自己,所以考 生要根据上下文揣测它的含义.
  69. A 【解析】 hunch 意义预感 英文译为 a feeling that sth is true even though you don't have any evidence to prove it. VI. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each)
  70.慢跑的时候,我满脑子都是慢跑的事情,或者干脆一片空白,而在水库周围跑的一 个好处是避免抄近道回家. 【解析】jogging n. 慢跑;shortcut n.捷径,近道.
  71.我们从无数多的运动中选择一个我们并不热忠的,然后又迫不及待想尽快结束这不 愉快的事. 【解析】 "opportunities"可具体化为运动. "have done with"义为结束不愉快的事.
  72.自由如一条宽广而危险的河,它可以让那些不懂得游泳的人丧生,一个人承担义务 越多,花费的时间就越多,义务越少就越怕自由. 【解析】注意"the less threat freedom poses"的翻译,pose 是产生的意思.
  73.神学家也许会进一步辩论,我们现代的无神论以及缺乏对来世的自信让我们担心自 己不能长寿. 【解析】重点"our mortal stay as long as possible" 焦虑不能尽可能的永生
  74.我们看到荒野锐减,河流干涸,空气,甚至是平流层携带着一些潜在的致命垃圾. 【解析】 "rivers losing their capacity to sustain life"可译为河流干涸. "deadly junk"是致命 的无用的东西. VII. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (10 points)
  75. With the people's standard of living is higher day by day. Health is becoming more important. So strenuous physical activity is very popular in our modern life, more pople have more time and energy to do exercises. As I know, there are three reasons for this phenomenon. Firstly, to keep healthy. People who had a poor health find it a good way to keep them healty. Secondly, to relax. For those who have to face the great pressure from work, doing exercises does well in relaxing them. Thirdly, to develop one's persistence. Some people find it a good way to develop their in doing something. 【解析】回答这道题首先把文章中作者的观点搞清楚,用简洁的话复述一下,再阐明自 己对这种趋势的认识.如:①工作压力太大,使体育锻炼成为一种放松,发泄的途径.②体 育锻炼可以增强免疫力,延年益寿.③磨练意志等等,学生可以参考这几点来论述. VIII. Translate the following sentences into English and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (18 points, 2 points each for 76-80, 8 points for
  81)
  76. Her face was flushed, she was breathing rapidly, and I realized that she had a high fever. 【解析】P34 第二段,脸色通红 face was flushed;呼吸急促 breath rapidly; realize that…意识 到…
  77. I question how much of televison's nightly news effort is really absorable and understandable. 【解析】上册 P35 第四段,晚间新闻 nightly new. 可
 

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