2009 年 10 月高教自考综合英语二试题 课程代码:00795 I.语法、词汇。从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填 在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共 15 小题, 每小题 1 分,共 15 分)
  1. He deserved the prize for writing such an amazing short story. I don’t understand his not receiving the award. A. winning B. having won C. to win D. to have won
  2. Hard he tried, he was unable to meet the deadline for the term paper. A. although B. as C. if D. since
  3. , a man who can express himself effectively is likely to succeed more rapidly than those who can’t. A. Other things to be equal B. Were other things equal C. To be equal to other things D. Other things being equal
  4. There she spent her days in a bare, gray-walled room lined small boxes, where the orphans kept whatever playthings they had. A. by B. with C. for D. over
  5. Hearing aids make possible for people with hearing problems to use the telephone and even to listen to music. A. that B. what C. it D. which
  6. “Appearance is essential,” he said. Each morning he put on clean socks, trousers and a fresh white shirt. A. pressed B. pressing C. presses D. press
  7. If you try to chase two rabbits at the same time, you will not catch one. A. each B. any C. neither D. either
  8. Parents should learn to explain their feelings to the child so that the child can realize the of his or her behaviour on them. A. result B. affect C. importance D. impact
  9. When children approach their teens, they become more of their appearance. A. conscious B. suspicious C. ambitious D. conscientious
  10. The steps up to her house were a great barrier, and carrying groceries was almost impossible for her. A. running B. moving C. leading D. setting
  11. Research in the social science focuses on problems of individuals in contexts such as family,
work setting, and society . A. in principle B. at large C. in short D. at all
  12. People were when the boy said that the kangaroo, resting on its hind legs and its large tail, had five legs. A. amused B. moved C. puzzled D. surprised
  13. TV may make people less happy with what they have, for they see a world that wealth. A. criticizes B. exaggerates C. analyses D. describes
  14. The upside-down catfish is the only fish that swims on its back. A. habitually B. traditionally C. commonly D. randomly
  15. Intellectual-property experts are trying to new models that will allow the film industry to survive downloading. A. come up with B. come across C. come out of D. come upon Ⅱ.完形填空。从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填 在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,共 15 分) Those who have a strong love for climbing high and difficult mountains are often looked upon with astonishment. Why are men and women 16 to suffer cold and hardship, and to 17 on high mountains? This astonishment is caused, probably, by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activity 18 men give their leisure. Mountaineering is a sport and not a game. There are no man-made rules, as there are for such games as golf and football. There are rules of a different kind which it would be dangerous to 19 , but it is this freedom from man-made rules 20 makes mountaineering interesting to many people. Those who climb mountains are free to use their own methods. If we compare mountaineering with other more 21 sports, we might think that one big difference is that mountaineering is not a “team game”. We should not be 22 in this. There are, 23 , no “matches” between “teams” of climbers, but when climbers are on a 24 linked by a rope on which their lives may 25 , there is obviously teamwork. The mountain climber knows that he may have to fight forces that are stronger and more powerful than man. He has to fight the forces of 26 . This sport requires high physical and mental 27 . A mountain climber continues to improve in skill year after year. A skier is probably 28 his best by the age of thirty, and most international tennis champions are in their early twenties. But it is not 29 for men of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains. They may take more time than younger men but they probably climb with more skill and less 30 of effort. They certainly experience equal enjoyment.
  16. A. forbidden B. willing C. reluctant D. forced
  17. A. take risks B. take shelter C. make fortunes D. make peace
  18. A. in that B. so that C. for which D. to which

  19. A. break B. follow C. deal with D. set up
  20. A. what B. it C. that D. which
  21. A. ignored B. examined C. practiced D. discussed
  22. A. misunderstood B. mistaken C. disappointed D. disturbed
  23. A. in short B. up to now C. of course D. on one hand
  24. A. trip B. cliff C. stage D. step
  25. A. depend B. decide C. build D. base
  26. A. nature B. universe C. world D. environment
  27. A. certainty B. safety C. quantities D. qualities
  28. A. off B. after C. behind D. past
  29. A. unclear B. unusual C. unlike D. unfair
  30. A. storage B. concern C. waste D. usage Ⅲ.难句释义。从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填 在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
  31. And you would not be alone, because pollsters have found that people today do not choose political leaders who shape history for their “Most Admired” list, but rather movie and television celebrities, fashion models, professional athletes, and even comic book and cartoon characters. A. people today do not respect political figures most... B. people today do not believe history is influenced by politics... C. people today look up to historic figures rather than political ones... D. people today do not depend on political leaders to make up their minds...
  32. We are slaves to nothing but the clock. A. We try to keep the clock correct. B. We follow our time schedule closely. C. We never have enough time to work. D. We work for everything except the clock.
  33. I should never have selected a business career if I had been permitted to choose. A. To be a businessman was not what I really wanted for my career. B. To choose a career other than business was not so promising for me. C. I could have made a better choice in career if I had been more flexible. D. I could have been more successful in business if I had had a better chance.
  34. “We’ve got to believe it. We can’t afford not to.” A. We would believe it if we could. B. We should believe it at any price. C. We won’t take the risk of not believing it. D. We won’t allow any hesitation in believing it.
  35. There is abundant luxury in the room but a minimum of taste. A. Things in the room look expensive, but show poor taste. B. Although it is neat and clean, the room doesn’t seem comfortable. C. Despite its attractive surroundings, the room lacks relaxing atmosphere. D. The room offers a quite impersonal feeling even though it is very spacious.
  36. She had wakened with a slight fever, just bothersome enough to keep her home from her job in
a war plant. A. Her fever was so troublesome that she lost her job. B. She had to quit her job and stayed home because of her fever. C. She had a slight fever, which made her work at home difficult. D. Her fever was not serious but it gave her an excuse not to go to work.
  37. Remembering other and larger countries, we see at once that one of its charms is that it is immensely varied within a small range. A. though it is charming, it is too small. B. both its size and its scenery vary a lot. C. it is more beautiful than larger countries. D. it is not large but offers a variety of scenery.
  38. You are a stimulant for me to become more fully what I might become, and my loving enhances your being as well. A. your nature makes me love you more. B. my love for you can cure your disease. C. I have to love you more so that you can grow fully. D. you will also become a better person because I love you.
  39. If you think I’m going to raise a good-for-nothing, you’ve got another think coming. A. How could you consider the suggestion I put forward as useless? B. You’d better think carefully before you make comments on my idea. C. You’d better stop expecting me to bring up a lazy and irresponsible child. D. How could you doubt my ability to provide a proper education to my child?
  40. In strict truth an invention is almost never the sole product of any one mind. A. It is clear that too many people are involved in an invention. B. Strictly speaking, an invention never comes from a single person. C. The truth is that an invention needs almost everyone’s participation. D. It is true that no man’s achievement can be regarded as an invention. Ⅳ.阅读理解。阅读短文,根据短文的内容从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出一个正确答 案,并将所选答案的字母填在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 2 分,共 20 分) Passage 1 Astronaut selection is critically important to make a mission successful. It requires individuals who are capable of dealing with isolation from family and friends, crowded living conditions, great pressure to succeed and extreme danger. What are the criteria for an ideal astronaut? Generally, a person must be athletic and must possess both technical and interpersonal skills. Technical skills are particularly important. Astronauts need to be able to competently carry out scientific and technical tasks during the mission. They must be capable of taking accurate measurements and making observations while living in a weightless environment. Interpersonal skills are also critically important. Studies have shown that ideal astronauts are people who can be either introverts (内向的人) or extroverts. Introverts tend to be withdrawn, which helps them put up with isolation from family and respect the privacy of others. On the other hand, extroverts are outgoing and provide social stimulation for a crew. Both character types are
necessary for different reasons. There are many seemingly contradictory traits that astronauts should possess: introverted yet at times extroverted, leaders yet capable of being led, and so on. An astronaut’s ability to adapt to different situations is most important. As the duration of space missions increases, human factors become even more important. A manned mission to Mars would require a compatible crew that would ensure mission success, and of course, mission safety. Behavioral studies have been conducted in space analogs, which are environments similar to the confinement and isolation of space. These studies have shown that long periods of isolation can lead to sleep disturbances, emotional instability and depression - all things that would disrupt the work performance of a crew of astronauts. In order to minimize the chances of such conditions developing, the selected crew must get along extremely well. Easier said than done. Scientists at NASA used the analogy (类比) of a jigsaw puzzle to describe the relationship of a crew of astronauts. The members of space crews bear a certain resemblance to the pieces in jigsaw puzzles: what is important is not so much the shape and color of each individual piece, but the way the different pieces fit together. There has been much debate over how a space crew for a potential mission to Mars should be selected, but currently a three-phase system is favored. In this selection process, the first phase is selecting a large group of people who satisfy the needed technical skills. The second phase is to pick out the individuals with the best interpersonal skills. The third phase is to group the individuals into mini-crews and then monitor those crews for compatibility as they undergo training for a mission. Finally, the most well-formed, smoothly-functioning crew of astronauts is selected as the best crew for the mission. Astronaut selection is a difficult process. Many potential candidates nearly perfect for the job are rejected because of minor details. However, if you dream of becoming an astronaut, don’t be discouraged by the odds. If the job description of an astronaut appeals to you, and you feel you have the “right stuff” for the job, then reach for the stars. In this case, the sky is not the limit.
  41. An ideal astronaut is a person who . A. respects others’ privacy B. is sociable and outgoing C. adapts easily to different situations D. is withdrawn from family and friends
  42. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “compatible” in the fourth paragraph? A. gentle B. stable C. competitive D. cooperative
  43. Which of the following statements is true? A. Astronauts like to play Jigsaw puzzles in their spare time. B. Jigsaw puzzles are commonly used for astronaut training. C. The shape and color of jigsaw pieces are attractive to astronauts. D. The relationship of an astronaut crew is similar to that of jigsaw pieces.
  44. The first phase of selecting the best crew for a mission to Mars is picking out those . A. with good interpersonal skills B. with
 

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