2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试试题
Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creating a Green Campus. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:
  1. 建设绿色校园很重要
  2. 绿色校园不仅指绿色的环境……
  3. 为了建设绿色校园,我们应该…… Creating a Green Campus Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet
  1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For question 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. Colleges taking another look at value of merit-based aid Good grades and high tests scores still matter?a lot?to many colleges as they award financial aid. But with low-income students projected to make up an ever-larger share of the college-bound population in coming years, some schools are re-examining whether that aid, typically known as “merit aid”, is the most effective use of precious institutional dollars. George Washington University in Washington, D.C., for example, said last week that it would cut the value of its average merit scholarships by about one-third and reduce the number of recipients(接受者), pouring the savings, about $
  2.5 million, into need-based aid. Allegheny College in Meadville, Pa., made a similar decision three years ago. Now, Hamilton College in Clinton, N.Y., says it will phase out merit scholarships altogether. No current merit-aid recipients will lose their scholarships, but need-based aid alone will be awarded beginning with students entering in fall 20
  08. Not all colleges offer merit aid; generally, the more selective a school, the less likely it is to do so. Harvard and Princeton, for example, offer generous need-based packages, but many families who don’t meet need eligibility(资格)have been willing to pay whatever they must for a big-name school. For small regional colleges that struggle just to fill seats, merit aid can be an important revenue-builder because many recipients still pay enough tuition dollars over and above the scholarship amount to keep the institution running. But for rankings-conscious schools in between, merit aid has served primarily as a tool to recruit top students and to improve their academic profits. “They’re trying to buy students,” says Skidmore College economist Sandy Baum. Studies show merit aid also tends to benefit disproportionately students who could afford to enroll without it. http://www.hxen.com “As we look to the future, we see a more pressing need to invest in need-based aid,” says Monica Inzer, dean of admission and financial aid at Hamilton, which has offered merit scholarships for 10 years. During that time, it rose in US News & World Report’s ranking of the best liberal arts colleges, from 25 to
  17. Merit aid, which benefited about 75 students a year, or about 4% of its student body, at a cost of about $ 1 million a year, “served us well,” Inzer says, but “to be discounting the price for families that don’t need financial aid doesn’t feel right any more.” Need-based aid remains by far the largest share of all student aid, which includes state, federal and institutional grants. But merit aid, offered primarily by schools and states, is growing faster, both overall and at the institutional level.
Between 1995-96 and 2003-04, institutional merit aid alone increased 212%, compared with 47% for need-based grants. At least 15 states also offer merit aid, typically in a bid to enroll top students in the state’s public institutions. But in recent years, a growing chorus(异口同声)of critics has begun pressuring schools to drop the practice. Recent decisions by Hamilton and others may be “a sign that people are starting to realize that there’s this destructive competition going on,” says Baum, co-author of a recent College Report that raises concerns about the role of institutional aid not based on need. David Laird, president of the Minnesota Private College Council, says many of his schools would like to reduce their merit aid but fear that in doing so, they would lose top students to their competitors. “No one can take one-sided action,” says Laird, who is exploring whether to seek an exemption(豁免)from federal anti-trust laws so member colleges can discuss how they could jointly reduce merit aid, “This is a merry-go-round that’s going very fast, and none of the institutions believe they can sustain the risks of trying to break away by themselves.” A complicating factor is that merit aid has become so popular with middle-income families, who don’t qualify for need-based aid, that many have come to depend on it. And, as tuitions continue to increase, the line between merit and need blurs. That’s one reason Allegheny College doesn’t plan to drop merit aid entirely. “We still believe in rewarding superior achievements and know that these top students truly value the scholarship,” says Scott Friedhoff, Allegheny’s vice president for enrollment. Emory University in Atlanta, which boasts a $
  4.7 billion endowment(捐赠), meanwhile, is taking another approach. This year, it announced it would eliminate loans for needy students and cap them for middle-income families. At the same time, it would expand its 28-year-old merit program. “Yeah, we’re playing the merit game,” acknowledges Tom Lancaster, associate dean for undergraduate education. But it has its strong point, too, he says. “The fact of the matter is, it’s not just about the lowest-income people. It’s the average American middle-class family who’s being priced out of the market.” *A few words about merit-based aid: Merit-based aid is aid offered to students who achieve excellence in a given area, and is generally known as academic, athletic and artistic merit scholarships. Academic merit scholarships are based on students’ grades, GPA and overall academic performance during high school. They are typically meant for students going straight to college right after high school. However, there are scholarships for current college students with exceptional grades as well. These merit scholarships usually help students pay tuition bills, and they can be renewed each year as long as the recipients continue to qualify. In some cases, students may need to be recommended by their school or a teacher as part of the qualification process. 来源: 恒星英语学习网 Athletic merit scholarships are meant for students that excel(突出)in sports of any kind, from football to track and field events. Recommendation for these scholarships is required, since exceptional athletic performance has to be recognized by a coach or a referee(裁判). Applicants need to send in a tape containing their best performance. Artistic merit scholarships require that applicants excel in a given artistic area. This generally includes any creative field such as art, design, fashion, music, dance or writing. Applying for artistic merit scholarships usually requires that students submit a portfolio(选辑)of some sort, whether that includes a collection of artwork, a recording of a musical performance or a video of them dancing.
  1. With more and more low-income students pursuing higher education, a number of colleges are . A) offering students more merit-based aid B) revising their financial aid policies
C) increasing the amount of financial aid D) changing their admission processes
  2. What did Allegheny College in Meadville do three years ago? A) It tried to implement a novel financial aid program. B) It added $
  2.5 million to its need-based aid program. C) It phased out its merit-based scholarships altogether. D) It cuts its merit-based aid to help the needy students.
  3. The chief purpose of rankings-conscious colleges in offering merit aid is to . A) improve teaching quality B) boost their enrollments C) attract good students D) increase their revenues
  4. Monica Inzer, dean of admission and financial aid at Hamilton, believes . A) it doesn’t pay to spend $ 1 million a year to raise its ranking B) it gives students motivation to award academic achievements C) it’s illogical to use so much money on only 4% of its students D) it’s not right to give aid to those who can afford the tuition
  5. In recent years, merit-based aid has increased much faster than need-based aid due to . A) more government funding to colleges B) fierce competition among institutions C) the increasing number of top students D) schools’ improved financial situations
  6. What is the attitude of many private colleges toward merit aid, according to David Laird? A) They would like to see it reduced. B) They regard it as a necessary evil. C) They think it does more harm than good. D) They consider it unfair to middle-class families.
  7. Why doesn’t Allegheny College plan to drop merit aid entirely? A) Raising tuitions have made college unaffordable for middle-class families. B) With rising incomes, fewer students are applying for need-based aid. C) Many students from middle-income families have come to rely on it. D) Rising incomes have disqualified many students for need-based aid.
  8. Annual renewal of academic merit scholarships depends on whether the recipients remain .
  9. Applicants for athletic merit scholarships need a recommendation from a coach or a referee who their exceptional athletic performance.
  10. Applicants for artistic merit scholarships must produce evidence to show their in a particular artistic field
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes) Section A http://www.hxen.com Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage. In families with two working parents, fathers may have more impact on a child’s language development than mothers, a new study suggests. Researchers 47 92 families form 11 child care centers before their children were a year old, interviewing each to establish income, level of education and child care arrangements. Overall, it was a group of well-class
families, with married parents both living in the home. When the children were 2, researchers videotaped them at home in free-play sessions with both parents, 48 all of their speech. The study will appear in the November issue of The Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology. The scientists measured the 49 number of utterance (话语) of the parents, the number of different words they used, the complexity of their sentences and other 50 of their speech. On average, fathers spoke less than mothers did, but they did not differ in the length of utterances or proportion of questions asked. Finally, the researchers 51 the children’s speech at age 3, using a standardized language test. The only predictors of high scores on the test were the mother’s level of education, the 52 of child care and the number of different words the father used. The researchers are 53 why the father’s speech, and not the mother’s, had an effect. “It’s well 54 that the mother’s language does have an impact,” said Nadya Pancsofar, the lead author of the study. It could be that the high-functioning mothers in the study had 55 had a strong influence on their children’s speech development, Ms. Pancsofar said, “or it may be that mothers are 56 in a way we didn’t measure in the study.” 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 A) already B) analyzed C) aspects D) characters E) contributing F) describing G) established H) quality I) quoted J) recording K) recruited L) total M) unconscious N) unsure O) yet Section B Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage. Throughout this long, tense election, everyone has focused on the presidential candidates and how they’ll change America. Rightly so, but selfishly, I’m more fascinated by Michelle Obama and what she might be able to do, not just for this country, but for me as an African-American woman. As the potential First Lady, she would have the world’s attention. And that means that for the first time people will have a chance to get up close and personal with the type of African-American woman they so rarely see. http://www.hxen.com Usually, the lives of black women go largely unexamined. The prevailing theory seems to be that we’re all hot-tempered single mothers who can’t keep a man. Even in the world of make-believe, black women still can’t escape the stereotype of being e



   2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试试题 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creating a Green Campus. You should write at least 120 words following the outline give ...


   2008 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题 Part I Writing (30 minutes) ) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Limiting the Use of Disposable Plastic Bag. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given be ...


   本资料由学生范文网(http://www.xsfanwen.com)为您收集整理. 为您收集整理. 本资料由学生范文网 为您收集整理 2007 年 12 月四级考试真题 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上. Part Ⅱ Rading comprehension (Skimming and scanning) (15minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to ...


   上学吧_知识分享与交易平台_分享创造财富! (www.shangxueba.com) 2009 年 6 月大学英语四级真题试卷 真题: Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minute to write a short essay on the topic of students selecting their lectures. You should write at least ...


   2010 年 12 月大学英语四级真题及答案(作文范文) How Should Parents Help Children to be Independent Nowadays, there is a growing concern over such a phenomenon, that is, some parents take care of almost everything concerned with their children, including study, work a ...


   本题由学生范文网为您收集整理自网上, 本题由学生范文网为您收集整理自网上,请记住我们的网站 www.xsfanwen.com 2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creati ...


   大学英语四级考试真题系列 2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creating a Green Campus. You should write at least 120 words following ...


   大学英语四级考试真题系列 知识改变命运 勤奋塑造成功 整理人 时间 落叶 2011-4-15 天才是百分之九十九的勤奋加百分之一的灵感 2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意: 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic ...


   错误!未找到引用源. 错误!未找到引用源. 1 / 21 2003 年 12 月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题试卷 Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what ...


   2009 年 12 月英语四级作文真题及参考范文(恩波) 2009 年 12 月英语四级作文范文(文都版) 大学英语四级作文优秀范文三篇 默认分类 2009-12-25 08:13:09 阅读 17 评论 0 字号:大中小 The university’s branch campuses in suburban areas In recent years more and more universities have built up their branch campuses in sub ...



   中学生英语学习常见错误一览表( 中学生英语学习常见错误一览表(三) R  radio  [误] There are two radioes in the classroom. [正] There are two radios in the classroom. [误] I heard the weather report through the radio. [正] I heard the weather report on the radio. [析] 在收音机中听到某事应为 ...


   综述 精听的好方法是逆向法。 我的具体做法是,先完整地把一条新闻听一到三遍,争取掌 握大意。然后,一句一句精听,力争每句话都听明白。遇到实在不懂的地方,再听写。根据 我的实际水平, 我选择了专业英语大三和大四的新闻听力教材作为起步阶段的听力材料。 此 外, 每个月安排几天时间, 完整地把几十条标准英语新闻听写好。 遇到难点, 及时核对原文, 搞清楚问题出在何处。 泛听是逆向法比较忽视的方法。其实,泛听不比精听次要。我在泛听过程中经历了几个 阶段。 先是把它当作音乐听。 主要为了熟悉语音, 语 ...


   高考英语写作 技巧 一, 高考英语书面表达基本策略: 仔细审题。 如果是看图写文,看懂每幅图之间的联系至关重要。 仔细审题。 写要点。 写要点。据每幅图写出一至两句话。因为每年高考书面表达一般控制在 10 句话,120 个词左右。 连句成文。 连句成文。每句话写好后,用适当的连词连接起来,使之上下连贯,呼应,通顺,简洁。 查错漏。 查错漏。完稿后,检查一下有没有时态,语态,拼写错误并逐一加以改正。 卷面整洁。 卷面整洁。卷面整洁干净甚至比准确,通顺,简介更重要。因为整洁干净给阅卷人精神 上带 ...


   (TEM4) 英语专业四级(TEM4) (TEM4)考试过关大攻略 提高听力水平的建议 1. 首先要克服心理障碍:由于考场的紧张气氛,听力的瞬间、暂时性,考 生在听之前,生怕听不懂,听觉紧张,越怕就越不能专心,或有个别词汇一下子 听不出,而苦苦绞尽脑汁的想,而影响对下边的内容的注意力。因此,考生平时 要有意识地训练自己的心理素质,参加一些模拟考试,培养对考场的适应能力, 扫除恐惧心理,训练自己整体理解而非逐字逐句理解的意识,用上下文进行推测 的能力。从而做到“精神集中而不紧张,注意力专注但不 ...


   您下载的文件来自http://txt.nokiacn.net糯米社区(fei888)为你制作! 【糯米社区-TXT论坛】-立志要做最新最全的txt文本格式电子书下载论坛 第一章 说不好英语是因为耳朵被锁上了 听力不好是说不好英语的最大原因 最近,我常常在报纸上读到一些消息,说是40%的公司招聘都 要求应聘者能够说英语, 不会说英语的中年人面临着巨大的挑战等 等。毫不夸张地说, 今后如果你不会说英语就没法在一流的大公司 谋得重要职位。 但是, 许多人的英语很差, 为什么会这样呢? 有一种普遍的观 ...