2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案
Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意: 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creating a Green Campus. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:
  1. 建设绿色校园很重要
  2. 绿色校园不仅指绿色的环境.. .
  3. 为了建设绿色校园,我们应该.. .
Creating a Green Campus Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet
  1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For question 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. Colleges taking another look at value of merit-based aid Good grades and high tests scores still matter?a lot?to many colleges as they award financial aid. But with low-income students projected to make up an ever-larger share of the college-bound population in coming years, some schools are re-examining whether that aid, typically known as “merit aid”, is the most effective use of precious institutional dollars. George Washington University in Washington, D.C., for example, said last week that it would cut the value of its average merit scholarships by about one-third and reduce the number of recipients(接受者), pouring the savings, about $
  2.5 million, into need-based aid. Allegheny College in Meadville, Pa., made a similar decision three years ago. Now, Hamilton College in Clinton, N.Y., says it will phase out merit scholarships altogether. No current merit-aid recipients will lose their scholarships, but need-based aid alone will be awarded beginning with students entering in fall 20
  08. Not all colleges offer merit aid; generally, the more selective a school, the less likely it is to do so. Harvard and Princeton, for example, offer generous need-based packages, but many families who don’t meet need eligibility(资格)have been willing to pay whatever they must for a big-name school. For small regional colleges that struggle just to fill seats, merit aid can be an important revenue-builder because many recipients still pay enough tuition dollars over and above the scholarship amount to keep the institution running. But for rankings-conscious schools in between, merit aid has served primarily as a tool to recruit top students and to improve their academic profits. “They’re trying to buy students,” says Skidmore College economist Sandy Baum. Studies show merit aid also tends to benefit disproportionately students who could afford to enroll without it.
“As we look to the future, we see a more pressing need to invest in need-based aid,” says Monica Inzer, dean of admission and financial aid at Hamilton, which has offered merit scholarships for 10 years. During that time, it rose in US News & World Report’s ranking of the best liberal arts colleges, from 25 to
  17. Merit aid, which benefited about 75 students a year, or about 4% of its student body, at a cost of about $ 1 million a year, “served us well,” Inzer says, but “to be discounting the price for families that don’t need financial aid doesn’t feel right any more.” Need-based aid remains by far the largest share of all student aid, which includes state, federal and institutional grants. But merit aid, offered primarily by schools and states, is growing faster, both overall and at the institutional level. Between 1995-96 and 2003-04, institutional merit aid alone increased 212%, compared with 47% for need-based grants. At least 15 states also offer merit aid, typically in a bid to enroll top students in the state’s public institutions. But in recent years, a growing chorus(异口同声)of critics has begun pressuring schools to drop the practice. Recent decisions by Hamilton and others may be “a sign that people are starting to realize that there’s this destructive competition going on,” says Baum, co-author of a recent College Report that raises concerns about the role of institutional aid not based on need. David Laird, president of the Minnesota Private College Council, says many of his schools would like to reduce their merit aid but fear that in doing so, they would lose top students to their competitors. “No one can take one-sided action,” says Laird, who is exploring whether to seek an exemption(豁免)from federal anti-trust laws so member colleges can discuss how they could jointly reduce merit aid, “This is a merry-go-round that’s going very fast, and none of the institutions believe they can sustain the risks of trying to break away by themselves.” A complicating factor is that merit aid has become so popular with middle-income families, who don’t qualify for need-based aid, that many have come to depend on it. And, as tuitions continue to increase, the line between merit and need blurs. That’s one reason Allegheny College doesn’t plan to drop merit aid entirely. “We still believe in rewarding superior achievements and know that these top students truly value the scholarship,” says Scott Friedhoff, Allegheny’s vice president for enrollment. Emory University in Atlanta, which boasts a $
  4.7 billion endowment(捐赠), meanwhile, is taking another approach. This year, it announced it would eliminate loans for needy students and cap them for middle-income families. At the same time, it would expand its 28-year-old merit program. “Yeah, we’re playing the merit game,” acknowledges Tom Lancaster, associate dean for undergraduate education. But it has its strong point, too, he says. “The fact of the matter is, it’s not just about the lowest-income people. It’s the average American middle-class family who’s being priced out of the market.” *A few words about merit-based aid: Merit-based aid is aid offered to students who achieve excellence in a given area, and is generally known as
academic, athletic and artistic merit scholarships. Academic merit scholarships are based on students’ grades, GPA and overall academic performance during high school. They are typically meant for students going straight to college right after high school. However, there are scholarships for current college students with exceptional grades as well. These merit scholarships usually help students pay tuition bills, and they can be renewed each year as long as the recipients continue to qualify. In some cases, students may need to be recommended by their school or a teacher as part of the qualification process. Athletic merit scholarships are meant for students that excel(突出)in sports of any kind, from football to track and field events. Recommendation for these scholarships is required, since exceptional athletic performance has to be recognized by a coach or a referee(裁判). Applicants need to send in a tape containing their best performance. Artistic merit scholarships require that applicants excel in a given artistic area. This generally includes any creative field such as art, design, fashion, music, dance or writing. Applying for artistic merit scholarships usually requires that students submit a portfolio(选辑)of some sort, whether that includes a collection of artwork, a recording of a musical performance or a video of them dancing.
  1. With more and more low-income students pursuing higher education, a number of colleges are . A) offering students more merit-based aid B) revising their financial aid policies C) increasing the amount of financial aid D) changing their admission processes
  2. What did Allegheny College in Meadville do three years ago? A) It tried to implement a novel financial aid program. B) It added $
  2.5 million to its need-based aid program. C) It phased out its merit-based scholarships altogether. D) It cuts its merit-based aid to help the needy students.
  3. The chief purpose of rankings-conscious colleges in offering merit aid is to . A) improve teaching quality C) attract good students B) boost their enrollments D) increase their revenues

  4. Monica Inzer, dean of admission and financial aid at Hamilton, believes . A) it doesn’t pay to spend $ 1 million a year to raise its ranking B) it gives students motivation to award academic achievements C) it’s illogical to use so much money on only 4% of its students D) it’s not right to give aid to those who can afford the tuition
  5. In recent years, merit-based aid has increased much faster than need-based aid due to . A) more government funding to colleges B) fierce competition among institutions C) the increasing number of top students D) schools’ improved financial situations

  6. What is the attitude of many private colleges toward merit aid, according to David Laird? A) They would like to see it reduced. B) They regard it as a necessary evil. C) They think it does more harm than good. D) They consider it unfair to middle-class families.
  7. Why doesn’t Allegheny College plan to drop merit aid entirely? A) Raising tuitions have made college unaffordable for middle-class families. B) With rising incomes, fewer students are applying for need-based aid. C) Many students from middle-income families have come to rely on it. D) Rising incomes have disqualified many students for need-based aid.
  8. Annual renewal of academic merit scholarships depends on whether the recipients remain .
  9. Applicants for athletic merit scholarships need a recommendation from a coach or a referee who their exceptional athletic performance.
  10. Applicants for artistic merit scholarships must produce evidence to show their in a particular artistic field Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage. In families with two working parents, fathers may have more impact on a child’s language development than mothers, a new study suggests. Researchers 47 92 families form 11 child care centers before their children were a year old, interviewing each to establish income, level of education and child care arrangements. Overall, it was a group of well-class families, with married parents both living in the home. When the children were 2, researchers videotaped them at home in free-play sessions with both parents, 48 all of their speech. The study will appear in the November issue of The Journal of Applied
Developmental Psychology. The scientists measured the 49 number of utterance (话语) of the parents, the number of different words they used, the complexity of their sentences and other 50 of their speech. On average, fathers spoke
less than mothers did, but they did not differ in the length of utterances or proportion of questions asked. Finally, the researchers 51 the children’s speech at age 3, using a standardized language test. The only predictors of high scores on the test were the mother’s level of education, the 52 of child care and the number of different words the father used. The researchers are 53 why the father’s speech, and not the mother’s, had an effect. “It’s well 54 that the mother’s language does have an impact,” said Nadya Pancsofar, the lead author of the study. It could be that the high-functioning mothers in the study had 55 had a strong influence on their children’s speech development, Ms. Pancsofar said, “or it may be that mothers are __ 56 in a way we didn’t measure in the study.” 注意: 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 A) already G) established N) unsure Section B Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage. Throughout this long, tense election, everyone has focused on the presidential candidates and how they’ll change America. Rightly so, but selfishly, I’m more fascinated by Michelle Obama and what she might be able to do, not just for this country, but for me as an African-American woman. As the potential First Lady, she would have the world’s attention. And that means that for the first time people will have a chance to get up close and personal with the type of African-American woman they so rarely see. Usually, the lives of black women go largely unexamined. The prevailing theory seems to be that we’re all hot-tempered single mothers who can’t keep a man. Even in the world of make-believe, black women still can’t escape the stereotype of being eye-rolling, oversexed female



   2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意: 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creating a Green Campus. You should write at least 120 words foll ...


   本题由学生范文网为您收集整理自网上, 本题由学生范文网为您收集整理自网上,请记住我们的网站 www.xsfanwen.com 2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creati ...


   2010 年 12 月大学英语四级真题 Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given ...


   错误!未找到引用源. 错误!未找到引用源. 1 / 21 2003 年 12 月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题试卷 Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what ...


   2009 12 四级密卷 Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes) Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D). You should ...


   http://www.24en.com/tem/dynamic/2010-04-17/116937.html 2010 年英语专四真题及参考答案(完整版)2010-04-17 年英语专四真题及参考答案(完整版) 2010 年 12 月大学英语四级真题及答案(听写) 11.C)She enjoys staying in Washington。 12.C)The director’s opinion of her work。 13.D)Avoid excessive physical train ...


   英语六级考试网 www.cet6.net 为您备考英语六级考试提供助力 更多资料下载 2009 年 12 月大学英语六级考试真题 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Should Parents Send Their Kids to Art Classes? You should write at le ...


   ★★★★★ 2008 年 6 月大学英语四级 写作部分( 一.写作部分(9:00-9:30) 写作部分 : - : ) Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write A Letter of Apology according to the outline given below. You should write at least 120 words fol ...


   恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com 2009 年 12 月大学英语六级考试真题及答案 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Should Parents Send Their Kids to Art Classes? You should write at least 150 word ...


   Part I Listening Comprehension (15 minutes) Directions: This part is to test your listening ability. It consists of 3 sections. Section A Directions: This section is to test your ability to understand short dialogues. There are 5 recorded dialogues ...



   怎样才能学好英语? 大家都知道,生活在 21 世纪的年轻人掌握一门外语是十分重要的,尤其是英语。如何学好英语,提高英语 水平,是当前很多中学生困惑的问题。其实,学好英语并不是一件难事,关键在于要掌握好的学习方法。 学习方法自然是因人而异、因时而异的。其实方法本身无所谓好与坏,关键就看它能否完美地与 个人相结 合,提高学习效率,如果一套方法能够激发你的学习兴趣,提高学习效率的话,以后要做的就是坚持下去。 可能我们都见过类似的情况:有的人整日埋头书案,学得很辛苦,但成绩仍不理想:有的人则懂得“有 ...


   英语复习 无须复习, 只要十天英语四级就能过!! ! 方法让你喷血! 怕 ! 以后找不到!!! 1、听力,有三种题型,dialogue(十个对话),passage(三 个短文),compound dictation(复合式听写,也就是传说中的 段子题), 第一种每年必考, 后两种逐年交替, 其中考 passage 的次数相对较多。 最容易得分的是 dialogue 和 passage, 只要记住一个超级 技巧即可:对话所述事情总是向不好的方面发展。举几个例 子:比如对话里问教授的讲座 lec ...


   从历年浙江高考英语卷看 2010 年高考 浙江省高考英语 2009-10-09 16:46:03 阅读 146 评论 0 字号:大中小 从历年浙江高考英语卷看 2010 年高考 一,阅读分析 阅读一直是高考的重中之重,今年是新课改的第一年,我们的三年新教材文章是一年比一年长,越来越难. 这个长和难也体现在我们今年的阅读中.笔者统计了一下近三年阅读题最长(任务型阅读除外)的三篇的 篇幅长度. 表 12007-2009 年阅读长度一览表 2007 2008 2009 A 篇: 373 个字 A ...


   第一章 我只是一个厨师1.献给父母的礼物   这是爸爸第四次在电视屏幕上看到我,每一次他都重复着同样的话。   2004年5月30日晚上,中央电视台新闻频道正在播放我接受“面对面”采访的节 目,突然,我的手机响了。最初,我以为是某个朋友正在收看采访我的节目,向我道喜 的。可是当我俯身看到手机上显示的号码时,我的心头一热,一股暖流涌上了我的心头 。这是爸爸从遥远的江西的小山村打来的。那是我魂牵梦萦的故乡,是生我养我的地方 啊。   爸爸激动地说:“小平,平儿,我看见你了,我看见你了,我在电视上 ...


   高考,既是一场既定已久的战斗,也是一场让考生充分展示才华与潜能的重大人生机遇.抓 住高三阶段的宝贵时光,尽快提高自己的英语成绩,无疑是每个考生都非常关注的事情。 一、兵马未动,粮草先行 充分必要的物质准备是保障复习顺利进行,提高学习效率的重要前提。高三备考中,你很有 必要准备好这样几件武器 1、作文档案(优美的范文、写作常用的词汇、句型和过渡语,阅读当中遇到的优美表达集中 起来 ) 3、错题档案(错误集中,整理归纳 ,复习反思 ) 4、英汉词典(规范发音,熟悉用法,扩充词汇量 ) 二、知己知 ...