2009年6月大学英语四级真题
Part I Writing
【审题】
本次作文题是一篇议论文。讨论博物馆免费开放是出于什么目的,而免费开放后又出现了哪些问题,表达自己的看法。这个题目贴近我们的日常生活,考生在细心审题后都是有话可说的。在作文时要注意以下几个要素:首先,文章要紧扣主题的“目的”,条理要清楚。其次,将博物馆免费开放后带来的一些问题,有代表性的,有针对性的展示出来,并将自己有建设性的看法清楚地表达出来。注意语言的连贯性。
【范文】
Free Admission To Museums
Recently, museums in mounting numbers become admission-free to the public both home and abroad. The purpose of this practice is to offer more opportunities for citizens to explore and get easy access to the world of history, culture and knowledge.
Although free admission to museums enjoys distinct advantages, it also brings harmful effects. In the first place, these valuable cultural relics displayed may be damaged or destroyed consciously or unconsciously by the crowds. In the second place, it becomes a huge economic burden for museums to run as usual without any profits from the visitors.
It is my view that free admission to museums is of utmost significance. For one thing, we should appeal to our authorities to legislate strict laws and regulations to protect these museums. For another, we should cultivate the awareness of people that museums are extremely vital to us humans. It is high time that we attached great importance to our motherlands’ splendid and glorious culture of more than five thousand years.
Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)

  1.A 根据文章第一段第二句可以得出答案。

  2.C 从文章第三段第二句可以知道是因为文化间的差异使Tiffany对面试者的表现产生误解。

  3.B 根据文章第五段的最后一句可以得出答案。

  4.B 在“Hire Advantage”这一部分的第一段第二句中可以找到答案。

  5.D 根据“Blind by Gender”这一段我们知道是讲Dale以前性别歧视的经历,他说“Through one of the sessions, I discovered my personal bias,”he recalls,“I learned I had not been looking at a person as a whole person, and being open to differences.”In his case, the blindness was not about culture but rather gender. 所以选D。

  6.C 从“Blind by Gender”这一部分的最后一句可以选出答案。

  7.A 从“Year of Know-It-All”这一部分的第二段可以得出答案。

  8.very embarrassed从“Year of Know-It-All”这一部分的第二段可以得出答案。

  9.inclusiveness从“Year of Know-It-All”这一部分的最后一句可以得出答案。

  10.differences and similarities
Part III Listening Comprehension
11-15 DCBBD 16-20 DCABA
21-25 CBCDA 26-30 ABDCA
31-35 DACDB 36-46 参见听力文字材料部分
Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)
Section A

  47. M require 意为“要求做某事”。常见短语有: It requires that…有做…的必要;require sth. of sb.对某人有…的要求;require sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事。

  48. I painful 意为“痛苦的”。

  49. F especially 意为“特别是”。

  50. E enormous 意为“巨大的,极大的”。如:enormous profit 巨大的利益;a man of enormous strength 力大无穷的人。

  51. H mission 意为“任务”。

  52. D enhance 意为“增加,提高(品质,价值等)”。

  53. B daily 意为“日常的,每日的”。

  54. J performance 意为“表现,表演”。

  55. C emotional 意为“易动感情的,情绪激动的”。

  56. A closer 此处应填比较级。
Section B
Passage One

  57. A 在文章第一段第一句话The January fashion show, called Future Fashion, exemplified how far green design has come. 以及此后的两句话中我们可以知道未来的流行趋势就是绿色(环保),因此很多设计师开始使用绿色(环保材料)来作为设计的灵感。

  58. D 在文章第二段中Scott Hahn 提到 high-quality sustainable materials can still be tough to find. 由此我们可以知道得到制作服装的高质量环保材料对于设计师来说是个大的挑战。

  59. D 通过第三段的第一句 Those who do make the switch are finding they have more support. 可以得知那些采用了环保材料的设计师得到了更多的支持。

  60. A 在文章的最后一段提到 she replied:“Not that I’m aware of.”…By her own admission, green just isn’t yet on her mind. 所以可以得知Natalie Hormilla对于这种时尚是抱着无所谓不在乎的态度的。

  61. B 在文章的最后一句作者提到 But- thanks to the combined effort of designers, retailers and suppliers- one day it will be. 所以可见作者认为green fashion的未来趋势还是很好的。
Passage Two

  62. B 在文章的第一句作者提到Scientists have devised a way to determine roughly where a person has lived using a strand of hair, 也就是说科学家发现可以通过头发来检测出一个人来自哪里。

  63. C 文章的第二段提到 The method relies on measuring how chemical variations in drinking water show up in people’s hair. 也就是我们的所吃的所喝的都能通过头发检测。

  64. B 通过文章第四段的 The chemical composition of rainfall changes slightly as rain clouds move. 及第五段最后一句话可以得出答案。

  65. A 通过文章第七段可以得出答案。

  66. C 在文章的最后一段中提到 “It’s still a substantial area,” Park said. “But it narrows it way down for me.” 也就是说通过这项测试可以排除嫌疑人,所以可以得出答案。
Part V Cloze

  67. C 根据上下文可以知道Kimiyuki Suda是位成功的公司经理,因此有很多收入。根据意思只能选income。

  68. A 前一句说Kimiyuki Suda过去经常自己开车,后面用了一个but来转折,说他现在多是乘地铁和火车,只有mostly能表达这个意思。

  69. B Therefore和consequently都表示结果,otherwise表示转折,只有besides表示“除此之外,他还说到…”的意思。

  70. D 在这一句中是要表示如今的一种现象或是趋势,真有trend符合这一意思。

  71. D particularly among the young 表示“特别是在年轻人当中…”所以选D。

  72. A because和since都是表示原因,不符合句意,while有对比的意思,所以根据上下文选A。

  73. C slipping有下滑的意思,前面说mini-cars and luxury foreign brands are still popular,根据上下文可以得知人们购买其他的交通工具有下滑的趋势。

  74. B 根据上下文可知去年销售量下降了
  6.7%,如果不算小汽车的销售市场的话就是下降了
  7.6%,所以选B。

  75. D 因为后面提到的是9%的下降率,比
  7.6%和
  6.7%都多,所以应该选larger。

  76. C 这句提到正是因为出租车的增加造成了这个9%的下降率,是因果的关系,所以选C。

  77. A 根据上下文,这里应该表示“特殊”的含义。

  78. A over time 意为“随着时间的推移”,on time意为“准时”,behind time意为“迟到,晚点”。根据上下文,应该选A。

  79. D 根据上下文,意思是说鉴于现在这种下降或者是衰退的趋势,只有D符合这一意思。

  80. C 根据上下文是说JAMA推出(提出)了这样的一份研究,只有C符合意思。

  81. B gap有鸿沟的意思,只有和widening搭配才有加大加深的意思。

  82. D general lack of interests表示普遍地缺乏兴趣。average 平均的;massive 巨大的;abundant 丰富的。

  83. C 根据上下文,这里是表示交通工具,所以答案选C。label意为“标签,标记”,cycle为“自行车”,device为“设备,装置”。

  84. A 根据上下文,这一句是选择的关系,所以答案选or。

  85. B 在这里是说JAMA预测…,所以答案选B。conclude意为“作结论,断定”,reckon意为“看作,认为”,prescribe意为“指示,规定”。

  86. B 专家认为如果这种趋势继续加大的话,未来的合并是极有可能发生的,所以选B。
Part VI Translation

  87. difficulty (in) catching up with his fellow classmates.
本题考查常用短语:很难做某事;跟上…。

  88. would not have been caught in the heavy rain
本题考查虚拟语气的用法,前面用过去完成时,后面就应用过去将来完成时。

  89. more likely to gain weight
本题考查常用短语:更有可能 more likely to do sth.…。

  90. What most people haven’t realized
本题考查对主语从句的掌握,另外关于时态方面的选择,系动词和表语从句都使用了现在时(is), 根据时态保持一致原则,译文部分则用现在完成时,表达从过去持续到现在的一种状态。

  91. closely related to the lack of exercise
本题考查常用词组:与…有关,缺乏。
听力文字材料:
Section A

  11. W: There were more than a hundred people at Kate’s birthday party. How come she’s got so
many friends.
M: It’s really no surprise. You know she was popular even when she was a child.
Q: What does the man imply about Kate?

  12. M: They say there’ll be a snowstorm tonight, and the cold weather will last quite a few days.
W: Oh! We’re so lucky, we’ll be getting away for a while, and having a holiday in Florida. But
let’s call right now to confirm our flight.
Q: What do we learn about the two speakers?

  13. W: Tony was awarded a medal for rescuing several families from the forest fire.
M: I really admire his courage.
Q: What do we learn about Tony from the conversation?

  14. M: My washing machine is more than fifteen years old and it has worked just fine until last
night.
W: You’ll never be able to get parts for it, even from Japan. So it might be time to invest a
more recent model.
Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?

  15. W: I heard about your promotion, you must be thrilled.
M: Not really, the new office is huge, but the workload has doubled.
Q: What do we learn about the man from the conversation?

  16. W: I can’t decide what to do about the party tomorrow.
M: You don’t have to go if you don’t want to, but I’ll be glad to give you a ride if you do.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

  17. M: Now if you have any questions about the contract. I’ll be happy to answer them.
W: Nothing comes to mind right now, but I’d like to go over all the articles of the contract
once more before signing it.
Q: What are the speakers doing right now?

  19.M: We are out of paper for the printer. Can you please order some?
W: I completed the order form online yesterday and it will be here by noon. I’ll let you know
when it comes in.
Q: What did the woman do?
Now you will hear two long conversations.
Conversation One
W: Bob, do you know who I saw the other day? Old Jake, looking terribly depressed. Did he get
pensioned off at last?
M: Yes. They made him retire after 50 years at sea. He is pretty upset about it, but what can you
do? He really is pasted.
W: He is all alone, isn’'t he?
M: Yes, his wife has been dead for years. They had one daughter, Dories. But she went off to
town as soon as she left school. And he hasn’t heard from her since. I hear she is making good
money as a model.
W: Maybe someone could get in touch with her. Get her to come back for a while to help?
M: I don’t suppose she come. She never got on with her father. He is bit of a tough character and
she is rather selfish. Oh, I expect Old Jake will get by. He is healthy at least, comes into a clinic for a check regularly.
W: Are you his doctor?
M: No, my partner doctor Johnson is.
W: That bad-tempered old thing?
M: Oh, he isn’t really bad-tempered. He just looks it. He is an excellent doctor, taught me a lot,
and he has a very nice family. His wife invites me over there to supper every week. Very pleasant.
W: Yes. I teach their daughter Pen at school. She is a bit careless and lazy about her school work,
but a bright little thing and very popular with her age group.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you've just heard.

  19. Why does Old Jake look terribly depressed?

  20. What do we learn about Jake’s wife?

  21. What does the man say about Jake’s daughter?

  22. What does the man say about Jake’s doctor?
Conversation Two
W: Hello, Mr. Summerfield. How are you today?
M: Very well. Thank you, Ms. Green.
W: What can I do for you?
M: Well, unfortunately, there is a problem with the order we received from you yesterday. It
seems we haven’t seen the right quantity of manuals to support the telephone system.
W: Oh, dear, that’s bad news. I’m very sorry to hear that, and you don’t know how many packs
are without manuals?
M: No, because we haven’t opened every pack. But in several of those that have been opened
there are none, no manuals.
W: I’m very sorry about this inconvenience, Mr. Summerfield. We’ll send out the manuals this
afternoon by express mail entirely at our cost, and the manuals should arrive tomorrow or the
day after at the latest.
M: All of them, right?
W: Yes. It maybe that some have them already, but we cannot be sure. So the b
 

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