2009 年北京市高级中等学校招生考试
语言知识运用( 语言知识运用(共 28 分) 三、单项填空(共 16 分,每小题 1 分) 从下列各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
  19. Mr. Wang is very friendly, and like him very much. A. we B. us C. our D. ours th
  20. ? won the 100 gold at the Olympics for China? ?Zhang Yining, she’s from Beijing. A. Who B. What C. When D. Where
  21. Einstein, the famous scientist, was born March, 18
  92. A. at B. on C. in D. to
  22. Money is important it’s not the most important thing. A. and B. but C. or D. so
  23. My sister has two skirts. One is yellow, is black. A. other B. another C. others D. the other
  24. Lee came to Beijing in 20
  05. he has been here than you. A. long B. longer C. longest D. the longest
  25. There many students in the library after school every day. A. has B. have C. is D. are
  26. Tian’anmen Square is one of squares in the world. A. large B. larger C. largest D. the largest
  27. Mr. Green to the manager now. You’d better call him later. A. talk B. talked C. is talking D. was talking
  28. ? you swim? ?Yes, but I’m not a good swimmer. A. Can B. May C. Need D. Must
  29. They her to the party, so she was very happy. A. invite B. invited C. will invite D. are inviting
  30. If I find his phone number, I you. A. tell B. told C. will tell D. have told
  31. She as an animal trainer since 20
  03. A. has worked B. works C. will work D. worked
  32. The sick boy to hospital by the police yesterday. A. is taken B. was taken C. takes D. took
  33. The teacher asked Ben a difficult question in class. A. answer B. answering C. to answer D. answered
  34. ?Can you tell me ? ?She is in the computer lab. A. where Linda was B. where is Linda C. where was Linda D. where Linda is 四、完形填空 (共 12 分,每小题 1 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选择 四个选项中,选择最佳选项。
My father died when I was a few months old. After his death, my mother moved back to Louisville, Kentucky, where __35__ had grown up. We lived in a small house with her older sister, Marion, and their mother. This was a time when being a single __36 was still considered unusual. -1-
When I was small, there was a children’s book called The Happy Family, and it was a real piece of work. Dad worked all day log at the office, Mom cooked in the kitchen, and brother and sister always had friends sleeping over. The image of the family in this book was typical (典型的) of the time. It looked __37 like my family, but luckily that wasn’t the way I heard it. The way my Aunt Marion read it to me made the story really __38__. Kind-hearted and open-minded, my aunt was the one who played baseball with me, who took me horseback riding, who took me to the father-son dinners and who gave me lessons on how to drive. Believing that anything __39__ was probably good for, she __40__ to get a loan (贷款) so that I could go to Africa to work as a volunteer, which was my most important experience. As a young girl, Aunt Marion always planned to have a large number of children of her own, but she never got married. This __41__ that she was free to spend all her time taking care of me. Many people say we have a lot in common. She always __42__ me to do my best. She never __43__ to make me believe that I could do anything with my life that I wanted, if I only tried hard enough. For more than sixty years, Aunt Marion didn’t and still don’t think of herself. __44__ she is forced to come up to the front, my aunt will stand in the back in family photos, and she doesn’t think that her efforts have made much __
  45. I honor my aunt, who taught me the things my __46 couldn’t. so every June for the past 40 years, in growing thankfulness to my Aunt Marion, I’ve sent her a Father’s Day card.
  35. A. I B. she C. he D. we
  36. A. man B. family C. parent D. child
  37. A. nothing B. anything C. everything D. something
  38. A. surprising B. boring C. sad D. funny
  39. A. interesting B. pleasant C. impossible D. unusual
  40. A. decided B. afforded C. offered D. prepared
  41. A. said B. meant C. proved D. showed
  42. A. allowed B. afforded C. offered D. forced
  43. A. hoped B. agreed C. stopped D. tailed
  44. A. Unless B. Although C. Since D. Before
  45. A. difference B. progress C. trouble D. sense
  46. A. Teachers B. mother C. father D. friends
阅读理解(共 24 分) 五、阅读短文选择最佳选项(共 24 分,每小题 2 分) 阅读下面三篇短文,根据短文内容,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选择最佳选项。
-2-

  47. If you’re interested in music, you can read “”. A. National spots B. Sad movies C. The planets D. Weather service
  48. You can learn something abut weather in . A. Unit 1 B. Unit 2 C. Unit 3 D. Unit 4
  49. Words about are in Unit
  5. A. music stars B. weather conditions C. sports tools D. space news
  50. In all the units, you can learn the skill of . A. predicting by title B. understanding attitude C. understanding main ideas D. guessing meaning of new words B When you cough or sneeze, you’d better turn your head away from others and cover your mouth with the full part of your hand. And then, you should say, “Excuse me.” This seems so simple, but it is surprising how many kids have never been told to do this. Actually, I notice adults all the time who cough and sneeze in public without placing a hand over the mouth. One important thing I point out to the kids is that after they sneeze or cough on their -3-
hands, they should wash their hands as soon as possible. If not, they will be passing those germs (细菌) along to everything and everyone they touch. If you come to a door and someone is following you, hold the door. If the door opens by pulling, pull it open, stand to the side, and allow the other person to pass through first, then you can walk through. If the door opens by pushing, hold the door after you pass through. After a few weeks of seeing kids try to get through doors in the school and watching them enter restaurants as the door hit other people, I knew I had to discuss the problem with my students. Teaching them small acts of kindness, such as letting someone else go through a door first as they hold it open, may seem unimportant, but it can go along way toward helping students realize hot to be polite and thank others. Once they’ve been told, they’re halfway there. When we have to go up moving stairs, we will stand to the right. That will give others who are in a hurry a choice of walking up the left-hand side of the moving stairs. When we are going to enter a lift, the underground, or a doorway, we will wait for others to exit before we enter. After college when I moved to London, I was surprised at how polite everyone was in the subways. I was even more touched when I traveled to Japan. In both places, people made efforts to make way for others. On moving stairs, everyone stood to the right and walked to the left. On lifts, everyone would stand over to the side and allow others to exit before they would begin to enter.
  51. When you cough or sneeze, you should . A. touch everything B. cover your mouth C. point out to the kids D. pass the germs to others
  52. If you come to a door and someone is following you, you’d better . A. hold the door B. pass through C. close the door D. stand to the side
  53. From the passage we ca know the writer is a . A. doctor B. traveler C. parent D. teacher
  54. A. The passage is mainly about . A. the rules of behavior in public B. the easy of communication C. the acts of kindness among people D. the knowledge of social life C It’s 20
  09. You feel sick, so you go to the doctor. She checks your fever, looks at your throat, and asks what you’ve been thinking about lately. When you leave,she gives you some medicine, but also a list of thinking skills that you are supposed to practice daily. She says that the way you think is causing some of your illness. Doctors and other scientists who study the human mind and try to explain why people behave in the way that do, called psychologists, are starting to believe it. You know that your brain is connected to every part of your body through your nervous system(神经系统). Now scientists have proved that how you think and feel can have an influence on the health of your body. Stress(压力, 紧张) is caused whenever there is a problem or a change in your life. Of course, everybody has stress more or less; nobody’s life is perfect. In fact, stress is -4-
necessary. Without stress, we would never learn anything or grow or change. We would probably be bored to death. But too much stress can hurt you. It can weaken your body’s protection so that you are more likely to catch diseases. It can even make you more likely to have an accident. When you feel stress, your brain sends a message to your body to produce a chemical called adrenaline(肾上腺素). Adrenaline speeds up your breathing and your heartbeat. Today you have a different kind of stress. Problems like endless homework or troubles with your family are the kind of things you can’t fight or run away from, so you don’t use up all that adrenaline. It just stays bottled up inside you, and that’s what can do something bad to you. What can you do about stress? First, you can try to find ways to change things so you aren’t under so much stress. You can set up a plan to finish homework or go to a doctor or a psychologist to try to work things out with your family or your friends. But sometimes you can’t change a stressful situation. Sometimes you don’t even want to. A big change might be a good change, but it will still be stressful. The link(关联) between your body and brain works in two ways. Your body can help your mind deal with stress. If you are under stress, you need to take especially good care of your body. It’s important to get enough sleep and eat nutritious meals. Some people take a vitamin-mineral pill every day. Another thing that you can do is daily exercise. If you go walking or do aerobic dancing or work out at the gym, you give your body a chance to burn up some of that adrenaline. Of course, a person who isn’t used to much physical activity should start slowly. Anyone with a continuing physical problem should check with a doctor before staring any exercise programs.
  55. A psychologist is a person who may help you with your . A. illness and abilities B. thoughts and behaviour C. mind and nervous system D. physical activity and daily exercise
  56. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. You shouldn’t go to the gym if you are under stress. B. One can do his homework to burn up adrenaline. C. Diseases and accidents are caused by stress. D. Everyone needs stress to improve himself.
  57. From the last sentence of Paragraph 5 we can infer that . A. it’s difficult to change a stressful situation B. it’s not stressful when a good change takes place C. a big change will cause another stressful situation D. a stressful situation can’t be changed without any effort
  58. What is probably the best title for this passage? A. The body-Brain Link B. The Causes of Stress C. The Advice on Health D. The Nervous System 第 II 卷 (共 50 分) 语言知识运用( 语言知识运用(共 10 分) 七、完成句子(共 10 分,每小题 2 分
  63.很抱歉今天不能陪你去购物,明天怎么样? -5-
I’m sorry I can’t go shopping with you today. tomorrow?
  64.多吃水果和蔬菜对身体有好处。 our health to eat more fruit and vegetables.
  65.北京的援建工人一到什邡就开始工作了。 The workers from Beijing started working they arrived in Shifang.
  66.刘强不仅对家长有礼貌,对他的邻居们也很有礼貌。 Liu Qiang is polite .
  67.我确信什么也无法阻止李蕾成为一名作家。 I’m sure a writer. 阅读理解 (共 17 分) 共 八、选词填空 (共 7 分,每小题 1 分) 阅读短文,选词填空。每空一词,每词只使用一次。 time, have, sea, and, like, spend, cool With July coming, the summer holidays begin. Boys and girls in England will __68__ a two-month holiday. The holidays are the best __69__ of the year for most children. They can __70__ most of their time in swimming, camping and traveling with their parents. The most enjoyable place is the seaside. Some children are lucky enough to live near the __71__, but for those who live far from the sea, their parents will take them to the seaside for the holidays. Why do children __72__ spending their holidays at seaside? It’s because they like the sand, the sun, the __73__ wind and the salt water there more than anything else. Of course, there are lots of new things to see, nice things to eat __74__ exciting things to do. 九、阅读与表达 (共 10 分,每小题 2 分) 阅读短文,根据其内容回答问题。 One cool April 22 morning, people started the day as usual. Yet it was not a normal day. What’s so special about April 22? The answer is simple. It is Earth Day. People all over the world celebrate this importan
 

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