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2009 年高考英语语法题复习及训练:定语从句
定语从句是在句中起形容词作用的句子,通常修饰它前面的名词或代词。 高考重点要求: 高考重点要求:
  1、 限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句区别和结构特点。
  2、 关系代词 who, which, that, whose,whom 引导定语从句时的使用特点。
  3、 关系副词 when, where, why 引导定语从句时的使用特点。
  4、 as 引导定语从句的使用。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
第一节
知识点概述
定语从句在句中起定语作用,修饰某一名词或代词。定语从句所修饰的词叫先行词,定 语从句放在先行词后面。引导定语从句的关系代词,指人的有 who、whom、that、whose, 指物的有 which、that、whose。 定语从句分为两类: 限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。 限制性定语从句是主句中的 先行词不可缺少的定语, 不可用逗号分开。 非限制性定语从句只对主句中的先行词作附加说 明,关系不密切,主句与从句之间用逗号分开,不能用 that 连接。例如: I have a sister who works in a bank. 限制性定语从句(我有一个在银行工作的姐姐。 ) I have a sister, who works in a bank. 非限制性定语从句(我有一个姐姐,在银行工作。 ) 关系代词 whose 在定语从句中作定语.例如: Edison is a great inventor(whose)fame is world-wide. 关系代词 that 和 which 都可以指物, 但先行词为不定代词以及先行词被序数词或最高级 形容词修饰时用 that。 引导定语从句的关系副词有 when、where、why。例如: The day (when)I helped the old man out was a very happy one for me. The reason(why)the gamblers lose in the end is that they are dishonest. 关系副词的先行词总是表示时间、地点或理由的名词。 As 引导的定语从句 w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m (
  1)as 用作关系代词和关系副词引导限制性定语从句,并在从句中作定语、表语或状语, 构成 the same…as,such…as 等结构。例如: 欢迎广大教师踊跃来稿,稿酬丰厚。www.ks5u.com 1
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I like the same book as you do. I want to do it in the same way as you did. (
  2)as 引导非限制性定语从句.as 在定语从句中作主语,表语或宾语,这个定语从句说明整 个句子,它可以放在主句之前。例如: As is known to all, he is the best student in our class.
第二节 实战演练
一 、 复 习 时 需 注 意 的 要 点
  1、关系代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词的人称和数必须和先行词保持一致.
  2、 关系代词 whom, which, that 在限制性定语从句中作动词宾语或介词宾语,而该介词又 位于从句末尾时,经常省略,但 as 一般不省略.
  3、关系代词 which 在非限制性定语从句中不能放在句首,as 既能在句首也能在句中.
  4、that 在定语从句中可以指人或物,在从句中作主语或谓语动词的宾语.但不能放在介词 后面作介词宾语。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m 例如:The letter that I received was from my father.
  5、先行词是不定代词:all, few, little, much, something, nothing, anything 等,只能用 that。 例如:That’s all (that)I want to say.
  6、先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰,只能用 that。 例如:This is the most exciting film (that) I have ever seen.
  7、先行词被 the only, the very, the same, the last 修饰时,只能用 that。 例如:He is the only person that attended the meeting.
  8、 先行词表示地点时,有时用 where,有时用 that, which 来引导定语从句.这时要根据从句 的谓语动词是及物还是不及物,是及物的就用 that(which),否则用 where。 例如:This is the factory where we worked last year. This is the factory that (which)we visited. 二 、 历 届 高 考 试 题 分 析 例
  1、If a shop has chairs women can park their men, women will spend more time in the shop. A. that 答案为 D B. which C. when D. where
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【解析】 关系副词 where 连接定语从句,其中 where= in/ on which。 例
  2、 will be shown around the city: schools, museums, and some other places, We other visitors seldom go. A. what 答案为 C。 【解析】 这是一个定语从句,先行词是 places,表示地点,非限定性定语从句中缺少 状语,因此用 where 来引导定语从句,故要填 where。这句话的意思是我们被带领着参观了 这座城市的学校、博物馆和其他一些游人很少去的地方。 例
  3、Alec asked the policeman he worked to contact him whenever there was an accident. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m A. with him 答案为 C。 【解析】 这是一个定语从句, policeman 是先行词。 the work 是不及物动词, “work with sb.”意为“与某人共事”,所以定语从句应为 with whom he worked。这句话的意思是无论何时 发生事故时,Alec 要求与他一起工作的警察与他联系。 例
  4、Is this the reason at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A. he explained C. how he explained 答案为 A。 【解析】 the reason 后接定语从句。因为先行词 the reason 作 explained 的宾语,用 that 或 which 引导定语从句在从句中作宾语时省略。 这句话的意思是这就是他在会议上对他为什 么在工作上粗心大意的理由所作的解释吗? 例
  5、The film brought the hours back to me I was taken good care of in that far-away village. A. until 答案为 C。 【解析】 when 引导定语从句(the hours 的定语),修饰先行词 the hours,when 在从句中 作状语。这句话的意思是这部电影使我回忆起我在那偏远的村庄得到无微不至的照顾的时 光。 例
  6、Have you seen the film “Titanic”, leading actor is world-famous? 欢迎广大教师踊跃来稿,稿酬丰厚。www.ks5u.com 3 B. that C. when D. where B. what he explained D. why he explained B. who C. with whom D. whom B. which C. where D. when
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A. its 答案选 C。 【解析】 这是一个定语从句,因为先行词 the film “Titanic”和 leading actors 是所属关 系,所以要填写 whose。 例
  7、Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, was very reasonable. A. which price 答案为 B。 【解析】 这是一个非限制性定语从句。根据句意可知之中的是花瓶的价格。在定语从 句中表示“谁的”,可以这样表达,如:I live in the room whose windows face south(名词前没 有冠词,用 whose)=I live in the room the windows of which face south(如果名词前有冠词就用 of which)。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m 例
  8、 Carol said the work would be done by October, personally I doubt very much. A. it 答案选 D。 【解析】 在这个非限制性定语从句中,关系代词 which 代替 Carol 所说的话。这句话 的意思是“Carol 说工作将在十月完成,我个人对此表示怀疑。” 例
  9、It was an exciting moment for these football fans this year, for the first time in years their team won World Cup. A. that B. while C. which D. when B. that C. when D. which B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose B. it's C. whose D. which
答案为 D。 【解析】 从从句的意思:“这是他们多年来第一次赢得世界杯,”可推知,从句是对表 示时间的先行词加以说明,先行词是主句中表示时间的名词 an exciting moment this year,而 非整个句子,故选 D。 例
  10、John said he’d been working in the office for an hour, was true. A. he B. this C. which D. who
答案为 C。 【解析】 该非限制性定语从句缺少主语,A、B 两项不能用作关系代词,D 项只能指 代人,而该从句需要关系代词指代主句所说的事实用 which。
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第三节 巩固练习
Direction: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer that completes the sentence.
  1. The English play my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success. A. for which B. at which C. in which D. on which

  2. is often the case, we have worked out the production plan. A. Which B. When C. What D. As

  3. Everything he away from him before he returned to his hometown. A. took B. had been taken C. had had been taken D. had taken

  4. Was Bill played basketball very well helped the blind man across the street? w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m A. this…who…who C. that…that…who B. which…that…that D. it…who…that

  5. The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, the sailing time was 226 days. A. of which B. during which C. from which D. for which

  6. Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to the others, of course, made the others envy him. A. who B. that C. what D. which

  7. It is easy to do the repair. you need is a hammer and some nails. A. Something B. All C. Both D. Everything

  8. The person we spoke to no answer at first. A.making B.makes C.make D.made

  9. The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year , 80% are sold abroad . A.of which B.which of C.of them D.of that

  10. There were dirty marks on her trousers she had wiped her hands. A. where B. which C. when D. that

  11. George Orwell, was Eric Arthur, wrote many political novels and essays.
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A. the real name B. what his real name C. his real name D. whose real name
  12. American women usually identify their best friend as someone they can talk frequently. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m A. who B. as C. about which D. with whom

  13. A fast food restaurant is the place , just as the name suggests, eating is performed quickly. A. which B. where C. there D. what

  14. break the law will be punished. A. Anyone B. One C. Those who D. No matter who

  15. Will you please show me the girl name is Lee. A. her B. who’s C. whose D. which

  16. It was raining again , is very bad for our drops. A. it B. that C. what D. which

  17. The world is made up of matter. A. in that we live C. where we live in
  18. Hay too much moisture will spoil. A. contains B. that containing C. that contains D. which to contain B. on which we live D. we live in

  19. Caves and hollow trees are not the only places . A. where are found bats C. where bats are found B. where bats are found in D. in which bats to find

  20. Now we can fly to Tokyo .There was a time we had to take a boat. A. how B. what C. why D. when

  21. This is the very car yesterday. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m A. which was stolen C. to have been stolen
  22. The man had little information. A. I spoke of B. of who I spoke C. I spoke of whom D. whom I spoke B. that was stolen D. Having been stolen

  23. The reason he gives for not coming is that his mother won’t let him. A. for which B. which C. why D. about which
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  24. This steel pipe has the same diameter that plastic one has. A. of which B. which C. such as D. as

  25. I don’t like you speak to you parents. A. the way B. the way in that C. the way which D. the way of which

  26. The boy leg was broken when he fell off the bike was sent to the nearest hospital right away. A. which B. who’s C. of whom D. whose

  27. This is I want to say . A. all what B. that C. all D. all which

  28. The students should be encouraged to read such books good for them informing good habits. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m A. that are B. as they are C. as are D. that they are

  29. Supermarkets people buy nearly everything continue to appear in China . A. that B. from which C. from where D. which

  30. The train she was traveling was late . A. which B. where C. on which D. in that

  31. Most of the classmates wanted to know the way he learns new course. A. which B. in which C. by which D. about which

  32. The room was full of students , ten of are from foreign countries. A. them B. who C. whom D. which

  33. He has many habits, are harmful. A. some if them B. which of some C. of which few D. few of whose

  34. The furniture I ordered was sent to the wrong address. A. in which B. where C. when D. which

  35. Thirty people were sent to the hospital after accident, children. A. many of them were C. many of whom were B. many of them D. many whom were

  36. This is the school my little brother studied years ago. A. which B. that C. when D. in which

  37. Nearby were two boats they had come to the island. 欢迎广大教师踊跃来稿,稿酬丰厚。www.ks5u.com 7
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A. where B. by which C. in which D. with which
  38. What’s that was flashed in
 

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