2009 年全国硕士研究生考试英语真题 及参考答案
Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Research on animal intelligence always makes me wonder just how smart humans are. 1 the fruit-fly experiments described in Carl Zimmer’s piece in the Science Times on Tuesday. Fruit flies who were taught to be smarter than the average fruit fly 2 to live shorter lives. This suggests that 3 bulbs burn longer, that there is an 4 in not being too terrifically bright。 Intelligence, it 5 out, is a high-priced option. It takes more upkeep, burns more fuel and is slow 6 the starting line because it depends on learning ? a gradual 7 ? instead of instinct. Plenty of other species are able to learn, and one of the things they’ve apparently learned is when to 8 。 Is there an adaptive value to 9 intelligence? That’s the question behind this new research. I like it. Instead of casting a wistful glance 10 at all the species we’ve left in the dust I.Q.-wise, it implicitly asks what the real 11 of our own intelligence might be. This is 12 the mind of every animal I’ve ever met。 Research on animal intelligence also makes me wonder what experiments animals would 13 on humans if they had the chance. Every cat with an owner, 14 , is running a small-scale study in operant conditioning. we believe that 15 animals ran the labs, they would test us to 16 the limits of our patience, our faithfulness, our memory for terrain. They would try to decide what intelligence in humans is really 17 , not merely how much of it there is. 18 , they would hope to study a 19 question: Are humans actually aware of the world they live in? 20 the results are inconclusive。
  1. [A] Suppose [B] Consider [C] Observe [D] Imagine

  2. [A] tended [B] feared [C] happened [D] threatened
  3. [A] thinner [B] stabler [C] lighter [D] dimmer
  4. [A] tendency [B] advantage [C] inclination [D] priority
  5. [A] insists on [B] sums up [C] turns out [D] puts forward
  6. [A] off [B] behind [C] over [D] along
  7. [A] incredible [B] spontaneous [C]inevitable [D] gradual
  8. [A] fight [B] doubt [C] stop [D] think
  9. [A] invisible [B] limited [C] indefinite [D] different
  10. [A] upward [B] forward [C] afterward [D] backward
  11. [A] features [B] influences [C] results [D] costs
  12. [A] outside [B] on [C] by [D] across
  13. [A] deliver [B] carry [C] perform [D] apply
  14. [A] by chance [B] in contrast [C] as usual [D] for instance
  15. [A] if [B] unless [C] as [D] lest
  16. [A] moderate [B] overcome [C] determine [D] reach
  17. [A] at [B] for [C] after [D] with
  18. [A] Above all [B] After all [C] However [D] Otherwise
  19. [A] fundamental [B] comprehensive [C] equivalent [D] hostile
  20. [A] By accident [B] In time [C] So far [D] Better still Section II Reading Comprehension Part A
Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points) Text1 Habits are a funny thing. We reach for them mindlessly, setting our brains on auto-pilot and relaxing into the unconscious comfort of familiar routine. “Not choice, but habit rules the unreflecting herd,” William Wordsworth said in the 19th century. In the ever-changing 21st century, even the word “habit” carries a negative connotation。 So it seems antithetical to talk about habits in the same context as creativity and innovation. But brain researchers have discovered that when we consciously develop new habits, we create parallel synaptic paths, and even entirely new brain cells, that can jump our trains of thought onto new, innovative tracks。 But don’t bother trying to kill off old habits; once those ruts of procedure are worn into the hippocampus, they’re there to stay. Instead, the new habits we deliberately ingrain into ourselves create parallel pathways that can bypass those old roads。 “The first thing needed for innovation is a fascination with wonder,” says Dawna Markova, author of “The Open Mind” and an executive change consultant for Professional Thinking Partners. “But we are taught instead to ‘decide,’ just as our president calls himself ‘the Decider.’ ” She adds, however, that “to decide is to kill off all possibilities but one. A good innovational thinker is always exploring the many other possibilities。” All of us work through problems in ways of which we’re unaware, she says. Researchers in the late 1960 covered that humans are born with the capacity to approach challenges in four primary ways: analytically, procedurally, relationally (or collaboratively) and innovatively. At puberty, however, the brain shuts down half of that capacity, preserving only those modes of thought that have seemed most valuable during the first decade or so of life。
The current emphasis on standardized testing highlights analysis and procedure, meaning that few of us inherently use our innovative and collaborative modes of thought. “This breaks the major rule in the American belief system ? that anyone can do anything,” explains M. J. Ryan, author of the 2006 book “This Year I Will.。.” and Ms. Markova’s business partner. “That’s a lie that we have perpetuated, and it fosters commonness. Knowing what you’re good at and doing even more of it creates excellence。” This is where developing new habits comes in。
  21. The view of Wordsworth habit is claimed by being A. casual B. familiar C. mechanical D. changeable。
  22. The researchers have discovered that the formation of habit can be A. predicted B. regulated C. traced D. guided
  23.” ruts”(in line one, paragraph
  3) has closest meaning to A. tracks B. series C. characteristics D. connections
  24. Ms. Markova’s comments suggest that the practice of standard testing ? A, prevents new habits form being formed B, no longer emphasizes commonness C, maintains the inherent American thinking model D, complies with the American belief system
  25. Ryan most probably agree that A. ideas are born of a relaxing mind B. innovativeness could be taught C. decisiveness derives from fantastic ideas D. curiosity activates creative minds
Text 2 It is a wise father that knows his own child, but today a man can boost his paternal (fatherly) wisdom ? or at least confirm that he’s the kid’s dad. All he needs to do is shell our $30 for paternity testing kit (PTK) at his local drugstore ? and another $120 to get the results。 More than 60,000 people have purchased the PTKs since they first become available without prescriptions last years, according to Doug Fog, chief operating officer of Identigene, which makes the over-the-counter kits. More than two dozen companies sell DNA tests Directly to the public , ranging in price from a few hundred dollars to more than $25
  00. Among the most popular : paternity and kinship testing , which adopted children can use to find their biological relatives and latest rage a many passionate genealogists-and supports businesses that offer to search for a family’s geographic roots 。 Most tests require collecting cells by webbing saliva in the mouth and sending it to the company for testing. All tests require a potential candidate with whom to compare DNA。 But some observers are skeptical, “There is a kind of false precision being hawked by people claiming they are doing ancestry testing,” says Trey Duster, a New York University sociologist. He notes that each individual has many ancestors-numbering in the hundreds just a few centuries back. Yet most ancestry testing only considers a single lineage, either the Y chromosome inherited through men in a father’s line or mitochondrial DNA, which a passed down only from mothers. This DNA can reveal genetic information about only one or two ancestors, even though, for example, just three generations back people also have six other great-grandparents or, four generations back, 14 other great-great-grandparents。 Critics also argue that commercial genetic testing is only as good as the reference collections to which a sample is compared. Databases used by some companies don’t rely on data collected systematically but rather lump together information from different research projects. This means that a DNA database may differ depending on the company that processes the results. In addition, the
computer programs a company uses to estimate relationships may be patented and not subject to peer review or outside evaluation。
  26.In paragraphs 1 and 2 , the text shows PTK’s 。 [A]easy availability [B]flexibility in pricing [C] successful promotion [D] popularity with households
  27. PTK is used to 。 [A]locate one’s birth place [B]promote genetic research [C] identify parent-child kinship [D] choose children for adoption
  28. Skeptical observers believe that ancestry testing fails to。 [A]trace distant ancestors [B] rebuild reliable bloodlines [C] fully use genetic information [D] achieve the claimed accuracy
  29. In the last paragraph ,a problem commercial genetic testing faces is 。 [A]disorganized data collection [B] overlapping database building
  30. An appropriate title for the text is most likely to be。
[A]Fors and Againsts of DNA testing [B] DNA testing and It’s problems [C]DNA testing outside the lab [D] lies behind DNA testing Text 3 The relationship between formal education and economic growth in poor countries is widely misunderstood by economists and politicians alike progress in both area is undoubtedly necessary for the social, political and intellectual development of these and all other societies; however, the conventional view that education should be one of the very highest priorities for promoting rapid economic development in poor countries is wrong. We are fortunate that is it, because new educational systems there and putting enough people through them to improve economic performance would require two or three generations. The findings of a research institution have consistently shown that workers in all countries can be trained on the job to achieve radical higher productivity and, as a result, radically higher standards of living。 Ironically, the first evidence for this idea appeared in the United States. Not long ago, with the country entering a recessing and Japan at its pre-bubble peak. The U.S. workforce was derided as poorly educated and one of primary cause of the poor U.S. economic performance. Japan was, and remains, the global leader in automotive-assembly productivity. Yet the research revealed that the U.S. factories of Honda Nissan, and Toyota achieved about 95 percent of the productivity of their Japanese countere pants a result of the training that U.S. workers received on the job。 More recently, while examing housing construction, the researchers discovered that illiterate, non-English- speaking Mexican workers in Houston, Texas, consistently met best-practice labor productivity standards despite the complexity of the building industry’s work。 What is the real relationship between education and economic development? We have to suspect that continuing economic growth promotes the development of
education even when governments don’t force it. After all, that’s how education got started. When our ancestors were hunters and gatherers 10,000 years ago, they didn’t have time to wonder much about anything besides finding food. Only when humanity began to get its food in a more productive way was there time for other things。 As education improved, humanity’s productivity potential, they could in turn afford more education. This increasingly high level of education is probably a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for the complex political systems required by advanced economic performance. Thus poor countries might not be able to escape their poverty traps without political changes that may be possible only with broader formal education. A lack of formal education, however, doesn’t constrain the ability of the developing world’s workforce to substantially improve productivity for the forested future. On the contrary, constraints on improving productivity explain why education isn’t developing more quickly there than it is。
  31. The author holds in paragraph 1 that the important of education in poor countries 。 [A] is subject groundless doubts [B] has fallen victim of bias [C] is conventional downgraded [D] has been overestimated
  32. It is stated in paragraph 1 that construction of a new education system 。 [A]challenges economists and politicians [B]takes efforts of generations [C] demands priority from the government [D] requires sufficient labor force

  33.A major difference between the Japanese and U.S workforces is that 。 [A] the Japanese workforce is better disciplined [B] the Japanese workforce is more productive [C]the U.S workforce has a better education [D] ]the U.S workforce is more organize
  34. The author quotes the example of our ancestors to show that education emerged 。 [A] when people had enough time [B] prior to better ways of finding food [C] when people on longer went hung [D] as a result of pressure on government
  35. According to the last paragraph , development of education 。 [A] results directly from competitive environments [B] does not depend on economic
 

相关内容

2010年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语大纲

   医学全在线 www.med126.com 医学全在线 www.med126.com 国内大型医学教育考试站点 注:2010 年大纲内容与 2009 年大纲基本一致,仅词汇部分的要求有所增加. 考 试 说 明 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试是为高等学校和科研机构招收硕士研究生而设置的. 其中, 英 语实行全国统一考试. 它的评价标准是高等学校非英语专业优秀本科毕业生能达到的及格或 及格以上水平, 以保证被录取者具有一定的英语水平, 有利于各高等学校和科研机构在专业 上择优选拔. 一,评价目标 考生 ...

全国硕士研究生入学考试英语辅导用书(翻译写作卷)

   第一部分英译汉一、考研英语英译汉的考试内容与命题特点   一、 考研英语英译汉的考试内容与命题特点   1.英译汉的考试内容   2005年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题作出了调整,笔试中取消了听力部分,“英译汉”成为试题的第三部分“阅读理解”中的C节。本节共五小题,每小题2分,共计10分。它要求考生阅读一篇400词左右的文章,并将其中五个划线部分的句子翻译成汉语,要求汉语译文准确、完整、通顺。英译汉属于主观题,要求考生将答案写在答题纸2 上。   英译汉作为阅读理 ...

2011全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试大纲

   《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试大纲》 (以下简称《2011 大纲》 月 3 日终 )9 于与同学们见面了,与 2010 年考研英语大纲相对比,结论是一句话:没有任何实质变化。 大纲》内容没有实质变化体现在两个方面: 《2011 大纲》内容没有实质变化体现在两个方面: 一是仍然延续去年的考试形式, 英语试题分英语一和英语二两类试题, 分别针对不同的 考生群体, 主要目的是区分学术型硕士与专业型硕士的报考类别。 关于英语一和英语二的题 型区别请大家参看我的博客文章:徐绽解析 20 ...

2009年06月20日大学英语四级真题及参考答案

   音频听力下载 下载) 历年英语四级考试真题及答案 (音频听力下载) http://item.taobao.com/item.htm?id=9116604238 2009 年 06 月 20 日大学英语新四级 日大学英语新四级(CET-4)真题试卷 真题试卷 Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minute to write a short essay on the topic of ...

2011年 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲

   万学 万学海文第一时间深入分析 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语( 考试大纲》 《2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 万学教育 万学教育海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 杨慧 在同学们千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》终 于与同学们见面了,万学海文根据 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比, 对 2011 年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011 年 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考 ...

2011年全国硕士研究生入学考试2011英语二真题及参考答案1

   2011 年硕士研究生入学考试 2011 英语二 真题及参考答案 Section I Directions: : Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered black and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points) The Internet affords anonymity to its users, a blessing to privac ...

2009年12月英语四级真题及答案[1]

   本资料由学生范文网(http://www.xsfanwen.com)为您收集整理。 为您收集整理。 本资料由学生范文网 为您收集整理 2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creating a Green ...

全国硕士研究生入学考试英语辅导用书(翻译写作卷)

   第一部分英译汉一、考研英语英译汉的考试内容与命题特点   一、 考研英语英译汉的考试内容与命题特点   1.英译汉的考试内容   2005年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题作出了调整,笔试中取消了听力部分,“英译汉”成为试题的第三部分“阅读理解”中的C节。本节共五小题,每小题2分,共计10分。它要求考生阅读一篇400词左右的文章,并将其中五个划线部分的句子翻译成汉语,要求汉语译文准确、完整、通顺。英译汉属于主观题,要求考生将答案写在答题纸2 上。   英译汉作为阅读理 ...

全国硕士研究生入学考试英语辅导用书(翻译写作卷)

   全国硕士研究生入学考试英语辅导用书(翻译写作卷) 本文章下载于www.Txt66.com 第一部分英译汉一、考研英语英译汉的考试内容与命题特点   一、 考研英语英译汉的考试内容与命题特点   1.英译汉的考试内容   2005年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题作出了调整,笔试中取消了听力部分,“英译汉”成为试题的第三部分“阅读理解”中的C节。本节共五小题,每小题2分,共计10分。它要求考生阅读一篇400词左右的文章,并将其中五个划线部分的句子翻译成汉语,要求汉语译文准确、 ...

2009年全国高考英语试题及答案-天津卷

   2009 年普通高校招生统一考试天津卷 英语 年普通高校招生统一考试天津卷(英语 英语) 第I卷 第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项. 例:Stand over there you'll be able to see it better. A. or 答案是 B. B. and C. but D. while 1. I'm trying to bre ...

热门内容

剑桥少儿英语一级一期测试卷

   剑桥少儿英语一级上册期末测试卷 剑桥少儿英语一级上册期末测试卷 上册期末 B卷 一. Listen: ( ( ( ( ( ( )1、A、bag 、 、 )2、A、dog 、 、 )3、A、bus 、 、 )4、A、brother 、 、 )5、A、bike 、 、 )6、A、cake 、 、 B、hat 、 B、box 、 B、cup 、 B、orange 、 B、mice 、 B、facc 、 C、mat 、 C、do 、 C、blue 、 C、come 、 C、fish 、 C、snak ...

2007高考英语试题.江苏卷

   2008年高考英语 试题 江苏卷 1 21. We have every reason to believe that2008 Beijing Olympic Games will besuccess. A. / … a B. the … / C. the … a D. a … a c 2 22. She looks very happy. She have passed the exam. I guess so. It’s not difficult after all. A. shoul ...

2002年1月大学英语六级考试试题及参考答案

   English Weekly 英语周报大学网 2002 年 1 月大学英语六级考试试题及参考答案 Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes) Passage One Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage: Navigation computers, now sold by most car-makers, cost $2,000 and up. No surprise, then, ...

英语陈述句与感叹句的互换问题解答

   陈述句与感叹句的互换 陈述句与感叹句的互换问题解答 同学们在做同义句转换之类的题目时, 经常会遇到陈述句与感叹句的互换或者两种感叹 句之间的互换.下面我们具体讨论一下感叹句的句型结构以及互换时要注意的问题. 老师, 在平时学习或考试时, 我们常常碰到陈述句与感叹句之间的互换, 也经常犯错误. 问: 请问,这里面有什么诀窍? 我们知道, 感叹句是用来表达喜, 怒, 哀, 乐等强烈感情的句子. 句尾要用 " 用 what "!, 答: 或 how 引导;what 修饰名词,而 ...

河北专接本考试英语点睛资料(佳鑫诺英语辅导内部资料)

   专接本语音讲义 英语语音知识 英语语音: 元音: 单元音(12) i: / i / e / A / a: / R / R: / u / u: / Q / E: / E / :/ 双元音(8) ei / ai/ Ri / iE / uE / ZE / Eu / au / :/ 辅音: (24) 按发音方法为: 爆破音:/ p / b / t / d / k / g / 鼻音:/ m / n / N / 摩擦音:/f / v / W / T / s / z / F / V / r / h / w ...