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年职称英语考试( 2009 年职称英语考试(理工类 A 级)考试试题及答案
部分:词汇选项( 第 1 部分:词汇选项(第
  1~15 题,每题 1 分,共 15 分) 下面每个句子中均有 1 个词或短语划有横线, 请为每处划线部分确定 1 个意义最 为接近的选项。 1 A B C D 2 A B C D 3 A B C D 4 A B C D 5 A B C Why can't you stop your eternal complaining? long everlasting temporary boring Hundreds of buildings were wrecked by the earthquake. damaged shaken fallen jumped These paintings are considered by many to be authentic. faithful royal sincere genuine Many economists have given in to the fatal lure of mathematics. simplicity attraction power rigor Ten years after the event, her death still remains a puzzle. mist fog secret
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D 6 A B C D 7 A B C D 8 A B C D 9 A B C D
mystery John was irritated by the necessity for polite conversation, troubled annoyed threatened aroused Academic records cannot be duplicated. borrowed purchased copied rewritten The emphasis on the importance of education has spurred scientific research encouraged fastened raised initiated We have ample money for the journey some little enough extra
10 The doctor's pills worked marvels for me. A B C D miracles patients illness recovery
11 Mary's perpetual moaning nearly drove me mad. A B endless monotonous
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C D
serious bitter
12 It was hard to say why the man deserved such shabby treatment A B C D old unforgettable unfair funny
13 You didn't adhere to these principles. A B C D order follow prove handle
14 The farmers also want to use the water to irrigate the barren land. A B C D empty hairless smooth bare
15 Anyone who wants to apply for a loan need read the following specifications. A B C D expressions warnings advertisements instructions
部分:阅读判断(
  16~ 第 2 部分:阅读判断(第
  16~22 题,每题 1 分,共 7 分) 下面的短文后列出了 7 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该 句提供的是正确信息,请选择 A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择 B;如果该句 的信息文中没有提及,请选择 C。 Water-the Issue of This Century The world is running short of fresh water. Populations are growing bigger and Thirstier(渴的), with the result that freshwater is becoming increasingly
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scarce (缺乏). Half the world's wetlands have disappeared during the last century, while estimates suggest that water use will rise by 50% in the next 30 years. The World Bank report estimates that as much as half of the world's population, concentrated in Africa, the Middle East and south Asia, will face 'severe water shortages' by 20
  25. Local water conflicts and the loss of freshwater ecosystems appear large in some regions. A similar picture emerges from the globe's salt water regions. Three-quarters of the world's people may live within 100km of the sea in 2025, putting even more pressure on stretched coastal ecosystems. Two thirds of fisheries (渔业) are exploited at or beyond their sustainable limits, and half the world's coral reefs (珊瑚礁) may perish in 100 years. Almost 60% of coral reefs and 34% of fish species are at risk from human activities, the Bank says. The report concludes that there is ample evidence to justify immediate and coordinated action to safeguard supplies and use water more efficiently. Fresh water consumption is rising quickly, and the availability of water in some regions is likely to become one of the most pressing issues of the 21st century. A third of the world's population - around two billion people - live in countries that are experiencing moderate to high water shortages. That proportion could rise to half or more in the next 30 years unless institutions (制度) change to ensure better conservation and allocation of water. China is one country where the portents (征兆) are gloomy. The most water-stressed country in East Asia, China is exploiting 44% of its usable water, a figure projected to rise to 60% by 20
  20. Primary withdrawal of water of more than 60% is widely considered by water experts to exceed the environmental carrying capacity of a river basin system. Although China's total use appears still to be reasonable, it has several basins that are severely stressed environmentally.
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Withdrawals exceed environmental limits in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and will exceed them in India by 20
  20. In the Middle East and North Africa, only Morocco has unexploited water resources. The rest have exceeded environmental limits and many are mining aquifers (蓄水层) - bodies of water-bearing rock - the report says. 16 It is estimated that water use will rise by 50% in the next 30 years. A 17 Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
Most developed countries will face water shortages in 20 years. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
18
Most of the world's population may live within 100km of the sea in 20
  25. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
19
Almost all coral reefs may disappear in 100 years. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
20
Some species of fish in the Atlantic are at dangerously low levels. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
21
The World Bank report implies that urgent action should be taken to protect
water supplies. A 22 Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
India exceeds environmental limits for water use. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
部分:概括大意与完成句子(
  23~ 第 3 部分:概括大意与完成句子(第
  23~30 题,每题 1 分,共 8 分) 下面的短文后有 2 项测试任务: (
  1)第
  23~26 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为第
  1~4 段每段 1 选择个最佳标题;(
  2)第
  27~30 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为每个 句子确定 1 个最佳选项。 Chimpanzees 1 Chimpanzees (黑猩猩) will soon be extinct (灭绝). If the present rate
of hunting and habitat (栖息地) destruction continues, then within 20 years, there will be no chimpanzees living in the wild. But this is more than an environmental or moral tragedy (悲剧). Chimpanzee extinction may also have
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profound implications (含意) for the survival of their distant relatives human beings. 2 In 1975 the biologist Marie-Claire King and Allan Wilson discovered that
the human and chimpanzee genomes (基因组) match by over 98%. Compare this to the mouse, used as model for human disease in lab tests, which shares only 60% of its DNA with us. In fact, chimpanzees are far more similar to humans than they are to any other species of monkey. As well as resembling us genetically, chimps are highly intelligent and able to use tools. These facts alone should be enough to make protection of chimps an urgent priority (优 先). But there is another, more selfish reason to preserve the chimp. 3 The chimpanzees' trump card (王牌) comes in the field of medical research.
Chimpanzees are so similar to humans that veterinarians (兽医) often refer to human medical textbooks when treating them. Yet chimpanzees do show differences in several key areas. In particular, chimps are much more resistant to a number of major diseases. It is this ability that is so interesting. 4 For example, chimps seem to show a much higher resistance than humans
to HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Indeed, their use as experimental animals in AIDS research has declined because they are so resistant. 5 By sequencing the chimp genome and pinpointing (找到) the place where
the chimpanzee DNA sequence differs from that of humans, scientists hope to be able to discover which part of the genetic code gives chimps their increased resistance to some diseases. This, they hope, will allow them to develop new and more effective treatments for the human forms of these diseases. Such treatments could include the production of new drugs or even the alteration (改变) of the human genetic sequence. The recently completed human genome sequencing project has shown that such an effort is now well within our reach. 23 24 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 . .
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25 26 A B C D E F 27 28 29
Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4
. .
Genetic differences between chimps and" humans Reasons for HIV resistance Implications of chimpanzee extinction for humans Effective AIDS treatment Genetic similarities between chimps and humans Chimps' resistance to HIV Chimpanzee extinction may affect There is a difference of less than 2% between the chimp and Scientists suspect that genes play a significant role in protecting chimps
from getting 30 A B C D E F The discovery of the genetic code of chimps will be helpful to healthier lifestyle some human disease treatments some diseases human survival human genomes key areas
部分:阅读理解(
  31~ 第 4 部分:阅读理解(第
  31~45 题,每题 3 分,共 45 分) 下面有 3 篇短文, 每篇短文后有 5 道题。 请根据短文内容, 为每题确定 1 个最佳选项。 第一篇 Youth Emancipation in Spain The Spanish Government is so worried about the number of young adults still living with their parents that it has decided to help them leave the nest. Around 55 percent of people aged 18-34 in Spain still sleep in their parents' homes, says the latest report from the country's state-run Institute of Youth. To coax (劝诱) young people from their homes, the Institute started a "Youth Emancipation (解放)" program this month. The program offers guidance in
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finding rooms and jobs. Economists blame young people's family dependence on the precarious (不 稳定的) labor market and increasing housing prices. Housing prices have risen 17 percent a year since 20
  00. Cultural reasons also contribute to the problem, say sociologists (社 会学家). Family ties in south Europe - Italy, Portugal and Greece - are stronger than those in middle and north Europe, said Spanish sociologist Almudena Moreno Minguez in her report "The Late Emancipation of Spanish Youth: Key for Understanding". "In general, young people in Spain firmly believe in the family as the main body around which their private life is organized," said Minguez. In Spain - especially in the countryside, it is not uncommon to find entire groups of aunts, uncles, cousins, nieces and nephews (外侄/侄子) all living on the same street. They regularly get together for Sunday dinner. Parents' tolerance is another factor. Spanish parents accept late-night partying and are wary of setting bedtime rules. "A child can arrive home at whatever time he wants. If parents complain he'll put up a fight and call the father a fascist," said Jose Antonio Gomez Yanez, a sociologist at Carlos III University in Madrid. Mothers' willingness to do children's household chores (家务) worsens the problem. Dionisio Masso, a 60-year-old in Madrid, has three children in their 20s. The eldest, 28, has a girlfriend and a job. But life with mum is good. "His mum does the wash and cooks for him: in the end. he lives well." Masso said. 31 A B C D The "Youth Emancipation" program aims at helping young people live in an independent way. fight for freedom. fight against social injustice. get rid of family responsibilities.
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32
It can be inferred from paragraph 5 that family ties are stronger in
Portugal than in A B C D 33 Greece. Finland. Spain. Italy. Young people's family dependence can be attributed to all the following
factors EXCEPT A B C D 34 A B C D 35 A B C D parents' tolerance. housing problems. unwillingness to get married. cultural traditions. Which of the following statements is ,NOT true of Dionisio Masso? She has a boyfriend. She is 60 years old. She has three children.
She lives in Madrid. The phrase "wary of" in paragraph 8 could be best replaced by tired of. afraid of. worried about. cautious about.
第二篇 Listening to Birdsong A
 

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