妈妈寄语:宝贝儿子,看一会儿,就休息休息! 妈妈寄语:宝贝儿子,看一会儿,就休息休息!
2009 年中考英语复习:宾语从句 宾语从句是一种名词性从句,在句中作及物动词的宾语,或介词的宾语. 【考点扫描】中考对宾语从句的考查主要集中在以下几个方面:
  1. 引导宾语从句的连词和代词选择;
  2. 宾语从句的语序;
  3. 宾语从句的时态。
  4. 简单句转换成一个复合句 考查的主要形式是单项填空、完型填空、短文填空和完成句子。阅读理解和书面表达肯 定也要用到宾语从句。 一. 宾语从句的种类 根据引导宾语从句的不同连词,宾语从句可分为三类。
  1. 由 that 引导的宾语从句。That 只有语法作用,没有实在的意义,在口语 和非正式文体中可以省略。例如: He said (that) he wanted to stay at home. She doesn't know (that) she is seriously ill. I am sure (that) he will succeed.
  2. 由连接代词 who, whom, whose, what, which 和连接副词 when, where, why, how 引导的宾语从句。这些连接代词和连接副词在宾语从句中充当某个成分。例如: Do you know who (whom) they are waiting for? He asked whose handwriting was the best. Can you tell me where the No.3 bus stop is? I don't know why the train is late.
  3. 由 if 或 whether 引导的宾语从句。If 和 whether 在句中的意思是"是否"。例如: I want to know if (whether) he lives there. He asked me whether (if) I could help him.
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二. 宾语从句的语序 宾语从句的语序应为陈述句的语序。例如: I hear (that) physics isn't easy. I think (that) you will like this school soon. Can you tell me how I can get to zoo? Please tell me when we'll have the meeting. 三. 宾语从句的时态
  1. 如果主句的时态是一般现在时,宾语从句该用什么时态就用什么时态。如: I don't think (that) you are right. Please tell us where he is. Can you tell me how I can get to the railway station?
  2. 如果主句的时态是一般过去时,宾语从句只能用相应的过去时态(一般过去时, 过 去进行时, 过去将来时,过去完成时) 。例如: He asked what time it was. He told me that he was preparing for the sports meet. He asked if you had written to Peter. He said that he would go back to the U.S. soon.
  3. 如果宾语从句所陈述的是客观真理,其时态常用一般现在时。例如: Our teacher said that January is the first month of the year. Scientists have proved that the earth turns around the sun. 四、简单句与复合句转换 把一个简单句转换成一个复合句,一般是将一个短语变为一个从句。相反,复合句转换 为简单句时要把一个从句变为一个短语。
2
含宾语从句的复合句变为简单句,可以把宾语从句改为"疑问词+不定式"的结构或者改 为"主语+谓语+宾语+宾补"这种结构;简单句变复合句,一般是把宾语扩大为宾语从句, 其宾语从句应该用将来时或"情态动词+动词原形"的形式。
  1.The foreigners want to know how they can learn to do Chinese Kongfu well. → The foreigners want to know to do Chinese Kongfu well.
  2. I didn't know what I should say. I didn't know what .
  1. (北京市中考试题) Miss Green didn't tell us in 20
  02. A. where does she live C. where did she live
  2. (上海市徐汇区中考试题) Would you please tell me ? A. when did he come home B. where he would play football C. if he had seen the film D. why he didn't watch the game
  3. (哈尔滨市中考试题) I don't know when . A. will the train leave C. would the train leave
  4. (常州市中考试题) We don't know . It is said that he was born in Sweden. B. the train will leave D. the train leave B. Where she lives D. where she lived
3
A. what he is C. where he comes from 【满分演练】 一. 单项填空
B. if he lives here D. which country is he from

  1. Do you know during the coming summer holiday? A. what will Tom do C. what Tom will do B. what did Tom do D. what Tom did

  2. I want to know. A. what is his name C. that his name is B. what's his name D. what his name is

  3. Do you know I could pass the exam? A. that B. whether C. what D. which
  4. Jim doesn't understand . A. which is the way to the museum B. why his wife always goes shopping C. what is the way to the museum D. why does she always go shopping
  5. Could you tell me she is looking for? A. that B. whose C. who D. which
  6. Mr. King didn't know yesterday evening. A. when does his son come home B. when his son comes home C. when did his son come home D. when his son came home

  7. Could you tell me the bike this morning? A. how does he mend B. how he mends
4
C. how he mended
D. how did he mend

  8. I'm waiting for the mail. Do you know it will arrive? Usually it comes by 4:
  00. A. how B. where C. when D. what

  9. Excuse me, would you please tell me ? Certainly. Go straight along here. It's next to a hospital. A. how we can get to the post office C. how get to the post office
  10. Can I help you? Yes. I'd like a ticket to Mount Emei. Can you tell me take to get there? A. how soon will it C. how long it will B. how soon it will D. how long will it B. how can we get to the post office
D. how could we get to the post office

  11. He wanted to know . A. whether he speaks at the meeting C. what he's going to do at the meeting held
  12. Could you tell me the Bamboo Garden? The day after tomorrow, I think. A. when will you visit C. when would you visit B. when you will visit D. when you would visit B. when the meeting would start D. where would the meeting be

  13. Would you please tell me next, Mr. Wang? A. what should we do C. what we should do B. we should do what D. should we do what
5

  14. You can't imagine when they received these nice Christmas presents. A. how they were excited C. how excited were they B. how excited they were D. they were how excited

  15. I want to know you will come back at 8:00 tomorrow. A. that B. when C. where D. whether

  16. Could you tell me ? Sorry, I don't know. I was not at the meeting. A. what does he say at the meeting B. what did he say at the meeting C. what he says at the meeting D. what he said at the meeting
  17. Could you tell me last night? Er, I was watching Euro 2004 at home. A. what you were doing C. what you are doing B. what were you doing D. what are you doing

  18. The teacher asked the students . A. if they were interested in dinosaurs B. when was Albert Einstein born C. what they will do with the computers D. how many trees they have planted
  19. Every morning the patients are asked if their temperature taken. A. they had had C. they have had B. have they had D. had they had
6

  20. It's up to you to decide you'll go there, by air or by road. A. how B. why C. that D. when 二. 根据汉语句子的意思完成下列英语句子
  1. 李明说他对玩电脑游戏感兴趣。 Li Ming says interested in playing computer games.
  2. 我认为玛丽不回来了。 I don't think Mary .
  3. 山姆给我说他准备去上海。 Sam told me that he for Shanghai.
  4. 请你告诉我去钟楼怎么走吗? Could you tell me I can get to the Bell Tower?
  5. 父亲说他买了一台新电脑。 Father said that he a new computer..
  6. 我想知道今天晚上还有没有去北京的火车。 I want to know there is a train to Beijing.
  7. 你知道一个双人间多少钱吗? Do you know a double room ?
  8. 请你告诉我我们外出多长时间好吗? Could you tell me we're going to be away?
  9. 叔叔说他正在写一本新小说。 Uncle said that he a new novel.
  10. 杰克说他有重要事情要做。 Jack said he something important to do. 【练习答案】
7

  1.【解析】答案:D。该题考查的是宾语从句的语序和时态。宾语从句应用陈述句的语 序和时态,所以应选 D。
  2.【解析】答案:D。该题考查的是宾语从句的语序和时态。主句用的实际上是现在 时,宾语从句在这个句子里应用陈述句的语序和一般过去时。
  3【解析】答案:B。该题考查的是宾语从句的语序和时态。只有 B 在语序和时态上符 合要求。
  4.【解析】答案: C。该题考查的是宾语从句的语序。按照他们谈论的话题可知:他们 说的是某人是哪里人。A 和 B 可以排除掉。D 的语序不对,只有 C 正确。 【练习答案】 一.
  1.C
  2.D
  3.B
  4.B
  5.C
  6.D
  7.C
  8.C
  9.A
  10.C
  11.B
  12.B
  13.C
  14.B
  15.D
  16.D
  17.A
  18.A
  19.C
  20.A 二.
  1.he is
  2.will come
  3.was leaving
  4.how
  5.had bought
  6.if (whether)
  7.how much
  8.how long
  9.was writing
  10.had
宾语从句 充当宾语的句子 对宾语从句应注意以下三要素:
  1. 引导词
  2. 语序
  3. 时态
  1. 引导词
  1)that 引导一般疑问句意义的宾从(that 可省) eg. He says (that) the boy is a lilltle weak in Chinese.
  2)疑问词引导特殊疑问句意义的宾从 eg. ①.Do you know who will give us a talk? ②.I don’t know whose book that is. ③.Could you please tell which gate we have to go to? ④.I wonder when he will come back. 注意:此类宾从的主语与主句的主语(或宾语)相同时,可替换为“疑问词 + to do” eg. ①.I haven’t decided where I will go =I haven’t decided where to go ②.He asked me what I bought = He asked me what to buy. 类似短语:how to do what to say what to do where to go
  3)if/whether(是否)引导一般疑问句意义的宾从 eg. ①.“Do you like this book?” she asked me. =She asked me I liked this book. ②.“Have you visited the Great Wall?” Could you tell me? =Could you tell me you have visited the Great Wall? 注意以下几点:
8
?.区别 if 当作“是否”,还是“如果” eg. I don’t know if he (come)if it (rain) tomorrow. ?.用 whether 不用 if 的几种情况
  1)后接不定式 eg. I can’t decide whether to go to Beijing.
  2)与 or / or not 连用 eg. I want to know whether you will go to the park or not.
  3)在句首时 eg. Whether this is true or not, I can’t say.
  4)whether 还可以引导让步状语从句,意为“不管,无论” eg. Whether it rains or not, we are going to the park tomorrow.
  2.语序:宾从用陈述句语序 eg.
  1)I don’t (A) know whether (B) will he (C) come (D) tomorrow.
  2)He asks (A) me when (B) will you (C) come back (D).
  3)Could you tell (A) how many players (B) are there (C) in (D) a football team?
  3.时态主句 宾语从句 一般现在时 一切时态 一般过去时 过去范畴的某一时态(一般过去时;过去进行时;过去完成时;过去将来时) 但当宾语从句是指客观事实、普遍真理、自然现象时,则只能用一般现在时。 eg. She said (that) the sun rises in the east. 练 习 ( )
  1.Alice wanted to know her grandma liked the dog. A. that B. if C. which D. what ( )
  2.Can you tell us ? A. where have you gone B. where have you gone C. where you have been D. where have you been ( )
  3.Do you still remember ? A. that he said B. what he said C. did he say that D. what did he say ( )
  4.The weather here changes very often and we can’t tell it will be like tomorrow. A. that B. how C. what D. whether ( )
  5.?What did the scientist say? He said he wondered if into space by spaceship one day. A. he had to fly B. he could fly C. can he fly D. could he fly ( )
  6.Do you knowfrom Wuhan to Xi’an ? A. how far it is B. how far is it C. how long it is D. how long is it
9
( )
  7.Could you tell me ? A. where do you live B. who you are waiting for C. who were you waiting for D. where you live in ( )
  8.?Is the lake there beautiful? -? This photo will show you . A. how does it look like B. what does it look like C. how it looks like D. what it looks like ( )
  9. I don’t know bought the present for me. Is it Jack? A. which B. who C. whose D. what ( )
  10.Could you show us a bike ? A. how to mend B. what to buy C. where to go D. how many to buy ( )
  11.I don’t know Jane was late for school this morning. A. who B. what C. whom D. why ( )
  12.?Do you remember he came? --Yes, I do. He came by car. A. that B. if C. how D. when ( )
  13.Mike said he a cold for a few days. A. has caught B. had caught C. has had D. had had ( )
  14.I don’t know if he here. If he , I’ll tell you. A. will come, comes B. comes, will come C. comes , comes D. will come, will come ( )
  15.Could you tell me best? A. which one you like B.which one do you like C. do you like which one D.you like which one ( )
  16.The teacher told the children that the earth around the sun. A. moves B. moved C. had moved D. was moving ( )
  17.Nobody knows which factory . A. does he work B. he works C. does he work in D. he works in ( )
  18.He said that no one knew with him. A. what is the matter B. what was the matter C. what the matter is D. what the matter was ( )
  19.I’m interested in or not he is coming. A. whether B
 

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