考研英语作文专用词汇 考研英语作文专用词汇 专用
教育类 词汇 文凭 diplomas and certificates 义务教育 compulsory education 文化底蕴 the rich cultural deposits 扩招 expand enrollment 片面追求升学 率 place undue emphasis on the proportion of students entering schools of a high er level 退学 drop out of the school 形成淘汰制度 frame an elimination system 教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people 因材施教 teach students according to their aptitude 德才兼备 possess political integrity and professional ability 品学兼优 be a students of fine qualities and fine scholar 提高学生身心素质 improve the health and psychological quality 适应社会的改变 adjust to the social changes quickly 满足社会的急需 meet the urgent need of the society 保护知识产权 protect the intellectual property 才疏学浅 be wanting in ability and shallow in knowledge 努力获得精神文明 make efforts to seek cultural and ideological progress 减轻负担 reduce the heavy burdens 更加有意义和丰富的生活 a more vigorous, colorful and dynamic life 工作类 词汇 崇高职业 noble career 跳槽 job-hopping 白领工作 white-collar workers 试用期 probationary period 考研热 the craze for graduate school study 应试教育 the examination-oriented education 复合型人才 interdisciplinary talents 高分低能 good scores but low qualities
大学生创业 the university students’ innovative undertakings 被授予学位 be granted a an official certificate from
人才流动和双向选择 talent flow and a dual-way selection
自由职业 freelance work 获得名利 achieve fame and wealth
拜金主义 money worship 工作出色 excel in one’s work 无忧无虑 be care-free 生活补助 living subsidies 培养人才 cultivate talents 人才交流 talents exchange 人才外流 brain drain
充分发挥个人的潜力 develop fully one’s potential and creativity 实干精神 steadfast and earnest in one’s work 社会和个人的尊重 social and personal esteem 生计问题 a bread and butter issue 推荐人才 recommend the virtuous and able 优化产业结构 optimize the structure 精简人员 cut off the overstaffed offices
提高综合素质 improve the comprehensive quality 解决劳动就业问题 tackle the problem of labor force utilization 砸掉大锅饭 shatter the convention of iron bowl 坚持改革 be persistent in the reform progress 给出优惠政策 give preferential treatment 自谋生路 be self-employed 下岗人员 the laid-off workers
造成失业问题 bring about the unemployment problem 劳动力短缺 shortage of manpower 享受失业救济金 enjoy unemployment pension 需要 安全 感和生活保障 need a sense of security and guarantee of life 提高文化,智慧,品质修养 enhance their cultural and moral quality 商业类 词汇 服务行业 service trade 家用电器 household electrical appliances 物美价廉 with low price and high quality 旺季 during peak selling seasons 商标冒用 trade-mark infringement 稳定物价 stabilize the commodity prices 加强品牌效应 strengthen the brand effect 提高购买力 raise the purchasing power 刺激购买欲 stimulate the desire to buy 售后服务 after-sale service 销售渠道 distribution channel 适销对路 be good for sale 促销 promote sales 有效期 term of validity 脱销 out of stock 零售价 retail price 批发价 whole price 超前消费 premature consumption
紧俏商品 commodities in short supply 假冒伪劣 forged and fake commodities
保持市场的良好的秩序 keep to market in good order 工业类 词汇 产业结构升级 upgrade the structure of industry 外向型经济:export-oriented economy 亏损企业 enterprise in the red 有外需 have a potential in overseas market 企业凝聚力 the cohesive force in enterprise 医药健康 词汇 卫生环境 sanitary environment 营养不良 malnourished 呼吸疾病 respiratory disease 政治经济 词汇 立法会议 legislative sessions 司法 部门 enforcement apartment 修改宪法 revise the constitution 刑事诉讼 criminal proceeding 要求索赔 claim compensation 法律监督 function as a legal supervisor 行政处罚 administrative penalty 侵犯个人隐私 invasion of privacy 假账 deceptive accounting 行贿和受贿 take and offer bribes 扰乱治安 disturb the social order 漏税 tax evasion 集思广益 pool ones wisdom 杀虫剂 pesticide 传染病 infectious disease 建设卫生城市 hygienic city 创收 generate profits 扭转局面 reverse the tide 精简开支 cut down the outlay
目无法规 defy the law and social disciplines
建立奖励和制约机制 establish a incentive and disincentive system 物质和精神文明建设 material and ideological progress 精简机构 streamline government organs 扩大内需 expand the domestic demand 环境保护类单词 生态失衡 Disruption of ecological balance 温室效应 Greenhouse effect 环境意识 Environmental awareness 淡水资源短缺 Shortage of fresh water 市场类单词 国有企业 state-owned enterprise 私人企业 private enterprise 生态系统 Ecosystem 全球变暖 Global warming 沙尘暴 Sand/dust storms
市场 monopolize the market 跨国集团 multinational corporation 贸易壁垒 trade barriers
偷税漏税 tax evasion 贸易制裁 trade sanction 西部大开发 Go-West Campaign
全球经济一体化 integration with the global economy 中国加入 WTO China’s entry into WTO 乱摊派乱收费 imposition of arbitrary quotas and service charge 考研英语作文经常遇到的中国特色词汇 中华民族的喜庆节日(Chinese Festival): 国庆节 National Day ( ) 中秋节 Mia-Autumn Festival 春节 Spring Festival 元宵节 Lantern Festival 儿童节 Children's Day 妇女节 Women's Day 五四青年节 Youth Day 教师节 Teachers' Day 泼水节 Water-Splashing Day 台湾是中国领土不可分割的一部分。Taiwan is an inalienable part of the Chinese territory. 西部大开发 Development of the West Regions 持续性发展 sustainable development 风险投资 risk investment 馄饨 wonton 通货紧缩 deflation 扩大内需 to expand domestic demand
中国独特的传统饮食(Unique Traditional Chinese Foods) ( ) 锅贴 gouty (fried jazzy) 花卷 steamed twisted rolls 豆腐 rice tofu 套餐 set meal 盒饭 box lunch; Chinese take-away
米粉 rice noodles 魔芋豆腐 kanji tofu 火锅 chafing dish 冰糖葫芦 a stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples,etc.) 八宝饭 eight-treasure rice pudding 豆腐脑 jellied bean curd 中国新兴事物(Newly Sprouted Things) ( ) 中国电信 China Telecom 中国移动 China Mobile 中国电脑联网 China net 十五计划 the 10th Five-Year Plan 希望工程 Project Hope 扶贫工程 Anti-Poverty Project 温饱工程 Decent-Life Project 三峡工程 the Three Gorges Project 京九铁路 Beijing?Colon Railway 菜篮子工程 Vegetable Basket Project 安居工程 Economy Housing Project 粉丝 glass noodles
扫黄 Porn-Purging Campaign 具有文化特色的现代表述 大陆中国 Mainland China 红色中国 socialist China 终生职业 job-for-life 铁饭碗 iron rice bow 下岗 laid-off workers 下网 off line
西部大开发 Go-West Campaign 四化 Four Modernizations 红宝书 little red book 关系户 closely-related units 大锅饭 communal pot 下海 plunge into the commercial sea comfortably-off 加密 encrypt family
小康之家 well-off
外出打工人员 migrant workers 关系网 personal nets,closely-knitted guild
加班 work extra shifts
五讲(讲文明、讲礼貌、讲卫生、讲秩序、讲道德):the Five Merits focus on decorum,manners,hygiene,disciplines and morals 四美 (心灵美、 语言美、 行为美、 环境美) the Four Virtues are golden heart, : refined language,civilized behavior,and green environment 基层监督 grass-roots supervision 婚介所 matrimonial agency 婚纱摄影 bride photo 机器阅卷 machine scoring 价格听证会 public price hearings 基础税率 base tariff level 婚外恋 extramarital love 黑心棉 shoddy cotton 即开型奖券 scratch-open ticket/lottery 甲 A 球队 Division A Soccer Team 假帐 accounting fraud
集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development 家政服务 household management service
加强舆论监督 ensure the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion 叫板 challenge; Pick a quarrel 渐进式台独 gradual Taiwan independence 矫情 use lame arguments 借调 temporarily transfer
扩大中等收入者比重 Raise the proportion of the middle-income group 扩大内需,刺激消费 expand domestic demand and consumption 安居工程 housing project for low-income urban residents 外资企业 overseas-funded enterprises 下岗职工 laid-off workers
分流 reposition of redundant personnel 豆腐渣工程 jerry-built projects 民族国家 nation state 台湾政权 Taiwan authorities
三角债 chain debts
素质教育 education for all-round development 社会治安情况 law-and-order situation “台独” "independence of Taiwan" 台湾同胞 Taiwan compatriots
计算机辅助教学 computer-assisted instruction ( CAI ) 网络空间 cyberspace 虚拟现实 virtual reality 电脑犯罪 computer crime 电子商务 the e-business 网上购物 shopping online 总裁助理 assistant president 智力密集型 concentration of 综合治理 comprehensive treatment 虚拟网 virtual net brain power; Knowledge-intensive 信息化 information-based; Informationization 新秀 up-and-coming star,rising star 新新人类 New Human Being;X Generation 形象小姐/先生 image representative of a product or a brand 学生处 students' affairs division 信息港 info port 研究生毕业证/学位证 graduate diploma/graduate 以人为本 people oriented;people foremost 义务教育 compulsory education 摇钱树 cash cow degree’s diploma
在职博士生 on-job doctorate 运球 dribble 易拉罐 pop can 早恋 puppy love
舆论导向 direction of public opinion
应试教育 examination-oriented education system 素质教育 education for all-around development 学生减负 to reduce study load 中专生 secondary specialized 招生就业指导办公室 enrolment and vocation 证券营业部 stock exchange; security exchange 知识产权 intellectual property rights 中流砥柱 mainstay,chief corner stone 专卖店 exclusive agency; franchised store 自我保护意识 self-protection awareness 综合国力 comprehensive national strength
or technical school student guidance office
综合业务数字网 integrated service digital network (ISDN) 公正、公平、公开 just,fair and open 好莱坞大片 Hollywood blockbuster 假唱 lip-synch 来电显示电话机 caller ID telephone 泡沫经济 bubble economy 拳头产品 competitive 三角恋爱 love triangle “扫黄”、“打非” eliminate products; 拉拉队 cheering squad 黄金时段 prime time 劲射 power shot
假动作 "deception,feint"
论文答辩(thesis)oral defense 票贩子 scalper,ticket tout Blockbuster
knock-out products;
三维动画片 three-dimensional animation pornography and illegal publications 甲骨文 oracle bone inscriptions
申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games
实现中华民族伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation 脱贫致富 cast shake, ( throw) poverty and set out on a road to prosperity off 市场疲软 sluggish 网吧 Internet bar market 筒子楼 tube-shaped apartment 网上交易平台 online trading platform 网恋 online love affair 网友 net friend 网上冲浪 surf the Internet 无人售票 self-service ticketing
无绳来电显示电话 cordless telephone with caller ID
无线应用协议 WAP(wireless application protocol) The classification for the commodities: frozen food 速冻食品 dairy products 牛产品 packaged foods 包装食品 cleaning supplies 清洁用品 car-care products 汽车护理用品 Different stores Convienience store 便利店 Drug store 药店 Factory outlets 厂家直销点 Grocery store 小卖部 Supermarket 超市 Discount store 打折店 Department store 商场 personal-care supplies 个人护理用品 yard-care products 庭院护理用品
Specialty shop 专卖店
Shopping mall/shopping center 购物中心 Houshold department: dish 碟子 silverware 银器 cooking utensils 厨具
pots 壶 tool 工具
pans 锅 paint 涂料 light-fixture 灯饰 home improvement products 家庭装修用品 washer 洗碗机 dryer 烘干机 water heater 热水器 electric cooker 电炉 cleaver 切肉刀
Hardware department: Plumbing supplies Appliance department: sewing machine 缝纫机 refrigerator 冰箱 washing machine 洗衣机 microwave oven 微波炉 kettle 水壶 vacuum sweeper 吸尘器 air conditioner 空调 pressure cooker 高压锅 turner 锅铲
chopping board 切菜板
Office supplies executive desk 办公桌 floppy disk 软盘 stapler 订书机 television 电视 recorder 录音机 others 积压产品 overstocked commodities (inventories) 基因工程 genetic engineering 绩优股 blue chip 记者席 press box 基因突变 genetic mutation 基因图谱 genome; Gene chip (DNA micro array) 嘉宾 distinguished guest,honored guest 记者招待会 press conference 记账式国债 book-entry T-bonds 记帐式国库券 inscr



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