It is intellectually challenging. B) It requires him to do washing-up all the time. C) It exposes him to oily smoke all day long. D) It demands physical endurance and patience.
  21. A) In a hospital. B) At a coffee shop. C) At a laundry. D) In a hotel.
  22. A) Getting along well with colleagues. B) Paying attention to every detail. C) Planning everything in advance. D) Knowing the needs of customers. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  23. A) The pocket money British children get. B) The annual inflation rate in Britain. C) The things British children spend money on. D) The rising cost of raising a child in Britain.
  24. A) It enables children to live better. B) It goes down during economic recession. C) It often rises higher than inflation. D) It has gone up 25% in the past decade.
  25. A) Save up for their future education. B) Pay for small personal things. C) Buy their own shoes and socks. D) Make donations when necessary. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。 Passage One Questions 26 to 29 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  26. A) District managers. B) Regular customers. C) Sales directors. D) Senior clerks.
  27. A) The support provided by the regular clients. B) The initiative shown by the sales representatives. C) The urgency of implementing the company's plans. D) The important part played by district managers.
  28. A) Some of them were political-minded. B) Fifty percent of them were female. C) One third of them were senior managers.
D) Most of them were rather conservative.
  29. A) He used too many quotations. B) He was not gender sensitive. C) He did not keep to the point. D) He spent too much time on details. Passage Two Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  30. A) State your problem to the head waiter. B) Demand a discount on the dishes ordered. C) Ask to see the manager politely but firmly. D) Ask the name of the person waiting on you.
  31. A) You problem may not be understood correctly. B) You don't know if you are complaining at the right time. C) Your complaint may not reach the person in charge. D) You can't tell how the person on the line is reacting.
  32. A) Demand a prompt response. B) Provide all the details. C) Send it by express mail. D) Stick to the point. Passage Three Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  33. A) Fashion designer B) Architect. C) City planner. D) Engineer.
  34. A) Do some volunteer work. B) Get a well-paid part-time job. C) Work flexible hours. D) Go back to her previous post.
  35. A) Few baby-sitters can be considered trustworthy. B) It will add to the family's financial burden. C) A baby-sitter is no replacement for a mother. D) The children won't get along with a baby-sitter. Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。 Almost every child, on the first day he sets foot in a school building, is smarter, more (
  36), less afraid of what he doesn't know, better at finding and (
  37) things out,
more confident, resourceful (机敏的), persistent and (
  38) than he will ever be again in his schooling ? or, unless he is very (
  39) and very lucky, for the rest of his life. Already, by paying close attention to and (
  40) with the world and people around him, and without any school-type (
  41) instruction, he has done a task far more difficult, complicated and (
  42) than anything he will be asked to do in school, or than any of his teachers has done for years. He has solved the (
  43) of language. He has discovered it ? babies don't even know that language exists ? and (
  44) . He has done it by exploring, by experimenting, by developing his own model of the grammar of language, (
  45) until it does work. And while he has been doing this, he has been learning other things as well, (
  46) , and many that are more complicated than the ones they do try to teach him. Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage. When we think of green buildings, we tend to think of new ones ? the kind of high-tech, solar-paneled masterpieces that make the covers of architecture magazines. But the U.S. has more than 100 million existing homes, and it would be __47__ wasteful to tear them all down and __48__ them with greener versions. An enormous amount of energy and resources went into the construction of those houses. And it would take an average of 65 years for the __49__ carbon emissions from a new energy-efficient home to make up for the resources lost by destroying an old one. So in the broadest __50__, the greenest home is the one that has already been built. But at the same time, nearly half of U. S. carbon emissions come from heating, cooling and __51__ our homes, offices and other buildings. "You can't deal with climate change without dealing with existing buildings," says Richard Moe, the president of the National Trust. With some __52__, the oldest homes tend to be the least energy-efficient. Houses built before 1939 use about 50% more energy per square foot than those built after 2000, mainly due to the tiny cracks and gaps that __53__ over time and let in more outside air. Fortunately, there are a __54__ number of relatively simple changes that can green older homes, from __55__ ones like Lincoln's Cottage to your own postwar home. And efficiency upgrades (升级) can save more than just the earth; they can help __56__ property owners from rising power costs. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。 A) accommodations B) clumsy C) doubtful D) exception E) expand F) historic G) incredibly H) powering I) protect J) reduced K) replace L) sense M) shifted N) supplying O) vast Section B Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You
should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage. You never see him, but they're with you every time you fly. They record where you are going,how fast you're traveling and whether everything on your airplane is functioning normally. Their ability to withstand almost any disaster makes them seem like something out of a comic book.They're known as the black box. When planes fall from the sky, as a Yemeni airliner did on its way to Comoros Islands in the India ocean June 30, 2009, the black box is the best bet for identifying what went wrong. So when a French submarine (潜水艇) detected the device's homing signal five days later, the discovery marked a huge step toward determining the cause of a tragedy in which 152 passengers were killed. In 1958, Australian scientist David Warren developed a flight-memory recorder that would track basic information like altitude and direction. That was the first mode for a black box, which became a requirement on all U.S. commercial flights by 19
  60. Early models often failed to withstand crashes, however, so in 1965 the device was completely redesigned and moved to the rear of the plane ? the area least subject to impact ? from its original position in the landing wells (起落架舱). The same year, the Federal Aviation Authority required that the boxes, which were never actually black, be painted orange or yellow to aid visibility. Modern airplanes have two black boxes: a voice recorder, which tracks pilots' conversations,and a flight-data recorder, which monitors fuel levels, engine noises and other operating functions that help investigators reconstruct the aircraft's final moments. Placed in an insulated (隔绝的) case and surrounded by a quarter-inch-thick panels of stainless steel, the boxes can withstand massive force and temperatures up to 2,000?. When submerged, they're also able to emit signals from depths of 20,000 ft. Experts believe the boxes from Air France Flight 447, which crashed near Brazil on June 1,2009, are in water nearly that deep, but statistics say they're still likely to turn up. In the approximately 20 deep-sea crashes over the past 30 years, only one plane's black boxes were never recovered. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。
  57. What does the author say about the black box? A) It ensures the normal functioning of an airplane. B) The idea for its design comes from a comic book. C) Its ability to ward off disasters is incredible. D) It is an indispensable device on an airplane.
  58. What information could be found from the black box on the Yemeni airliner? A) Data for analyzing the cause of the crash. B) The total number of passengers on board. C) The scene of the crash and extent of the damage. D) Homing signals sent by the pilot before the crash.
  59. Why was the black box redesigned in 1965? A) New materials became available by that time. B) Too much space was needed for its installation. C) The early models often got damaged in the crash.
D) The early models didn't provide the needed data.
  60. Why did the Federal Aviation Authority require the black boxes be painted orange or yellow? A) To distinguish them from the colour of the plane. B) To caution people to handle them with care. C) To make them easily identifiable. D) To conform to international standards.
  61. What do we know about the black boxes from Air France Flight 447? A) There is still a good chance of their being recovered. B) There is an urgent need for them to be reconstructed. C) They have stopped sending homing signals. D) They were destroyed somewhere near Brazil. Passage Two Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage. The $11 billion self-help industry is built on the idea that you should turn negative thoughts like "I never do anything right" into positive ones like "I can succeed." But was positive thinking advocate Norman Vincent Peale right? Is there power in positive thinking? Researchers in Canada just published a study in the journal Psychological Science that says trying to get people to think more positively can actually have the opposite effect: it can simply highlight how unhappy they are. The study's authors, Joanne Wood and John Lee of the University of Waterloo and Elaine Perunovic of the University of New Brunswick, begin by citing older research showing that when people get feedback which they believe is overly positive, they actually feel worse, not better. If you tell your dim friend that he has the potential of an Einstein, you're just underlining his faults. In one 1990s experiment, a team including psychologist Joel Cooper of Princeton asked participants to write essays opposing funding for the disabled. When the essayists were later praised for their sympathy, they felt even worse about what they had written. In this experiment, Wood, Lee and Perunovic measured 68 students' self-esteem. The participants were then asked to write down their thoughts and feelings for four minutes. Every 15 seconds, one group of students heard a bell. When it rang, they were supposed to tell themselves, "I am lovable." Those with low self-esteem didn't feel better after the forced self-affirmation. In fact, their moods turned significantly darker than those of members of the control group, who weren't urged to think positive thoughts. The paper provides support for newer forms of psychotherapy (心理治疗) that urge people to accept their negative thoughts and feelings rather than fight them. In the fighting, we not only often fail but can make things worse. Meditation (静思) techniques, in contrast, can teach people to put their shortcomings into a larger, more realistic perspective. Call it the power of negative thinking. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上



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