1.individuals,characters, folks替换people ,persons

  2: positive, favorable, rosy (美好的),promising (有希望的),perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding, superior替换good
  3:dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill (有害的)替换bad 如果bad做表语,可以有be less impressive替换
  Eg.An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games, enjoying romance with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation ,as a result, they find their academic records are less impressive.

  4.(an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,a host of, many, if not most)替换many.

  注:用many, if not most 一定要小心,many后一定要有词。

  Eg. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that….同理 用most, if not all ,替换most.

  5: a slice of, quiet a few , several替换some

  6:harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that)替think (因为是书面语,所以要加that)

  7:affair ,business ,matter 替换thing
  8: shared 代 common

  9.reap huge fruits 替换get many benefits )

  10:for my part ,from my own perspective 替换 in my opinion

  11:Increasing(ly),growing 替换more and more( 注意没有growingly这种形式。所以当修饰名词时用

  Eg.sth has gained growing popularity.
  Sth is increasingly popular with the advancement of sth.
  12.little if anything, 或little or nothing替换hardly
  13..beneficial, rewarding替换helpful
  14.shopper,client,consumer,purchaser, 替换customer
  15.exceedingly,extremely, intensely 替换very

  16.hardly necessary, hardly inevitable ... 替换 unnecessary, avoidable

  17.sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换sb take interest in / sb. be interested in

  18.capture one’s attention替换attract one’s attention.


  20.be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,be fearful of代 indicate, suggest ,fear

  21.give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 替换cause

  22. There are several reasons behind sth 替换..reasons for sth

  23.desire 替换want

  24.pour attention into 替换pay attention to

  25.bear in mind that 替换remember

  26. enjoy, possess 替换have(注意process是过程的意思)

  27. interaction替换communication

  28.frown on sth替换 be against , disagree with sth
  29.to name only a few, as an example替换 for example, for instance

  30. next to / virtually impossible,替换nearly / almost impossible



Recently, the problem of … has aroused people’s concern.


Internet has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.


Nowadays, (overpopulation) has become a problem we have to face.

It is commonly believed that… / It is a common belief that…


Many people insist that…

With the development of science and technology, more and more people believe that…

A lot of people seem to think that…

People’s views on… vary from person to person. Some hold that… . However, others believe that…. 人们对…的观点因人而异.有些人认为….. 然而其他人却认为...
People may have different opinions on… 人们对…可能会有不同的见解.

Attitudes towards (drugs) vary from person to person. 人们对待吸毒的态度因人而异.

There are different opinions among people as to… 关于…. 人们的观点大不相同.

Different people hold different attitudes toward (failure). 对(失败)人们的态度各不相同.


Taking all these factors into consideration, we naturally come to the conclusion that…

Taking into account all these factors, we may reasonably come to the conclusion that…

Hence/Therefore, we’d better come to the conclusion that…

There is no doubt that (job-hopping) has its drawbacks as well as merits.
All in all, we cannot live without… But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with the problems that would arise.

It is high time that we put an end to the (trend). 该是我们停止这一趋势的时候了.
It is time to take the advice of … and to put special emphasis on the improvement of …


There is no doubt that enough concern must be paid to the problem of …

Obviously,…. If we want to do something… , it is essential that…

Only in this way can we… 只有这样,我们才能…

It must be realized that… 我们必须意识到…


Obviously, if we don’t control the problem, the chances are that… will lead us in danger.


No doubt, unless we take effective measures, it is very likely that…


It is urgent that immediate measures should be taken to stop the situation.


From my point of view, it is more reasonable to support the first opinion rather than the second.


I cannot entirely agree with the idea that… 我无法完全同意这一观点….

Personally, I am standing on the side of … 就个人而言,我站在…的一边.

I sincerely believe that… 我真诚地相信…

In my opinion, it is more advisable to do … than to do….


Finally, to speak frankly, there is also a more practical reason why…


This phenomenon exists for a number of reasons. First, … Second, … Third, …

这一现象的存在是有许多原因的.首先, … 第二, … 第三, …

Why did… ? For one thing… For another…. Perhaps the primary reason is…

为什么会…? 一个原因是… 令一个原因是… 或许其主要原因是….

I quite agree with the statement that… the reasons are chiefly as follows.


Here are some suggestions for handling… 这是如何处理某事的一些建议.
The best way to solve the troubles is… 解决这些麻烦的最好办法是…
People have figured out many ways to solve this problem. 人们已找出许多办法来解决这个问题.

As far as something is concerned, …. 就某事而言,…
It was obvious that… 很显然,….

It may be true that…, but it doesn’t mean that… 可能…是对的,但这并不意味着…

It is natural to believe that… , but we shouldn’t ignore that…


There is no evidence to suggest that… 没有证据表明…



still, Indeed, apparently, oddly enough, of course, after all, significantly, interestingly, also, above all, surely, certainly, undoubtedly, in any case, anyway, above all, in fact, especially. Obviously, clearly.


like, similarly, likewise, in the same way, in the same manner, equally.


by contrast, on the contrary, while, whereas, on the other hand, unlike, instead, but, conversely, different from, however, nevertheless, otherwise, whereas, unlike, yet, in contrast.

for example, for instance, such as, take …for example. Except (for), to illustrate.

later, next, then, finally, at last, eventually, meanwhile, from now on, at the same time, for the time being, in the end, immediately, in the meantime, in the meanwhile, recently, soon, now and then, during, nowadays, since, lately, as soon as, afterwards, temporarily, earlier, now, after a while.

first, second, third, then, finally, to begin with, first of all, in the first place, last, next, above all, last but not the least, first and most important.
presumably, probably, perhaps.

in other words, in fact, as a matter of fact, that is, namely, in simpler terms.

What is more, in addition, and, besides, also, furthermore, too, moreover, furthermore, as well as, additionally, again.


although, after all, in spite of…, despite, even if, even though, though, admittedly, whatever may happen.

however, rather than, instead of, but, yet, on the other hand, unfortunately. whereas

for this reason, due to, thanks to, because, because of, as, since, owing to.


as a result, thus, hence, so, therefore, accordingly, consequently, as consequence.


on the whole, in conclusion, in a word, to sum up, in brief, in summary, to conclude, to summarize, in short.


Mostly, occasionally, currently, naturally, mainly, exactly, evidently, frankly, commonly, for this purpose, to a large extent(在很大程度上), for most of us, in many cases, in this case,


As is shown in the graph… 如图所示…

The graph shows that… 图表显示…
As can be seen from the table,… 从表格中可以看出…

From the chart, we know that… 从这张表中,我们可知…

All these data clearly prove the fact that… 所有这些数据明显证明这一事实,即…

The increase of …. In the city has reached to 20%. ….在这个城市的增长已达到20%.

In 1985, the number remained the same. 1985年,这个数字保持不变.

There was a gradual decline in 19
  89. 1989年,出现了逐渐下降的情



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