2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英 语 (北京卷)
本试卷共 15 页,共 150 分。考试时长 120 分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题卡上,在试卷上 作答无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第一部分:听力理解(共三节,30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题
  1.5 分,共
  7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项。听完每段对话后,你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对 话你将听一遍。
  1. What does the man want to be in the future? A. A soldier. B. A lawyer. C. A teacher.
  2. What does the girl want? A. Sweets. B. Books. C. Pencils.
  3. When did the two speakers plan to meet Jane? A. At 2:00 B. At 2:
  15. C. At 2:
  30.
  4. What will the woman do tonight? A. Go to the park. B. Play basketball. C. Work at a bookstore.
  5. What is the woman doing? A. Offering help. B. Asking for information. C. Making an introduction. 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题
  1.5 分,共 15 分) 听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读每小题。听完后, 每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白你将听两遍。听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。
  6. Where do the two speakers work? A. At a store. B. At a hotel. C. At a school.
  7. Where does the woman come from? A. Brazil. B. Australia. C. Singapore. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。
  8. What is the weather like in the north tonight?

  9. What is the high temperature in the south tomorrow? A. 15° C. B. 20° C. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。
  10. What motivates the man to employ local people? A. To help the local business. B. To increase the local employment rate.
C. 23° C.
1
C. To reduce the number of workers from other places.
  11. What will the man probably do in the future? A. Set up a new company. B. Run a training course. C. Lead an easier life.
  12. What is the possible relationship between the two speakers? A. Supplier and customer. B. Manager and secretary. C. Interviewer and interviewee. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 15 题。
  13. What rule should you follow if you want to enter the sports complex? A. Wear appropriate shoes. B. Register on the notice board. C. Make an appointment with a coach.
  14. How much is the buffet? A. ?
  4. B. ?
  8. C. ?
  10.
  15. What is the purpose of the announcement? A. To introduce a playing field. B. To introduce a holiday camp. C. To introduce a fruit market. 第三节(共 5 小题;每小题
  1.5 分,共
  7.5 分) 听下面一段对话,完成第 16 至第 20 五道 小题,每小题仅填写一个词。听对话前,你 将有 20 秒钟的时间阅读试题,听完后你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间。这段对话你将听两遍。 Customer Complaint Form(客户投诉表 客户投诉表) 客户投诉表 Customer Problem Thompson Electronics delivery: A 16 ● Printers ordered:25 HW ● Printers delivered:25 HW56 ●A computer 18
17 problem
Cause Solution (解决方案)
●Post the correct order 19 delivery ●Put a $300 20 on the customer’s account
第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分) 第一节单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。
  21. at my classmates’ faces, I read the same excitement in their eyes. A. Looking B. Look C. To look D. Looked
  22. In the spoken English of some areas in the US, the "r" sounds at the end of the words . A. are dropped B. drop C. are being dropped D. have dropped
  23. ? Good morning. I’ve got an appointment with Miss Smith in the Personnel
2
Department. ? Ah, good morning. You be Mrs. Peters. A. might B. must C. would D. can
  24. ? I’m not finished with my dinner yet. ? But our friends for us. A. will wait B. wait C. have waited D. are waiting in yesterday’s China Daily.
  25. I’m calling to enquire about the position A. advertised B. to be advertise d C. advertising D. having advertised
  26. ?I’m sorry, but I don’t quite follow you. Did you say you wanted to return on September 20? ?Sorry, I myself clear. We want to return on October
  20. A. hadn’t made B. wouldn’t make C. don’t make D. haven’t made
  27. Children who are not active or diet is high in fat will gain weight quickly. A. what B. whose C. which D. that
  28. It took me a long time before I was able to fully appreciate what they for me. A. had done B. did C. would do D. were doing
  29. Would you mind not picking the flowers in the garden? They are everyone’s enjoyment. A. in B. at C. for D. to
  30. they decide which college to go to, students should research the admission procedures. A. As B. While C. Until D. Once
  31. I want to be liked and loved for I am inside. A. who B. where C. what D. how
  32. Part of the reason Charles Dickens loved his own novel, David Copperfield, was it was rather closely modeled on his own life. A. what B. that C. why D. whether
  33. some people regard as a drawback is seen as a plus by many others. A. Whether B. What C. That D. How
  34. ?T he weather has been very hot and dry. ?Yes. If it had rained even a drop, things would be much better now! And my vegetables . A. wouldn’t die B. didn’t die C. hadn’t died D. wouldn’t have died
  35. First impressions are the most lasting. After all, you never get second chance to make first impression. A. a; the B. the; the C. a; a D. the; a
3
第二节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题
  1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I met Mrs. Neidl in the ninth grade on a stage-design team for a play and she was one of the directors. Almost instantly I loved her. She had an Unpleasant voice and a direct way of speaking, 36 she was encouraging and inspiring. For some reason, she 37 . She wanted to know how I thought we 39 40 42 . It was cause and effect: I was, so I began to show 44 !" I began create was impressed with my work and me. Mrs. Neidl would ask me for my should 38 things. At first I had no idea how to answer because I knew 41
about stage design! But I slowly began to respond to her She believed I had opinions, so I began to things, so I completed them perfectly. She loved how Mrs. Neidl’s 43 to take things to be 46 something.
them. She trusted me to complete
up to paint more and more. She believed in me, so I began to believe in myself. that year was, "Try it. We can always paint over it 45 . I had been so afraid of failing but suddenly there was no failing--only upon. I learned to dip my brush into the paint and 47 48
The shy, quiet freshman achieved success that year. I was 49 I wanted to spend the rest of my life doing stage design. Being on that stage-design team 50
in the program
as "Student Art Assistant" because of the time and effort I’d put in. It was that year that I Mrs. Neidl changed me completely. Not 51 a strong 52 what people
only was I stronger and more competent than I had thought, but I also interest and a world I hadn’t known existed. She taught me not to think I should do: She taught me to take chances and not be comforter when I was upset. Her imagined 55 . B. yet B. impression B. keep B. something B. comments B. follow B. lively B. motto B. more B. control B. acted B. carefully B. recognized B. decided C. so C. information C. handle C. everything C. explanations C. evaluate C. reliable C. saying C. instead C. charge C. looked C. confidently C. identified C. realized
  36. A. and
  37. A. opinion
  38. A. make
  39. A. anything
  40. A. questions
  41. A. hold
  42. A. happy
  43. A. message
  44. A. again
  45. A. steps
  46. A. improved
  47. A. easily
  48. A. introduced
  49. A. confirmed acknowledged 54 53
. Mrs. Neidl was my
in me has inspired me to do things that I never D. for D. intention D. change D. nothing D. remarks D. form D. punctual D. suggestion D. later D. risks D. reflected D. proudly D. considered D.
[
4

  50. A. with
  51. A. developed
  52. A. accept
  53. A. bored
  54. A. trust
  55. A. accessible
B. below B. discovered B. care B. lazy B. patience B. enjoyable
C. of C. took C. judge C. sad C. curiosity C. possible
D. by D. fostered D. wonder D. afraid D. interest D. favorable
第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Goldie’s Secret She turned up at the doorstep of my house in Cornwall. No way could I have sent her away. No way, not me anyway. Maybe someone had kicked her out of their car the night before. "We’re moving house.’; "No space for her any more with the baby coming." "We never really wanted her, but what could we have done? She was a present." People find all sorts of excuses for abandoning an animal. And she was one of the most beautiful dogs I had ever seen. I called her Goldie. If I had known what was going to happen I would have given her a more creative name. She was so unsettled during those first few days. She hardly ate anything and had such an air of sadness about her. There was nothing I could do to make her happy, it seemed. Heaven knows what had happened to her at her previous owner’s. But eventually at the end of the first week she calmed down. Always by my side, whether we were out on one of our long walks or sitting by the fire. That’s why it was such a shock when she pulled away from me one day when we were out for a walk. We were a long way from home, when she started barking and getting very restless. Eventually I couldn’t hold her any longer and she raced off down the road towards a farmhouse in the distance as fast as she could. By the time I reached the farm I was very tired and upset with Goldie. But when I saw her licking (舔) the four puppies (幼犬) I started to feel sympathy towards them. "We didn’t know what had happened to her," said the woman at the door. "I took her for a walk one day, soon after the puppies were born, and she just disappeared." "She must have tried to come back to them and got lost," added a boy from behind her. ‘ I must admit I do miss Goldie, but I’ve got Nugget now, and she looks just like her mother. And I’ve learnt a good lesson: not to judge people.
  56. How did the author feel about Goldie when Goldie came to the house? A. Shocked. B. Sympathetic. C. Annoyed. D. Upset. .
  57. In her first few days at the author’s house, Goldie A. felt worried B. was angry C. ate a little D. sat by the fire .
  58. Goldie rushed off to a farmhouse one day because she
5
A. saw her puppies C. wanted to leave the author
  59. The passage is organized in order of A. time B. effectiveness complexity
B. heard familiar barkings D. found her way to her old home . C. importance D.
B Open Letter to an Editor I had an interesting conversation with a reporter recently-- -one who works for you. In fact, he’s one of your best reporters. He wants to leave. Your reporter gave me a copy of his resume (简历) and photocopies of six stories that he wrote for you. The headlines showed you played them proudly. With great enthusiasm, he talked about how he finds issues (问题), approaches them, and writes about them, which tells me he is one of your best. I’m sure you would hate to lose him. Surprisingly, your reporter is not unhappy. In fact, he told me he really likes his job. He has a great assignment (分工), and said you run a great paper. It would be easy for you to keep him, he said. He knows that the paper values him. He appreciates the responsibility you’ve given him, takes ownership of his profession, and enjoys his freedom. So why is he looking for a way out? He talked to me because he wants his editors to demand so much more of him. He wants to be pushed, challenged, coached to new heights. The reporter believes that good stories spring from good questions, but his editors usually ask how long the story will be, when it will be in, where it can play, and what the budget is. He longs for conversations with an editor who will help him turn his good ideas into great ones. He wants someone to get excited about what he’s doing and to help him turn his story idea upside down and inside out, exploring the best ways to report it. He wants to be more valuable for your paper. That’s what you want for him, too, isn’t it? So your reporter has set me thinking. Our best hope in keeping our best reporters, copy editors, photographers, artistseveryone--is to work harder to make sure they get the help they are demanding to reach their potential. If we can’t do it, they’ll find someone who can.
  60. What does the writer think of the reporter? A. Optimistic. B. Imaginative. C. Ambitious. D. Proud.
  61. What does the reporter want most from his editors in their talks? A. Finding the news value of his stories. B. Giving him financial support. C. Helping him to find issues. D. Improving his good ideas.
  62. Who probably wrote the letter? A. An editor. B. An artist. C. A reporter. D. A reader.
  63. The letter aims to remind editors that they sho
 

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