绝密★启用前
试卷类型: A
2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷)


本试卷共 12 页,四大题,满分 150 分.考试用时 120 分钟. 注意事项:1 答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号,试室号,座 位号填写在答题卡上.用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(A)填涂在答题卡相应位置上.将条形码横贴在答题 卡右上角"条形码粘贴处". 2 选择题每小题选出答案后, 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑, 用 如需改 动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上 .3 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔 或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答 案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液.不按以上要求作答的答案无效. 4 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁.考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一井交回.
Ⅰ听力(共两节,满分 35 分)
第一节听力理解(5 段,共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 每段播放两遍.各段后有几个小题,各段播放前每小题有 5 秒钟的阅题时间.请根 据各段播放内容及其相关小题, 5 秒钟内从题中所给的 A, C 项中, 在 B, 选出最佳选项. 并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑. 听第一段对话.回答第 1~3 题.
  1. Why does the man want to borrow the woman's notes? A. He raised the classes. B. He is not satisfied with his notes. C. He has not taken any notes in class.
  2. When does the man feel sleepy? A. On his way to class. B. At the beginning of the class. C. Thirty minutes after class begins.
  3. Where will the speakers go? A. To the library. B. To the c afeteria. C. To the supermarket. 听第二段对话,回答第
  4~6 题.
  4. Where will the man most probably find out about the comply? A. In the brochures. B. In the library. C. On the Internet.
  5. Why will the company ask the man whether he is good for the job? A. To know how he cares about the company. B. To know what he can contribute to the company. C. To know if he can make brochures for the company.
  6. When can the man ask questions about the job?
英语试卷 第 1 页 共 10 页
2010 高考试卷(理科)
A. At the end of the interview. B. In the middle of the interview. C. At the beginning of the interview. 听第三段对话,回答第
  7~9 题.
  7. What does the man think of big parties? A. They are noisy. B. They are b oring.[来源:Z&xx&k.Com] C. They are interesting.
  8. Why does the woman like parties? A. They are the best way to meet people. B. They are the times to meet her best friends. C. They are the opportunities to find serious guys.
  9. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Colleagues. B. Schoolmates. C. Teacher and student. 听第四段独白,回答第 10?12 题.
  10. What made seaside holiday possible for British families around the mid-19th century? A. Better railway services. B. The invention of the railways. C. The fast growth of the railways.
  11. Why couldn't ordinary working people go on holiday before 1871? A. They had very little time off work. B. Banks were cloud during holidays. C. The government was not interested in holidays.
  12. What was offered at the seaside to attract holidaymakers? A. Free accommodation. B. Income rise. C. Cheap entertainment. 听第五段对话.回答第 13?15 题.
  13. How does the man go to work? A. By car. B. By bus. C. By train
  14. How long will the man's flight take? A. About 15 hours. B. About 16 bout. C. About 18 hours.
  15. What does the man do in order to get to sleep on the plane? A. He gets himself tired on the plane, B. He stays up late the day before the flight. C. He takes medicine or has a beer on the plane.
英语试卷 第 2 页 共 10 页
第9页
第二节 听取信息(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面一段独白,请根据题目要求,从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息,填入答题 卡标号为
  16~20 的空格中.听录音前,你将有 10 秒钟的阅题时间,录音读两遍.你将 有 60 秒钟的作答时间. Ronald Reagan(1911-20
  04) Time Important events Other information 1932 1937 get a job as announcer became a movie actor a radio(
  16)

  23. A. exits
  24. A. enter
  25. A. main
  26. A. annoying
  27. A. parents
  28. A. sooner
  29. A. politely
  30. A. embarrassed
B. entrances B. leave B. same B. hard B. students B. later B. patiently B. annoyed
C. signs C. open C. front C. satisfying C. teachers C. faster C. unconsciously C. unsatisfied
D. doors D. close D. back D. strange D. driven D. earlier D. slowly D. excited
during the Next appeared in more than(
  17) 27 froml954 to l965 acted in some popular(
  18)
playing supporting roles as the hero's friend
from l966 to 1974 severed as governor of California from l980 to l988 served as president of the United Stat船 the(
  19) person to sever U. S. president after leaving the retired to his(
  20) in California White House
Ⅱ 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 35 分)
第一节完形填空(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分.满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意.然后从 21?30 各题所给的 A,B,C 和 D 项中,选出 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑. Every country has its own culture. Even though each country uses doors, doors may have 21 functions and purposes which lead to 22 differences. When I first to came to America, I noticed that a public building had two different 23 and they had distinct functions. You have to push the door with the word "PUSH" to go out of the building and to pull the door with the word "PULL" to 24 the building. This was new door in South Korea. For quite a few times I failed to go to me, because we use the 25 out of a shopping centre and was embarrassed. The way of using school bus doors was also 26 to me. I used to take the school bus to closes. The school decided that when the driver opened both the front and back doom, 27 who were getting off the bus should get off first, and students who were getting on should get on 28 . in South Korea, we do not need to wait for people to get off. One morning I hurried to the bus, and when the bus doors opened, I 29 tried to get on the school bus through the front door. All the students around looked at me. I was totally 30 , and my face went red.
  21. A. different B. important C. practical D. unusual
  22. A. national B. embarrassing C. cultural D. amazing
英语试卷 第 3 页 共 10 页
2010 高考试卷(理科)
第二节语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 l 5 分.满分 l5 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适 当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31?40 的相应 位置上. A young man, while traveling through a desert, came across a spring of clear water. 31 water was sweet. He filled his leather container so that he could bring some back to an elder had been his teacher. After a four-day journey, the young man 33 ( present ) the 32 water to the old man. His teacher took a deep drink, smiled 34 (warm), and thanked his student very much for the sweet water. The young man went home 35 a happy heart. After the student left, the teacher let 36 student taste the water. He spit it out, 37 (say) it was awful. Apparently, it was no longer fresh because of the old leather container. He asked his teacher, "Sir, the water was awful. Why did you pretend to like 38 ?" The teacher replied, "You tasted the water. I tasted the girl. The water was simply the container for an act of kindness and love. Nothing could be 39 (sweet). " We understand this lesson best 40 we receive gifts of love from children. Whether it is a cheap pipe or a diamond necklace, the proper response is appreciation. We love the idea within the gift rather than the thing. Ⅲ 阅读(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A,B,C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑. A When I was growing up in America, I was ashamed of my mother's Chinese English. Because of her English, she was often treated unfairly. People in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her. My mother has long realized the limitations of her English as well. When I was fifteen, she used to have me call people on the phone to pretend 1 was she. I was foxed to ask for information or even to yell at people who had been rode to her. One time 1 had to call her stockbroker (股票 经纪人). I said in an adolescent voice that was not very convincing, "This is Mrs. Tan. " And my mother was standing beside me, whispering loudly, "Why he don't send me cheek,
第 10 页
英语试卷 第 4 页 共 10 页
already two week late. " And then, in perfect English I said, "I'm getting rather concerned. You agreed to send the check two weeks ago, but it hasn't arrived. " Then she talked more loudly. "What he want? I come to New York tell him front of his boss. " And so I turned to the stockbroker again, "I can't tolerate any more excuse. If I don't receive the cheek immediately, I am going to have to speak to your manager when I am in New York next week. " The next we ek we ended up in New York. While 1 was sitting there red-faced, my mother, the real Mrs. Tan, was shouting to his boss in her broken English. When I was a teenager, my mother's broken English embarrassed me. But now, I see it differently. To me, my mother's English is perfectly clear, perfectly natural. It is my mother tongue. Her language, as I hear it, is vivid, direct, and full of observation and wisdom. It was the language that helped shape the way 1 saw things, expressed ideas, and made sense of the world.
  41. Why was the author's mother poorly served? A. She was unable to speak good English. B. She was often misunderstood. C. She was not clearly heard. D. She was not very polite.
  42. From Paragraph 2, we know that the author was . A. good at pretending B. rode to the stockbroker C. ready to help her mother D. unwilling to phone for her mother
  43. After the author made the phone call, . A. they forgave the stockbroker B. they failed to get the check C. they went to New York immediately D. they spoke to their boss at once
  44. What does the author think of her mother's English now? A. It confuses her. B. It e mbarrasses her. C. It helps her understand the world. D. It helps her tolerate rude people.
  45. We can infer from the passage that Chinese English . A. is clear and natural to non-native speakers B. is vivid and direct to non-native speakers C. has a very bad reputation in America D. may bring inconvenience in America B When something goes wrong, it can be very satisfying to say, "Well, it's so-and-so's fault. "or "I know I'm late, but it's not my fault; the car broke down. " It is probably not your fault, but once you form the habit of blaming somebody or something else for a bad situation, you are
英语试卷 第 5 页 共 10 页
2010 高考试卷(理科)
a loser. You have no power and could do nothing that helps change the situation. However, you can have great power over what happens to you if you stop focusing on whom to blame and start focusing on how to remedy the situation. This is the winner's key to success. Winners are great at overcoming problems. For example, if you were late because your car broke down, maybe you need to have your car examined more regularly. Or, you might start to carry along with you the useful phone numbers, so you could call for help when in need. For another example, if your colleague causes you problems on the job for l ack of responsibility or ability, find ways of dealing with his irresponsibility or inability rather than simply blame the person. Ask to work with a different person, or don't rely on this person. You should accept that the person is not reliable and find creative ways to work successfully regardless of how your colleague fails to do his job well. This is what being a winner is all about-creatively using your skills and talents so that you are successful no matter what happens. Winners don't have fewer problems in their lives; they have just as many difficult situation to face as anybody else. They are just better at seeing those problems as challenges and opportunities to develop their own talents. So, stop focusing on "whose fault it is. " Once you are confident about your power over bad situations, problems are just stepping stones for success.
  46. According to the passage, winners . A. deal with problems rather than blame others B. meet with fewer difficulties in their byes C. have responsible and able colleagues D. blame themselves rather than others
  47. The underlined word remedy in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to . A. avoid B. accept C. impure D. Consider
  48. When your colleague brings about a problem, you should . A. find a better way to handle the problem B. blame him for his lack of responsibility C. tell him to find the cause of the problem D. ask a more able colleague for help .
  49. When problems occur, winners take them as A. excuses for their failures B. barriers to greater power C. challenges to their colleagues D. chances for self-development
  50. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. A Winner's Secr
 

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