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高三英语限时练习十四
完形填空(时间: 分钟) 完形填空(时间:10 分钟) Mr Smith was a wealthy industrialist, but he was not satisfied with life. He did not sleep well and his food did not 21 with him. The situation lasted for some time. Finally, after a 22 of sleepless nights, he decided to consult his doctor. The doctor advised a change of 23 . "Go abroad," he said, "But I'm not good at foreign languages," said Mr Smith. "It doesn't matter," said the doctor. "It won't 24 you to talk a little less. Go on a voyage. Take plenty of exercise. Try to reduce your weight, 25 rich food." Mr Smith went to Switzerland. He did not know French or German, and had to communicate through gestures. He attended a physical training course. The instructor made him bend his knees, swing his arms, stretch his neck and shake his head rapidly. He had to lie on the ground and raise his right and left legs 26 . After a time his muscles grew hard and firm. The life suited him; he almost put aside his financial 27 and nearly forgot the importance of making more money. He even began to 28 individual trees and individual birds. He ate and slept well. Finally he returned home. But unfortunately his improvement was temporary. Soon he was a 29 businessman again, worried about his property, his profits, his savings, his success in a 30 society, and things in general.
  21. A. agree B. taste C. suit D. fit
  22. A. series B. course C. number D. few
  23. A. situations B. surroundings C. weather D. life
  24. A. stop B. hurt C. help D. prevent
  25. A. eat B. prepare C. avoid D. try
  26. A. highly B. widely C. alternately D. regularly
  27. A. hardship B. debts C. worries D. success
  28. A. see B. notice C. glance D. consider
  29. A. rich B. happy C. normal D. successful
  30. A. struggle B. business C. miserable D. competitive 语法填空(时间: 分钟) 语法填空(时间:10 分钟) A recent study conducted by the Pine Street Foundation showed that a dog's nose may have the ability to detect cancer. A dog's nose, research, 31 was the "medical device" used as part of the 33 powerful olfactory(嗅觉的) sensors. cancer. During the study, five 35 32 (believe) to be among the world's
The study was conducted with 169 subjects, 55 of which had been diagnosed as having lung cancer, 31 have breast cancer and 83 control subjects?people 34 patients and those who were healthy. With considered a success. The Pine Street Foundation conducted its research on the belief 37 great that 39 can be detected by a dog's sense of smell, cancer cells give off a different type of metabolic(新陈代谢) waste product. According to the study, the difference is 38 40 (include) both early and late stages of the disease.
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(profession) trained scent dogs were used to distinguish between the breath samples of cancer 36 average of 90% accuracy, the research was
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阅读理解(时间: 分钟) 阅读理解(时间:20 分钟) A Without most people realizing it, there has been a revolution in office work over the last ten years. Before that time, large computers were only used by large, rich companies that could afford the investment. With the advancement of technology, small computers have come onto the market, which are capable of doing the work that used to be done by much larger and expensive computers, so now most smaller companies can use them. The main development in small computers has been in the field of word processors (处理器) , or WPS as they are often called. 40% of British offices are now estimated to have a word processor and this percentage is growing fast. There are many advantages in using a word processor for both secretary and manager. The secretary is freed from a lot of daily work, such as re-typing letters and storing papers. He or she can use this time to do other more interesting work for the boss. From a manager's point of view, secretarial time is being made better use of and money can be saved by doing daily jobs automatically outside office hours. But is it all good? If a lot of daily secretarial work can be done automatically, surely this will mean that fewer secretaries will be needed. Another worry is the increasing medical problems related to work with visual display units (显示器). The case of a slow loss of sight among people using word processors seems to have risen greatly. It is also feared that if a woman works at a VDU for long hours, the unborn child in her body might be killed. Safety screens to put over a VDU have been invented but few companies in England bother to buy them. Whatever the arguments for and against word processor are, they are a key feature (特征) of this revolution in office practice.
  41. Ten years ago, smaller companies did not use large computers because. A. these companies had not enough money to buy such expensive computers B. these computers could not do the work that small computers can do today C. these computers did not come onto the market D. these companies did not need to use this new technology
  42. According to the writer, the main feature of the revolution in office work over the last ten years is . A. the saving of time and money B. the use of computers in small companies C. the wide use of word processors D. the decreasing number of secretaries
  43. It is implied but not directly stated in the passage that with the use of word processors . A. some secretaries will lose their jobs B. daily jobs can be done automatically outside office hours C. medical problems related to work with a VDU have increased greatly D. the British companies will make less money
  44. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. There are both advantages and disadvantages in using a word processor. B. The British companies care much for the health of the people using word processors.
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C. The technology in the field of computers has been greatly advanced over the last ten years. D. Using word processors, secretaries can get more time to do more interesting work for their bosses.
  45. It can be concluded from the passage that . A. safety screens are of poor quality B. working at a VDU for a long time is good for one's health C. more and more British offices will use word processors D. British companies will need fewer and fewer managers B Although April did not bring us the rains we all hoped for, and although the Central Valley doesn't generally experience the sound and lightning that can go with those rains, it's still important for parents to be able to answer the youthful questions about thunder and lightning. The reason these two wonders of nature are so difficult for many adults to explain to children is that they are not very well understood by adults themselves. For example, did you know that the lightning we see flashing down to the earth from a cloud is actually flashing up to a cloud from the earth? Our eyes trick us into thinking we see a downward motion when it's actually the other way around. But then, if we believed only what we think and we see, we'd still insist that the sun rises in the monring and sets at night. Most lightning flashes take place inside a cloud, and only a relative few can be seen jumping between two clouds or between earth and a cloud. But, with about 2,000 thunderstorms taking place above the earth every minute of the day and night, there's enough activity to produce about 100 lightning strikes on earth every second. Parents can use thunder and lightning to help their children learn more about the world around them. When children understand that the light of the lightning flashing reaches their eyes almost at the same moment, but the sound of the thunder takes about 5 seconds to travel just one mile, they can begin to time the interval(间隔) between the flash and the crash to learn how close they were to the actual spark(闪光).
  46. Accodring to the author, in the area of the Central Valley. A. rains usually come without thunder and lightning. B. it is usually dry in April C. children pay no attention to the two natural wonders. D. parents are not interested in thunder an lightning.
  47. We believe that lightning is a downward motion because. A. we were taught so by our parents from our childhood. B. we are taken in by our sense of vision. C. it is a common natural sight. D. it is a truth proved by science.
  48. What is TRUE about lightning according to the passage? A. Only a small number of lightning flashes occur on earth. B. Lightning flashes usually jump from one cloud to another. C. Lightning travels 5 times faster than thunder. D. There are far more lightning strikes occurring on earth than we can imagine.
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  49. The underlined word "activity" is most closely related to the word(s) . A. cloud B. lightning strikes C. lightning flashes D. thunderstorms

  50. It can be concluded from the passage that . A. we should not believe what we see or hear. B. things moving downward are more noticeable. C. people sometimes may have wrong ideas about ordinary phenomena. D. adults are not as good as children in observing certain natural phenomena.
C TOKYO, Japan (AP) ? Japan is very serious about robotics (机器人技术). If the droids are going to fit in, they probably need to learn the Japanese custom of serving tea. Fortunately, researchers at the University of Tokyo are exploring just that. In a show this week, a humanoid (有人特点的) with camera eyes made by Kawada Industries Inc. poured tea from a bottle into a cup.Then another robot on wheels delivered the cup of tea in an experimental room that has sensors embedded in the floor and sofa as well as cameras on the ceiling, to simulate(模仿)life with robot technology. "A human being may be faster, but you'd have to say 'Thank you,'" said University of Tokyo professor Tomomasa Sato. "That's the best part about a robot. You don't have to feel bad about asking it to do things." Sato believes Japan, a rapidly aging society where more than a fifth of the population is 65 or older, will lead the world in designing robots to care for the elderly, sick and bedridden(卧床不起 的). Already, monitoring technologies, such as sensors that automatically turn on lights when people enter a room, are becoming widespread in Japan. The walking, child?size Asimo from Honda Motor Co. greets people at showrooms. NEC Corp. has developed a smaller companion robot?on ?wheels called Papero. A seal robot available since 2004 can entertain the elderly and others in need of fuzzy companionship. Sato says his experimental room is raising awareness about privacy questions that may arise when electronic devices(设备)monitor a person's movements down to the smallest detail. On the bright side, the tea ? pouring humanoid has been programmed to do the dishes.
  51. What is the best title of this passage? A. "Thank You" Will Never Be Needed in Japan B. Monitoring Technologies Are Widespread in Japan C. Robot Is Designed to Care for the Elderly. D. Robot technologies are widespread in Japanese daily life.
  52. The underlined word "embedded" in the first paragraph probably means A. fixed
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B. established
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  53. According to Professor Sato,
.
A. the robot serves tea much faster than a human being B. the robot does anything like human beings C. tea ? serving robot helps to form laziness of the aging society D. tea ? serving robot doesn't need any reward for the service
  54. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. A robot can imitate people to complete complicated tasks B. A robot has been programmed to clean the dishes C. All the problems in the aging society can be solved by robots. D. The number of aging people is increasing rapidly in Japan.
  55. We can infer from the passage that . A. people are afraid of being monitored by robots. B. the technology of robots has been highlighted in Japan. C. robots can completely take the place of human beings. D. people's privacy should be strictly protected
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参考答案 完形填空 21-25 ACBBC 26-30 CCBCD 答案与解析 导读:Mr Smith 是一位富有的工业家,由于整天担忧他的事业,生活陷入一团糟,健康状况 日益下降,在医生的建议下,他到瑞士疗养,疗养期间由于没有担忧的事,身体健康日益恢 复,但是,回到家里,恢复往日的生活,他的故疾重发了.事情又回到原来的样子了.
  21. A.考查动词词意辨析
 

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