2010高考英语《语法》 专题复习系列课件

  49《强调句型》
我来考考你
C This is the farm he used to work.
A. that C. where B. which D. in which
where = on which
定语从句
成分分析(缺什么用什么) 成分分析(缺什么用什么)
变式呈现
Think!! Think!! (
  1)It is the farm he used to ) work.
A. that C. where B. which D. in which
思考解题
(
  2) It was I lost the book. (
  3) It was the book I lost. (
  4) It was yesterday I lost the book. (
  5) It was in the street I lost the book.
A. that
答案: 答案:that
B. which C. in which D. where
分析比较

  1) It is the farm where he used
定语从句 to work. that (
  5) It was in the street I 强调句型 lost the book.
不同: 不同: 第一, (
  1)为 is, (
  5)为 was; 第一,例(
  1)为It is,例(
  5)为It was; 第二, (
  1)为名词短语 farm, 为名词短语the 第二,例(
  1)为名词短语the farm, (
  5)为介词短语 为介词短语in street。 例(
  5)为介词短语in the street。所以
结论
强调句型的特点: 强调句型的特点: 用来强调一个句子中除谓语 用来强调一个句子中除谓语 以外的句子成分 句子成分。 以外的句子成分。去掉强调句式 is/was…that whom)…后 It is/was that (who, whom) 后, 剩余句子的结构和句意是完整的。 剩余句子的结构和句意是完整的。
A.常见的强调句的陈述形式 A.常见的强调句的陈述形式
I bought this car in that shop last month. It was I who/that bought this car in that shop last 主语) 强调主语 month. (强调主语) It was this car that I bought in that shop last month.
(强调宾语) 强调宾语) 宾语
It was in that shop that I bought this car last month.
(强调地点状语) 强调地点状语) 地点状语
It was last month that I bought this car in that shop.
时间状语) (强调时间状语) 强调时间状语
注:在此种句型中,被强调部分可以是主语,状语,宾语, 在此种句型中,被强调部分可以是主语,状语,宾语, 谓语部分不可以被强调. 谓语部分不可以被强调.
B.强调句的一般问句和特殊问句
一般问句形式是 一般问句形式是:Is/Was it + 被强调部分 +that/who+句子其他成分 句子其他成分? +that/who+句子其他成分?如:
Was it this car that you bought in that shop last month?
特殊问句形式是 Wh特殊问句形式是:Wh-疑问词 + is/was 句子其他成分? +that/who + 句子其他成分?如:
When was it that I bought this car in that shop?
not…until 句型的强调结构为 c. “not until not until…”句型的强调结构为
“It is/was not until…that…” I didn't finish my homework until 5:
  00. It was not until 5:00 that I finished my homework. He didn't realize his mistakes until he graduated from high school . It was not until he graduated from high school that he realized his mistakes.
新旧知识联系
since完成句子 用that ,before, when, since完成句子
(
  11) It was three hours ago he left here. 答案: 强调句型) ( 答案: that ,强调句型) (
  12) It was three o’clock he left here. 答案: when,时间状语从句) ( 答案: when,时间状语从句) (
  13) It is three hours he left here. ( 答案: since,时间状语从句) 答案: since,时间状语从句) (
  14) It will be three hours he leaves here. 答案: before,时间状语从句) ( 答案: before,时间状语从句) (
  15) It wasn’t long he left here. 答案: before,时间状语从句) ( 答案: before,时间状语从句)
解题法: 解题法:删除法
缺什么用什么
探究 交流 发现
(
  6) It was 6 o’clock he got up. (
  7) It was at 6 o’clock he got up. (
  8) It was at the station I met him. (
  9) It was there I met him. (
  10) It was this morning the accident happened. Keys: Keys:
when that that that that
注 意
?
  1.当被强调部分指人时,可用that,也可用 当被强调部分指人时,可用 当被强调部分指人时 ,也可用who; ; 指物时,只用that 指物时,只用
It was Tom ( who(that) ) I met last week. It is a new book( that ) his brother wants to buy.
  2.强调状语时 只用 强调状语时, 只用that,不用 强调状语时 不用when, where. 不用 It is at 5 o'clock( that(不用 不用when) )the train will arrive. 不用 It was in the park ( that (不用 不用where ) ) I saw Kate 不用 last week.
注 意

  3.被强调的部分是主语时,注意句子的谓语动词和 被强调的部分是主语时,
被强调的主语保持一致。 被强调的主语保持一致。如: is It is he who late. are It is they that late.

  4、在强调句型中考察主谓一致与比较结构。 在强调句型中考察主谓一致与比较结构。

  1.It is not luck but difficulties that him success. A. makes B. make
  2.Personally I think it is the sales manager, rather than the sales girls, who to blame. A. is B. are 句式结构为: 句式结构为: not…but that… but…that It is/was not but that ; 不是…而是 而是…(that后的动词与 不是 而是 (that后的动词与 but 后的名词或代词保 _ 持一致) 持一致) than… that… It is/was … rather than that ; 而不是… that后的动词应与 后的动词应与rather 是…而不是 ( that后的动词应与rather than 前面 而不是 的名词或代词保持一致) 的名词或代词保持一致)



  5、强调句型中的be动词和情态动词的结合。 强调句型中的be动词和情态动词的结合。 be动词和情态动词的结合
? ? ? ? 句式结构: 句式结构: 被强调部分+ It may be+ 被强调部分+ that … been+被强调部分 被强调部分+ It must have been+被强调部分+ that … +被强调部分+that…? 被强调部分+that Could it be +被强调部分+that ?

  1.It might have been John bought a new book for Mary yesterday. A. what B. since C. that D. then 再如: 再如:
  2.It may be next week that she leaves for Tokyo.


  6、强调句型中含有名词性从句。 强调句型中含有名词性从句。
句式结构为: 整个强调句型用作名词性从句; 句式结构为: 整个强调句型用作名词性从句;
?
I’ve already forgotten you put ve the dictionary.
A. that it was there B. where was it that C. that where it was D. where it was that


  7.强调句型中含有 同位语从句 :
  7.强调句型中含有
It was at the very beginning Mr. Fox made the decision we should send more firefighters消防队员 there. firefighters消防队员 A. when; which ? C. then; so B. where; what D. √ that; that

  8、强调句型中含有定语从句。 强调句型中含有定语从句。
? . It was in the small house was built with stones by his father he spent his childhood. ? A. which; that B. that; where ? C. which; which D. that; which


  9、强调句型中含有状语从句。 、强调句型中含有状语从句。 状语从句 It was because he was ill that he didn’t come. It was since she came here that she began to crying. It is when he found a mouse that he realized it was a dirty room. 被强调的部分是原因,时间, 等状语从句 等状语从句。 被强调的部分是原因,时间,……等状语从句。 原因
巩固练习 完成练习
小结
强调句型: is(was)+被强调的部分+ )+被强调的部分
  1. 强调句型:“It is(was)+被强调的部分+ that(who)+原句其它部分” )+原句其它部分 that(who)+原句其它部分”来强调说话人的 意愿。 前为被强调部分, 意愿。 that 前为被强调部分,that 后为句子的其 余部分。 余部分。
  2.去掉It that后 句子还是完整的,
  2.去掉It was …that后,句子还是完整的,所以 去掉 that 它们仍然是强调句型。反之则是其他从句。 它们仍然是强调句型。反之则是其他从句。 It was in the hall that we held the English party. 强调句) (强调句) We held the English party in the hall. It was the hall where (in which) we held the English party. 定语从句) (定语从句)
Practice makes perfect! Do more exercises about the Emphatic Sentence. May you succeed in your studies!
 

相关内容

2010年北京高考英语听力原文

   2010 年北京高考英语听力原文 第一节 Text 1 W: Congratulations! I hear you are going to join the army. M: Thanks. But actually, it’s my twin brother who’s going to join the army. I am going to university. I wish to be a lawyer in the future. Text 2 W: Dad, can we ...

2010高考英语作文预测100篇

   英语作文网(www.joozone.com)提示您观看方法:前面是预测题目,及题型,后面有这100篇文章的英文作文,希望您一步步往后看,有条件的学生可以打印出来使用噢。我们最后一页提供joozone站内下载文章的地址。  1、   提示:   张楠的父亲有位美国同事,他的孩子约翰?史密斯即将来华。约翰写信向张楠询问一些有关他所在城市的问题。张楠回信,内容如下:   得知约翰要来非常高兴。告诉他可能遇到一些不同于美国的情况。   气候:冬天冷,有时下雪。夏天几乎不下雨,但一下起来就很大。提醒约翰 ...

2010高考英语完形填空练习题及答案解析

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 2010年高考英语完形填空练习题及答案解析 一 I used to be ashamed of my grandma. I know that's a until today, so I have to The 38 37 it. 36 thing to say, but it was true started when my friend Katy found Grandma's false teeth floating in ...

高考英语听力文本-2010湖南

   第一部分 长对话 长对话一 Q1-2 细节罗列场景 W: Zad, Have you bought some flowers for Mom’s birthday? Mom loves flowers. M: Flowers? No! We just bought her flowers for the Mother’s day. How about a nice box of chocolate? W: She’s trying to lose weight these days, doe ...

安徽2010届高考英语听力试题

     安徽2010届高考英语听力试题   第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)   回答听力部分时,请先将答案标在试卷上。听力部分结束前,你将有两分钟的时间将你的答案转涂到客观题答题卡上。   第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)   听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。   例:How much is the shirt?    ...

2010年中考英语语法题大攻略

   2010 年中考英语语法题大攻略 虽然说在新课标的旗帜下要求"淡化语法",但没有人会否认语法在英语学习中的重 要性.那么在中考中,怎样才能做好语法题呢?除了掌握大纲要求的词汇之外,了解常考的 语法点也非常重要. 在对近年全国各地的中考试题进行综合分析之后, 笔者对常考的语法点 进行了一次大盘点. 名词 在中考试题中, 每年对名词的考查都占有相当大的比例. 名词的考点主要涉及词 义理解,复数形式的构成,不可数名词的容量表示法以及名词所有格等方面.下面节选的一 道宁波的中考题 ...

2010高考英语作文题库(带范文)

   2010 届高考题库(书面表达题) 届高考题库(书面表达题) 1 今年年初我国政府对法定节假日作出如下调整: 1. 五一节由 3 天调整为 1 天. 2. 清明节(Tomb-sweeping Day )、端午节(Dragon Boat Festival )、中秋节增设为国家法定节假 日(legal holidays). 假如你是王平,是江苏省南京市育才中学高三 8 班学生。最近,你班举行了一个班会,对此法定节假日调整 进行了一次热烈的讨论,讨论结果如下: 75% 学生支持 理由: 1.作为一 ...

2010年中考英语语法考点复习-名词

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 透析中考英语语法名词考点 【名词命题趋势与预测】 名词命题趋势与预测】 1、 根据近几年全国各地中考试题对名词部分考查的分析可知,今后对名词部分的考查重点 为: 2、 名词的可数与不可数性。 3、 名词单复数在特定情况下的使用。 4、 名词的普通格与所有格作定语的选用。 5、 物质名词、抽象名词具体化。 名词词义的区别与固定搭配。 考点诠释】 【考点诠释】 名词的各种分类。 一、名词的各种分类。单、复数的用法及单数名词变复数名词 ...

2010高考英语书面表达题目+范文(18张)

   2010高考英语书面表达 2010高考英语书面表达 "信件类(8) "发言稿类(4) "论述评论类(4) "其他(2) 信件类 " " " " " " " 全国Ⅰ,新课标全国(邀请做评委) 全国Ⅱ(邀请执教) 重庆(寻物启事) 辽宁(招聘启事) 天津(申请成为志愿者) 山东(为缺席而道歉) 陕西(写信怀念) 发言稿类 " " " " 湖南(英语活动总结) 福建(保护水资源) 四川(成人礼) 江苏(学习英语的经验) 论述评论类 " 江西(Magic words of polite wo ...

2010高考英语之精华必考句子翻译N句

   1. According to…依照 根据…… 根据…… …依照/根据……. According to the newspaper,it's a great movie. 根据报纸说,这是一部很棒的电影. 2. Am I allowed to…我可以……吗 ……吗 …我可以…… Am I allowed to introduce our new manager Mr. Anderson to all of you 请允许我介绍我们的新经理安德森先生给大家,好吗 3. As matter of ...

热门内容

英语_4级复习流程

   4 级复习流程 基本的题型 一、听力理解(35%,共 249 分) ; 二、阅读理解(35%,共 249 分) ; 三、综合测试(15%,共 106 分) ; 四、写作(15%,共 106 分) ; 其中,听力理解分为四小题,一、短对话;二、长对话; (都是选择题) (共 10%) ,三、短 文理解:选择题 四、复合听写(共 20%) 呵呵 阅读理解分为三小部分,一、快速阅读(10%) (是非+句子填空或其他) ,二、仔细阅读, (25%)包括“篇章阅读理解”:选择题,“词汇理解”:选词填空 ...

【强烈推荐】初三英语(上)期末练习题(一)

   1 阳光家教网 阳光家教网 全国最大家教平台 全国最大家教平台 家教 初三英语( 初三英语(上)期末练习题(一) 期末练习题( 一、单词拼写。根据英文提示写出单词(第一个字母已经给出)。 1. p a child who is taught in school or privately 2. s only one 3. d make sth beautiful 4. l fasten a door 5. s collect or save sth for future use. 6. a c ...

公司常用英语

   公司英?? 教育?}舨 一:常用?S?? Hon Hai CMM CEM IBSC PCEG CCBG CPBG ESBG SABG NWE NSE NSG NFE ?;海 Component module move Contract Manufaction service Internet Business Solution Center Personal Computer Enclosure group Connector&cable business group Competi ...

英语课件英语课件七年级英语上册Unit_7课件5

   Unit 7 How much are these pants? colors red black white yellow green pink blue A: What’s this in English ? B: It’s a . It’s a yellow sweater. a sweater a T-shirt a hat a bag a skirt A: What are these? B: They are . They are blue shorts. shorts pant ...

新概念英语完整版 第三册1 学习必备资料~ (16)

   Lesson 17 The longest suspension bridge in the world 世界上最长的吊桥 Listen to the tape then answer the question below. 听录音,然后回答以下问题。 How is the bridge supported? Verrazano, an Italian about whom little is known, sailed into New Yo ...