2010高考英语最后冲刺 高考英语最后冲刺 --巧识陷阱做单选 --巧识陷阱做单选
在做单项选择题时,我们常常遇到 一些命题者利用一些看起来似乎熟 悉的句型结构,或者一些固定搭配 制造的陷阱题目,这样的题目往往 会使学生在自以为准确无误的答案, , 却不能做对.为了能使同学们在解 题过程中巧识陷阱,准确做题,特 把命题者常设陷阱类型归纳总结,:
一, 定势思维, 硬套规则 定势思维
思维定势是指人们在长期的思维过程中所形成 的一种固定的思维模式.如果运用得当,它可 以帮助学生将题目考查内容与以前所学知识联 系起来,并在较短的时间内对问题所需的相关 知识进行分析,推理,归纳并很快得出正确的 结论;但若运用不当,它便会误导学生掉入命 题者所预设的陷阱,得出错误的结论.

  1. Do you like coffee or milk? Both. But I prefer coffee milk. A. to B . for C. with D. from
解析:答案为C. 学生以为是考查prefer A to B结构.实际上是 "但是我更偏爱加牛奶的咖 啡. "

  2).Which do you enjoyyour weekend, swimming or fishing ? A .spending B.to spend C. spend D. being spending 解析:答案为B. 学生以为是考查 enjoy doing something结构,其实仔细 看Which 作的就是 enjoy的 宾语, to spend 不是作宾语而是作目的壮语.

  3). The pollution is getting worse and worse; We must stop pollution a better life. A. to live B. from living C. living D. live
解析:答案为C,但易误选B,认为是 prevent... (from) doing sth.是固定搭配.其实 不是"阻止污染不过上幸福生活",而是 "为了过上幸福生活而阻止污染",用不定 式作目的状语.
插入语及定语从句. 二, 插入语及定语从句. 有时一个本来很简单的句子, 有时一个本来很简单的句子,在其中 置入一个插入成分或定语从句,或将某 置入一个插入成分或定语从句, 些成分从正常位置调入一个看来属" 些成分从正常位置调入一个看来属"非 正常"的位置, 正常"的位置,则很有可能给同学们的 理解带来困难,进而导致试题做错. 理解带来困难 进而导致试题做错. 进而导致试题做错
.Look!There are many people over there,What do you think ? A. to happen B. happening C. has happened D.is happened 解析:答案为C,.由于不太清楚do you think 为插入语,要填的答案为谓语动词,易误选B或 者 A.
.The letter I had long been looking forward to to me yesterday. A. coming B. came C.had come D.comes
解析:答案为 由于不清楚 由于不清楚I 解析:答案为B,由于不清楚 had long been looking forward to为定语从句 缺少 为定语从句,缺少 为定语从句 的是整个句子的谓语动词而非looking 的是整个句子的谓语动词而非 forward to的宾语 易误选 A. . 的宾语,易误选 的宾语

  1.The person we spoke to no answer at first A. make B .making C. makes D. made 分析;可以看出we spoke to是一个定语从句. 将其去掉后,我们就会发现这个句子少了一个 谓语动词.故本题选用答案D.
三,母语干扰,汉语思维 母语干扰 汉语思维
学外语最容易受母语干扰, 学外语最容易受母语干扰,由于母语在大脑 中根深蒂固, 中根深蒂固,所以常常会对外语学习者大脑 中尚不牢固的外语知识产生负面影响. 中尚不牢固的外语知识产生负面影响.
. I'm feeling a bit cold. To have some hot soup will. A. feel warm B. change C. help D. be worked.
解析:答案为C,由于受母语干扰,"喝点热汤会 暖和的"很容易选A.若选A该题可以这样变化 Have some hot soup,and you will.

  2).Please come to see me often if. A. you're convenient B. it is convenient for you C. you feel convenient D. it is convenient with you 分析;答案为B,但易误选A或C,因为按汉语 意思,"如果你方便的话",易直译为if you are convenient或if you feel convenient.但事 实上,英语中表示"如果你方便的话",通常 说if it is convenient for(to)you.

  3). I did as much as I could the crying girl, but in vain. A.comforted B. to comfort C. comfort D. comfort 解析: 答案为B,但易选D,总以为情态动词 could后要接动词原形.其实,这里的情态动 词could后已省略了一个动词原形do了,后 面应用动词不定式表示目的..
想一想
?
.Every one should work hard the people. A. serve B. serve for C. to serve D. to serve for.
四 , 语序倒装
英语句子的一般语序为"主语部分+谓语部 分",但命题者往往利用倒装这种"不正常" 的句式跟你"绕弯子".解决类似的题目, 关键是要熟悉倒装结构,慧眼识别.
Never time come back again. A. will lose B. will lost C. will losing D. will to lose
分析;本题的答案选B.如果将这个句子改为 陈述句后,我们便可以很容易地看出其结构 为: Lost time will never come back again.由于命 题时将句子改写成倒装句,题目便具有很大 的迷惑性.
he come,what you say to him? A. Should…would B. When…would C. If…will D. Were to….did 解析: 答案为A,但易误选B或者C.若选B或者 C,主句和从句的时态就会矛盾了,根据前面的谓 语的形式,后面要用虚拟语气才对.其实,这里 的if被省略,将should提前了.
五,省略句.
省略句使考生不易看清句子的结构.对于这类试题, 可恢复被省略的成分,使句子的结构变得明朗,进而选 择合适的答案. ??What made her mother so angry? ??the exam. A. Because she didn't pass B .Her not passing C .She didn't pass D .Because her not passing
分析;将答语部分补全应为: the exam made her mother so angry. 可以看出少了一个主语.而能用作 主语的是答案B.这个选项是一个动 名词的复合结构.
The car ,although for more than seven years, is now in good condition. A. has used B. being used C. used D. has been used
解析: 答案为C.这道题学生很容易选D , 实际上它省略了it has been .
六, 容易混淆的其它细节 .
细节决定成败.这类题主要是由于标点符号,有无主 语,有无冠词,名词的单复数,词义辨析等细节,做这 类题稍微一疏忽,就容易出错
Every year many farmers go off to the coastal cities, more money there. A. in order to make B in the hope of making C. hoping to make D so that make . 解析: 答案为C,这道题学生很容易选A或B. 但由于逗号的使用,这道题就成了对现在分词 短语作伴随壮语而不是目的壮语的考查.
牛刀小试:

  1. I consider myself lucky if more than 20 minutes of my waking hours are to smiling. A.spent B .taken C.devoted D.provided
  2. we know clearly is that China's economy is developing very quickly. A. That B It C. As D. What 3a cloth over the table. A .Cover B. Spread C. Put D. Use
  4. he leaves for Beijing A .It won't be long before B .It was before long that C .It is before long that D It is long before
  5..He spends a lot of time the TV set every day. A .watching B. on watching C. in front of D. to watch.

  6.He stood still and looked forward to what was happening over there A.seeing B.see C . be seeing D. saw.
  7.What have we said her so unhappy ? A. makes B. to make C. made D .had made
  8. Before he went abroad, he spent as much time as he English. A. could learning B. learned C. to learn D. could learn
  9. The "Two Cities" referred London and Paris A. is to B. to be C. to are D. to going to be
  10.When he got home, he found his pocket . A.stolen B. picked C. broken into D falling .

  11. Mr. Smith is a good teacher we all respect. A. such, that B. such, as C. so, that D. so, as 12
  17.If you are driving there ,I wonder if you can give me a . A. hand B. seat C. lift D. drive
  13.Bad luck!. we in the last minutes A. fall B. fell C. have fallen D .had fallen
  14.The country life he was used to greatly since 19
  95. A. change B. has changed C. changing D. have changed
  15.Mr. Smith likes Fred all the boys he is the most honest one. A. because B. because of C. as D .for which
 

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