A 阅读推断词义篇
[2010?江苏省高考一模] 词数:275 体裁:科技说明文 难度:4 Australian scientists are trying to give kangaroo-style stomachs to cattle and sheep in a bid to cut the emission of greenhouse gases blamed for global warming. Thanks to special bacteria in their stomachs, kangaroo farts contain no methane (甲烷) scientists want and to transfer that bacteria to cattle and sheep who emit large quantities of the harmful gas. While the usual image of greenhouse gas pollution is a billowing smokestack pushing out carbon dioxide, livestock passing wind contribute a surprisingly high percentage of total emissions in some countries. "Fourteen percent of emissions from all sources in Australia is from enteric methane from cattle and sheep," said Athol Klieve, a senior research scientist with the Queensland state government. "And if you look at another country such as New Zealand, which has got a much higher agricultural base, they're actually up around 50 percent," he said. Researchers say the bacteria also makes the digestive process much more efficient and could potentially save millions of dollars in feed costs for farmers. But it will take researchers at least three years to isolate the bacteria, before they can even start to develop a way of transferring it to cattle and sheep. Another group of scientists, meanwhile, has suggested Australians should farm fewer cattle and sheep and just eat more kangaroos. The idea is controversial(争议), but about 20 percent of health conscious Australians are believed to eat the national symbol already. "It's low in fat, it's got high protein levels and it's very clean in the sense that basically it's the ultimate free range animal(散养动物)," said Peter Ampt of the University of New South Wales's institute of environmental studies.
  56. According to the passage, global warming is now mainly caused by . A. methane B. carbon dioxide C. livestock passing wind D. not mention in this passage
  56. D 考查细节理解。A、B、C 均是导致全球变暖的原因,但文中并没有提到哪一个是主要原因,因 此答案为 D 文中没有提到。
  57. What does the underlined phrase “the idea”(paragraph
  9)refer to? A. Australians should give kangaroo-style stomachs to cattle and sheep. B. The bacteria could make the digestive process much more efficient. C. Australians should farm fewer cattle and sheep and just eat more kangaroos. D. The bacteria could potentially save millions of dollars in feed costs for farmers.
  57. C 考查猜测词义。从上文“另一组科学家建议澳大利亚人应少养牛羊,多吃袋鼠肉”及下文“尽管 这一观点有争议,但目前约有 20%健康意识较强的澳大利亚人已经吃上了被视为“国家象征”的袋鼠” 可知这一观点指的是上文“澳大利亚人应少养牛羊,多吃袋鼠肉”。
  58. How will Australian scientists solve the problem of global warming? A. Eating more kangaroos. B. Killing more cattle and sheep. C. Letting cattle and sheep pass less wind. D. Transferring the special bacteria in kangaroos’ stomachs to cattle and sheep.
  58. A 考查推理判断。从文章第一?二自然段“为了减少导致全球变暖的温室气体的排放,澳大利亚 科学家目前正在想办法将牛羊胃变成袋鼠式的胃。 袋鼠胃中有一种特殊的细菌能使其放的屁中不含有
用心 爱心 专心 -1-
甲烷。科学家想将这种细菌移至牛羊的胃中,以抑制它们所排放的大量有害气体。”可推断得知。 B [2010?湖北黄冈中学一模] 词数:441 体裁:记叙文 难度:4 It was my first day at school in London and I was half-excited and half-frightened. On my way to school I wondered what sort of questions the other boys would ask me and rehearsed (practiced) all the answers: “I am nine years old. I was born here but I haven’t lived here since I was two. I was living in Farley. It’s about thirty miles away. I came back to London two months ago.” I also wondered if it was the custom for boys to fight strangers like me, but I was tall for my age. I hoped they would decide not to risk it. No one took any notice of me before school. I stood in the center of the playground, expecting someone to say “hello”, but no one spoke to me. When a teacher called my name and told me where my classroom was, one or two boys looked at me but that was all the curiosity my arrival aroused. My teacher was called Mr Jones. There were 42 boys in the class, so I didn’t stand out there, either, until the first lesson of the afternoon. Mr Jones was very fond of Charles Dickens and he had decided to read aloud to us from David Copperfield, but first he asked Copper opperfield several boys if they knew Dickens’ birthplace, but no one guessed right. A boy called Brian, the biggest in the class, said: “Timbuktu”, and Mr Jones went red in the face. Then he asked me. I said: “Portsmouth”, and everyone stared at me because Mr Jones said I was right. This didn’t make me very popular, of course. “He thinks he’s clever,” I heard Brian say. After that, we went out to the playground to play football. I was in Brian’s team, and he obviously had Dickens in mind because he told me to go in goal. No one ever wanted to be the goalkeeper. “He’s big enough and useless enough,” Brian said when someone asked him why he had chosen me. I suppose Mr Jones remembered Dickens, too, because when the game was nearly over, Brian pushed one of the players on the other team, and he gave them a penalty. As the boy kicked the ball hard along the ground to my right, I threw myself down instinctively and saved it. All my team crowded round me. My bare knees were grazed and bleeding. Brian took out a handkerchief and offered it to me. “Do you want to join my gang (team)?” he said. At the end of the day, I was no longer a stranger.
  51.The writer prepared to answer all of the following questions EXCEPT “”. A. How old are you? B. where are you from? C. Do you want to join my gang? D. When did you come back to London?
  52.We can learn from the passage that . A. boys were usually unfriendly to new students B. the writer was not greeted as he expected C. Brian praised the writer for his cleverness D. the writer was glad to be a goalkeeper
  53.The underlined part “I didn’t stand out” in paragraph 3 means that the writer was not .
用心 爱心 专心 -2-
A. noticeable B. welcome C. important D. outstanding
  54.The writer was offered a handkerchief because . A. he threw himself down and saved the goal B. he pushed a player on the other team C. he was beginning to be accepted D. he was no longer a new comer
考查细节理解。根据第一段我设想的问题可知选 C。 考查细节理解。根据第二内容中的“I stood in the center of the playground, expecting someone to say “hello”, but no one spoke to me.”可推知选 B。
  53.A 考查猜测词义。根据第三段可知:班上男孩众多,我并不引人注目。
  54.C 考查判断推理。根据文章中的“I was no longer a stranger.”推知作者被接纳了。S


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