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2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 广东卷 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷 广东卷) 英 语
Ⅱ语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节完形填空(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分.满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意.然后从 21?30 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最 佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Every country has its own culture. functions and purposes Even though each country uses doors, doors may have 21 which lead to 22 differences. When I first to came to America, I noticed that a public building had two different 23 and they had distinct functions. You have to push the door with the word "PUSH" to go out of the building and to pull the door with the word "PULL" to 24 the building. This was new to me, because we use the 25 door in South Korea. For quite a few times I failed to go out of a shopping centre and was embarrassed. The way of using school bus doors was also 26 to me. I used to take the school bus to closes. The school decided that when the driver opened both the front and back doom, 27 who were getting off the bus should get off first, and students who were getting on should get on 28 . in South Korea, we do not need to wait for people to get off. One morning I hurried to the bus, and when the bus doors opened, I 29 tried to get on the school bus through the front door. All the students around looked at me. I was totally 30 , and my face went red.
  21. A. different B. important C. practical D. unusual
  22. A. national B. embarrassing C. cultural D. amazing
  23. A. exits B. entrances C. signs D. doors
  24. A. enter B. leave C. open D. close
  25. A. main B. same C. front D. back
  26. A. annoying B. hard C. satisfying D. strange
  27. A. parents B. students C. teachers D. driven
  28. A. sooner B. later C. faster D. earlier
  29. A. politely B. patiently C. unconsciously D. slowly
  30. A. embarrassed B. annoyed C. unsatisfied D. excited
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第二节语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 l 5 分.满分 l5 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空, 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31?40 的相应位置上。 A young man, while traveling through a desert, came across a spring of clear water. 31 water was sweet. He filled his leather container so that he could bring some back to an elder 32 had been his teacher. After a four-day journey, the young man 33 ( present ) the water to the old man. His teacher took a deep drink, smiled 34 (warm), and thanked his student very much for the sweet water. The young man went home 35 a happy heart. After the student left, the teacher let 36 student taste the water. He spit it out, 37 (say) it was awful. Apparently, it was no longer fresh because of the old leather container. He 中国最大的教育门户网站 E 度高考网 gaokao.eduu.com
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asked his teacher, “Sir, the water was awful. Why did you pretend to like 38 ?” The teacher replied, “You tasted the water. I tasted the girl. The water was simply the (sweet). ” container for an act of kindness and love. Nothing could be 39 We understand this lesson best 40 we receive gifts of love from children. Whether it is a cheap pipe or a diamond necklace, the proper response is appreciation. We love the idea within the gift rather than the thing. Ⅲ 阅读(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A When I was growing up in America, I was ashamed of my mother’s Chinese English. Because of her English, she was often treated unfairly. People in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her. My mother has long realized the limitations of her English as well. When I was fifteen, she used to have me call people on the phone to pretend 1 was she. I was foxed to ask for information or even to yell at people who had been rode to her. One time 1 had to call her stockbroker (股票 经纪人). I said in an adolescent voice that was not very convincing, "This is Mrs. Tan. " And my mother was standing beside me, whispering loudly, "Why he don’t send me cheek, already two week late. " And then, in perfect English I said, "I’m getting rather concerned. You agreed to send the check two weeks ago, but it hasn’t arrived. " Then she talked more loudly. "What he want? I come to New York tell him front of his boss. " And so I turned to the stockbroker again, "I can’t tolerate any more excuse. If I don’t receive the cheek immediately, I am going to have to speak to your manager when I am in New York next week. " The next we ek we ended up in New York. While 1 was sitting there red-faced, my mother, the real Mrs. Tan, was shouting to his boss in her broken English. When I was a teenager, my mother’s broken English embarrassed me. But now, I see it differently. To me, my mother’s English is perfectly clear, perfectly natural. It is my mother tongue. Her language, as I hear it, is vivid, direct, and full of observation and wisdom. It was the language that helped shape the way 1 saw things, expressed ideas, and made sense of the world.
  41. Why was the author’s mother poorly served? A. She was unable to speak good English. B. She was often misunderstood. C. She was not clearly heard. D. She was not very polite.
  42. From Paragraph 2, we know that the author was . A. good at pretending B. rode to the stockbroker C. ready to help her mother D. unwilling to phone for her mother 中国最大的教育门户网站 E 度高考网 gaokao.eduu.com
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  43. After the author made the phone call, . A. they forgave the stockbroker B. they failed to get the check C. they went to New York immediately D. they spoke to their boss at once
  44. What does the author think of her mother’s English now? A. It confuses her. B. It e mbarrasses her. C. It helps her understand the world. D. It helps her tolerate rude people.
  45. We can infer from the passage that Chinese English . A. is clear and natural to non-native speakers B. is vivid and direct to non-native speakers C. has a very bad reputation in America D. may bring inconvenience in America B When something goes wrong, it can be very satisfying to say, "Well, it’s so-and-so’s fault. "or "I know I’m late, but it’s not my fault; the car broke down. " It is probably not your fault, but once you form the habit of blaming somebody or something else for a bad situation, you are a loser. You have no power and could do nothing that helps change the situation. However, you can have great power over what happens to you if you stop focusing on whom to blame and start focusing on how to remedy the situation. This is the winner’s key to success. Winners are great at overcoming problems. For example, if you were late because your car broke down, maybe you need to have your car examined more regularly. Or, you might start to carry along with you the useful phone numbers, so you could call for help when in need. For another example, if your colleague causes you problems on the job for l ack of responsibility or ability, find ways of dealing with his irresponsibility or inability rather than simply blame the person. Ask to work with a different person, or don’t rely on this person. You should accept that the person is not reliable and find creative ways to work successfully regardless of how your colleague fails to do his job well. This is what being a winner is all about-creatively using your skills and talents so that you are successful no matter what happens. Winners don’t have fewer problems in their lives; they have just as many difficult situation to face as anybody else. They are just better at seeing those problems as challenges and opportunities to develop their own talents. So, stop focusing on "whose fault it is. " Once you are confident about your power over bad situations, problems are just stepping stones for success. .
  46. According to the passage, winners A. deal with problems rather than blame others B. meet with fewer difficulties in their byes C. have responsible and able colleagues D. blame themselves rather than others
  47. The underlined word remedy in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to . A. avoid B. accept C. impure D. Consider .
  48. When your colleague brings about a problem, you should 中国最大的教育门户网站 E 度高考网 gaokao.eduu.com
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A. find a better way to handle the problem B. blame him for his lack of responsibility C. tell him to find the cause of the problem D. ask a more able colleague for help
  49. When problems occur, winners take them as . A. excuses for their failures B. barriers to greater power C. challenges to their colleagues D. chances for self-development
  50. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. A Winner’s Secret. B. A Winner’s Problem. C. A Winner’s Opportunity. D. A Winner’s Achievement. C Food sometimes gets poisoned with harmful things. A person who eats such food can get an illness called food poisoning. Food poisoning is usually not serious, but some types are deadly, The symptoms of food poisoning usually begin within hours of eating the poisoned food. Fever is one of the most common symptoms. Certain microorganisms (微生物) cause most types of food poisoning. Bacteria and other microorganisms can poison eggs, meat, vegetables, and many other foods. After entering the body, these tiny living things release (释放) poisons that make people sick. Some chemicals can also cause food poisoning. They are often added to food while it is being grown, processed, or prepaid. For example, many farmers spray chemicals on crops to kill weeds and insects. Some people may have a bad reaction to those chemicals when they eat the crops. Some plants and animals contain natural poisons that are harmful to people. These include certain kinds of seafood, grains, nuts, seeds, beans, and mushrooms. When people handle food properly, the risk of food poisoning is very small Microorganisms multiply rapidly in dirty places and in warm temperatures. This means that people should never touch food with ditty hands or put food on unwashed surfaces. Food should be kept in a refrigerator to stop microorganisms from gnawing. Meat needs to be cooked thoroughly to kill any dangerous microorganisms. People should also wash food covered with chemicals before eating it. Finally, people should not eat raid mushrooms or other foods that grow in the wild. Some of these foods may contain natural materials that are poisonous to humans. In addition, some types of fish can be poisonous. Most people recover from food poisoning after a few days of resting and drinking extra water. If people eat natural poisons, they must go to the hospital right away to have their stomachs emptied.
  51. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Food when poisoned can make people sick. B. Food poisoning means death. C. Food poisoning comes in varieties. D. Food poisoning can be serious.
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中国最大的教育门户网站
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  52. We know from the passage that the symptoms of food poisoning . A. are always accompanied by a fever B. are too common to be noted C. can be noticed within hours D. can be ignored
  53. Food poi soning can be caused by all the following EXCEPT . A. some chemicals B. low temperatures C. some tiny living things D. certain natural materials
  54. From Paragraph 5, we can learn that A. mushrooms should not be eaten B. vegetables are safer than meat and seafood C. natural poisons are more dangerous than chemicals D. different types of food should be handled differently
  55. It can be inferred from the passage that A. natural materials are safe in food processing B. chemicals are needed in food processing C. food poisoning can be kept under control D. food poisoning is out of control 第二节信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应 选项字母涂黑。 首先请阅读下列国外媒体上的插图及提示性文字:
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以下是关于这些插图的简要评论。请把评论与相关插图及提示性文字匹配起来。
  56. The debate has been raging for years over the safety of, and necessity for, childhood vaccinations, which has been so much so that it is termed “The Vaccine War”. The debate has only a few moments that might be inspiring to those who have been following this now familiar issue.
  57. There are certainly benefits of using a star in a film. It makes the film easier to market. Stars also help
 

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